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Larrea tridentata Anza-Borrego.jpg
Larrea tridentata
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon.png
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Zygophyllales
Family: Zygophyllaceae
Subfamily: Larreoideae
Genus: Larrea

Neoschroetera Briq.
SchroeterellaBriq. [1]


Larrea is a genus of flowering plants in the caltrop family, Zygophyllaceae. It contains five species of evergreen shrubs that are native to the Americas. The generic name honours Bishop Juan Antonio Hernández Pérez de Larrea, a patron of science. [2] [3] South American members of this genus are known as jarillas and can produce fertile interspecific hybrids. One of the more notable species is the creosote bush ( L. tridentata ) of the southwestern United States and northwestern Mexico. The King Clone ring in the Mojave Desert is a creosote bush clonal colony estimated to be about 11,700 years old.


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<i>Larrea tridentata</i> species of plant

Larrea tridentata is known as creosote bush and greasewood as a plant, as chaparral, as a medicinal herb, and as gobernadora in Mexico. It is Spanish for "governess", due to its ability to secure more water by inhibiting the growth of nearby plants. In Sonora, it is more commonly called hediondilla.

<i>Cosmos</i> (plant) Genus of flowering plants in the daisy family Asteraceae

Cosmos is a genus, with the same common name of cosmos, consisting of flowering plants in the sunflower family.

Zygophyllaceae family of plants

Zygophyllaceae is a family of flowering plants that contains the bean-caper and caltrop. The family includes around 285 species in 22 genera.

<i>Malvaviscus</i> genus of plants

Malvaviscus is a genus of flowering plants in the mallow family, Malvaceae. Common names for species in this genus include Turk's cap mallow, wax mallow, sleeping hibiscus, and mazapan. It belongs to a group of genera that differ from the closely related Hibiscus in possessing a fruit divided into 5 separate parts, and having a style surmounted by 10, rather than 5, capitate or capitellate stigmas. Among those genera Malvaviscus is distinguished by having auriculate petals and red, fleshy fruits. The generic name is derived from the Latin words malva, meaning "mallow," and viscus, which means "sticky," referring to the mucilaginous sap produced by members of the genus. The fruit can be used to make jelly or syrup. Both the fruit and flowers are used to make herbal teas.

Nyctaginaceae family of plants

Nyctaginaceae, the four o'clock family, is a family of around 33 genera and 290 species of flowering plants, widely distributed in tropical and subtropical regions, with a few representatives in temperate regions. The family has a unique fruit type, called an "anthocarp", and many genera have extremely large pollen grains.

<i>Bulnesia arborea</i> species of plant

Bulnesia arborea is a species of flowering plant in the creosote subfamily (Larreoideae) of family Zygophyllaceae. It is native to Colombia and Venezuela. Related to the true lignum vitae trees (Guaiacum), it is known as Maracaibo lignum vitae or as "verawood".

<i>Pavonia</i> (plant) genus of plants

Pavonia is a genus of flowering plants in the mallow family, Malvaceae. The generic name honours Spanish botanist José Antonio Pavón Jiménez (1754–1844). Several species are known as swampmallows.

<i>Carmona</i> (plant) genus of plants

Carmona is a genus of flowering plants in the borage family, Boraginaceae. Members of the genus are commonly known as scorpionbush.

<i>Kallstroemia</i> genus of plants

Kallstroemia is a genus of flowering plants in the caltrop family, Zygophyllaceae. The approximately 17 species it contains are native to tropical and warm temperate regions of the Americas. The flower and fruit morphology is similar to Tribulus. The convex fruits separate into about 10 nutlets each with one seed. The genus is named after A. Kallstroem who lived in the 18th century.

