Labour and Co-operative

Last updated
Labour and Co-operative Party
Parliamentary Group Chair Jim McMahon
Parliamentary Group Vice-Chair Preet Gill
Founded7 June 1927;93 years ago (1927-06-07)
Ideology
Political position Centre-left
Colours     Red,      Purple (customary)
House of Commons
26 / 650
House of Lords
13 / 783
Scottish Parliament
8 / 129
Senedd Cymru – Welsh Parliament
11 / 60
London Assembly
7 / 25
Local government
1,500 / 20,690
Police & Crime Commissioners
3 / 40
Directly elected mayors
6 / 25

Labour and Co-operative Party (often abbreviated Labour Co-op; Welsh : Llafur a'r Blaid Gydweithredol) is a description used by candidates in United Kingdom elections who stand on behalf of both the Labour Party and the Co-operative Party.

Contents

Candidates contest elections under an electoral alliance between the two parties, that was first agreed in 1927. [1] This agreement recognises the independence of the two parties and commits them to not standing against each other in elections. [2] It also sets out the procedures for both parties to select joint candidates and interact at a local and national level.

There were 26 Labour and Co-operative Party MPs elected at the December 2019 election, making it the fourth largest political grouping in the House of Commons, although Labour and Co-operative MPs are generally included in Labour totals. [3] The Chair of the Co-operative Parliamentary Group is Jim McMahon and the Vice-chair is Preet Gill. [4]

Description

Labour and Co-operative is a joint description registered with the Electoral Commission, appearing alongside a candidate's name on ballot papers. [5] When elected, the designation is officially Labour and Co-operative Party, with elected representatives often meeting together in addition to being part of an official Labour group. For example, MPs and peers are members of the Co-operative Parliamentary Group. [6]

Most Labour and Co-operative candidates use the joint description but some stand under another version, particularly for local government elections and elections in Scotland, Wales and London that use a list system. In this case only one description will be used to avoid voters thinking Labour and Co-operative candidates are standing against Labour candidates; however, joint candidates are still recognised as part of the Labour and Co-operative Group if they are elected. [7]

Labour and Co-operative candidates and representatives also use a joint logo on their printed materials and websites.

History

The Labour Party was founded in February 1900, followed in October 1917 by the Co-operative Party. Initially both parties operated independently, but saw each other as part of a broader movement, appealing to a similar voting base. At a local level, the parties began working together, with informal pacts to stand agreed candidates to maximise the vote for centre-left candidates. The first Co-operative Party MPs also took the whip of the much larger Labour Party upon entering the House of Commons. [8]

Moves toward a formal national partnership began in 1925 with the creation of the 'Joint Committee of the Executive Committees of the Co-operative Party and Labour Party'. This Joint Committee drafted a formal agreement between the two parties that was ratified at the June 1927 Co-operative Congress at Cheltenham, becoming the first 'National Agreement', also known as the 'Cheltenham Agreement'. [9]

The Agreement was updated a number of times throughout the twentieth century, deepening the partnership between the two parties and gradually removing restrictions that formed part of earlier versions, such as a limit on the number of joint candidates in elections. The most recent National Agreement was signed in 2003 and sets out the process for selecting candidates and how the two parties can work together locally and nationally. [10]

See also

Related Research Articles

Politics of the United Kingdom Political system of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

The United Kingdom is a unitary state with devolution that is governed within the framework of a parliamentary democracy under a constitutional monarchy in which the monarch, currently Queen Elizabeth II, is the head of state while the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, currently Boris Johnson, is the head of government. Executive power is exercised by the British government, on behalf of and by the consent of the monarch, and the devolved governments of Scotland and Wales and the Northern Ireland Executive. Legislative power is vested in the two chambers of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, the House of Commons and the House of Lords, as well as in the Scottish and Welsh parliaments and the Northern Ireland Assembly. The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature. The highest court is the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom.

The additional member system (AMS), also known as mixed-member proportional representation (MMP) outside the United Kingdom, is a mixed electoral system with one tier of single-member district representatives, and another tier of ‘additional members’ elected to make the overall election results more proportional.

The Green Party of Aotearoa New Zealand is a green, left-wing political party in New Zealand. Like many green parties around the world it has four organisational pillars: ecology, social responsibility, grassroots democracy, and nonviolence.

The Alliance was a left-wing political party in New Zealand. It was formed at the end of 1991 by the linking of four smaller parties. The Alliance positioned itself as a democratic socialist alternative to the centre-left New Zealand Labour Party. It was influential throughout the 1990s, but suffered a major setback after its founder and leader, Jim Anderton, left the party in 2002, taking with him several of its members of parliament (MPs). After the remaining MPs lost their seats in the 2002 general election, some commentators predicted the demise of the party.

The Co-operative Party is a centre-left political party in the United Kingdom supporting co-operative values and principles. Established in 1917, the Co-operative Party was founded by co-operative societies to campaign politically for the fairer treatment of co-operative enterprise and to elect 'co-operators' to Parliament. The party's roots lie in the Parliamentary Committee of the Co-operative Union established in 1881.

