|Lê Cung Hoàng|
|Emperor of Đại Việt|
|Emperor of Lê Dynasty|
|Predecessor||Lê Chiêu Tông|
|Successor||Lê Trang Tông|
|Born||26 July 1507|
|Died||June 15, 1527 19)(aged|
|Mother||Trịnh Thị Loan|
Lê Cung Hoàng (黎恭皇, 1507-1527) was the last emperor of the early Lê dynasty of Vietnam. He reigned from 1522 to 1527. Lê Cung Hoàng was put on the throne by the powerful general Mạc Đăng Dung in 1522 in place of the deposed emperor, Lê Chiêu Tông. Eventually Mạc Đăng Dung deposed Lê Cung Hoàng in 1522.
Lê Chiêu Tông was an emperor of the Lê Dynasty of Vietnam who ruled from 1516 to 1527. He was the son of Lê Sùng and nephew of the preceding king Lê Tuong Duc. As Lê Tuong Duc was assassinated in 1516, the young Lê Chieu Tông was put on the throne. His short reign was heavily colored by continuing factionalism and jockeying for power between the Mạc and Nguyen families, and his own.
Lê Chiêu Tông
| King of Vietnam|
Lê Trang Tông
|This Vietnamese biographical article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|
Southern and Northern Dynasties of Vietnam, spanning from 1533 to 1592, was a political period in 16th century Vietnam during which the Northern Dynasty, established by Mạc Đăng Dung in Đông Đô and the Southern Dynasty, under the name of Lê emperors in Tây Đô were in contention. For most of the period, these two dynasties fought a lengthy war called the Lê-Mạc War.
The Later Lê dynasty, sometimes referred to as the Lê dynasty, was the longest-ruling dynasty of Vietnam, ruling the country from 1428 to 1789, with a brief six-year interruption of the Mạc dynasty usurpers (1527–1533). Vietnamese historians usually distinguish the 100-year Primitive Lê Dynasty from 256-years of figurehead emperors of the Restored Lê Dynasty following the dynasty's restoration by powerful warlords.
Trịnh lords, also known as Trịnh clan or House of Trịnh, were a noble feudal clan who were the de facto rulers of northern Vietnam while Nguyễn lords ruled the southern Vietnam during the Later Lê dynasty. Both of two rulers referred to themselves as Chúa (lord) and controlled their countries while the Later Lê emperors did not have any real power, only maintained their title. The Trịnh lords traced their descent from Trịnh Khả, a friend and advisor to the 15th-century Vietnamese Emperor Lê Lợi. The Trịnh clan had officially 12 lords that ruled Northern Vietnam and the royal court of Later Lê dynasty for more than 2 centuries.
The Nguyễn lords, also known as Nguyễn clan or House of Nguyễn, were rulers of the Kingdom of Đàng Trong in Central and Southern Vietnam, as opposed to Đàng Ngoài or Outer Realm, ruled by the Trịnh lords.
The Mạc dynasty, as known as Mạc clan or House of Mạc ruled the whole of Đại Việt between 1527 and 1533 and the northern part of the country from 1533 until 1592, when they lost control over the capital Đông Kinh for the last time. Later Mạc representatives ruled over the province of Cao Bằng until 1677.
Trịnh Kiểm ruled northern part of Vietnam from 1545 to 1570. Trịnh Kiểm was the founder of the Trịnh Lords or House of Trịnh who ruled Dai Viet while a succession of figurehead Later Lê Emperors took the role as puppet government. During his rule, the war with the Mạc Dynasty continued. Although he was the de facto ruler of Dai Viet during his reign, he never claimed himself title of Lord, hence he is not the first official Trịnh Lord but his son Trịnh Tùng is the first. Later Trịnh Kiểm was posthumously proclaimed Trịnh Lord by his descendants.
Nguyen Kim was a Vietnamese statesman who was the ancestor of the famous Nguyễn Lords who later ruled south Vietnam. During his rule, the war with the Mạc Dynasty started.
Mạc Thái Tông, known also by his given name Mạc Đăng Doanh (莫登瀛), was the second emperor of the Mac Dynasty of Vietnam from 1530 to 1540. His father Mạc Thái Tổ was still alive during the first year of his reign and also reigning as “senior emperor”. His posthumous name is Văn hoàng đế (文皇帝) and his era name is Đại Chính.
Mạc Hiến Tông, birth name Mạc Phúc Hải (莫福海), was the third emperor of the Mạc Dynasty of Annam from 1540 to 1546. He was born in Cao Đôi village, Bình Hà district. He was the oldest son of emperor Mac Thai Tong and grandson of Mac Dang Dung.
Mạc Mậu Hợp was the fifth and effectively last reigning emperor of the Mạc dynasty from 1562 to 1592.
The Later Lê Restoration is a distinction current in Vietnamese historiography. This period marked the end of the second or Later Lê dynasty which had flourished for 100 years from 1428 to 1527 until a high-ranking mandarin Mạc Đăng Dung stole the throne of emperor Lê Cung Hoàng in 1527 and established the Mạc dynasty, ruling the whole territory of Đại Việt. The Lê royalists escaped to the Kingdom of Lan Xang. The Right Commander-General of the Five Armies and Marquess of An Thanh Nguyễn Kim summoned the people who were still loyal to the Lê emperor and formed a new army to begin a revolt against Mạc Đăng Dung. Subsequently, Nguyễn Kim returned to Đại Việt and led the Lê royalists in a six-year civil war.
Thái Tổ is an imperial temple name typically used for Vietnamese emperors who founded a particular dynasty. It may refer to:
Cards on the Table is a 1980s Vietnamese 35mm black and white film directed by Lê Hoàng Hoa in his art name Khôi Nguyên.
The Tayson Gallantry is a 1991 Vietnamese 35mm wuxia film directed by Lê Hoàng Hoa in his art name Khôi Nguyên, adapted from Lê Hoàng Khải's 1990 novel The Jade Lamp martial art (玉盞神功).
Mạc Đăng Dung, posthumous name Mạc Thái Tổ (莫太祖), was an emperor of Vietnam and the founder of the Mạc Dynasty. Previously a captain of the imperial guard of one of the Lê Dynasty emperors, he gradually rose to a position of great power. Mạc eventually deposed the last Lê monarch and became a monarch himself.
Lê–Mạc War was a long time civil war waged between two royal families, House of Mạc and House of Lê.
Từ Dụ or Từ Dũ, born Phạm Thị Hằng (范氏姮), was the wife of Thiệu Trị and mother of Tự Đức.