La Porte, Indiana

Last updated
City of La Porte, Indiana
Laporte County Indiana courthouse 2.jpg
LaPorte County Courthouse, La Porte, Indiana
Nickname(s): 
The Maple City
Motto(s): 
"Live and Love"
LaPorte County Indiana Incorporated and Unincorporated areas La Porte Highlighted 1842246.svg
Location of La Porte in LaPorte County, Indiana.
Coordinates: 41°36′33″N86°43′3″W / 41.60917°N 86.71750°W / 41.60917; -86.71750 Coordinates: 41°36′33″N86°43′3″W / 41.60917°N 86.71750°W / 41.60917; -86.71750
CountryUnited States
State Indiana
County LaPorte
Townships Center, Kankakee, Pleasant, Scipio
Government
   Mayor Tom Dermody (R)
Area
[1]
  Total12.39 sq mi (32.09 km2)
  Land11.64 sq mi (30.14 km2)
  Water0.76 sq mi (1.96 km2)
Elevation
814 ft (248 m)
Population
 (2010) [2]
  Total22,053
  Estimate 
(2019) [3]
21,569
  Density1,853.64/sq mi (715.69/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (CST)
  Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
ZIP codes
46350, 46352
Area code 219
FIPS code 18-42246 [4]
GNIS feature ID0450449 [5]
Website http://www.cityoflaporte.com

La Porte (French for "The Door") is a city in LaPorte County, Indiana, United States, of which it is the county seat. [6] Its population was estimated to be 21,569 in 2019. [7] It is one of the two principal cities of the Michigan City-La Porte, Indiana Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is included in the Chicago–Naperville–Michigan City, IllinoisIndianaWisconsin Combined Statistical Area.

Contents

La Porte is located in northwest Indiana, east of Gary, and west of South Bend. It was first settled by European Americans in 1832. The city is twinned with Grangemouth in Scotland.

History

The settlement of La Porte was established in July 1832. Abraham P. Andrew, one of the purchasers of the site, constructed the first sawmill in that year. The first settler arrived in October, building a permanent cabin just north of what would become the courthouse square. [8]

After the US extinguished land claims by the Potowatomi and other historic tribes of the area by treaty and removal to Indian Territory, in 1833 a Federal Land Office was established in La Porte. People would come to this office from newly established surrounding counties to buy land from the government, including Solon Robinson, founder of Crown Point. [9] The office was moved to Winamac in 1839. [10]

By 1835 the settlement had grown to the extent that La Porte was incorporated as a town. A newspaper was established in 1836. La Porte Medical School, the first of its kind in the Midwest, was founded in 1842. An alumnus of school, William Worrall Mayo, established what became the famed Mayo Clinic in Minnesota in 1889.

By 1852 La Porte had become a well-established settlement of considerable size for its time and vicinity, with 5,000 residents. In that same year it was granted a city charter by the Indiana General Assembly, and the first mayor was elected. [11] La Porte continued to grow, attracting numerous diverse industries, the largest of which became the Advance-Rumely company. Advance-Rumely developed and manufactured the Oil-Pull tractor engine, considered to have played a pivotal role in the agricultural development of the Great Plains. By 1869, Advance-Rumely was the largest employer in La Porte. [8]

During the 1850s numerous maple trees were planted along Indiana and Michigan avenues in the city by local resident Sebastian Lay. Subsequently, La Porte became known as the "Maple City". Today, Indiana and Michigan Avenues comprise a historic district in the city, containing many homes and other structures of architectural and historical interest. Between 1892 and 1894, the third and current LaPorte county courthouse was erected at a cost of $300,000. The structure is built of red sandstone from Lake Superior, shipped via boat to Michigan City and then by rail to La Porte. The courthouse is considered to be one of La Porte's best known structures. [12] In 2007 the exterior of the building was extensively restored at a cost of $2.9 million. [13]

Historic sites districts

Geography

La Porte is located at 41°36′33″N86°43′3″W / 41.60917°N 86.71750°W / 41.60917; -86.71750 (41.609057, −86.717567). [14]

According to the 2010 census, La Porte has a total area of 12.37 square miles (32.04 km2), of which 11.66 square miles (30.20 km2) (or 94.26%) is land and 0.71 square miles (1.84 km2) (or 5.74%) is water. U.S. 35 passes through La Porte. [15]

La Porte is accessible from Chicago by the South Shore train line which begins at Millennium Station and ends in Michigan City, Indiana. With multiple stops in between including Chesterton and Hudson Lake, Indiana. Which are both only a short drive from La Porte.

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1850 1,824
1860 5,028175.7%
1870 6,58130.9%
1880 6,195−5.9%
1890 7,12615.0%
1900 7,113−0.2%
1910 10,52548.0%
1920 15,15844.0%
1930 15,7553.9%
1940 16,1802.7%
1950 17,88210.5%
1960 21,15718.3%
1970 22,1404.6%
1980 21,796−1.6%
1990 21,507−1.3%
2000 21,6210.5%
2010 22,0532.0%
2019 (est.)21,569 [3] −2.2%
Source: US Census Bureau

2010 census

As of the census [2] of 2010, there were 22,053 people, 8,962 households, and 5,362 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,891.3 inhabitants per square mile (730.2/km2). There were 9,992 housing units at an average density of 856.9 per square mile (330.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 88.6% White, 3.0% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 4.9% from other races, and 2.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 11.2% of the population.

