Lê Cung Hoàng

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Lê Cung Hoàng
Emperor of Đại Việt
Emperor of Lê Dynasty
Reign1522–1527
Predecessor Lê Chiêu Tông
Successor Lê Trang Tông
Born26 July 1507
DiedJune 15, 1527(1527-06-15) (aged 19)
Full name
Lê Xuân (黎椿)
Era name and dates
Thống Nguyên (統元): 1522–1527
Posthumous name
Cung Hoàng đế (恭皇帝)
House Lê Dynasty
Father Lê Sùng
Mother Trịnh Thị Loan

Lê Cung Hoàng (黎恭皇, 1507-1527) was the last emperor of the early Lê dynasty of Vietnam. He reigned from 1522 to 1527. Lê Cung Hoàng was put on the throne by the powerful general Mạc Đăng Dung in 1522 in place of the deposed emperor, Lê Chiêu Tông. Eventually Mạc Đăng Dung deposed Lê Cung Hoàng in 1522.

Lê Chiêu Tông was an emperor of the Lê Dynasty of Vietnam who ruled from 1516 to 1527. He was the son of Lê Sùng and nephew of the preceding king Lê Tuong Duc. As Lê Tuong Duc was assassinated in 1516, the young Lê Chieu Tông was put on the throne. His short reign was heavily colored by continuing factionalism and jockeying for power between the Mạc and Nguyen families, and his own.

Preceded by
Lê Chiêu Tông
King of Vietnam
1522–1527
Succeeded by
Lê Trang Tông

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The Mạc dynasty, as known as Mạc clan or House of Mạc ruled the whole of Đại Việt between 1527 and 1533 and the northern part of the country from 1533 until 1592, when they lost control over the capital Đông Kinh for the last time. Later Mạc representatives ruled over the province of Cao Bằng until 1677.

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Trịnh Kiểm ruled northern part of Vietnam from 1545 to 1570. Trịnh Kiểm was the founder of the Trịnh Lords or House of Trịnh who ruled Dai Viet while a succession of figurehead Later Lê Emperors took the role as puppet government. During his rule, the war with the Mạc Dynasty continued. Although he was the de facto ruler of Dai Viet during his reign, he never claimed himself title of Lord, hence he is not the first official Trịnh Lord but his son Trịnh Tùng is the first. Later Trịnh Kiểm was posthumously proclaimed Trịnh Lord by his descendants.

Nguyễn Kim Vietnamese regent

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Mạc Mậu Hợp was the fifth and effectively last reigning emperor of the Mạc dynasty from 1562 to 1592.

Revival Lê dynasty

The Later Lê Restoration is a distinction current in Vietnamese historiography. This period marked the end of the second or Later Lê dynasty which had flourished for 100 years from 1428 to 1527 until a high-ranking mandarin Mạc Đăng Dung stole the throne of emperor Lê Cung Hoàng in 1527 and established the Mạc dynasty, ruling the whole territory of Đại Việt. The Lê royalists escaped to the Kingdom of Lan Xang. The Right Commander-General of the Five Armies and Marquess of An Thanh Nguyễn Kim summoned the people who were still loyal to the Lê emperor and formed a new army to begin a revolt against Mạc Đăng Dung. Subsequently, Nguyễn Kim returned to Đại Việt and led the Lê royalists in a six-year civil war.

Thái Tổ is an imperial temple name typically used for Vietnamese emperors who founded a particular dynasty. It may refer to:

Cards on the Table is a 1980s Vietnamese 35mm black and white film directed by Lê Hoàng Hoa in his art name Khôi Nguyên.

The Tayson Gallantry is a 1991 Vietnamese 35mm wuxia film directed by Lê Hoàng Hoa in his art name Khôi Nguyên, adapted from Lê Hoàng Khải's 1990 novel The Jade Lamp martial art (玉盞神功).

Mạc Thái Tổ emperor of Vietnam and the founder of the Mạc Dynasty

Mạc Đăng Dung, posthumous name Mạc Thái Tổ (莫太祖), was an emperor of Vietnam and the founder of the Mạc Dynasty. Previously a captain of the imperial guard of one of the Lê Dynasty emperors, he gradually rose to a position of great power. Mạc eventually deposed the last Lê monarch and became a monarch himself.

Lê–Mạc War was a long time civil war waged between two royal families, House of Mạc and House of Lê.

Từ Dụ or Từ Dũ, born Phạm Thị Hằng (范氏姮), was the wife of Thiệu Trị and mother of Tự Đức.