Kyushu Railway Company

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Kyushu Railway Company
Native name
Romanized name
Kyūshū Ryokaku Tetsudō Kabushiki gaisha
lit. "Kyushu Passenger Railway Share Company"
Type Public KK
Industry Rail transport
Predecessor Japanese National Railways (JNR)
FoundedApril 1, 1987 (privatization of JNR)
3-25-21 Hakata Ekimae
Hakata-ku, Fukuoka, Fukuoka Prefecture
Products SUGOCA (a rechargeable contactless smart card)
Services passenger railways
freight services
bus transportation
Real estate development
other related services
Owner JRTT (1987-2016)
Public float (2016-) [lower-alpha 1]
Number of employees
9,060 (as of April 1, 2016)
  Kyushu Railway Company
JR logo (kyushu).svg
Kyushu Shinkansen 800 series Shin-Minamata 20041123.jpg
Kyushu Shinkansen 800 series Tsubame
National railway Japan Railways Group
Infrastructure company Japan Railway Construction, Transport and Technology Agency
Ridership 331 million [1]
Passenger km 9.191 billion per year [1]
System length
Total2,273.0 km (1,412.4 mi) [1]
Double track 772.8 km (480.2 mi) (34%) [1]
Electrified 1,341.1 km (833.3 mi) (59%) [1]
High-speed 288.9 km (179.5 mi) (12.7%) [1]
Track gauge
Main 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)
High-speed 1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in)
Main1,500 V DC overhead catenary 1,341.1 km (833.3 mi)
25 kV AC 60 Hz overhead 288.9 km (179.5 mi)
Kyushu Shinkansen
No. stations 567 [1]
Time table

The Kyushu Railway Company [2] , also referred to as JR Kyushu (JR九州, Jeiāru Kyūshū), is one of the seven constituent companies of Japan Railways Group (JR Group). It operates intercity rail services within Kyushu, Japan and the JR Kyushu Jet Ferry Beetle hydrofoil service across the Tsushima Strait between Fukuoka and Busan, South Korea. It also operates hotels, restaurants, and drugstores across its service region. [3] [4] JR Kyushu's headquarters are in Hakata-ku, Fukuoka. [5]



When Japanese National Railways was divided in 1987, Kyushu Railway Company inherited its assets and operations on the island of Kyushu along with losses of around 28.8 billion yen, exacerbated by a growing highway network in Kyushu and many lightly-used rural lines. After privatization, JR Kyushu diversified its business into new ventures such as fish and mushroom farming and car sales. Two of its more successful side ventures were the Beetle ferry, started in 1991, and the Train d'or bakery chain, started in 1992. JR Kyushu also built up its premium rail services through the development of the Kyushu Shinkansen high-speed rail line and the Seven Stars in Kyushu luxury excursion train. [6]

The company introduced SUGOCA, a smart card ticketing system, from March 1, 2009.

JR Kyushu executed its initial public offering in October 2016. [3] Non-railway operations account for roughly 60% of the company's sales and most of its profits. [6]


Shinkansen line

Main lines

885 series White Sonic limited express EMU JR-K 885-01.jpg
885 series White Sonic limited express EMU

Other lines

Limited express and tourist train services

The Seven Stars in Kyushu Class DF200 locomotive DF200-7000, September 2013 Jiu Zhou DF200-7000.JPG
The Seven Stars in Kyushu Class DF200 locomotive DF200-7000, September 2013

See also


  1. Largest shareholders:
    Morgan Stanley investment accounts(5.55%)
    TMTBJ investment trusts (4.80%)
    J.P. Morgan investment accounts (3.39%)
    SSBTC TREATY 505234 (2.84%)

Related Research Articles

Kyushu Island and region of Japan

Kyushu is the third largest island of Japan's five main islands and the most southerly of the four largest islands. In the past, it has been known as Kyūkoku, Chinzei and Tsukushi-no-shima. The historical regional name Saikaidō referred to Kyushu and its surrounding islands.

