Last updated

Ensemble Altstadt Landshut.JPG
Town centre with St. Martin's Church
Flagge Landshut.svg
DEU Landshut COA.svg
Coat of arms
Location of Landshut
Germany adm location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Bavaria location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Coordinates: 48°32′23″N12°09′03″E / 48.53972°N 12.15083°E / 48.53972; 12.15083 Coordinates: 48°32′23″N12°09′03″E / 48.53972°N 12.15083°E / 48.53972; 12.15083
Country Germany
State Bavaria
Admin. region Lower Bavaria
District Urban district
   Lord mayor (202026) Alexander Putz [1] (Ind.)
  Total65.7 km2 (25.4 sq mi)
445 m (1,460 ft)
 (2020-12-31) [2]
  Density1,100/km2 (2,900/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
Dialling codes 0871
Vehicle registration LA

Landshut (German: [ˈlant͡shuːt] ( Loudspeaker.svg listen ); [3] Bavarian : Landshuad) is a town in Bavaria in the south-east of Germany. Situated on the banks of the River Isar, Landshut is the capital of Lower Bavaria, one of the seven administrative regions of the Free State of Bavaria. It is also the seat of the surrounding district, and has a population of more than 70,000. Landshut is the largest city in Lower Bavaria, followed by Passau and Straubing, and Eastern Bavaria's second biggest city.


Owing to its characteristic coat of arms, the town is also often called "City of the three Helmets" (German : Dreihelmenstadt). Furthermore, the town is popularly known for the Landshuter Hochzeit (Landshut Wedding), a full-tilt medieval festival.

Due to its proximity and easy access to Munich and the Franz Josef Strauss International Airport, Landshut became a powerful and future-oriented investment area. The town is one of the richest industrialized towns in Bavaria and has East Bavaria's lowest unemployment rate.



Landshut lies in the centre of Lower Bavaria, and is part of the Alpine foothills. The River Isar runs through the city centre. Landshut is about 72 kilometres (45 mi) northeast of Munich.


The city of Landshut and Trausnitz castle were founded in 1204 by Duke Louis I. Landshut was already a Wittelsbach residence by 1231, and in 1255, when the duchy of Bavaria was split in two, Landshut also became the capital of Lower Bavaria. Duke Henry XVI was the first of the three famous rich dukes who ruled Bayern-Landshut in the 15th century. The wedding of Duke George with the Polish Princess Royal Jadwiga Jagiellon in 1475 was celebrated in Landshut with one of the most splendid festivals of the Middle Ages (called "Landshuter Hochzeit"). After his death and the Landshut War of Succession, Bavaria-Landshut was reunited with Bavaria-Munich.

Louis X, Duke of Bavaria built the Landshut Residence 1537–1543 after his visit to Italy. Louis built the first Renaissance palace constructed north of the Alps after the Palazzo Te in Mantua. William V, Duke of Bavaria ordered to upgrade Trausnitz Castle from a gothic fortification into a renaissance complex when he lived in Landshut as crown prince for ten years until 1579. Afterwards Landshut lost most of its importance until the University of Ingolstadt was moved to Landshut in 1800. But already in 1826 the university was transferred to Munich.

In 1634, during the Thirty Years' War, the city was taken and plundered by Swedish forces under the command of Bernard of Saxe-Weimar. [4]

Napoleon fought and won the Battle of Landshut in 1809 against an Austrian army as part of the War of the Fifth Coalition.

During World War II, a subcamp of Dachau concentration camp was located in the city to provide slave labour for local industry.

The U.S. Army maintained facilities in Landshut, including Pinder Kaserne and a dependent housing area, until 1968.

Since the opening of Munich Airport close to Landshut in 1992, the town has become an attractive business location.