<i>Bunchosia</i> genus of plants

Bunchosia is a genus in the Malpighiaceae, a family of about 75 genera of flowering plants in the order Malpighiales. It contains roughly 75 species of trees and shrubs, which are native to dry woodlands, savannas, and wet forests. Their range extends from Mexico and the Caribbean to southeastern Brazil and adjacent Argentina. Bunchosia is one of three arborescent genera of Malpighiaceae with fleshy, bird-dispersed fruits.

Neoluederitzia is a genus of flowering plants in the caltrop family, Zygophyllaceae. The sole species is Neoluederitzia sericocarpa. It is endemic to Namibia. Its natural habitat is intermittent freshwater marshes.

<i>Peucephyllum</i> genus of plants

Peucephyllum is a monotypic genus of flowering plants containing the single species Peucephyllum schottii. Its common names include pygmy cedar, Schott's pygmy cedar, desert fir, and desert pine. It is not a cedar, fir, or pine, but a member of the aster family, Asteraceae. It is a leafy evergreen shrub with glandular, resinous foliage. It flowers in yellow flower heads which have only disc florets. The fruits are woody, bristly seeds with a pappus. This plant is native to the deserts of Arizona, California, Nevada, and Utah in the United States and Baja California and Sonora in northern Mexico.

<i>Lycium andersonii</i> species of plant

Lycium andersonii is a species of flowering plant in the nightshade family, Solanaceae. Its common names include water-jacket, redberry desert-thorn, Anderson thornbush, Anderson's desert thorn, Anderson boxthorn, Anderson lycium, Anderson wolfberry, and squawberry.

<i>Krameria bicolor</i> species of plant

Krameria bicolor is a perennial shrub or subshrub of the family Krameriaceae, the rhatanies. It is commonly known as white rhatany, crimson-beak, and chacate in Spanish. It is found in drier environments of the southwestern United States from California to Texas, and in northern Mexico.

Creosote gall midge species group of insects

Creosote gall midges are a species of gall-inducing flies in the Asphondylia auripila group. This group consists of 15 closely related species of flies which inhabit creosote bush sensu lato. They have partitioned the plant ecologically with different gall midge species inhabiting the leaves, stems, buds, and flowers of creosote bush. Each species induces a uniquely shaped gall but the insects are otherwise morphologically very similar and very difficult to tell apart.

<i>Porlieria</i> genus of plants

Porlieria is a genus of flowering plants in the caltrop family, Zygophyllaceae. Species within this genus are shrubs or small trees of dry subtropical regions. The generic name honours Spanish ambassador Don Antonio Porlier de Baxamar.

Piscidia is a genus of flowering plants in subfamily Faboideae of the legume family, Fabaceae. The generic name is derived from the Latin words piscis, meaning "fish," and caedo, meaning "to kill." It refers to the use of extracts from the plant to poison fish.

Larreoideae subfamily of plants

Larreoideae is a subfamily of the flowering plant family Zygophyllaceae.

<i>Balanites</i> genus of plants

Balanites is an Afrotropical, Palearctic and Indomalayan genus of flowering plants in the caltrop family, Zygophyllaceae. The name Balanites derives from the Greek word for an acorn and refers to the fruit, it was coined by Alire Delile in 1813.

<i>Larrea divaricata</i> species of plant

Larrea divaricata, commonly known as chaparral, is a small evergreen bush in the family Zygophyllaceae. It is native to arid regions of South America, where it is known as jarilla or jarillo. It was first described in 1800 by the Spanish botanist Antonio José Cavanilles.


  1. "Genus: Larrea Cav". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2007-10-05. Retrieved 2010-10-08.
  2. Couplan, François (1998). The Encyclopedia of Edible Plants of North America. McGraw-Hill Professional. p. 312. ISBN   978-0-87983-821-8.
  3. "Larrea" is itself a Basque surname, where larrea stands for a village in Álava (Spain), ultimately meaning 'meadow' (plus article -a).
  4. "GRIN Species Records of Larrea". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2010-10-08.
  5. "Larrea". Integrated Taxonomic Information System . Retrieved 2010-10-08.

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