Latin ballad

Last updated

Latin ballad (Spanish : balada romántica) is a sentimental ballad derived from bolero that originated in the early 1960s in Los Angeles, California and Southern California.

Contents

Some of the best known artists of the Latin ballad are Julio Iglesias, Mocedades, José Luis Rodriguez, Luis Miguel, Camilo Sesto, Emmanuel, Nino Bravo, Roberto Carlos, Ricardo Montaner, Raphael and José José among others. Because of its difficulty, the Latin balladeers are often recognized as skilled singers such as the case of Nino Bravo, Camilo Sesto, José José, Luis Miguel or Raphael. [1] [2] In recent decades it has become the dominant musical genre of Latin pop.

Origin and evolution

Music fans can find roots of "Ballads" in pre-war years. Blues and jazz in the United States underwent transformations that were brewing since the 1930s and 1940s and that led to the origin of new rhythms. Bing Crosby's "White Christmas", Frank Sinatra, Marlene Dietrich's "Lili Marleen" and Dooley Wilson's "As Time Goes By" [3] were examples of early Ballad singers. Rock and roll in the mid-1950s transforms contemporary types of music in terms of how to sing them and instrumentation, which includes electric instruments in addition to the traditional balladism. Ballads spread in the acetates records and in American cinema to the world also influencing.

One of the main diffusers was Elvis Presley, when he diversified his music, in addition to rock and roll, cultivating the new ballad, influencing the romantic Sentimental ballad of the late decade (led by Paul Anka "You are my Destiny",1958, "Put your Head on my Shoulder",1959, and Neil Sedaka ). Postwar years 1950s, Latin America, Europe and the other continents received American musical influence and produced reissues of American ballads with new lyrics in native languages for more than a decade.

Trio Los Panchos gained latin ballad hits such as "Besame Mucho", "Sabor a Mí", "Solamente Una Vez", and "Quizas, Quizas, Quizas". [4] The Latin or romantic ballad has its origin in the Latin American bolero in the 1950s (Lucho Gatica, Leo Marini), but also in the romantic song in Italian (Domenico Modugno) and French (Charles Aznavour, George Mustaki) in the 1960s and 1970s. In Mexico, the ballad recorded as such is "Sonata de Amor" (Sonata of Love) of Mario Álvarez in 1961. In 1965 the famous bolero singer-songwriter Armando Manzanero, sang his ballad, "Pobres besos míos" (My Poor Kisses).

Latin ballad was popular during the 1970s in Latin America, where artists such as Mocedades, Emmanuel, Julio Iglesias, [5] José José, José Luis Rodriguez, Camilo Sesto, Raphael, Roberto Carlos, Rocío Dúrcal [6] and others released hits. The main hits of Mocedades "Eres Tú", José José were "El triste" (The Sad One), "La nave del olvido" (The Ship of Forgetfullness), "Te extraño" (I Miss You, also written by Manzanero), "Amar y querer" (To love and To want). By Roberto Carlos(singer) the songs "Amigos" (Friends) or "Detalles" (Details). By Camilo Sesto the hits "Algo de Mí" (Something from Me), "Perdóname" (Forgive Me), "Si Tú Te Vas" (If you leave), "Melina", "Jamás" (Never), "Todo por Nada" (All for Nothing), "Fresa Salvaje" (Wild Strawberry) . Rocío Dúrcal enjoyed Latin America success and was known as "La Dama de la canción" (The Lady of Song). These songs gained hit in Latin America.

The heyday of the ballad was romantic in the 1980s, where artists such as Julio Iglesias, Amanda Miguel, Ricardo Montaner, Diego Verdaguer and others released a big number of hits. The main hits of Julio Iglesias "To All the Girls I've Loved Before", [7] Amanda Miguel were "Así no te amará jamás" (This Way He Will Never Love You), by 1984 among many others that were released in Los Angeles. These songs are widely known today in Southern California.

In the course of their existence the genre merged with diverse rhythms to form several variants, such as romantic salsa and cumbia aside others.

