La Ceiba

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La Ceiba
La Ceiba City Hall.jpg
La Ceiba Municipality in 2007
Escudo Oficial de La Ceiba.jpg
Seal
Nickname(s): 
La novia de Honduras (Honduras' girlfriend/bride)
Honduras location map.svg
Red pog.svg
La Ceiba
Coordinates: 15°46′N86°50′W / 15.767°N 86.833°W / 15.767; -86.833
CountryFlag of Honduras.svg  Honduras
Department Atlántida
Founded23 August 1877;142 years ago (1877-08-23)
Government
  MayorJerry Sabio
Area
  City640 km2 (250 sq mi)
  Metro
25 km2 (4,251 sq mi)
Elevation
3 m (10 ft)
Population
 (2015) [1]
  City204,140
  Density320/km2 (830/sq mi)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central America)
Climate Af
Website municipalidadlaceiba.com

La Ceiba (Spanish pronunciation:  [la ˈsejβa] ) is a port city on the northern coast of Honduras in Central America. It is located on the southern edge of the Caribbean, forming part of the south eastern boundary of the Gulf of Honduras. With an estimated population of over 200,000 living in approximately 170 residential areas [2] (called colonias or barrios ), it is the third-largest city in the country and the capital of the Honduran department of Atlántida.

Contents

La Ceiba was officially founded on 23 August 1877. The city was named after a giant ceiba tree that grew near the old dock. The city has been officially proclaimed the "Eco-Tourism Capital of Honduras," as well as the "Entertainment Capital of Honduras". Every year, on the third or fourth Saturday of May, the city holds its famous carnival to commemorate Isidore the Laborer (Spanish San Isidro Labrador). During this time, the city is host to approximately 500,000 tourists.

History

La Ceiba waterfront in the 1910s La Ceiba waterfront 1910s.jpg
La Ceiba waterfront in the 1910s

In 1872 Manuel Hernández built a small shack under the Ceiba tree that grew near the old docks. Over time, more and more people from present-day Honduras (especially the departments of Olancho and Santa Barbara), and from around the world settled in La Ceiba. Workers were attracted to jobs associated with the banana industry, which became important to the regional economy.

In the late 19th century, the banana business caught the attention of big North American banana companies, such as the Vaccaro Brothers' Standard Fruit Company from New Orleans. This new economic activity attracted national and international immigrantworkers to La Ceiba. The current neighbourhood known as Barrio Inglés was the first recognised neighbourhood in the city. It was so named after the many English-speaking people living in the barrio. At that point the main thoroughfare of La Ceiba was present-day Avenida La Republica, where the train tracks were laid. The rail line was built by the Standard Fruit Company (now Standard Fruit de Honduras, a Dole subsidiary) for transport of its commodity to ships at the port from the banana plantations. This company was largely responsible for the early growth of the city.

La Ceiba was declared a municipality on 23 August 1877. At that time Marco Aurelio Soto was President of Honduras. La Ceiba was the centre of banana and pineapple business, the basis of its economy. Other companies developed in the city, such as:

A shop selling air conditioning. Pico Bonito Mountain in the far right background La Ceiba.JPG
A shop selling air conditioning. Pico Bonito Mountain in the far right background

The first municipal building or city hall was located in the corner of 2da Calle and Avenida Atlántida, at the site of the present-day Ferretería Kawas warehouse. The building was made of wood and in 1903 it was burnt down due to vandalism. Some people wanted to destroy private property ownership records in La Ceiba. The municipal building was set on fire again on 7 March 1914 during more social unrest.

The Municipal Corporation moved the offices further south of the city. They were burned again during unrest in 1924. Soon after this, the office building was constructed at its current location, on land donated by Manuel Mejía.

Geography

Climate

La Ceiba features a trade-wind tropical rainforest climate (Köppen Af), with substantial rainfall throughout the course of the year. Due to its northerly aspect, there is a peak between October and February when the trade winds are strongest and extreme orographic rainfalls occur. The average annual rainfall is about 3,200 millimetres (130 in), making it one of the wettest cities in Central America, second only to Colón, Panama among urbanised areas with more than 100,000 people.

