Lake Lawtonka

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Lake Lawtonka

Lake Lawtonka and Mount Scott and Migrating Geese.jpg

East Shore of Lake Lawtonka at Sunset, with Canadian Geese. Mount Scott in Background. Photo by Schyler, August 1, 2011.
Location Comanche County, Oklahoma
Coordinates 34°45′21″N98°30′15″W / 34.7559°N 98.5041°W / 34.7559; -98.5041 Coordinates: 34°45′21″N98°30′15″W / 34.7559°N 98.5041°W / 34.7559; -98.5041
Type reservoir
Primary inflows Medicine Creek
Primary outflows Medicine Creek
Catchment area 92 sq mi (240 km2)
Basin  countriesFlag of the United States.svg  United States
Managing agency City of Lawton
Built 1905 (1905)
Surface area 2,325 acres (941 ha)
Average depth 23.6 ft (7.2 m)
Max. depth 58.4 ft (17.8 m)
Water volume 63,000  acre⋅ft (0.078 km3)
Shore length1 19.2 mi (30.9 km)
Surface elevation 1,345.55 ft (410.12 m)
Settlements Lawton, Medicine Park, Meers
References [1] [2] [3]
1 Shore length is not a well-defined measure.

Lake Lawtonka is a lake in Comanche County in the state of Oklahoma in the United States. [4] [5]

Lake A body of relatively still water, in a basin surrounded by land

A lake is an area filled with water, localized in a basin, that is surrounded by land, apart from any river or other outlet that serves to feed or drain the lake. Lakes lie on land and are not part of the ocean, and therefore are distinct from lagoons, and are also larger and deeper than ponds, though there are no official or scientific definitions. Lakes can be contrasted with rivers or streams, which are usually flowing. Most lakes are fed and drained by rivers and streams.

Comanche County, Oklahoma County in the United States

Comanche County is a county located in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 124,098, making it the fourth-most populous county in Oklahoma. Its county seat is Lawton. The county was created in 1901 as part of Oklahoma Territory. It was named for the Comanche tribe.

Oklahoma State of the United States of America

Oklahoma is a state in the South Central region of the United States, bordered by Kansas on the north, Missouri on the northeast, Arkansas on the east, Texas on the south, New Mexico on the west, and Colorado on the northwest. It is the 20th-most extensive and the 28th-most populous of the fifty United States. The state's name is derived from the Choctaw words okla and humma, meaning "red people". It is also known informally by its nickname, "The Sooner State", in reference to the non-Native settlers who staked their claims on land before the official opening date of lands in the western Oklahoma Territory or before the Indian Appropriations Act of 1889, which dramatically increased European-American settlement in the eastern Indian Territory. Oklahoma Territory and Indian Territory were merged into the State of Oklahoma when it became the 46th state to enter the union on November 16, 1907. Its residents are known as Oklahomans, and its capital and largest city is Oklahoma City.

Contents

The lake is 2 square miles (5 square kilometers) in area. It is formed by a dam 60 feet (18 meters) high and 375 feet (114 meters) long across Medicine Bluff Creek. [6] [7] The lake provides the water supply for Fort Sill and Lawton to the south. [5]

Dam A barrier that stops or restricts the flow of surface or underground streams

A dam is a barrier that stops or restricts the flow of water or underground streams. Reservoirs created by dams not only suppress floods but also provide water for activities such as irrigation, human consumption, industrial use, aquaculture, and navigability. Hydropower is often used in conjunction with dams to generate electricity. A dam can also be used to collect water or for storage of water which can be evenly distributed between locations. Dams generally serve the primary purpose of retaining water, while other structures such as floodgates or levees are used to manage or prevent water flow into specific land regions. The earliest known dam is the Jawa Dam in Jordan, dating to 3,000 BC.

Lawton, Oklahoma City in Oklahoma

The city of Lawton is the county seat of Comanche County, in the State of Oklahoma. Located in southwestern Oklahoma, about 87 mi (140 km) southwest of Oklahoma City, it is the principal city of the Lawton, Oklahoma Metropolitan Statistical Area. According to the 2010 census, Lawton's population was 96,867, making it the fifth-largest city in the state.

Recreation

Fishing and camping facilities are maintained by the City of Lawton, Oklahoma. [8]

See also

Cache Creek (Oklahoma) river in United States of America

Cache Creek is a small creek in Cotton County, Oklahoma and a tributary of the Red River. Cache Creek has a distance of 5.5 miles (8.85 km) from the Red River to the East Cache Creek and West Cache Creek basin. The East Cache Creek and West Cache Creek confluence is located 6 miles (9.75 km) southwest of Temple, Oklahoma.

Mount Scott (Oklahoma) mountain in Oklahoma, USA

Mount Scott is a prominent mountain just to the northwest of Lawton, Oklahoma rising to a height of 2,464 feet (751 m). It is located in the Wichita Mountains near Fort Sill Military Reservation and lies in the Wichita Mountains National Wildlife Refuge (WMWR). The US Fish and Wildlife Service is responsible for the maintenance of the area. Visitors can reach the summit by car or bicycle via a three-mile paved road. Hiking is allowed, although there are no formal trails and the paved road is open to pedestrians and bicycles from 6am to 9:30 am only. Mount Scott is also popular for its numerous rock climbing areas. The peak was named in honor of General Winfield Scott.

Wichita Mountains Mountains in the US state Oklahoma

The Wichita Mountains are located in the southwestern portion of the U.S. state of Oklahoma. It is the principal relief system in the Southern Oklahoma Aulacogen, being the result of a failed continental rift. The mountains are a northwest-southeast trending series of rocky promontories, many capped by 500 million-year old granite. These were exposed and rounded by weathering during the Pennsylvanian & Permian Periods. The eastern end of the mountains offers 1,000 feet (305 m) of topographic relief in a region otherwise dominated by gently rolling grasslands.

Related Research Articles

Medicine Park, Oklahoma Town in Oklahoma, United States

Medicine Park is a town in Comanche County, Oklahoma, United States, situated in the Wichita Mountains near the entrance to the 60,000-acre (240 km2) Wichita Mountain Wildlife Refuge. Medicine Park has a long history as a vintage cobblestone resort town. Medicine Park is located near the city of Lawton and Fort Sill. It is an exurb, part of the Lawton Metropolitan Statistical Area. Many of the original structures are constructed of naturally formed cobblestones—these red granite cobblestones are unique to the Wichita Mountains. The population was 382 at the 2010 census.

Illinois River (Oklahoma) river in Arkansas and Oklahoma

The Illinois River is a 145-mile-long (233 km) tributary of the Arkansas River in the U.S. states of Arkansas and Oklahoma. The Osage Indians named it Ne-eng-wah-kon-dah, which translates as "Medicine Stone River." The state of Oklahoma has designated its portion as a Scenic River. The Illinois River is a significant location in the 1961 Wilson Rawls novel, Where the Red Fern Grows.

Wichita Mountains Wildlife Refuge protected area

Wichita Mountains Wildlife Refuge, located in southwestern Oklahoma near Lawton, has protected unique wildlife habitats since 1901 and is the oldest managed wildlife facility in the United States Fish and Wildlife Service system. Measuring about 59,020 acres (238.8 km2), the refuge hosts a great diversity of species: 806 plant species, 240 species of birds, 36 fish, and 64 reptiles and amphibians are present. The refuge's location in the geologically unique Wichita Mountains and its areas of undisturbed mixed grass prairie make it an important conservation area. The Wichitas are approximately 500 million years old.

Lake Jed Johnson lake of the United States of America

Lake Jed Johnson, named for Jed Johnson (1888–1963), is third largest of thirteen small reservoirs in the Wichita Mountains National Wildlife Refuge, located in southwestern Oklahoma. Lawton, Oklahoma, southeast of the lake and the fourth largest city in the state, is the nearest major population center. Smaller communities of Cache, Medicine Park and Meers lie north of the lake.

Medicine Lodge River river in the United States of America

The Medicine Lodge River is a 130-mile-long (210 km) tributary of the Salt Fork of the Arkansas River in southern Kansas and northern Oklahoma in the United States. Via the Salt Fork and Arkansas rivers, it is part of the watershed of the Mississippi River.

The Beaver River is the historic name for an intermittent river in Oklahoma that drains most of the Oklahoma Panhandle. It is also known as the North Canadian River; both names are in common use. The Beaver River flows from Union County, New Mexico, entering the Oklahoma Panhandle in Cimarron County, then flowing out of state through Sherman County in the Texas Panhandle for about 15 miles (24 km), then back to the Oklahoma panhandle in Texas County, where it is impounded in Optima Lake near Guymon. Downstream of the dam, it continues through the Oklahoma counties of Beaver and Harper before ending in Woodward County.

Lake Ellsworth is a lake in Caddo and Comanche counties in the state of Oklahoma in the United States. It was built by the City of Lawton, Oklahoma in 1962, primarily to serve as a water supply source for Lawton and the surrounding area. The nearest community is Elgin, Oklahoma.

Greys River river in the United States of America

The Greys River is a tributary of the Snake River, flowing through western Wyoming in the United States. The river is about 62 miles (100 km) long, starting high up in the Wyoming Range, 45 miles (72 km) south of the town of Alpine in Lincoln County. The river eventually flows into the Snake River in the Snake River Canyon, joining it just east of Alpine. The Greys River is generally a rushing mountain stream that separates the high Wyoming Range (east) from the Salt River Range (west). It joins the Snake River just above the intersection of U.S. highways 89 and 26. Just a short distance downriver from the confluence of the two rivers, the Snake widens quickly and passes through Alpine and enters the Palisades Reservoir. The largest tributary of the Greys River is the Little Greys River.

Coldwater Creek is an intermittently-flowing stream in northeastern New Mexico, and the panhandles of Oklahoma and Texas. One source says that Coldwater Creek is also known as Rabbit Ears Creek, because it rises near Rabbit Ears, a pair of mountain peaks in Union County, New Mexico. According to the United States Geological Survey (USGS), Coldwater Creek drains an area of 1,903 square miles (4,930 km2). As of 2015, Coldwater Creek is essentially a dry stream because of prolonged drought.

North Fork Red River river in the United States of America

The North Fork Red River, sometimes called simply the "North Fork", is a tributary of the Red River about 271 mi (436 km) long, heading along the eastern Caprock Escarpment of the Llano Estacado about 11.4 mi (18.3 km) southwest of Pampa, Texas. Rising in Gray County, Texas, it terminates at the confluence with Prairie Dog Town Fork of the Red River at the Texas-Oklahoma border.

Elmer Thomas Lake is a lake in Comanche County in the state of Oklahoma in the United States. It is located on the boundary between the Wichita Mountain Wildlife Refuge and Fort Sill military base. The lake is named for an Oklahoma lawyer and politician, Elmer Thomas (1876-1965), who lived in Lawton and represented Oklahoma's 6th Congressional District in the U. S. House of Representatives from 1922 until 1926, then was elected as U.S. Senator, where he served until 1950.

The History of Lawton, Oklahoma refers to the history of the southwestern Oklahoma city of Lawton, Oklahoma. Lawton's history starts with opening of American Indian reservation lands in the early 1900s and has seen population and economic growth throughout the 20th Century due to its proximity with Fort Sill.

The Baron Fork of the Illinois River is a tributary of the Illinois River in the U.S. states of Arkansas and Oklahoma. The stream is sometimes called Baron Fork River, Barren Fork Creek or simply Barren Fork.

Brushy Creek Reservoir, now known as Brushy Lake, is a reservoir located eight miles northeast of Sallisaw, Oklahoma, on a tributary of Sallisaw Creek. Brushy Lake Park is located around the reservoir. Formerly known as Brushy Lake Reservoir and State Park, the area is now owned and operated by the city of Sallisaw.

References

  1. Oklahoma Water Resource Board. "Hydrographical Survey of Lake Lawtonka (2006)" (pdf). Retrieved 2010-05-15.
  2. "Lake Lawtonka" (pdf). Oklahoma Water Resources Board ~ Beneficial Use Monitoring Program (BUMP). Oklahoma State Portal ~ OK.gov. Retrieved 2012-10-21.
  3. "Lake Lawtonka Map". Oklahoma Water Resources Board ~ Lakes Of Oklahoma. Oklahoma State Portal ~ OK.gov. Retrieved 2012-10-21.
  4. U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Lake Lawtonka
  5. 1 2 Merriam-Webster's Geographical Dictionary, Third Edition, p. 636.
  6. U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Medicine Creek
  7. U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Medicine Bluffs
  8. Lawton Boating-Fishing-Camping-Swimming-Hunting Regulations Archived 2007-10-17 at the Wayback Machine .
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