From the 1990s, globalization and media internationalization processes that integrated contributed to the ballad's spread international spread and further homogenize around a common Latin identity. As part of the Latin Americanization of the United States and the dominant presence in the genre of multinational record labels, Miami has become the main producer of ballads [8] which in turn has fed back trends of migration of Latino and Hispanic performers, producers and musicians to that city. By the turn of the 2010s however, Latin ballads have begun to lose popularity as uptempo Latin genres such as bachata, reggaeton, and Spanish-language electropop music have gained popularity with the Hispanic audience in the radio. [9]

Development

The ethnomusicologist Daniel Party defines the romantic ballad as "a love song of slow tempo, played by a solo singer accompanied by an orchestra usually" . [10]

The ballad and bolero are often confused and songs can fall in one or the other category without too much precision. The distinction between them is referring primarily to a more sophisticated and more metaphorical language and subtle bolero, compared with a more direct expression of the ballad.

Party stressed that the romantic ballad derive from "Latin common sensibility" [10] He draws on the research of Jesus Martin-Barbero to highlight that the romantic ballad is an expression of a broader cultural process, called by Martin-Barbero as "emotional integration in Latin America", a phenomenon that would explain a generalization of the ways of feeling and express the emotions of the Latinos, through gestures, sounds, rhythms and cadences common literary devices, linked in turn to the telenovela. [11]

See also

Related Research Articles

Camilo Sesto Spanish singer


Camilo Blanes Cortés, known professionally as Camilo Sesto "El Rey del Amor", was a Spanish singer, songwriter and music producer. The singer claimed to have sold more than 175 million records. There are various sales figures for him, ranging from 70 to 200 million records sold. However, his actual sales would represent more than 2.8 million copies worldwide, including nearly 900,000 certified.

Music of Mexico Music and musical traditions of Mexico

The music of Mexico is very diverse and features a wide range of musical genres and performance styles. It has been influenced by a variety of cultures, most notably the culture of the Europeans and Natives. Music was an expression of Mexican nationalism, beginning in the nineteenth century.

Los Panchos Trío romántico vocalist-guitarists

Originally, Trio Los Panchos are a trío romántico formed in New York City in 1944 by Alfredo Gil, Chucho Navarro, and Hernando Avilés. The trio became one of the leading exponents of the bolero and the romantic ballad in Latin America. Its original founding members have long since died and its current members are Chucho Navarro Jr., Eduardo Beristian and Misael Reyes.

María de los Ángeles de las Heras Ortiz, better known professionally as Rocío Dúrcal, was a Spanish singer and actress. Widely successful in Mexico, she earned the sobriquet of Reina de las Rancheras.

Bebu Silvetti Musical artist (1944–2003)

Juan Fernando Silvetti Adorno, professionally known as Bebu Silvetti or simply Silvetti, was an Argentine- born Mexican pianist, composer, conductor, arranger, and record producer. In the 1970s he moved to Mexico and got the nationality. Popularly known for the 1977 instrumental disco hit, "Lluvia De Primavera", the album was produced in Spain and for the 1980 modern instrumental mariachi album. Silvetti was also a successful, Grammy-winning producer for a wide variety of Latin and international music performers. He was the father of six children, including the actress Anna Silvetti. Silvetti also worked in the music of successful films and telenovelas in Mexico.

Mexican pop is a music genre produced in Mexico, particularly intended for teenagers and young adults.

<i>Romances</i> (Luis Miguel album) 1997 studio album by Luis Miguel

Romances is the twelfth studio album by Mexican singer Luis Miguel, released on 12 August 1997, by WEA Latina. It is the third album of the Romance series, in which Miguel covers Latin songs from 1940 to 1978. Aside from Miguel, the production also involved arranger Bebu Silvetti, and Armando Manzanero, who directed all of Miguel's Romance albums. Romances consists of twelve cover versions and two new compositions by Manzanero and Silvetti. Recording took place in early 1997 at the Ocean Way recording studio in Los Angeles, California.