Panorama von Landshut 10410px.jpg
A panoramic view of Landshut
Largest groups of foreign residents
NationalityPopulation (2013)
Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey 1,275
Flag of Romania.svg  Romania 911
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland 730
Flag of Greece.svg  Greece 532
Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia 407
Flag of Austria.svg  Austria 345

Main sights and culture

Coat of arms, depicted in 1605 Siebmacher220mod.jpg
Coat of arms, depicted in 1605

The town is of national importance because of its predominantly Gothic architecture within the historic town centre, especially Trausnitz Castle and the Church of Saint Martin featuring the world's tallest brick tower. Among other Gothic architecture are the churches of St. Jodok and Holy Spirit, but also the Town Hall and the Ländtor, the only still existing gate of the medieval fortification.

Landshut is also known for a festival celebrated every four years called the Landshuter Hochzeit, commemorating the 1475 marriage of George of Bavaria and Jadwiga Jagiellon.

The renaissance era produced in particular the decorated inner courtyard of the Trausnitz Castle and the ducal Landshut Residence in the inner town. Baroque churches are represented by the Jesuit church St. Ignatius, the Dominican church St. Blasius and the church of St. Joseph. Also the medieval churches of the Seligenthal convent and of the Cistercians were redesigned in baroque style. Many old middle-class houses of the past in the Old Town still represent the history of the town from the Gothic times to the Neo-Classicism.


There are regular regional train connections to Munich, Passau, Salzburg, Rosenheim, Nuremberg and Hof.


The most successful professional team in the city is ice hockey team EV Landshut, playing currently in the Second Division.

The other professional team is the city is motorcycle speedway team Landshut Devils.

The local association football team is SpVgg Landshut with both men's and women's team previously having reached the top state division.







There are also two nuclear power plants located 14 km away from Landshut, Isar I (Inactive) and Isar II (active until 2022).

Twin towns – sister cities

Landshut is twinned with: [6]

Notable people

Ludwig Feuerbach Feuerbach Ludwig.jpg
Ludwig Feuerbach
Roman Herzog, Karlspreis 2012 (Charlemagne prize) Roman Herzog, Karlspreisverleihung 2012.JPG
Roman Herzog, Karlspreis 2012 (Charlemagne prize)

Before 1920


Honorary citizens

Notable inhabitants

Gregor Strasser 1928 Bundesarchiv Bild 119-1721, Gregor Strasser.jpg
Gregor Strasser 1928

See also

Related Research Articles

Abensberg Place in Bavaria, Germany

Abensberg is a town in the Lower Bavarian district of Kelheim, in Bavaria, Germany, lying around 30 km southwest of Regensburg, 40 km east of Ingolstadt, 50 northwest of Landshut and 100 km north of Munich. It is situated on the river Abens, a tributary of the Danube.

Ingolstadt Place in Bavaria, Germany

Ingolstadt is a city in Bavaria, Germany, on the banks of the Danube, in the centre of Bavaria. In 2016, it had 133,638 citizens, making it the fifth largest city in Bavaria. It is part of the Munich Metropolitan Region.

Freising Place in Bavaria, Germany

Freising is a town in Bavaria, Germany, and the capital of the Freising Landkreis (district), with a population of about 50,000.

Straubing Place in Bavaria, Germany

Straubing is an independent city in Lower Bavaria, southern Germany. It is seat of the district of Straubing-Bogen. Annually in August the Gäubodenvolksfest, the second largest fair in Bavaria, is held.

William V, Duke of Bavaria Duke of Bavaria

William V, called the Pious, was Duke of Bavaria from 1579 to 1597.

Moosburg an der Isar Place in Bavaria, Germany

Moosburg an der Isar is a town in the Landkreis Freising of Bavaria, Germany.

Landau an der Isar Place in Bavaria, Germany

Landau an der Isar is the second-largest town in the Lower Bavarian district, or Landkreis, of Dingolfing-Landau, in the state of Bavaria, Germany. It lies on the river Isar, 120 km downstream from Munich. In 2020, its population was around 14,000.

Henry XVI of Bavaria, , since 1393 Duke of Bavaria-Landshut. He was a son of duke Frederick and his wife Maddalena Visconti, a daughter of Bernabò Visconti.

