La Grave

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La Grave
La Grave 2.jpg
A view from the nearby hillside
Blason La Grave.svg
Coat of arms
Location of La Grave
La Grave
France location map-Regions and departements-2016.svg
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La Grave
Provence-Alpes-Cote d'azur region location map.svg
Red pog.svg
La Grave
Coordinates: 45°02′49″N6°18′24″E / 45.0469°N 6.3067°E / 45.0469; 6.3067 Coordinates: 45°02′49″N6°18′24″E / 45.0469°N 6.3067°E / 45.0469; 6.3067
Country France
Region Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
Department Hautes-Alpes
Arrondissement Briançon
Canton Briançon-1
Intercommunality Briançonnais
Government
  Mayor (20202026) Jean-Pierre Pic [1]
Area
1
126.91 km2 (49.00 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2018) [2]
482
  Density3.8/km2 (9.8/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Gravarots
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
05063 /05320
Elevation1,135–3,976 m (3,724–13,045 ft)
(avg. 1,520 m or 4,990 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

La Grave (French pronunciation:  [la ɡʁav] ; Occitan : La Grava) is a commune in the Hautes-Alpes department in southeastern France.

Contents

It is a small ski resort in the French Alps, dominated by La Meije (3982 m). It was the birthplace of Nicolas de Nicolay; adventurer and Geographer Ordinary to Henry II of France.

La Meije seen from the Lac Noir Emparis- massif de la Meije depuis le lac Noir.jpg
La Meije seen from the Lac Noir

Skiing

The area is unpisted and although patrolled, has no formal avalanche control. The area is dangerous to ski unless supported by a guide, including much glacier travel at the very top.[ citation needed ]

La Grave is visited by off-piste and extreme skiers. The vertical drop totals 2,150 metres, although it is possible to ski below the resort to the road and increase the vertical descent to 2,300 metres.

Mechanical access to the mountain is limited to a closed, two-stage, pulse gondola system. The first lift starts at 1,450 metres, runs through one intermediate station (known as P1 at 1,800 metres) then terminates at Peyrou d'Amont (2,400 metres). The second stage of the gondola runs directly from Peyrou d'Amont to the Col des Ruillans (3,200 metres). The top of the gondola then allows access to button lift (which is the world's only fully suspended surface lift) to reach the top of the Girose Glacier (3550m). The Girose Glacier can also be reached from the resort of Les Deux Alpes on the other side, although this entails a one to two kilometre walk.[ citation needed ]

There are two main routes of descent. To the skier's right of the gondola station at the Col des Ruillans are 'Les Vallons de La Meije', a variation of which leads to the Trifides couloirs, and ultimately to the valley bottom and the Romanche River. Skiers can also make leftwards traverses to return to Peyrou d'Amont or P1 to avoid skiing the lower section which can be rocky or even grassy meadows in poor snow conditions.

To the skier's left from the Col des Ruillans is known as the Chancel route (also accessible from the Girose Glacier) which leads to several couloirs (the Banane, Patou, Couloir du Lac) around the Lac de Puyvachier and the Refuge Evariste Chancel. Below this point skiers can either traverse right to return to P1 or descend directly to the valley floor and village of Les Fréaux via the steep Fréaux Couloir.

Alternative descents include various routes to the south of the highest point of the lifts (the Dome de Lauze, at the top of the T-bar) in the Vallon du Diable. These lead to the village of St Christophe en Oisans from which alternative transport must be arranged in order to return to La Grave or to join the Deux Alpes lift system and return via the top of the Girose Glacier.[ citation needed ] There are several direct routes from the top of the Girose Glacier to the valley such as Chirouse and Orcières; these involve complex routefinding and sometimes abseils.[ citation needed ] Other routes include the Pan du Rideau and Y-Couloir, reached via a walk from the top of the first T-bar; they involve a steep ski down onto the Glacier du Rateau then rejoin the Vallons de La Meije.

In April 2006 Doug Coombs died while trying to save a friend in the Couloir de Polichinelle.

There are restaurants at Peyrou d'Amont and the Col des Ruillans, and food is served at the Refuge Evariste Chancel. Beds at both the Refuge and in a sleeping space in the Col des Ruillans restaurant.[ citation needed ]

The lease on the cable car is due to expire in 2017. As of 2015, no one had shown interest in taking over the cable car. [3] [ needs update ]

Ice climbing

La Grave is also a location for ice climbing. The valley receives little sun in winter and icefalls form on the valley sides. Climbing routes range from under 100 to over 300 metres long and are climbed in a number of pitches. Routes range from easy La Gorge II/3 to hard Diabolobite II/5+.

Population

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1962551    
1968562+2.0%
1975513−8.7%
1982453−11.7%
1990455+0.4%
1999511+12.3%
2008497−2.7%
2012487−2.0%

See also

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Pierre Gaspard (mountaineer)

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References

  1. "Répertoire national des élus: les maires". data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises (in French). 2 December 2020. Retrieved 7 December 2020.
  2. "Populations légales 2018". INSEE. 28 December 2020.
  3. http://www.2alpesnet.com/news/a-new-cable-car-for-la-grave-la-grave-689004