Fukuoka Prefecture Prefecture of Japan

Fukuoka Prefecture is a prefecture of Japan located on the island of Kyūshū. Fukuoka Prefecture has a population of 5,109,323 and has a geographic area of 4,986 km2. Fukuoka Prefecture borders Saga Prefecture to the southwest, Kumamoto Prefecture to the south, and Ōita Prefecture to the southeast.

Kumamoto Prefecture Prefecture of Japan

Kumamoto Prefecture is a prefecture of Japan located on the island of Kyūshū. Kumamoto Prefecture has a population of 1,748,134 and has a geographic area of 7,409 km2. Kumamoto Prefecture borders Fukuoka Prefecture to the north, Ōita Prefecture to the northeast, Miyazaki Prefecture to the southeast, and Kagoshima Prefecture to the south.

Kyushu Shinkansen

The Kyushu Shinkansen is a Japanese high-speed railway line between the cities of Fukuoka and Kagoshima in Kyushu, running parallel to the existing Kagoshima Main Line and operated by JR Kyushu. It is an extension of the San'yō Shinkansen from Honshu. The southern 127 km (79 mi) was constructed first because the equivalent section of the former Kagoshima Main Line is single track, and thus a significant improvement in transit time was gained when this dual track section opened on 13 March 2004, despite the need for passengers to change to a Relay Tsubame narrow gauge train at Shin-Yatsushiro for the remainder of the journey to Hakata. The northern 130 km (81 mi) section opened on 12 March 2011, enabling through-services to Shin-Osaka.

Kokura Station Railway station in Kitakyushu, Japan

Kokura Station in Kokurakita-ku is the main railway station in Kitakyushu, Japan. It is part of the JR Kyushu network and the San'yō Shinkansen stops here. It is the second largest station in Kyushu with 120,000 users daily. In the late 1990s, the Kokura station area was expanded and remodelled.

Kagoshima Main Line

The Kagoshima Main Line is a major railway line operated by the Kyushu Railway Company between Mojikō in Kitakyushu, and Kagoshima Station in Kagoshima City, at the southern end of Kyushu. Until March 13, 2004, it extended 393 km between its two termini; however, with the opening of the Kyushu Shinkansen on March 13, the section between Yatsushiro and Sendai was transferred to the third-sector Hisatsu Orange Railway Company. The line is an important line in Kyushu, connecting Fukuoka to many other major cities. It is the main line through the Fukuoka urban district, and as such many long-distance express trains from all parts of Kyushu use the section between Kokura Station (Kitakyushu) and Tosu Station, where the Nagasaki Main Line meets the Kagoshima Main Line.

Kurosaki Station Railway station in Kitakyushu, Japan

Kurosaki Station (黒崎駅) is a railway station in Yahatanishi-ku, Kitakyushu serving Kagoshima Main Line, Fukuhoku Yutaka Line and Chikuhō Electric Railroad Line. It was first opened in 1891. Express trains, including the Sonic, stop here.

Nippō Main Line

The Nippō Main Line is a railway line in Kyushu, in southern Japan, operated by Kyushu Railway Company. The line connects Kokura Station in Kitakyushu, Fukuoka, and Kagoshima Station in Kagoshima via the east coast of Kyushu, passing through the prefectural capitals of Ōita and Miyazaki. A number of Limited Express trains operate along the route, including Limited Express Sonic trains between Hakata and Oita.

Ōita Station Railway station in Ōita, Ōita Prefecture, Japan

Ōita Station is a railway station located in Ōita, Ōita Prefecture, Japan, operated by Kyushu Railway Company.

Miyazaki Station Railway station in Miyazaki, Miyazaki Prefecture, Japan

Miyazaki Station is a JR Kyushu railway station located in Miyazaki, Miyazaki Prefecture, Japan. The central station of the prefectural capital is served by the Nippō Main Line connecting Fukuoka Prefecture and Kagoshima Prefecture. The station opened on December 15, 1913.

