La Ceiba Municipality in 2007
La novia de Honduras (Honduras' girlfriend/bride)
|Founded||23 August 1877|
|• Mayor||Jerry Sabio|
|• City||640 km2 (250 sq mi)|
|• Metro||25 km2 (4,251 sq mi)|
|Elevation||3 m (10 ft)|
|• Density||320/km2 (830/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC-6 (Central America)|
La Ceiba (Spanish pronunciation: [la ˈsejβa] ) is a port city on the northern coast of Honduras in Central America. It is located on the southern edge of the Caribbean, forming part of the south eastern boundary of the Gulf of Honduras. With an estimated population of over 200,000 living in approximately 170 residential areas (called colonias or barrios ), it is the third-largest city in the country and the capital of the Honduran department of Atlántida.
La Ceiba was officially founded on 23 August 1877. The city was named after a giant ceiba tree that grew near the old dock. The city has been officially proclaimed the "Eco-Tourism Capital of Honduras," as well as the "Entertainment Capital of Honduras". Every year, on the third or fourth Saturday of May, the city holds its famous carnival to commemorate Isidore the Laborer (Spanish San Isidro Labrador). During this time, the city is host to approximately 500,000 tourists.
In 1872 Manuel Hernández built a small shack under the Ceiba tree that grew near the old docks. Over time, more and more people from present-day Honduras (especially the departments of Olancho and Santa Barbara), and from around the world settled in La Ceiba. Workers were attracted to jobs associated with the banana industry, which became important to the regional economy.
In the late 19th century, the banana business caught the attention of big North American banana companies, such as the Vaccaro Brothers' Standard Fruit Company from New Orleans. This new economic activity attracted national and international immigrantworkers to La Ceiba. The current neighbourhood known as Barrio Inglés was the first recognised neighbourhood in the city. It was so named after the many English-speaking people living in the barrio. At that point the main thoroughfare of La Ceiba was present-day Avenida La Republica, where the train tracks were laid. The rail line was built by the Standard Fruit Company (now Standard Fruit de Honduras, a Dole subsidiary) for transport of its commodity to ships at the port from the banana plantations. This company was largely responsible for the early growth of the city.
La Ceiba was declared a municipality on 23 August 1877. At that time Marco Aurelio Soto was President of Honduras. La Ceiba was the centre of banana and pineapple business, the basis of its economy. Other companies developed in the city, such as:
The first municipal building or city hall was located in the corner of 2da Calle and Avenida Atlántida, at the site of the present-day Ferretería Kawas warehouse. The building was made of wood and in 1903 it was burnt down due to vandalism. Some people wanted to destroy private property ownership records in La Ceiba. The municipal building was set on fire again on 7 March 1914 during more social unrest.
The Municipal Corporation moved the offices further south of the city. They were burned again during unrest in 1924. Soon after this, the office building was constructed at its current location, on land donated by Manuel Mejía.
La Ceiba features a trade-wind tropical rainforest climate (Köppen Af), with substantial rainfall throughout the course of the year. Due to its northerly aspect, there is a peak between October and February when the trade winds are strongest and extreme orographic rainfalls occur. The average annual rainfall is about 3,200 millimetres (130 in), making it one of the wettest cities in Central America, second only to Colón, Panama among urbanised areas with more than 100,000 people.
|Climate data for La Ceiba, Honduras (Golosón International Airport) 1970–1990, extremes 1965–present|
|Record high °C (°F)||32.8|
|Average high °C (°F)||27.0|
|Daily mean °C (°F)||23.8|
|Average low °C (°F)||18.4|
|Record low °C (°F)||13.2|
|Average rainfall mm (inches)||305.2|
|Average rainy days (≥ 1.0 mm)||11||8||6||6||4||10||11||13||12||14||13||12||118|
|Average relative humidity (%)||81||83||82||80||79||80||80||80||78||79||84||80||82|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||170.5||192.1||217.0||234.0||213.9||192.0||201.5||217.0||174.0||151.9||144.0||151.9||2,259.8|
|Mean daily sunshine hours||5.5||6.8||7.0||7.8||6.9||6.4||6.5||7.0||5.8||4.9||4.8||4.9||6.2|
|Source #1: NOAA|
|Source #2: Deutscher Wetterdienst (sun and humidity) Meteo Climat (record highs and lows)|
Among Honduran cities, La Ceiba is the second most important port town after Puerto Cortés. Its economy is made up of mostly commerce and agriculture. Pineapple is the city's major export. Its largest producer is the Standard Fruit Company, a subsidiary of the Dole Food Company, which operates throughout northern Honduras and is based in La Ceiba.
Tourism also plays a large role in the city's economy (see below). Since its development in the late 20th century, the La Ceiba seaport has played an ever-increasing role in the economy of the city. This port represents a vital economic artery to La Ceiba's growing tourist industry. Additionally, the La Ceiba sea port is home to one of the finest boatyards in the north west Caribbean (According to Western Caribbean Cruising Guidebook). Known as the La Ceiba Shipyard, this company offers a complete group of marine services for all types of seagoing vessels.
