Léon Battu was a French dramatist, born 1829in Paris, where he died on 22 November 1857.
The son of Pantaléon Battu (1799–1870), a violinist and assistant conductor at the Opéra de Paris,and brother of the soprano Marie Battu (1838-1888) who created Inès in L'Africaine , he wrote many vaudevilles and libretti. In the fields of opéra-comique and opérettes, these were in collaboration with Ludovic Halévy, Michel Carré, Jules Barbier, Jules Moinaux and Lockroy. His composers were Jacques Offenbach ( Pépito , Le mariage aux lanternes ), Adolphe Adam (Les Pantins de Violette), Victor Massé (La Reine Topaze), Georges Bizet and Charles Lecocq (Le Docteur Miracle). With Halévy he translated Mozart's Der Schauspieldirektor for its Mozart centenary production at the Théâtre des Bouffes-Parisiens in 1856.
Marie Battu was a French soprano. She is most notable for creating the role of Inès in Meyerbeer's French grand opera L'Africaine.
L'Africaine is a grand opera in five acts, the last work of the composer Giacomo Meyerbeer. The French libretto by Eugène Scribe deals with fictitious events in the life of the Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama. Meyerbeer began working on the libretto using the title L'Africaine, although his working title for the opera was Vasco de Gama at the time of his death in 1864, before he had prepared a final version. The opera had its first performance in a version made by François-Joseph Fétis at the Paris Opéra on 28 April 1865. This version has been generally used, but some recent productions have used versions which reconstitute elements from Meyerbeer's manuscript score and libretto.
Ludovic Halévy was a French author and playwright.
He died at the age of 29 after years of illness and his funeral service on 24 November 1857 was attended by more than 500 people, including much of literary and musical Paris.
Adrien Decourcelle was a 19th-century French writer and playwright.
The Théâtre des Variétés is a theatre and "salle de spectacles" at 7-8, boulevard Montmartre, 2nd arrondissement, in Paris. It was declared a monument historique in 1975.
The Théâtre du Vaudeville was a theatre in Paris. It opened on 12 January 1792 on rue de Chartres. Its directors, Piis and Barré, mainly put on "petites pièces mêlées de couplets sur des airs connus", including vaudevilles.
Jacques Offenbach was a German-French composer, cellist and impresario of the romantic period. He is remembered for his nearly 100 operettas of the 1850s–1870s and his uncompleted opera The Tales of Hoffmann. He was a powerful influence on later composers of the operetta genre, particularly Johann Strauss, Jr. and Arthur Sullivan. His best-known works were continually revived during the 20th century, and many of his operettas continue to be staged in the 21st. The Tales of Hoffmann remains part of the standard opera repertory.
Édouard Fournier was a 19th-century French homme de lettres, playwright, historian, bibliographer and librarian.
Edme Jules called Jules Costé, was a 19th-century French lawyer and composer of operettas and opéras-comiques.
Henri Meilhac was a French dramatist and opera librettist.
Jules-Henri Vernoy de Saint-Georges, French playwright, was born and died in Paris. He was one of the most prolific librettists of the 19th century, often working in collaboration with others.
Victor Massé was a French composer.
Jules Adenis was a 19th-century French playwright and opera librettist. Some of his works include Un postillon en gage (1856) Sylvie (1864), and La grand'tante (1867).
Les deux aveugles is an 1855 one-act French bouffonerie musicale (operetta) by Jacques Offenbach. The libretto was written by Jules Moinaux and was a condensation of his 3-act Les musiciens ambulants.
The Théâtre des Bouffes-Parisiens is a Parisian theatre which was founded in 1855 by the composer Jacques Offenbach for the performance of opéra bouffe and operetta. The current theatre is located in the 2nd arrondissement at 4 rue Monsigny with an entrance at the back at 65 Passage Choiseul. In the 19th century the theatre was often referred to as the Salle Choiseul. With the decline in popularity of operetta after 1870, the theatre expanded its repertory to include comedies.
The Théâtre des Folies-Marigny, a former Parisian theatre with a capacity of only 300 spectators, was built in 1848 by the City of Paris for a magician named Lacaze and was originally known as the Salle Lacaze. It was located at the east end of the Carré Marigny of the Champs-Élysées, close to the Avenue Marigny, but faced west toward the Cirque National on the other side of the square.
Pépito is a one act opéra comique of 1853 with music by Jacques Offenbach. The French libretto is by Léon Battu and Jules Moinaux, inspired by an 1825 vaudeville by Scribe.
Jules Brasseur was a French actor and singer, born 1829 in Paris and died in the same city in 1890, who achieved considerable popular success in Paris and around France in the second half of the 19th century.
Adolphe Jaime, called Jaime fils, was a 19th-century French vaudevillist and librettist. He was the son of Ernest Jaime (1804-1884), also a playwright.
Jules Noriac, real name Claude, Antoine, Jules Cairon,, was a French journalist, playwright, writer, librettist and theatre director.
Léon Beauvallet, full name Pierre-Léon-Charles Beauvallet, was a 19th-century French actor, playwright and novelist.
Gil-Pérès, real name Jules-Charles Pérès Jolin, was a 19th-century French stage actor and vaudevilliste, who was a member of the troupe of the Théâtre du Palais-Royal in Paris in the mid-19th century, and created several roles in Offenbach operettas.
Alfred Duru was a 19th-century French playwright and operetta librettist who collaborated on more than 40 librettos for the leading French composers of operetta: Hervé, Offenbach, Lecocq and Audran.
Eugène Gaston Mestépès was a 19th-century French librettist, playwright and theatre director.
Jules Moinaux, real name Joseph-Désiré Moineaux or Moineau was a 19th-century French writer, playwright, and librettist. Georges Courteline, whose civil status name was Georges Moinaux, was his son.
Eugène Bercioux was a 19th-century French playwright and poet.
Amélie Diéterle was a French actress and opera singer. She was one of the popular actresses of the Belle Époque until the beginning of the Années Folles. Amélie Diéterle inspired the poets Léon Dierx and Stéphane Mallarmé and the painters Auguste Renoir, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec and Alfred Philippe Roll.