|41st Prime Minister of Hungary |
2nd Prime Minister of the Second Hungarian Republic
31 May 1947 –10 December 1948
|President||Zoltán Tildy Árpád Szakasits|
|Deputy||Mátyás Rákosi Árpád Szakasits|
|Preceded by||Ferenc Nagy|
|Succeeded by||István Dobi|
|Minister of Defence of Hungary|
14 March 1947 –24 September 1947
|Prime Minister||Ferenc Nagy Himself|
|Preceded by||Albert Bartha|
|Succeeded by||Péter Veres|
|Born||16 April 1901|
Alsódabas,Kingdom of Hungary
|Died||3 May 1961 60) (aged|
|Political party||Independent Smallholders' Party|
Lajos Dinnyés (16 April 1901 –3 May 1961) was a Hungarian politician of the Smallholders Party who served as the last pre-communist Prime Minister of Hungary from 1947 to 1948.
He came from a well to do titled family and finished high school at Budapest Reformed Gimnazium. He finished studies at Keszthely Academy,earning a degree in agriculture. Following his father's death he looked after the family property in 1930.
He became a member of the Agrarian Party in 1929,subsequently representing the Smallholders Party after their merger in 1930. Between 1931 and 1938,he served as a Member of Parliament representing Alsódabas.
He married in 1941,held a civil post and served for a short term in the army. He returned to public life in 1945 when the Smallholders Party was reformed.
In March 1947,he became Minister of Defence in the government of Ferenc Nagy,the leader of the Smallholders Party. When Soviet-backed communists forced the Prime Minister into exile on 30 May 1947,Dinnyés was appointed as successor. In the so-called "Blue Papers Election" on 31 August 1947,the Smallholders Party came in second surpassed by the Communists. Dinnyés remained in office as Prime Minister until 1948,but merely served as an obedient puppet in the hands of the deputy premier,Communist Party boss Mátyás Rákosi. While Dinnyés nominally headed the government,Rákosi laid the foundations of the communist dictatorship by nationalizing factories,banks and denominational schools. In December 1948,the Communists used the emigration of the treasurer Miklós Nyárádi as an excuse to push out Dinnyés altogether and replace him with the fellow traveller István Dobi.
He later became the director of the National Library of Agriculture and vice president of Parliament. During the Hungarian Revolution of 1956 he was a member of the Interim National Assembly.
Imre Nagy was a Hungarian communist politician who served as Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Hungarian People's Republic from 1953 to 1955. In 1956 Nagy became leader of the Hungarian Revolution of 1956 against the Soviet-backed government,for which he was sentenced to death and executed two years later.
János József Kádár,born János József Czermanik,was a Hungarian communist leader and the General Secretary of the Hungarian Socialist Workers' Party,a position he would serve in for 32 years. Declining health led to his retirement in 1988,and he would die a year later in 1989.
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Mátyás Rákosi was a Hungarian communist politician who was the de facto leader of Hungary from 1947 to 1956. He served first as General Secretary of the Hungarian Communist Party from 1945 to 1948 and then as General Secretary of the Hungarian Working People's Party from 1948 to 1956.
István Dobi was a Hungarian politician who was Prime Minister of Hungary from 1948 to 1952 and Chairman of the Presidential Council of the Hungarian People's Republic from 1952 to 1967.
András Hegedüs was a Hungarian Communist politician who served as Chairman of the Council of Ministers from 1955 to 1956. He fled to the Soviet Union on 28 October,the fifth day of the Hungarian Revolution of 1956,but returned in 1958 and taught sociology.
Ferenc Nagy was a Hungarian politician of the Smallholders Party who served as Prime Minister of Hungary from 1946 until his forced resignation in 1947. He was also a Speaker of the National Assembly of Hungary and a member of the High National Council from 1945 to 1946. Nagy was the second democratically elected prime minister of Hungary,and would be the last until 1990 not to be a Communist or fellow traveler. The subsequent Hungarian prime minister Imre Nagy was unrelated to him.
The Independent Smallholders,Agrarian Workers and Civic Party,known mostly by its acronym FKgP or its shortened form Independent Smallholders' Party,is a political party in Hungary. Since the 2002 parliamentary elections,the party has won no seats.
The Social Democratic Party of Hungary is a social democratic political party in Hungary. Historically,the party was dissolved during the occupation of Hungary by Nazi Germany (1944–1945) and the communist period of Hungary from 1948 to 1989,after being forced into a merger with the Communist Party. It worked legally for a short time during the Revolution of 1956.
Dabas is a town in Pest county,Hungary,and the center of a microregion. It has a population of 16,000.
The Hungarian People's Republic was a one-party socialist state from 20 August 1949 to 23 October 1989. It was governed by the Hungarian Socialist Workers' Party,which was under the influence of the Soviet Union. Pursuant to the 1944 Moscow Conference,Winston Churchill and Joseph Stalin had agreed that after the war Hungary was to be included in the Soviet sphere of influence. The HPR remained in existence until 1989,when opposition forces brought the end of communism in Hungary.
The Left Bloc was a political alliance in Hungary,functioning between 1946 and 1947. The Bloc included the Hungarian Communist Party (MKP),the Social Democratic Party (SZDP),the National Peasant Party (NPP) and the Trade Union Council (SZT).
Parliamentary elections,which later became infamously the "blue-ballot" elections,were held in Hungary on 31 August 1947. The Hungarian Communist Party,which had lost the previous election,consolidated its power in the interim using salami tactics. Communist-led political intrigues had deprived their opposition of its democratically won mandate from 1945,as numerous prominent anti-Communists were removed from office on charges of conspiracy. These conspiracies reached a climax in late May 1947,when the Hungarian Communist Party deposed the democratically elected prime minister Ferenc Nagy in a coup d'état,removing one of the strongest opponents to their rule and crippling the opposition. This weakening of the opposition,combined with a revised electoral law,led to further Communist gains.
Parliamentary elections were held in Hungary on 15 May 1949. The Hungarian Independent People's Front,an umbrella group created that February to replace the National Independence Front and led by the Hungarian Working People's Party,but also including the remaining four non-communist parties,ran a single list of candidates espousing a common programme. With all organised opposition having been paralysed,the Front won 95.6% of the vote,presaging the result of elections through 1990. 71 (17.7%) elected deputies were female,up from 22 (5.4%) elected in 1947. Some 71% of those elected belonged to the Working People's Party,and a similar proportion were workers or peasants.
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János Szabó was a Hungarian jurist and politician,who served as Minister of Agriculture between 1993 and 1994.