La Junta, Colorado
|City of La Junta|
The Woodruff Block in La Junta, built in 1892.
Historic American Buildings Survey, 1985.
Location of the City of La Junta in Otero County, Colorado.
|Incorporated||April 23, 1881|
|• Type||Home Rule Municipality|
|• Mayor||Jeffri Pruyn|
|• City Manager||Rick Klein|
|• City Council||Jim Goodwin, Betty Velasquez, Frank McKenzie, Jeffri Pruyn, Ed Vela, Roger Roath|
|• City Attorney||Phil Malouff|
|• Police Chief||G. Todd Quick|
|• Total||3.18 sq mi (8.24 km2)|
|• Land||3.18 sq mi (8.23 km2)|
|• Water||0.01 sq mi (0.01 km2)|
|Elevation||4,078 ft (1,243 m)|
|• Density||2,165.88/sq mi (836.34/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−7 (Mountain (MST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−6 (MDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||0204829|
|Website||City of La Junta, Colorado|
The City of La Junta is the home rule municipality that is the county seat and the most populous municipality of Otero County, Colorado, United States. 68 miles (109 km) east of Pueblo.The city population was 7,077 at the 2010 United States Census. La Junta is located on the Arkansas River in southeastern Colorado
La Junta (Spanish for "the junction")was named for the fact it rested at the intersection of the Santa Fe Trail and a pioneer road to Pueblo. The town developed near Bent's Post, a fur trading post of the 19th century.
During World War II, La Junta had an Army Air Force Training Base outside town. An Air Force detachment of the Strategic Air Command remained there until modern flight simulators developed in the 1980s rendered live flight unnecessary for pilot training maneuvers. At least one military aircraft crashed close by during such training maneuvers.
The airport, located 5 miles (8.0 km) north of La Junta, has 77 acres (31 ha) of tarmac and two runways which are still in use. One runway (east-west) is 6,851 feet (2,088 m) long and the other is 5,800 feet (1,800 m). .
The Caboose (pictured here) is the drive-through for the State Bank, which was established in 1893. The bank has been remodeled with antiques, including a teller line from the late 1890s.
La Junta is located at 2.8 square miles (7.3 km2), all of it land. The area is high plains terrain, dry with short grass prairie and sagebrush, and is part of the Southwestern Tablelands ecological region. This area of Colorado is often the warmest. Summer brings numerous days above 100 °F (38 °C). On July 20, 2005, many cities in this region broke or tied heat records. La Junta reached 107 °F (42 °C) with an overnight low of 87 °F (31 °C). However, the all-time record high for La Junta occurred on July 20, 1998 with a temperature of 113 °F (45 °C).(37.981333, -103.547540). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of
|Climate data for La Junta Municipal Airport (1981–2010)|
|Average high °F (°C)||45.5|
|Average low °F (°C)||17.4|
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||0.28|
|Average snowfall inches (cm)||3.3|
|U.S. Decennial Census|
There were 7,568 people, 2,977 households, and 1,964 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,652.0 people per square mile (1,025.3/km2). There were 3,277 housing units at an average density of 1,148.3 per square mile (443.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 74.22% White, 1.22% African American, 1.77% Native American, 0.86% Asian, 0.13% Pacific Islander, 18.33% from other races, and 3.48% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 43.60% of the population.
There were 2,977 households, out of which 33.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.0% were married couples living together, 14.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.0% were non-families. 30.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 3.06.
In the city, the population was spread out, with 27.1% under the age of 18, 10.4% from 18 to 24, 24.6% from 25 to 44, 21.4% from 45 to 64, and 16.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.1 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $29,002, and the median income for a family was $36,398. Males had a median income of $26,325 versus $21,324 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,928. About 16.8% of families and 21.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 31.4% of those under age 18 and 10.0% of those age 65 or over.
The city is served by the daily newspaper The Tribune-Democrat . The city is also served by a local radio station that broadcasts in AM and FM. They are KBLJ 1400 AM and KTHN 92.1 FM.
La Junta, until recently, had a railroad yard for assembling freight trains for the climb over Raton Pass. BNSF runs freight trains between Denver and Kansas/Texas via La Junta. The sole remaining major train crossing Raton Pass today is the daily Southwest Chief, in both directions, between Los Angeles and Chicago.
U.S. Highway 50 travels through La Junta, approaching from Pueblo to the northwest and continuing eastward towards Lamar and into Kansas. U.S. Highway 350 begins at La Junta and travels southwest before reaching Trinidad. State Highway 10 also begins at La Junta and travels west-southwest before reaching Walsenburg.
The city operates a public bus system with one route that circles the city.Intercity transportation is provided by Bustang. La Junta is part of the Lamar-Pueblo-Colorado Springs Outrider line.
The city and region are served by the Arkansas Valley Regional Medical Center, located in La Junta.
Notable individuals who were born in La Junta include novelists William Charles Andersonand Ken Kesey, baseball pitcher Tippy Martinez, and U.S. Army Col. Wendell Fertig who led a guerrilla force against the Japanese in the Philippines during World War II. Lane Frost, the famous bull rider.
Otero County is one of the 64 counties of the U.S. state of Colorado. As of the 2010 census, the population was 18,831. The county seat is La Junta. The county was named for Miguel Antonio Otero, one of the founders of the town of La Junta and a member of a prominent Hispanic family.
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La Junta Municipal Airport is three miles north of La Junta, in Otero County, Colorado, United States. The National Plan of Integrated Airport Systems for 2011–2015 categorized it as a general aviation facility.
Marlman is an unincorporated community in Bent and Otero counties in the state of Colorado. The U.S. Post Office at La Junta now serves Marlman postal addresses.
The Koshare Indian Museum is a registered site of the Colorado Historical Society in La Junta, Colorado. The building, located on the Otero Junior College campus, is a tri-level museum with an attached kiva that is built with the largest self-supporting log roof in the world. The building was built in 1949.
North La Junta is an unincorporated community and a census-designated place (CDP) located in and governed by Otero County, Colorado, United States. The population of the North La Junta CDP was 512 at the United States Census 2010. The La Junta post office (Zip Code 81050) serves the area.
La Junta Gardens is an unincorporated community and a census-designated place (CDP) located in and governed by Otero County, Colorado, United States. The population of the La Junta Gardens CDP was 153 at the United States Census 2010. The La Junta post office (Zip Code 81050) serves the area.
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