La Teste-de-Buch

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La Teste-de-Buch
Dune Pyla 18-06-2006.JPG
Blason ville fr La Teste-de-Buch (Gironde).svg
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Location of La Teste-de-Buch
La Teste-de-Buch
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La Teste-de-Buch
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La Teste-de-Buch
Coordinates: 44°37′12″N1°08′45″W / 44.620°N 01.145711°W / 44.620; -01.145711 Coordinates: 44°37′12″N1°08′45″W / 44.620°N 01.145711°W / 44.620; -01.145711
Country France
Region Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Department Gironde
Arrondissement Arcachon
Canton La Teste-de-Buch
Intercommunality Bassin d'Arcachon Sud
Government
  Mayor (20202026) Patrick Davet [1]
Area
1
180.20 km2 (69.58 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2018) [2]
26,248
  Density150/km2 (380/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
33529 /33260
Elevation0–101 m (0–331 ft)
(avg. 4 m or 13 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

La Teste-de-Buch (French pronunciation:  [la tɛst də byʃ] ; Occitan : La Tèsta de Bug [la ˈtɛstɔ ðe ˈβyk] ) is a commune in the Gironde department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.

Contents

It is located on the south shore of Arcachon Bay, lying in the southwestern part of Gironde.

It is the largest of four communes that comprise the Communauté d'agglomération du Bassin d'Arcachon Sud  [ fr ] (COBAS), a small metropolitan area of 54,204 population (1999 census). It is the eighth-largest commune in metropolitan France in geographical area.

La Teste-de-Buch is famous for the Dune du Pilat, the highest sand dune in Europe. It is also the site of a fictional battle during the Napoleonic wars depicted in Sharpe's Siege by Bernard Cornwell.

Geography

La Teste-de-Buch is located in the department of Gironde, in the middle of the Landes forest, and south of Arcachon Bay. It is the capital of the Pays de Buch. Neighbouring communes are Gujan-Mestras to the east, Arcachon to the northwest, and Biscarosse and Sanguinet to the south.

The Dune of Pilat is a famous landmark on the Atlantic coast, situated in the western corner of the commune. The seaside resort of Pyla-sur-Mer, the village of Cazaux, the bird refuge and sandbank of Arguin are also part of the town.

The Étang de Cazaux et de Sanguinet is in the southeast corner, astride the departments of Gironde and Landes. The rest of the commune area consists of old dunes, where the natural forest has changed little over centuries.

During World War I, an airfield was created near Cazaux for airplane pilots training (fighters and bombers). Most of the American volunteers pilots of the Lafayette Escadrille came to the "Camp de Cazaux" to finish their training as war pilots. When the U.S entered the war, the 36th Aero Squadron was based here.

Climate

La Teste-de-Buch features an oceanic climate (Cfb) under the Köppen system, closely bordering on a warm-summer mediterranean climate (Csb) due to the lack of rain in july compared to november, the wettest month of the year. Winters are cool and wet, while summers are hot but bearable. However, cold snaps in winter or heat spikes in summer are rare but not unknown.