There were 8,962 households, of which 31.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.2% were married couples living together, 14.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 40.2% were non-families. 33.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 3.04.

The median age in the city was 36.2 years. 24.5% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 26.7% were from 25 to 44; 24.2% were from 45 to 64; and 15.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.2% male and 51.8% female.

2000 census

As of the census [4] of 2000, there were 21,621 people, 8,916 households, and 5,545 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,886.8 people per square mile (728.4/km2). There were 9,667 housing units at an average density of 843.6 per square mile (325.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 92.60% White, 1.92% African American, 0.37% Native American, 0.38% Asian, 3.39% from other races, and 1.33% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.52% of the population.

There were 8,916 households, out of which 29.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.4% were married couples living together, 12.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.8% were non-families. 31.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 24.5% under the age of 18, 9.6% from 18 to 24, 29.1% from 25 to 44, 20.3% from 45 to 64, and 16.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $35,376, and the median income for a family was $45,784. Males had a median income of $32,319 versus $22,756 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,900. About 7.7% of families and 11.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.2% of those under age 18 and 13.1% of those age 65 or over.

Government

La Porte City Hall LaPorte, IN City Hall.jpg
La Porte City Hall

The government consists of a mayor and a city council. The mayor is elected in citywide vote. The city council consists of seven members. Five are elected from individual districts. Two are elected at-large.

Education

The La Porte Community School Corporation serves approximately 6,500 students.

Primary and secondary education

With eight state baseball titles, La Porte High School holds the distinction of winning the greatest number in Indiana. [16] [17]

Public library

The city has a public library, a branch the La Porte County Public Library. [18] [19]

Features

The famous Advance-Rumely tractor company was established in La Porte where it developed steam engines and eponymous green kerosene tractors.

La Porte has been featured in an occasional movie, including Prancer (1989), A Piece of Eden (2000), Treadmill (2006), Providence (2009) and Woman's Prison (2009).

La Porte was once the home of the world-famous Parsons Horological Institute, founded in the 1890s and still extant as part of Bradley University in Peoria, Illinois.

La Porte was the eastern terminus of the Chicago – New York Electric Air Line Railroad, an ambitious early high-speed rail project.

Author J. K. Rowling has a Portkey (Key to the City) for La Porte. It was presented to her by Emerson Spartz. [20]

Places of interest

Parks and recreation

La Porte has an extensive city park district.

Lakes
Golf
Public Activities

Media

Print

LaPorte Herald-Argus is the only newspaper serving the City of La Porte.

Broadcast

La Porte receives television broadcasts and other radio broadcasts from Chicago and South Bend.

Radio

WCOE, 96.7 FM, WLOI, 1540 AM and Rock, 106.5 FM [28] [29]

In the 1990s WCOE was a broadcast home to the area NBA Team Chicago Bulls. They broadcast Championship Bulls teams.

Notable people

See also

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References

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  2. 1 2 "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2012-12-11.
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  6. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
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  9. Moore, Powell A.; The Calumet Region, Indiana's Last Frontier; Indiana Historical Collections, Vol. XXXIX; Indiana Historical Bureau, Reprint 1977
  10. Indiana Commission on Public Records. Retrieved 03/12/10.
  11. History of LaPorte County, Indiana: Together with Sketches of Its Cities, Villages, and Townships. C. C. Chapman & Co. 1880. p. 627.
  12. Official Website of the City of La Porte, History of La Porte. Retrieved 10/10/10.
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  18. "Indiana public library directory" (PDF). Indiana State Library. Retrieved 8 March 2018.
  19. "Library Hours & Information". La Porte County Public Library. Retrieved 8 March 2018.
  20. "Portkeys | Wizarding World". www.wizardingworld.com. Retrieved Sep 3, 2020.
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  23. "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places . National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
  24. "National Register of Historic Places Listings". Weekly List of Actions Taken on Properties: 9/29/14 through 10/03/14. National Park Service. 2014-10-10.
  25. "My Homepage". Legacy Hills Golf Club.
  26. "Welcome to Beechwood Golf Course". BeechwoodGolfCourse.
  27. "Briar Leaf Golf Club – LaPorte / Northwest Indiana – 18 Hole Golf Course". Briar Leaf Golf Club.
  28. LinkedUpRadio, Envisionwise Website Service /. "Rock 106.5 – Hometown News Now". hometownnewsnow.com. Retrieved Sep 3, 2020.
  29. "New classic rock station on air in La Porte". The LaPorte County Herald-Argus. Indiana. June 13, 2019. Retrieved September 1, 2019.
  30. Painter, Kristen Leigh (2016-07-20). "Obituary: Professor, nonprofit leader Alvera Mickelsen blended feminism and Christian teaching". Star Tribune . Retrieved 2016-08-06.
  31. "Dumbing of Age". Dumbing of Age. Retrieved Sep 3, 2020.