An electoral alliance is an association of political parties or individuals that exists solely to stand in elections. Other similar terms are bipartisan electoral agreement, electoral pactelectoral agreement, electoral coalition or electoral bloc.

Cardiff South and Penarth (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1983 onwards

Cardiff South and Penarth is a constituency created in 1983 represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2012 by Stephen Doughty, a Labour and Co-operative MP. It is the largest such entity in Wales, with an electorate of 75,175 and one of the most ethnically diverse.

Manchester Gorton (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1885 onwards

Manchester Gorton is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament by Labour's Afzal Khan, who was elected at the 2017 general election.

Wallasey (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1918 onwards

Wallasey is a constituency created in 1918 represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 1992 by Angela Eagle, a member of the Labour Party.

Hackney South and Shoreditch (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1974 onwards

Hackney South and Shoreditch is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2005 by Meg Hillier of the Labour Party and of the Co-operative Party.

An independent or nonpartisan politician is a politician not affiliated with any political party. There are numerous reasons why someone may stand for office as an independent.

Wales has elections to three tiers of government: 22 unitary local authorities, the Welsh Parliament, and the United Kingdom Parliament.

All-women shortlists (AWS) is an affirmative action practice intended to increase the proportion of female Members of Parliament (MPs) in the United Kingdom, allowing only women to stand in particular constituencies for a particular political party. Only the Labour Party and Liberal Democrats currently use this practice. Political parties in other countries, such as South Korea and various Latin American countries have used practices analogous to AWS, especially in relation to government sex quotas. AWS and practices similar to it have had mixed impacts in terms of the percentage of candidacies and offices women hold as a result of their use.

Elections in the United Kingdom types of elections in the United Kingdom

There are five types of elections in the United Kingdom: elections to the House of Commons of the United Kingdom, elections to devolved parliaments and assemblies, local elections, mayoral elections and Police and Crime Commissioner elections. Within each of those categories, there may also be by-elections. Elections are held on Election Day, which is conventionally a Thursday. Since the passing of the Fixed-term Parliaments Act 2011 for general elections, all five types of elections are held after fixed periods, though early elections to parliament and the devolved assemblies and parliaments can occur in certain situations. The five electoral systems used are: the single member plurality system (first-past-the-post), the multi-member plurality system, the single transferable vote, the additional member system and the supplementary vote.

The Mana Movement, formerly known as the Mana Party, is a New Zealand political party led by Hone Harawira which was formed in April 2011 following his resignation from the Māori Party. Harawira won the by-election in Te Tai Tokerau of 25 June 2011 for the Mana Party and retained the seat during the 2011 general election, but lost it in 2014 and 2017 to Labour Party candidate Kelvin Davis.

2017 United Kingdom general election General election held in United Kingdom

The 2017 United Kingdom general election was held on Thursday 8 June 2017, two years after the previous general election in 2015. The governing Conservative Party remained the largest single party in the House of Commons but lost its small overall majority, resulting in the formation of a minority government with a confidence-and-supply agreement with the Democratic Unionist Party (DUP) of Northern Ireland.

2017 Greater Manchester mayoral election

The inaugural Greater Manchester mayoral election was held on 4 May 2017 to elect the Mayor of Greater Manchester. The next successive election was due to be held on 7 May 2020, but due to that year's outbreak of the novel Coronavirus, the election was postponed until May 2021. Subsequent elections are legislatively required to be held every four years thereafter. The electoral system used for the election is the supplementary vote (SV).

2016 Labour Party leadership election (UK) United Kingdom Labour Party leadership election

The 2016 Labour Party leadership election was called when a challenge to Jeremy Corbyn as Leader of the Labour Party arose following criticism of his approach to the Remain campaign in the referendum on membership of the European Union and questions about his leadership of the party.

References

  1. Whitecross, Angela Francis (January 2015). Co-operative Commonwealth or New Jerusalem? The Co-operative Party and the Labour Party, 1931-1951 (PDF). University of Central Lancashire. p. 79.
  2. "National Agreement between the Labour Party and the Co-operative Party 2003" (PDF). Co-operative Party. Retrieved 12 June 2017.
  3. "Co-operative Party Registration Summary". Electoral Commission. Retrieved 12 June 2017.
  4. "Co-operative Party NEC". Co-operative Party. Retrieved 12 June 2017.
  5. "Record Number of Co-operative Party MPs Elected". Co-operative Party. 12 June 2017. Retrieved 12 June 2017.
  6. "Rules of the Co-operative Party" (PDF). Co-operative Party. Retrieved 12 June 2017.
  7. "Local Government Factsheet". Co-operative Party. Retrieved 12 June 2017.
  8. Rosen, Greg (2007). "Serving the People: Co-operative Party History from Fred Perry to Gordon Brown". Co-operative Party. ISBN   978-0-9549161-4-5.Missing or empty |url= (help)
  9. Whitecross, Angela Francis (January 2015). Co-operative Commonwealth or New Jerusalem? The Co-operative Party and the Labour Party, 1931-1951 (PDF). University of Central Lancashire. p. 79.
  10. "National Agreement between the Labour Party and the Co-operative Party 2003" (PDF). Co-operative Party. Retrieved 12 June 2017.