La Ceiba is home to many public schools. Among the largest is Escuela Francisco Morazán along Avenida San Isidro, which is considered the main street of the city. Instituto Manuel Bonilla is the largest public High School in the city, with over 5,000 registered students.
There are also many private schools in La Ceiba. Several private bilingual education schools offer instruction in both Spanish and English. Most of these offer a Honduran Bachillerato Diploma (equivalent of High school diploma), while Mazapan School offers a US-accredited High School diploma as well. These schools usually offer grades 1 – 11/12, with some offering pre-school education.
The first university in the city was the Centro Universitario Regional del Litoral Atlántico (often called CURLA). It is a Public university run by the larger Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Honduras (UNAH).
The first private university to open in the city was Universidad Tecnológica de Honduras(UTH), which opened in 1995. At the time the college offered only night classes, using the classrooms in a local private high school. In 2002 the college built its own campus. 2002 also marked the opening of the Universidad Católica de Honduras, run by the Catholic church. Additionally, development of a new campus in La Ceiba for the Universidad Tecnológica Centroamericana – UNITEC was begun in 2008.
La Ceiba has long been known as the tourism capital of Honduras, due to its proximity to the beach, active night life, and a variety of parks and recreational areas in and around the city. Another factor contributing to the city's tourism is the city port. It provides ferry services to the Bay Islands/Islas de la Bahia in the Caribbean. Ferries from this port also offer daily service to the main islands of Útila and Roatán.
The area around La Ceiba has many parks and natural reserves. Its most recognised natural area is the Pico Bonito (Beautiful Peak) National park. This park's most recognised feature, Pico Bonito on the Nombre de Dios mountain range, is 2435 meters high and provides a back drop for the city. The Cangrejal River, popular for its Class III-IV river rafting, borders the eastern edge of the city and the Cuero and Salado Wildlife refuges with its wild manatees is located a few miles to the west of the city.
Semana Santa (Holy Week) is one of the city's busiest tourist seasons. During this week tourists from all over the country flock to the city to enjoy its sun, beach, and very active night life during that week during Carnaval before Ash Wednesday.
The busiest tourist season by far is the week leading up to the internationally renowned "Gran Carnaval Internacional de La Ceiba" which is a citywide celebration in honour of the city's patron saint, St. Isidore (San Isidro). During the week leading up to the third Saturday in May, many neighbourhoods have smaller celebrations in one or a couple of their streets. On Saturday afternoon the big parade with elaborate floats takes place along Avenida San Isidro, the city's main thoroughfare. After the parade, the locals and tourists all have a celebration along that same road, where stands sell food, beer, drinks, and souvenirs.
There were trains running through La Ceiba to bring the bananas from the plantations but they are not active any longer although traces of the old railroad tracks can still be seen. Nowadays a 3 km-long city rail line still works and, in the nearby village of La Unión, it exists a short tourist railway to Cuero y Salado National Park.
Buses and taxis make up most of the public transportation in the city, with numerous buses serving almost every available route in the city. Taxi-cabs are numerous in the city, costing as little as L.25.00 (just over $1.25 as of 2013) for destinations within the city limits.
The pier to the east of the city offers transportation via ferry to 2 of the 3 major islands that make up Islas de la Bahia; Roatan and Utila. The Golosón International Airport to the west of town offers flights to the other major cities in the country as well as other towns in the Mosquitia Region of Honduras in the east. This airport is hub to Aerolíneas Sosa. There is also a bus station just west of the city centre though some buses also run from their own terminals.
La Ceiba is the home of one club of the top division of the Honduran National Professional Football League, Vida, and one in the second division, Victoria. Both play in Nilmo Edwards Stadium. The matches between the two rival clubs are known as Clásico Ceibeño.
San Pedro Sula is the capital of Cortés Department, Honduras. It is located in the northwest corner of the country in the Sula Valley, about 50 kilometers south of Puerto Cortés on the Caribbean Sea. With a population of 661,190 in the central urban area and a population of 1,445,598 in its metropolitan area in 2019, it is the nation's primary industrial center and second largest city after the capital Tegucigalpa.
Atlántida is a department located on the north Caribbean shore of Honduras, Central America. The capital is the port city of La Ceiba.
Puerto Cortés, originally known as Puerto de Caballos, is a city on the north Caribbean coast of Honduras, right on the Laguna de Alvarado, north of San Pedro Sula and east of Omoa, with a natural bay. The present city was founded in the early colonial period. It grew rapidly in the twentieth century, thanks to the then railroad, and banana production. In terms of volume of traffic the seaport is the largest in Central America and the 36th largest in the world. As of 2014, Puerto Cortés has a population of some 200,000.