Climate data for La Teste-de-Buch (1981–2010 averages, extremes 1921–present)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)22.0
(71.6)
25.0
(77.0)
28.6
(83.5)
22.1
(71.8)
35.1
(95.2)
40.2
(104.4)
39.8
(103.6)
42.0
(107.6)
38.4
(101.1)
31.4
(88.5)
25.2
(77.4)
22.8
(73.0)
42.0
(107.6)
Average high °C (°F)10.9
(51.6)
12.2
(54.0)
15.2
(59.4)
17.0
(62.6)
20.8
(69.4)
23.7
(74.7)
26.0
(78.8)
26.3
(79.3)
24.0
(75.2)
19.8
(67.6)
14.4
(57.9)
11.2
(52.2)
18.5
(65.3)
Daily mean °C (°F)6.7
(44.1)
7.4
(45.3)
9.9
(49.8)
11.8
(53.2)
15.5
(59.9)
18.5
(65.3)
20.6
(69.1)
20.6
(69.1)
18.0
(64.4)
14.8
(58.6)
10.0
(50.0)
7.2
(45.0)
13.4
(56.1)
Average low °C (°F)2.5
(36.5)
2.5
(36.5)
4.5
(40.1)
6.6
(43.9)
10.3
(50.5)
13.3
(55.9)
15.1
(59.2)
15.0
(59.0)
12.1
(53.8)
9.7
(49.5)
5.6
(42.1)
3.2
(37.8)
8.4
(47.1)
Record low °C (°F)−15.7
(3.7)
−13.7
(7.3)
−9.6
(14.7)
−3.7
(25.3)
−1.8
(28.8)
3.6
(38.5)
5.0
(41.0)
3.5
(38.3)
−0.7
(30.7)
−4.0
(24.8)
−8.4
(16.9)
−12.5
(9.5)
−15.7
(3.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches)95.5
(3.76)
74.9
(2.95)
66.4
(2.61)
79.6
(3.13)
62.0
(2.44)
56.4
(2.22)
46.9
(1.85)
59.1
(2.33)
77.8
(3.06)
99.9
(3.93)
120.8
(4.76)
107.0
(4.21)
946.3
(37.26)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm)12.710.511.211.610.07.67.37.78.911.813.312.4124.9
Average snowy days0.71.10.40.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.20.42.8
Average relative humidity (%)86837977777776777984878880.8
Mean monthly sunshine hours 99.9115.1177.1192.7226.7245.7255.9244.5210.6148.499.385.62,101.3
Source 1: Météo France [3]
Source 2: Infoclimat.fr (snowy days and humidity 1961–1990) [4]

Population

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1793 2,000    
1800 2,301+2.02%
1806 2,306+0.04%
1821 2,409+0.29%
1831 2,840+1.66%
1836 2,986+1.01%
1841 3,447+2.91%
1846 3,512+0.37%
1851 3,399−0.65%
1856 3,891+2.74%
1861 3,601−1.54%
1866 4,259+3.41%
1872 4,462+0.78%
1876 5,314+4.47%
1881 6,063+2.67%
1886 6,200+0.45%
1891 6,480+0.89%
1896 6,663+0.56%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901 6,840+0.53%
1906 7,082+0.70%
1911 7,023−0.17%
1921 6,321−1.05%
1926 7,815+4.33%
1931 8,826+2.46%
1936 9,496+1.47%
1946 9,066−0.46%
1954 11,281+2.77%
1962 11,085−0.22%
1968 15,064+5.24%
1975 15,831+0.71%
1982 18,038+1.88%
1990 20,331+1.51%
1999 22,970+1.37%
2007 24,616+0.87%
2012 24,952+0.27%
2017 26,078+0.89%
Source: EHESS [5] and INSEE (1968-2017) [6]

International relations

La Teste-de-Buch is twinned with

See also

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Dune of Pilat

The Dune of Pilat, also called Grande Dune du Pilat, is the tallest sand dune in Europe. It is located in La Teste-de-Buch in the Arcachon Bay area, France, 60 km (37.2 mi) southwest of Bordeaux.

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Pays de Buch is one of several areas that make up the Landes forest in France. It extends across seventeen towns around the Arcachon Bay and the valley of the Eyre River. The village of Porge is at the north end and La Teste de Buch at the south, with Belin-Béliet to the east.

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The canton of La Teste-de-Buch is an administrative division of the Gironde department, southwestern France. Its borders were modified at the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015. Its seat is in La Teste-de-Buch.

References

  1. "Répertoire national des élus: les maires". data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises (in French). 2 December 2020. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  2. "Populations légales 2018". INSEE. 28 December 2020.
  3. "Cazaux (33)" (PDF). Fiche Climatologique: Statistiques 1981–2010 et records (in French). Meteo France. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 26, 2018. Retrieved March 26, 2018.
  4. "Normes et records 1961-1990: Cazaux - La Teste de Buch (33) - altitude 23m" (in French). Infoclimat. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved December 30, 2015.
  5. Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet La Teste-de-Buch, EHESS. (in French)
  6. Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE