Laleham Burway

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Laleham Burway is a 1.6-square-kilometre (0.62 sq mi) tract of water-meadow and former water-meadow between the River Thames and Abbey River in the far north of Chertsey in Surrey. Its uses are varied. Part is Laleham Golf Club. Semi-permanent park homes in the west forms residential development along with a brief row of houses with gardens against the Thames. A reservoir and water works is on the island.

Contents

From at least the year 1278 its historic bulky northern definition formed part of the dominant estate of Laleham across the river, its manor, to which it was linked by a ferry until the early 20th century. Its owner in period from the mid-19th until the early 20th century was thus the Earl of Lucan; however when its manor house was sold to become Laleham Abbey, a short-lived nunnery, its tenants had taken it over or it was sold for public works. The southern part of the effective island sharing the name of the Burway or Laleham Burway was the Abbey Mead. It was kept since the seventh century among many square miles of land, priories, chantries, tithes (rectories) and churches of Chertsey Abbey until the Dissolution of the Monasteries.

The part legally separate from Abbey Mead (being together a large mill-race island with a broad corollary of the river beside them), the narrower definition comprised 200 acres (81 ha). In 1911 these remained largely for horse and cow pasture.

Part of it was a cricket venue in the 18th century and the home of Chertsey Cricket Club.

Altered 1806-version of the house across its gardens (park) on the opposite bank which owned the bulk of the land currently considered Laleham Burway. The house has been divided into apartments Laleham Abbey - geograph.org.uk - 344144.jpg
Altered 1806-version of the house across its gardens (park) on the opposite bank which owned the bulk of the land currently considered Laleham Burway. The house has been divided into apartments
Chertsey Lock
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River Thames
above Penton Hook Lock
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marina: Thorpe
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Penton Hook Lock
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Abbey River
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Intake channel to
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Queen Mary Reservoir
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Burway Ditch
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Abbey River (end)
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Chertsey Lock
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B375 Chertsey Bridge
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Thames above Shepperton Lock

Early ownership, watermill and agricultural purposes

The near-triangular bulk of the ground measured as about 200 acres (81 ha) on the right bank of the Thames in 1911 constitutes its narrow, historical definition to distinguish Laleham Burway's at times separate ownership from Abbey Mead. [1] This north part of the island later thus marked Laleham Burway (also called the Burway) was divided from the Abbey Mead of Chertsey by a seasonal ditch, the Burway Ditch, and by another from the meadow of Mixnams on the north. [1] The triangle was equally Chertsey parish, but belonged to the manor of Laleham. [1] It is mentioned as the Island of Burgh in the original endowment of Chertsey Abbey between 666 and 675, and is described as separated from Mixtenham (or Mixnams) "by water", which formed part of the boundary of the abbey lands, but it is not clear which of the two lay within the bounds of the abbey. [1] Tradition says that the Burway originally belonged to Chertsey, and that in a time of great scarcity and famine the inhabitants of Laleham supplied the abbey with necessaries which those of Chertsey could not, or would not provide, in return for which the abbot granted them the use of this piece of ground. Whatever the truth of this story, it is certain that the Abbey of Westminster when holding Laleham manor held land on the Surrey side of the river, and that in the time of Edward I it held part of the meadow called Mixtenham in a dispute with the abbey of Chertsey in 1278, Westminster agreed to release their right in this meadow in return for 4 acres of pasture contiguous with that which they already held. [1] In 1370 they still held some pasture in Mixtenham. [1]

The Burway is in a grant of Laleham manor during the 18th century. [1] At the beginning of the 19th century it is described as paying no tithes or taxes to either parish. [1] In 1911 it belonged to owners of estates within the manor of Laleham, and the pasture was divided into 300 parts called 'farrens,' the tenancies of which was granted variously to feed horses or to support cow and a half at £1 17s. 6d. and £1 5s. annually, respectively. [1] If a farren was sold it was worth about £40. [1] The Burway was not inclosed under the Act of 1773 for inclosing the common fields of Laleham Manor in Chertsey, exempted from the Act of 1808 for inclosing Laleham but inclosed under an Act passed in 1813, when the Earl of Lucan, new lord of the manor, acquired by allotment and purchase about 70 acres (28 ha). [1]

Laleham Burway (including Abbey Mead, its parent and together forming one main island) is the largest island of the non-tidal course of the River Thames in England upstream of the Tideway if disqualifying the villages of Dorney and Eton, Berkshire enclosed by the 2002-completed Jubilee River.

Cricket history

Laleham Burway cricket ground
Locationnear Chertsey, Surrey
Home club Chertsey Cricket Club
County club Surrey
Establishmentby 1736
Last usedbefore 1856

During the 1736 English cricket season Chertsey Cricket Club played matches against Croydon and London. It is known that two games were played against Croydon before July that season: one at Duppas Hill in Croydon and the other at the Laleham Burway ground. [2]

Numerous matches were played at Laleham Burway during the 18th century. Perhaps the most famous was the one in which Thomas White's huge bat caused a furore that led to a change in the Laws of Cricket. This was the Chertsey v Hambledon game on Monday, 23 and Tuesday, 24 September 1771.[ citation needed ] Eight first-class cricket matches were held on the ground between 1773 and 1779, one with Chertsey classified as a first-class club, the only time this happened, six with Surrey teams as the home side and one where an England side played a Hampshire side. [3]

The ground is known to have been used by Chertsey until June 1784, although it has been used in the 20th century for some cricket. [3] Chetsey Cricket Club had "ceased to exist" by 1856 [4] and its revival began at the Recreation Ground in Chertsey, [4] followed by its present ground, Grove Road, after the First World War. [4]

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 "Spelthorne Hundred: Laleham", in A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 2, ed. William Page (London, 1911), pp. 396-401. British History Online http://www.british-history.ac.uk/vch/middx/vol2/pp396-401
  2. Announcement in Read’s Weekly Journal dated Saturday, 3 July, about a deciding game on Richmond Green to be played on Monday, 5 July.
  3. 1 2 Laleham Burway Cricket Ground, Laleham Burway, CricketArchive. Retrieved 2018-12-26.
  4. 1 2 3 "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 March 2009. Retrieved 20 October 2008.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) Minutes of Chertsey Recreation Committee meeting on 4 August 1856

See also

Next island upstream River Thames Next island downstream
Penton Hook Island Laleham Burway including Abbey Mead Pharaoh's Island, River Thames

Coordinates: 51°24′N0°30′W / 51.400°N 0.500°W / 51.400; -0.500