El Porvenir is a municipality in the Honduran department of Atlántida.
Club Deportivo y Social Vida, or simply Vida, is a Honduran football club based in La Ceiba, Atlántida.
Club Deportivo Victoria is a Honduran football club based in La Ceiba, Atlántida. They have enjoyed success in the past having won the Honduran first division once. They currently play in the Honduran second division.
Liga de Ascenso is the second division of Honduran football; it was founded on 17 December 1979 as Segunda División and renamed Liga de Ascenso on 21 July 2002. The league is divided into 4 groups: Zona Norte y Atlántica, Zona Norte y Occidente, Zona Centro y Sur, Zona Sur y Oriente. The top 2 teams of each group qualifies for the liguilla (play-offs). Each season is divided into two tournaments, apertura (opening) and clausura (closing). The champion of the opening and closing tournament, compete for the promotion to Liga Nacional de Fútbol de Honduras in a two-legged match.
Railroads in Honduras were built in late 19th and early 20th centuries by two competing U.S. corporations - United Fruit and Standard Fruit. All were in the Caribbean coastal area and never reached the capital. In 1993, the combined network had 785 km. At present (2006), only three separate segments remain in operation under the management of FNH - Ferrocarril Nacional de Honduras:
Johnny Eulogio Palacios Suazo is a Honduran footballer who plays as a defender for Olimpia.
Mazapan School is a small N-12 co-educational bilingual school offering a US-style college preparatory instruction program. Owned and operated by Standard Fruit de Honduras (Dole), Mazapan School is located in La Ceiba, Honduras. Founded in 1928, the landscaped campus is located on 5 acres (20,000 m2) in a quiet, peaceful, and secured subdivision near the center of the city, amidst lush, tropical vegetation. The 300+ students attending Mazapan School are taught in English and Spanish, and receive a U.S. High School diploma and a Honduran Baccalaureate degree.
The 1976–77 Honduran Liga Nacional season was the 11th edition of the Honduran Liga Nacional. The format of the tournament remained the same as the previous season. C.D. España won the title after defeating C.D. Motagua in the finals. Both teams qualified to the 1977 CONCACAF Champions' Cup.
The 1980–81 Honduran Liga Nacional season was the 15th edition of the Honduran Liga Nacional. The format of the tournament remained the same as the previous season. Real C.D. España won the title after defeating C.D. Marathón in a 3-series final. Both teams qualified to the 1981 CONCACAF Champions' Cup. Additionally, Real España, Marathón, Club Deportivo Olimpia and C.D.S. Vida obtained berths to the 1981 Copa Fraternidad. Due to the national team's participation at the 1982 FIFA World Cup qualifiers, the league defined that no relegation was to take place this season. C.D. Platense which finished last, was financially penalized though.
The 1975–76 Honduran Liga Nacional season was the 10th edition of the Honduran Liga Nacional. The format of the tournament consisted of a three round-robin schedule followed by a 4-team playoff round. C.D. España won the title after defeating Club Deportivo Olimpia in the finals. Both teams qualified to the 1976 CONCACAF Champions' Cup.
The 1979–80 Honduran Liga Nacional season was the 14th edition of the Honduran Liga Nacional. The format of the tournament remained the same as the previous season. C.D. Marathón won the title after defeating Universidad in the finals. Both teams qualified to the 1980 CONCACAF Champions' Cup. Additionally, Marathón, Universidad, C.D. Broncos and C.D. Victoria obtained berths to the 1980 Copa Fraternidad.
The National Autonomous University of Honduras is the national public university of Honduras. Founded in 1847, it has over 140 programs from the Bachelor's level to the Doctorate, and is the largest and highest ranked University in Honduras.
The following is an alphabetical list of topics related to the Republic of Honduras.
The La Ceiba Carnival is an annual celebration in La Ceiba, Honduras held every third or fourth Saturday of May. The event is in held in honor of Saint Isidore the Laborer, the patron saint of the city. The celebration starts at least one week before the main event, which is a big parade followed by an all-night party along Avenida San Isidro, La Ceiba’s main thoroughfare.
Margarita Dabdoub Sikaffi is a Honduran politician. She is commonly known as Margie Dip. Dabdoub was the first female mayor of La Ceiba. She served as mayor of La Ceiba 1994–1998. Prior to entering electoral politics, Dabdoub worked as spokesperson for the Standard Fruit Company. She was named as governor of the Atlantida department by president Manuel Zelaya. Following the 2009 Honduran coup d'etat, that ousted Zelaya, Dabdoub declared that she had not been a 'cuartista' but opposed the coup.
Honduras is a tourist destination that attracts visitors to its natural environment, white and dark sand beaches, coral reefs, abundant flora and fauna and archaeological sites. Other attractions include the area's customs and traditional foods.
Guillermo Anderson was one of the best known Honduran musicians. A singer-songwriter, his lyrics often touch upon themes of ecology and social problems.
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