Langwies

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Langwies
Langwies 2006-09-09.jpg
Langwies wappen.svg
Coat of arms
Location of Langwies
Langwies
Switzerland adm location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Langwies
Reliefkarte Graubunden blank.png
Red pog.svg
Langwies
Coordinates: 46°49′N9°43′E / 46.817°N 9.717°E / 46.817; 9.717 Coordinates: 46°49′N9°43′E / 46.817°N 9.717°E / 46.817; 9.717
Country Switzerland
Canton Graubünden
District Plessur
Area
  Total54.85 km2 (21.18 sq mi)
Elevation
1,377 m (4,518 ft)
Population
 (2010)
  Total292
  Density5.3/km2 (14/sq mi)
Postal code
7057
SFOS number 3924
Surrounded by Arosa, Conters im Prättigau, Davos, Fideris, Klosters-Serneus, Peist
Website www.gemeindelangwies.ch
SFSO statistics

Langwies is a former municipality in the district of Plessur in the canton of Graubünden in Switzerland. On 1 January 2013 the former municipalities of Langwies, Calfreisen, Castiel, Lüen, Molinis, Peist and St. Peter-Pagig merged into the municipality of Arosa. [1]

Contents

History

Langwies is first mentioned in 1384 as die lang Wise. [2]

Geography

Langwies valley Schanfigg Langwies.jpg
Langwies valley

Before the merger, Langwies had a total area of 54.9 km2 (21.2 sq mi). [3] Of this area, 48.8% is used for agricultural purposes, while 22.6% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 1.2% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (27.5%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains). [3]

The former municipality is located in the Schanfigg sub-district of the Plessur district. It is located on the shortest route between Chur and Davos which is over the Strela pass. It consists of the village of Langwies and the hamlets of Platz, Litzirüti, Fondei and Sapün.

On the south-western edge of the village of Langwies, and lower down the hillside from the centre, is the Langwies railway station, on the Chur-Arosa railway line. Additionally, in the hamlet of Litzirüti is the Litzirüti railway station.

Demographics

A train heads up the line at Langwies RhB07.jpg
A train heads up the line at Langwies
Aerial view from 1800 m by Walter Mittelholzer (1928) ETH-BIB-Langwies, Langwies-Viadukt, Sapun, Schiahorn, Strehlpass, Weissfluh v. W. aus 1800 m-Inlandfluge-LBS MH01-005570.tif
Aerial view from 1800 m by Walter Mittelholzer (1928)

Langwies had a population (as of 2010) of 292. [3] As of 2008, 6.8% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. [4] Over the last 10 years the population has decreased at a rate of -6.1%. Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (97.0%), with Romansh being second most common ( 0.7%) and Dutch being third ( 0.7%). [3]

As of 2000, the gender distribution of the population was 48.1% male and 51.9% female. [5] The age distribution, as of 2000, in Langwies is; 30 children or 9.9% of the population are between 0 and 9 years old and 34 teenagers or 11.2% are between 10 and 19. Of the adult population, 18 people or 5.9% of the population are between 20 and 29 years old. 48 people or 15.8% are between 30 and 39, 39 people or 12.9% are between 40 and 49, and 48 people or 15.8% are between 50 and 59. The senior population distribution is 42 people or 13.9% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 31 people or 10.2% are between 70 and 79, there are 10 people or 3.3% who are between 80 and 89 there are 3 people or 1.0% who are between 90 and 99. [4]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 64.8% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SP (24.4%), the FDP (4.8%) and the CVP (4.8%). [3]

In Langwies about 76.7% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule ). [3]

Langwies has an unemployment rate of 0.83%. As of 2005, there were 48 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 21 businesses involved in this sector. 4 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 2 businesses in this sector. 76 people are employed in the tertiary sector.

The historical population is given in the following table: [2]

yearpopulation
1623c. 670
1850358
1900285
1950383
1980286
2000303

Heritage sites of national significance

Langwieser Viaduct Langwiesbridge.jpg
Langwieser Viaduct

The Langwieser Viaduct for the Rhätische Bahn is listed as a Swiss heritage site of national significance. [6]

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Peist Former municipality of Switzerland in Graubünden

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St. Peter-Pagig Former municipality of Switzerland in Graubünden

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References

  1. Nomenklaturen – Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz (in German) accessed 9 February 2013
  2. 1 2 Langwies in German , French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland .
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Swiss Federal Statistical Office Archived 2016-01-05 at the Wayback Machine accessed 11 February 2013
  4. 1 2 Graubunden Population Statistics Archived 2009-08-27 at the Wayback Machine (in German) accessed 21 September 2009
  5. Graubunden in Numbers Archived 2009-09-24 at the Wayback Machine (in German) accessed 21 September 2009
  6. Swiss inventory of cultural property of national and regional significance Archived 2009-05-01 at the Wayback Machine 21.11.2008 version, (in German) accessed 27-Oct-2009