Department of La Paz
Location of La Paz Department within Bolivia
Provinces of the La Paz Department
|Capital||Nuestra Señora de La Paz|
|• Governor||Félix Patzi Paco|
|• Total||133,985 km2 (51,732 sq mi)|
|• Density||20/km2 (52/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC-4 (BOT)|
|HDI (2017)||0.693 |
medium · 6th
The La Paz Department of Bolivia comprises 133,985 square kilometres (51,732 sq mi) with a 2012 census population of 2,706,359 inhabitants. It is situated at the western border of Bolivia, sharing Lake Titicaca with adjacent Peru. It contains the Cordillera Real , which reaches altitudes of 6.6 kilometers (4.1 mi). Northeast of the Cordillera Real are the Yungas , the steep eastern slopes of the Andes Mountains that make the transition to the Amazon River basin to the northeast. The capital of the department is the city of La Paz and is the administrative city and seat of government/national capital of Bolivia.
The Department of La Paz is divided into 20 provinces (provincias) which are further subdivided into 85 municipalities(municipios) and - on the fourth level - into cantons.
The provinces with their capitals are:
|Province||Area km2||Population (2012 census)||Capital|
|Eliodoro Camacho||2,080||53,747||Puerto Acosta|
|Gualberto Villarroel||1,935||17,782||San Pedro de Curahuara de Carangas|
|José Manuel Pando||1,976||7,381||Santiago de Machaca|
|José Ramón Loayza||3,370||47,295||Luribay|
|Pedro Domingo Murillo||4,705||1,663,099||Palca|
|Note: More than 3,770 km2 of Lake Titicaca|
The chief executive office of Bolivia's departments (since May 2010) is the Governor; before then, the office was called the Prefect, and until 2006 the prefect was appointed by the President of Bolivia and then the governor is elected by the voters. The current governor, Félix Patzi Paco, was elected on 29 March 2015 and took office on 31 May.
Under the 2009 Constitution, Bolivian departments have an elected legislature, known as the Departmental Legislative Assembly. The La Paz Assembly has 45 members including five indigenous / natives minority representatives.
The most recent governor election results (2015) are as follows:
|Félix Patzi Paco||Sovereignty and Freedom||673,244||50.09|
|Felipa Huanca Llupanqui||Movement for Socialism||412,385||30.68|
|Elizabeth Reyes Limpias||National Unity Front||108 509||8.07|
|Felipe Quispe Huanca||Movement for Sovereignty||63 941||4.76|
|David Vargas Flores||Front for Victory||52 527||3.91|
|Julio Tito Condori||Patriotic Social Alliance||18 513||1.38|
|Hugo Sandoval Costas||Revolutionary Nationalist Movement||14 866||1.11|
|Source: Atlas of the Plurinational Electoral Body of Bolivia|
|Date Began||Date Ended||Prefect/Governor||Party||Notes|
|23 Jan 2006||10 Aug 2008||José Luís Paredes Muñoz||Social and Democratic Power||First elected prefect. Elected in Bolivian general election, December 2005, and removed by the 2008 recall election.|
|12 Aug 2008||29 Aug 2008||Alejandro Zapata (acting, de facto)|
|29 Aug 2008||30 May 2010||Pablo Ramos Sánchez (acting)||MAS-IPSP||Final prefect|
|30 May 2010||31 May 2015||César Hugo Cocarico Yana||MAS-IPSP||Elected in regional election on 4 April; first elected with the renamed title of governor|
The languages spoken in the department are mainly Spanish, Aymara, Quechua and Guaraní. The following table shows the number of people belonging to the recognized group of speakers.
|Native and Spanish||1,027,999||2,739,407|
|Spanish and foreign||946,650||4,115,751|
The geography of Bolivia includes the Eastern Andes Mountain Range which bisects Bolivia roughly from north to south. To the east of that mountain chain are lowland plains of the Amazon Basin, and to the west is the Altiplano which is a highland plateau where Lake Titicaca is located. Bolivia's geography has features similar to those of Peru which abuts Bolivia's northwest border; like Bolivia, Peru is bisected from north to south by the Eastern Andes Mountains, and these two countries share Lake Titicaca which is the highest navigable lake on Earth. Unlike Peru, however, Bolivia is one of the two landlocked countries in South America, the other being Paraguay which is located along Bolivia's southeast border.
Tarija is a department in Bolivia. It is located in south-eastern Bolivia bordering with Argentina to the south and Paraguay to the east. According to the 2012 census, it has a population of 482,196 inhabitants. It has an area of 37,623 km2 (14,526 sq mi). The city of Tarija is the capital of the department.