Louis IX, Duke of Bavaria

Louis IX, was Duke of Bavaria-Landshut from 1450. He was a son of Henry XVI the Rich and Margaret of Austria.

St. Martins Church, Landshut Church in Bavaria, Germany

The Church of St. Martin in Landshut is a medieval church in the German city located in the state of Bavaria. St. Martin's Church, along with Trausnitz Castle and the celebration of the Landshuter Hochzeit (wedding), are the most important landmarks and historical events of Landshut. This Brick Gothic landmark is the tallest church in Bavaria, and the tallest brick building as well as church in the world. It is also the 2nd tallest brick structure in the world, made without steel supports. St. Martin's church has a height of 130.6 metres (428 ft).

Landshut Wedding

The Landshut Wedding is one of the largest historical pageants in Europe. Countless visitors from all over the world have taken part, or have been spectators of the "Landshuter Hochzeit 1475", a pageant held in Landshut, Bavaria (Germany). More than 2,000 participants in medieval costumes bring the festival to life to recreate the Late Middle Ages. It commemorates the wedding between Hedwig, the Polish King's and Lithuanian duke daughter, and George, the son of the Duke of Bavaria at Landshut.

Trausnitz Castle

Trausnitz Castle is a medieval castle situated in Landshut, Bavaria in Germany.

Landshut is a city in Bavaria, Germany.

Velden (Vils) Place in Bavaria, Germany

Velden is a market town and municipality in the district of Landshut in Bavaria in Germany.

Friedrich Sustris

Friedrich Sustris was an Italian-Dutch painter, decorator and architect. He was a son of the artist Lambert Sustris, who worked in Italy.

EV Landshut

EV Landshut, also known as EVL Landshut Eishockey and formerly known as the Landshut Cannibals, are a professional ice hockey team based in Landshut, Bavaria, Germany. They currently play in Deutsche Eishockey Liga 2, the second level of ice hockey in Germany. They were promoted from the third-tier Oberliga in 2019 after winning the Oberliga finals against the Tilburg Trappers.

Bavaria-Landshut Duchy in the Holy Roman Empire

Bavaria-Landshut was a duchy in the Holy Roman Empire from 1353 to 1503.

Architecture of Munich Overview of the architecture of Munich

This article is intended to give an overview about the architecture of Munich, Germany.

Hans Leinberger

Hans Leinberger, sometimes given as Lemberger was a Late Gothic sculptor from Altbayern, who worked in wood, metal and stone.

Winged Altarpiece of Our Lady from Seeberg

The Winged Altarpiece of Our Lady from Seeberg is a Late Gothic altarpiece originally located in the Church of St Wolfgang in Seeberg. The sculptor, known as the Master of the Marian Altarpiece from Seeberg, received his training in the workshop of the Bavarian sculptor Hans Leinberger, and so the works of the two artists are similar in style and date from the same time. The workshop of the Master of the Marian Altarpiece from Seeberg was most probably located directly in Cheb, where it combined the local woodcarving tradition of the successful workshop of Hans Maler with the contemporary fashionable style of the Danube School. The altarpiece from Seeberg is one of the few outstanding works of Late Gothic sculpture to have been preserved in the Cheb region. It is displayed in the permanent exhibition of the Gallery of Fine Arts in Cheb.


  1. Liste der Oberbürgermeister in den kreisfreien Städten, accessed 18 July 2021.
  2. "Tabellenblatt "Daten 2", Statistischer Bericht A1200C 202041 Einwohnerzahlen der Gemeinden, Kreise und Regierungsbezirke". Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik (in German). June 2021.
  3. "Landshut". Unabridged. Random House.
  4. Helfferich, Tryntje, The Thirty Years War: A Documentary History (Cambridge, 2009), pp. 274-302.
  5. "Besucherinfo - Museen der Stadt Landshut" (in German).
  6. "Partner- und Patenstädte". (in German). Landshut. Retrieved 2021-02-18.