Climate data for La Ceiba, Honduras (Golosón International Airport) 1970–1990, extremes 1965–present
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)32.8
(91.0)
34.8
(94.6)
35.4
(95.7)
36.0
(96.8)
38.0
(100.4)
37.0
(98.6)
35.7
(96.3)
38.0
(100.4)
36.0
(96.8)
34.6
(94.3)
33.6
(92.5)
34.0
(93.2)
38.0
(100.4)
Average high °C (°F)27.0
(80.6)
27.6
(81.7)
29.0
(84.2)
30.1
(86.2)
31.3
(88.3)
31.3
(88.3)
30.8
(87.4)
30.9
(87.6)
30.6
(87.1)
29.5
(85.1)
28.2
(82.8)
27.3
(81.1)
29.5
(85.1)
Daily mean °C (°F)23.8
(74.8)
24.0
(75.2)
25.6
(78.1)
26.8
(80.2)
28.2
(82.8)
28.0
(82.4)
27.5
(81.5)
27.6
(81.7)
27.4
(81.3)
26.2
(79.2)
25.2
(77.4)
24.3
(75.7)
26.2
(79.2)
Average low °C (°F)18.4
(65.1)
18.4
(65.1)
19.5
(67.1)
20.7
(69.3)
22.2
(72.0)
22.6
(72.7)
21.8
(71.2)
21.8
(71.2)
22.0
(71.6)
21.2
(70.2)
20.2
(68.4)
19.1
(66.4)
20.7
(69.3)
Record low °C (°F)13.2
(55.8)
12.0
(53.6)
11.5
(52.7)
12.0
(53.6)
14.2
(57.6)
19.0
(66.2)
17.5
(63.5)
16.8
(62.2)
18.9
(66.0)
16.7
(62.1)
12.1
(53.8)
12.6
(54.7)
11.5
(52.7)
Average rainfall mm (inches)305.2
(12.02)
330.0
(12.99)
225.2
(8.87)
120.5
(4.74)
76.9
(3.03)
154.6
(6.09)
174.9
(6.89)
197.3
(7.77)
203.3
(8.00)
423.8
(16.69)
539.6
(21.24)
478.9
(18.85)
3,230.2
(127.17)
Average rainy days (≥ 1.0 mm)11866410111312141312118
Average relative humidity (%)81838280798080807879848082
Mean monthly sunshine hours 170.5192.1217.0234.0213.9192.0201.5217.0174.0151.9144.0151.92,259.8
Mean daily sunshine hours 5.56.87.07.86.96.46.57.05.84.94.84.96.2
Source #1: NOAA [3]
Source #2: Deutscher Wetterdienst (sun and humidity) [4] Meteo Climat (record highs and lows) [5]

Economy

Banco Atlantida on 1era Calle (1st Street) Banco Atlantida.jpg
Banco Atlantida on 1era Calle (1st Street)

Among Honduran cities, La Ceiba is the second most important port town after Puerto Cortés. Its economy is made up of mostly commerce and agriculture. Pineapple is the city's major export. Its largest producer is the Standard Fruit Company, a subsidiary of the Dole Food Company, which operates throughout northern Honduras and is based in La Ceiba.

Tourism also plays a large role in the city's economy (see below). Since its development in the late 20th century, the La Ceiba seaport has played an ever-increasing role in the economy of the city. This port represents a vital economic artery to La Ceiba's growing tourist industry. Additionally, the La Ceiba sea port is home to one of the finest boatyards in the north west Caribbean (According to Western Caribbean Cruising Guidebook). Known as the La Ceiba Shipyard, this company offers a complete group of marine services for all types of seagoing vessels.

Education

La Ceiba is home to many public schools. Among the largest is Escuela Francisco Morazán along Avenida San Isidro, which is considered the main street of the city. Instituto Manuel Bonilla is the largest public High School in the city, with over 5,000 registered students.

There are also many private schools in La Ceiba. Several private bilingual education schools offer instruction in both Spanish and English. Most of these offer a Honduran Bachillerato Diploma (equivalent of High school diploma), while Mazapan School offers a US-accredited High School diploma as well. These schools usually offer grades 1 – 11/12, with some offering pre-school education.

The first university in the city was the Centro Universitario Regional del Litoral Atlántico (often called CURLA). It is a Public university run by the larger Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Honduras (UNAH).

