Lamjung District

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Lamjung District

लमजुङ
Annapurna2.jpg
Lamjung Gandaki locator.png
Location of Lamjung (dark yellow) in Gandaki Province
Country Flag of Nepal.svg    Nepal
Province Gandaki Province
Admin HQ. Besisahar
Government
  Type Coordination committee
  Body DCC, Lamjung
Area
  Total1,692 km2 (653 sq mi)
Population
 (2011) [1]
  Total167,728
  Density99/km2 (260/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+05:45 (NPT)
Telephone Code066
Main Language(s) Nepali, Gurung, Magar, Dura
Website Official website

Lamjung District (Nepali : लमजुङ जिल्ला [ˈlʌmd͡zuŋ] ( Loudspeaker.svg listen )), a part of Gandaki Province, is one of the 77 districts of Nepal. The district, with Besisahar as its district headquarters, covers an area of 1,692 square kilometres (653 sq mi) and as of 2011 had a population of 167,724. [1] Lamjung lies in the mid-hills of Nepal spanning tropical to trans-Himalayan geo-ecological belts, including the geographical midpoint of the country (i.e., Duipipal). It has mixed habitation of casts and ethnicities. It is host to probably the highest density of the Gurung ethnic population in the country.

Contents

Geography and climate

Climate Zone [2] Elevation Range% of Area
Upper Tropical 300 to 1,000 meters
1,000 to 3,300 ft.
18.5%
Subtropical 1,000 to 2,000 meters
3,300 to 6,600 ft.
34.0%
Temperate 2,000 to 3,000 meters
6,400 to 9,800 ft.
20.3%
Subalpine 3,000 to 4,000 meters
9,800 to 13,100 ft.
14.1%
Alpine 4,000 to 5,000 meters
13,100 to 16,400 ft.
8.0%
Nival above 5,000 meters3.6%
Trans-Himalayan3,000 to 6,400 meters
9,800 to 21,000 ft.
1.3%

Demographics

At the time of the 2011 Nepal census, Lamjung District had a population of 167,724. Of these, 58.6% spoke Nepali, 29.8% Gurung, 6.6% Tamang, 1.8% Newari, 1.0% Dura and 0.9% Magar as their first language.

38.7% of the population in the district spoke Nepali and 1.3% Gurung as their second language. [3]

Rural municipalities and municipalities

2015 earthquake

The epicentre of an earthquake on 25 April 2015 was near Lamjung District. [4] Most of the major damage and casualties took place in nearby Kathmandu, Nepal's capital. [5] The death toll was placed at over 8,800. However, only four deaths were reported in Lamjung District.

While Lamjung was the district with the 20th most deaths in Nepal, it was severely damaged. The villages of Bichaur, Ilampokhari, Dudhpokhari, Gauda, Kolki and Pyarjung were the most affected. Assistant Sub Inspector Bir Bahadur Thapa Magar identified the four deaths in Lamjung District as Lakshmi Gurung, 18, of Ilampokhari village; Nepti Tamang, 91, of Gaudu village; Sher Bahadur Tamang, 62, of Gaudu village; and three-and-a-half month old Sumit Bika of Gauda village. Twenty-five people were injured in Lamjung District. Local police estimate 2,094 houses were completely destroyed while another 2,129 houses were partially damaged. [6]

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Besisahar Municipality in Gandaki Pradesh, Nepal

Besishahar is a municipality and the district headquarters of Lamjung District in Gandaki Pradesh, Nepal. The Besishahar Municipality was formed by merging the existing Village Development Committees i.e. Besishahar, Gaunshahar, Udipur, Chandisthan, Baglungpani, Bajhakhet, Hiletaksar and Chiti and have 11 wards. Here are different castes and religions. So they have different culture. This municipality has a sub-tropical climate with deciduous forests. Annapurna II, Machhapuchhre, Lamjung Himal can be viewed from north of Besishahar Municipality.

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Ilampokhari Village development committee in Gandaki Zone, Nepal

Ilampokhari is a village development committee in Lamjung District in the Gandaki Zone of northern-central Nepal. At the time of the 1991 Nepal census it had a population of 3197 people living in 620 individual households.

Kolki Village development committee in Gandaki Zone, Nepal

Kolki is a village development committee in Lamjung District in the Gandaki Zone of northern-central Nepal. At the time of the 1991 Nepal census it had a population of 1892 people living in 354 individual households.

Pyarjung Village development committee in Gandaki Zone, Nepal

Pyarjung is a village development committee in Lamjung District in the Gandaki Zone of northern-central Nepal. At the time of the 1991 Nepal census it had a population of 2256 people living in 443 individual households.

Rainas Municipality in Gandaki, Nepal

Rainas is a municipality of Lamjung District in Gandaki Pradesh of central Nepal. The municipality was declared on 19 September 2015 by merging the existing six VDCs of Eastern Lamjung, Tarkughat, Dhamilikuwa, Chakratirtha, Bhalayakharka, Pyarjung and Mohoriyakot having a total of 73 square km area.The center of this municipality has been established in Tinpiple of Chakratirth VDC. Rainashas a total population of 18,527 and population density of 254 person/km2 according to 2011 Nepal census.

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Gandaki Province Province of Nepal

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Bharte is a village development committee of Lamjung District in the western part of Nepal. It is approximately 14 km from Besisahar, 165 km from Kathmandu and 94 km from Pokhara.

Dudhpokhari Rural Municipality

Dudhpokhari Rural Municipality is one of the local level of Lamjung District out of 8 local levels. It has 6 wards and according to census 2011, 10,975 people live in here. It has 153.33 square km area. Its center is in the office of previous Gauda V.D.C. Gorkha District is in the east, Dordi Rural Municipality is in the west, Dordi Rural Municipality is in the north and Rainas Municipality and Gorkha District are in the south of Dudhpokhari Rural Municipality. Previous Dudhpokhari V.D.C., previous Bichaur V.D.C., previous Ilampokhari V.D.C., previous Kolki V.D.C. and previous Gauda V.D.C are included in this newly made municipality.

References

  1. 1 2 "National Population and Housing Census 2011(National Report)" (PDF). Central Bureau of Statistics. Government of Nepal. November 2012. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-04-18. Retrieved 19 June 2015.
  2. The Map of Potential Vegetation of Nepal — a forestry/agroecological/biodiversity classification system (PDF), Forest & Landscape Development and Environment Series 2-2005 and CFC-TIS Document Series No.110., 2005, ISBN   87-7903-210-9 , retrieved Nov 22, 2013
  3. 2011 Nepal Census, Social Characteristics Tables
  4. "Map of the earthquake M7.9 - 29km ESE of Lamjung, Nepal". Global Earthquake Epicenters with Maps. Geographic.org. Retrieved 25 April 2015.
  5. "Strong Earthquake Strikes Nepal Near Its Capital, Katmandu". The New York Times. Retrieved 25 April 2015.
  6. Khan, Hamza (1 May 2015). "Nepal Earthquake: Death toll crosses 5,000, but only 4 die at epicentre". The Indian Express. The Indian Express. Archived from the original on 1 May 2015. Retrieved 1 May 2015.

Coordinates: 28°14′N82°25′E / 28.233°N 82.417°E / 28.233; 82.417