Beni, sometimes El Beni, is a northeastern department of Bolivia, in the lowlands region of the country. It is the second-largest department in the country, covering 213,564 square kilometers, and it was created by supreme decree on November 18, 1842 during the administration of General José Ballivián. Its capital is Trinidad.
Chuquisaca is a department of Bolivia located in the center south. It borders on the departments of Cochabamba, Tarija, Potosí, and Santa Cruz. The departmental capital is Sucre, which is also the constitutional capital of Bolivia.
Cochabamba, from Quechua qucha or qhucha, meaning "lake", pampa meaning "plain", is one of the nine departments of Bolivia. It is known to be the "granary" of the country because of its variety of agricultural products from its geographical position. It has an area of 55,631 km2. Its population in the 2012 census was 1,758,143. Its capital is the city of Cochabamba, known as the "City of Eternal Spring" and "The Garden City" because of its spring-like temperatures all year.
Oruro is a department in Bolivia, with an area of 53,588 km2 (20,690 sq mi). Its capital is the city of Oruro. According to the 2012 census, the Oruro department had a population of 494,178.
Potosí is a department in southwestern Bolivia. It comprises 118,218 km2 with 823,517 inhabitants. The capital is the city of Potosí. It is mostly a barren, mountainous region with one large plateau to the west, where the largest salt flat in the world, Salar de Uyuni, is located.
Santa Cruz, with an area of 370,621 km2 (143,098 sq mi), slightly smaller than Japan or the US State of Montana, it is the largest of the nine constituent departments of Bolivia occupying about one-third (33.74%) of the territory of the country. It is located in the eastern part of the country, sharing borders in the north and east with Brazil and with Paraguay in the south.
Sorata is a small town in the La Paz Department in the Bolivian Andes, northwest of the city of La Paz and east of Lake Titicaca. It is the seat of the Larecaja Province and the Sorata Municipality. At the time of census 2001 it had a population of 2,217.
Bautista Saavedra is one of the twenty provinces of the Bolivian La Paz Department situated in the northwestern parts of the department. It was created on November 17, 1948 in honor of Bautista Saavedra Mallea (1870-1939) who was Bolivia's president from 1920 to 1925. The capital of the province is Charazani.
Larecaja is a province in the Bolivian La Paz Department. It was founded by Antonio José de Sucre on October 18, 1826. Its capital is Sorata.
Los Andes is one of the twenty provinces in the central parts of the Bolivian La Paz Department. The province was legally founded on November 24, 1917, during the presidency of José Gutiérrez Guerra. The Spanish name of the province means "The Andes", referring to its position within the Cordillera Real which is part of the Bolivian Andes mountain range. The capital of the province is Pucarani, which has a population of 918 as of the 2001 census. Pucarani is situated in the Altiplano west of the Cordillera Real offering a view of some of its highest mountains such as Ch'iyar Juqhu, Chachakumani, Kunturiri, Wayna Potosí and Chacaltaya.
Omasuyos or Uma Suyu is a province in the La Paz Department in Bolivia. Its capital is Achacachi.
Pedro Domingo Murillo is a province in the Bolivian La Paz Department. It was created on January 8, 1838, with the name Cercado and on October 17, 1912, during the presidency of Eliodoro Villazón, its name was changed in honor of Pedro Domingo Murillo, protagonist of the revolution of June 16, 1809.
The Cordillera Real is a mountain range in the South American Altiplano of Bolivia. This range of fold mountains, largely composed of granite, is located southeast of Lake Titicaca, and east of the Bolivian capital of La Paz, measuring 125 km in length and 20 km in width. Despite the fact that it is only 17° south of the Equator, the Cordillera Real is relatively densely glaciated. This is due to its proximity to the Amazon lowlands with its associated moist air masses.
Achacachi is a town on the Altiplano plateau in the South American Andes in the La Paz Department in Bolivia. It is the capital of the Omasuyos Province.
The Mollo culture existed in Bolivia's altiplano area after the collapse of the Tiwanaku culture during the period of AD 1000 to 1500; it predated the Inca civilization. While the Mollo showed a continuity with Late Tiwanaku culture in both domestic and village architecture, they left no pyramids. Mollo worshiped the jaguar.
Charazani or Charasani is a small town in the South American Andes in Bolivia.
Chachacomani is a mountain in the Cordillera Real of the Andes Mountains, east of Lake Titicaca in Bolivia.
La Paz Municipality is the capital municipality and one of the five municipalities of the Pedro Domingo Murillo Province in the La Paz Department in Bolivia. Its seat is La Paz.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to La Paz Department, Bolivia .|
|Wikisource has the text of a 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article about La Paz Department .|