Lannion

Last updated
Lannion
Lannuon
VueDeLannionEtBrelevenez.jpg
A general view of Lannion
Drapeau Lannion.svg
Blason de la ville de Lannion (Cotes-d'Armor).svg
Location of Lannion
Lannion
France location map-Regions and departements-2016.svg
Red pog.svg
Lannion
Bretagne region location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Lannion
Coordinates: 48°44′00″N3°27′15″W / 48.7333°N 3.4542°W / 48.7333; -3.4542 Coordinates: 48°44′00″N3°27′15″W / 48.7333°N 3.4542°W / 48.7333; -3.4542
Country France
Region Brittany
Department Côtes-d'Armor
Arrondissement Lannion
Canton Lannion
Intercommunality Lannion-Trégor Communauté
Government
  Mayor (20202026) Paul Le Bihan
Area
1
43.91 km2 (16.95 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2019) [1]
20,210
  Density460/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
22113 /22300
Elevation0–107 m (0–351 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Lannion (French pronunciation:  [lanjɔ̃] ( Loudspeaker.svg listen ) ; Breton : Lannuon) is a commune in the Côtes-d'Armor department in Brittany in northwestern France. It is a subprefecture of Côtes-d'Armor, the capital of Trégor and the center of an urban area of almost 60,000 inhabitants.

Contents

Climate

Lannion has a oceanic climate (Köppen climate classification Cfb). The average annual temperature in Lannion is 11.5 °C (52.7 °F). The average annual rainfall is 945.0 mm (37.20 in) with December as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 17.1 °C (62.8 °F), and lowest in January, at around 6.7 °C (44.1 °F). The highest temperature ever recorded in Lannion was 35.8 °C (96.4 °F) on 19 July 2016; the coldest temperature ever recorded was −7.1 °C (19.2 °F) on 28 February 2018.

Climate data for Lannion (1981–2010 normals, extremes 1993–present)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)17.1
(62.8)
22.4
(72.3)
24.1
(75.4)
27.6
(81.7)
29.3
(84.7)
32.8
(91.0)
35.8
(96.4)
35.3
(95.5)
31.0
(87.8)
29.9
(85.8)
21.0
(69.8)
17.9
(64.2)
35.8
(96.4)
Average high °C (°F)9.3
(48.7)
9.9
(49.8)
11.6
(52.9)
13.2
(55.8)
16.1
(61.0)
18.8
(65.8)
20.5
(68.9)
20.9
(69.6)
19.2
(66.6)
16.2
(61.2)
12.2
(54.0)
9.6
(49.3)
14.8
(58.6)
Daily mean °C (°F)6.7
(44.1)
7.1
(44.8)
8.3
(46.9)
9.6
(49.3)
12.5
(54.5)
15.0
(59.0)
16.8
(62.2)
17.1
(62.8)
15.4
(59.7)
12.9
(55.2)
9.4
(48.9)
7.0
(44.6)
11.5
(52.7)
Average low °C (°F)4.2
(39.6)
4.3
(39.7)
5.0
(41.0)
5.9
(42.6)
8.8
(47.8)
11.3
(52.3)
13.1
(55.6)
13.4
(56.1)
11.5
(52.7)
9.7
(49.5)
6.6
(43.9)
4.5
(40.1)
8.2
(46.8)
Record low °C (°F)−6.3
(20.7)
−7.1
(19.2)
−4.0
(24.8)
−2.2
(28.0)
−0.6
(30.9)
3.9
(39.0)
6.0
(42.8)
5.8
(42.4)
3.3
(37.9)
−3.1
(26.4)
−4.8
(23.4)
−4.5
(23.9)
−7.1
(19.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches)94.6
(3.72)
90.6
(3.57)
68.3
(2.69)
78.2
(3.08)
70.6
(2.78)
51.2
(2.02)
62.1
(2.44)
52.6
(2.07)
53.0
(2.09)
98.5
(3.88)
106.4
(4.19)
118.9
(4.68)
945.0
(37.20)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1 mm)15.414.012.212.411.57.910.39.29.114.016.116.8148.8
Source: Meteociel [2]

Population

Inhabitants of Lannion are called lannionnais in French.

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1793 3,706    
1800 3,132−2.38%
1806 3,426+1.51%
1821 3,597+0.33%
1831 5,371+4.09%
1836 5,461+0.33%
1841 5,650+0.68%
1846 5,849+0.69%
1851 6,075+0.76%
1856 6,642+1.80%
1861 6,598−0.13%
1866 6,882+0.85%
1872 6,223−1.66%
1876 6,294+0.28%
1881 5,998−0.96%
1886 6,205+0.68%
1891 6,002−0.66%
1896 6,126+0.41%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901 6,010−0.38%
1906 5,856−0.52%
1911 6,174+1.06%
1921 6,047−0.21%
1926 6,274+0.74%
1931 6,430+0.49%
1936 6,584+0.47%
1946 7,220+0.93%
1954 6,734−0.87%
1962 9,479+4.37%
1968 12,535+4.77%
1975 16,867+4.33%
1982 16,641−0.19%
1990 16,958+0.24%
1999 18,368+0.89%
2007 19,773+0.93%
2012 19,380−0.40%
2017 19,880+0.51%
Source: EHESS [3] and INSEE (1968-2017) [4]

History

Lannion takes its name from "Lann Huon" in Breton or "Parish of Huon" in English.

The old quarter of Lannion attracts many tourists to the city. The old quarter contains old squares, a church called Brélévenez, half-timbered houses, chapels and frescoes.

Breton language

On 23 October 2006, the municipality launched a plan to promote the Breton language through the Ya d'ar brezhoneg ("Yes to Breton") charter.

In 2008, 11.96% of the children attended bilingual schools in primary education. [5]

Economy

Lannion is a large telecommunications research center in France with several firms such as Nokia, Orange and SAGEMCOM operating there. The presence of a large telecommunications industry in the area has led to two institutes of technology in the area, IUT Lannion and a college of engineering, ENSSAT.

Culture

Regular concerts known as "Les Tardives" are held in the town square during the summer months. Lannion is also home to the "Carré Magique", a well known theatre company in the area.

Transport

Lannion is served by extensive transport links. The nearby Lannion – Côte de Granit Airport was recently expanded to accommodate larger flights arriving from Paris and other French destinations. It is a one-hour flight from Lannion to Paris. Lannion station provides TGV services to Brest, St. Brieuc, Rennes and Paris as well as TER links to local stations.

There is a bus service connecting the town centre to surrounding areas, TILT (Transports Intercommunaux de Lannion-Trégor), with six lines.

Line A
Hospital/Airport via Quai d'Aiguillon (in the centre of the town)
Line B
Kerbabu/Coppens via Quai d'Aiguillon
Line C
Alcatel/Kérilis
Line Navéo
small bus around the centre of the town
Line F
market day line (Thursday morning).

International relations

Lannion is twinned with:

Notable people

The following were born in Lannion:

See also

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Communauté d'agglomération Lannion-Trégor Communauté is an intercommunal structure, centred on the city of Lannion. It is located in the Côtes-d'Armor department, in the Brittany region, western France. It was created in January 2017. Its seat is in Lannion. Its area is 904.4 km2. Its population was 99,607 in 2017, of which 19,880 in Lannion proper.

References

  1. "Populations légales 2019". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 29 December 2021.
  2. "Normales et records pour Lannion_aero (22)". Meteociel. Retrieved 14 September 2020.
  3. Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet Lannion, EHESS. (in French)
  4. Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE
  5. "Enseignement bilingue" (in French). Ofis ar Brezhoneg.