<i>Fuji</i> (train)

The Fuji (富士) was a sleeper train that formerly operated between Tokyo and Ōita in Japan. Operated by the Kyushu Railway Company and classified as a limited express service, it was discontinued from the start of the revised timetable on 14 March 2009.

Hisatsu Line

The Hisatsu Line is a railway line in Kyushu, Japan, operated by the Kyushu Railway Company. It connects Yatsushiro on the Kagoshima Main Line to Hayato station, Kirishima on the Nippo Main Line. From 1909 the line was the original rail connection from Yatsushiro to Kagoshima until the Yatsushiro – Kagoshima coastal route via Sendai opened in 1927.

Fukuhoku Yutaka Line

The Fukuhoku Yutaka Line is the collective name for four sections of railway lines operated by Kyushu Railway Company in Fukuoka Prefecture, Japan. It runs between Kurosaki Station and Hakata station (66.6 km).

Sasaguri Line

Sasaguri Line is a railway line in Japan operated by Kyushu Railway Company. It connects Keisen Station in Keisen, Fukuoka with Yoshizuka Station in Fukuoka, Fukuoka.

Beppu Station Railway station in Beppu, Ōita Prefecture, Japan

Beppu Station is the main railway station for the city of Beppu in Ōita Prefecture, Japan, which is famous for its onsen. It is situated on the Nippō Main Line. The station, and all trains serving it, are operated by JR Kyūshū.


SUGOCA is a Japanese rechargeable contactless smart card ticketing system for public transport in Fukuoka Prefecture and environs. The Kyūshū Railway Company introduced the system on 1 March 2009. The name is an acronym of "Smart Urban GOing CArd", while sugoka (凄か) in the local Kyūshū dialect means "great". Like other electronic fare collection systems in Japan, the card uses RFID technology developed by Sony Corporation, known as FeliCa. American graphic artist Rodney Greenblat designed its official mascot, a frog with a clock.

Midori (train)

The Midori is a limited express train service which runs between Hakata and Sasebo in Kyushu, Japan, operated by the Kyushu Railway Company.

Yoshizuka Station Railway station in Fukuoka, Japan

Yoshizuka Station is a railway station on the Kagoshima Main Line and the Sasaguri Line operated by JR Kyushu in Hakata-ku, Fukuoka, Fukuoka Prefecture, Japan.

Transport in Fukuoka-Kitakyushu

Transport in Fukuoka-Kitakyushu is similar to that of other large cities in Japan, but with a high degree of private transport. The region is a hub of international ferry services and has a high degree of air connectivity and a considerable rail transport network, complemented with highways and surface streets. It includes public and private rail and highway networks; airports for international, domestic, and general aviation; buses; motorcycle delivery services, walking, bicycling, and commercial shipping. The foci of the public transport system are Hakata Station, Tenjin Station, and Kokura Station, in Fukuoka and Kitakyushu cities respectively. Between these two cities lies a more sparse weblike regional rail network.


  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 "Fact Sheets 2017" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 2018-07-09. Retrieved 2018-07-09.
  2. 九州旅客鉄道株式会社, Kyūshū Ryokaku Tetsudō Kabushiki-gaisha
  3. 1 2 Cooper, Chris; Matsuda, Kiyotaka (October 16, 2016). "JR Kyushu Prices IPO at Top End of Range to Raise $4 Billion". Bloomberg L.P. Retrieved March 13, 2017.
  4. "Company Overview of JR Kyushu Drug Eleven Co.,Ltd". Bloomberg. March 13, 2017. Retrieved March 13, 2017.
  5. "Corporate Summary Archived 2009-12-09 at the Wayback Machine ." Kyushu Railway Company. Retrieved on March 27, 2010.
  6. 1 2 Kurimoto, Suguru (26 March 2015). "Japan rail company diversifies its way around disadvantages". Nikkei Asian Review. Retrieved 27 March 2015.