The first private university to open in the city was Universidad Tecnológica de Honduras(UTH), which opened in 1995. At the time the college offered only night classes, using the classrooms in a local private high school. In 2002 the college built its own campus. 2002 also marked the opening of the Universidad Católica de Honduras, run by the Catholic church. Additionally, development of a new campus in La Ceiba for the Universidad Tecnológica Centroamericana – UNITEC was begun in 2008.

Tourism

Cordillera Nombre de Dios mountains in Pico Bonito National Park taken from the western side of La Ceiba Pico Bonito 1.jpg
Cordillera Nombre de Dios mountains in Pico Bonito National Park taken from the western side of La Ceiba

La Ceiba has long been known as the tourism capital of Honduras, due to its proximity to the beach, active night life, and a variety of parks and recreational areas in and around the city. Another factor contributing to the city's tourism is the city port. It provides ferry services to the Bay Islands/Islas de la Bahia in the Caribbean. Ferries from this port also offer daily service to the main islands of Útila and Roatán.

The area around La Ceiba has many parks and natural reserves. Its most recognised natural area is the Pico Bonito (Beautiful Peak) National park. This park's most recognised feature, Pico Bonito on the Nombre de Dios mountain range, is 2435 meters high and provides a back drop for the city. The Cangrejal River, popular for its Class III-IV river rafting, borders the eastern edge of the city and the Cuero and Salado Wildlife refuges with its wild manatees is located a few miles to the west of the city.

Semana Santa (Holy Week) is one of the city's busiest tourist seasons. During this week tourists from all over the country flock to the city to enjoy its sun, beach, and very active night life during that week during Carnaval before Ash Wednesday.

The busiest tourist season by far is the week leading up to the internationally renowned "Gran Carnaval Internacional de La Ceiba" which is a citywide celebration in honour of the city's patron saint, St. Isidore (San Isidro). During the week leading up to the third Saturday in May, many neighbourhoods have smaller celebrations in one or a couple of their streets. On Saturday afternoon the big parade with elaborate floats takes place along Avenida San Isidro, the city's main thoroughfare. After the parade, the locals and tourists all have a celebration along that same road, where stands sell food, beer, drinks, and souvenirs.

Transportation

Old steam train from La Ceiba, now in Swinford park Steamtrain2.jpg
Old steam train from La Ceiba, now in Swinford park
Danto Bridge on the western approach to the city Puente danto.jpg
Danto Bridge on the western approach to the city

There were trains running through La Ceiba to bring the bananas from the plantations but they are not active any longer although traces of the old railroad tracks can still be seen. Nowadays a 3 km-long city rail line still works and, in the nearby village of La Unión, it exists a short tourist railway to Cuero y Salado National Park.

Buses and taxis make up most of the public transportation in the city, with numerous buses serving almost every available route in the city. Taxi-cabs are numerous in the city, costing as little as L.25.00 (just over $1.25 as of 2013) for destinations within the city limits.

The pier to the east of the city offers transportation via ferry to 2 of the 3 major islands that make up Islas de la Bahia; Roatan and Utila. The Golosón International Airport to the west of town offers flights to the other major cities in the country as well as other towns in the Mosquitia Region of Honduras in the east. This airport is hub to Aerolíneas Sosa. There is also a bus station just west of the city centre though some buses also run from their own terminals.

Sport

La Ceiba is the home of one club of the top division of the Honduran National Professional Football League, Vida, and one in the second division, Victoria. Both play in Nilmo Edwards Stadium. The matches between the two rival clubs are known as Clásico Ceibeño. [6]

Notable people

Twin towns

In fiction

See also

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References

  1. "Honduras: metropolitan areas". World Gazeteer. Archived from the original on 2 March 2012. Retrieved 24 February 2010.
  2. La Ceiba, Honduran Capital of Eco Tourism
  3. "La Ceiba Climate Normals 1961-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 24 January 2016.
  4. "Klimatafel von La Ceiba, Bez. Atlántida / Honduras" (PDF). Baseline climate means (1961-1990) from stations all over the world (in German). Deutscher Wetterdienst. Retrieved 24 January 2016.
  5. "Station Goloson" (in French). Meteo Climat. Retrieved 12 June 2016.
  6. (in Spanish) Article about the Clásico Ceibeño on La Prensa

Coordinates: 15°46′N86°50′W / 15.767°N 86.833°W / 15.767; -86.833