<i>Romance</i> (Luis Miguel album) 1991 studio album by Luis Miguel

Romance is the eighth studio album by Mexican singer Luis Miguel. It was released by WEA Latina on 19 November 1991. Although the production was originally intended as another collaboration with Juan Carlos Calderón, that plan was scrapped when Calderón was unable to compose songs for the album. Facing a new-material deadline in his recording contract, at his manager's suggestion Miguel chose bolero music for his next project. Mexican singer-songwriter Armando Manzanero was hired by WEA Latina to co-produce the album with Miguel. Recording began in August 1991 at Ocean Way Recording in Hollywood, California, with Bebu Silvetti the arranger.

<i>Segundo Romance</i> 1994 studio album by Luis Miguel

Segundo Romance is the tenth studio album by Mexican singer Luis Miguel, released on 30 August 1994 through WEA Latina. Like Miguel's 1991 album Romance, Segundo Romance comprises cover versions of boleros written between 1934 and 1993. It was produced by Miguel with Juan Carlos Calderón, Kiko Cibrian and Armando Manzanero and recorded in early 1994 at the Record Plant in Los Angeles.

Sergio Vargas Musical artist

Sergio Pascual Vargas Parra, known artistically as Sergio Vargas. He is a performer of merengue and bolero, who was very popular in the 80s and 90s, during the "golden age of merengue" and today remains active as one of the leading figures in Dominican merengue. His brothers, Kaki and Johnny, are also interpreters of the genre and have been by his side for much of their respective musical careers.

Manuel Alejandro Spanish composer of Latin love songs (born february 21,1933)

Manuel Álvarez-Beigbeder Pérez, better known as Manuel Alejandro, is a Spanish composer of Latin love songs, which are better known as ballads. He has written, composed, and arranged songs for the likes of Luis Miguel, Plácido Domingo, Nino Bravo, Julio Iglesias, Raphael, Hernaldo Zúñiga, José José, José Luis Rodríguez, Emmanuel, Enrique Guzmán, Isabel Pantoja, Rocío Jurado, Rudy Marquez, and Jeanette, among many others.

Por Debajo de la Mesa 1997 single by Luis Miguel

"Por Debajo de la Mesa" is a song written by Armando Manzanero and performed by Mexican recording artist Luis Miguel. Arranged by Bebu Silvetti, it was one of the two original compositions written for Miguel's fifteenth studio album Romances. It was released as the lead single from the album on 15 July 1997 and it became his thirteenth number-one single on the Billboard Hot Latin Songs chart in the United States. The music video features Miguel performing at a fine-dining restaurant in New York City.

Si Piensas, Si Quieres 1991 single by Roberto Carlos and Rocío Dúrcal

"Si Piensas, Si Quieres" is a Latin pop song performed by Brazilian singer-songwriter Roberto Carlos from his studio album Super Héroe (1991). The track was written by Alejandro Vezanni and Roberto Livi, produced by Livi and features vocals by Spanish performer Rocío Dúrcal. It was released as the album's lead single in Latin America and the United States. A Portuguese-language version of the song was also recorded as "Se Você Quer" with featured vocals from fellow Brazilian singer Fafá de Belém.

Juan Carlos Calderón López de Arróyabe was a Spanish singer-songwriter and musician.

<i>Siempre en Domingo</i>

Siempre en Domingo is a Mexican variety show created and hosted by Raúl Velasco. The show aired on Televisa from December 14, 1969 until April 19, 1998 when Velasco retired.

<i>Confidencias</i> (Rocío Dúrcal album) 1981 studio album by Rocío Dúrcal

Confidencias is a studio album released by Spanish performer Rocío Dúrcal in 1981 under the label of Ariola Records. It was written and produced by Spanish songwriter Rafael Pérez Botija. In Spain this album was released under the title La Gata.

"Contigo En La Distancia" is a bolero which was written by the Cuban singer-songwriter César Portillo de la Luz when he was 24 years old. It was written in the year 1946.

This article includes an overview of the major events and trends in Latin music in the 1980s, namely in Ibero-America.

References

  1. "YouTube". YouTube. Retrieved 2022-07-19.
  2. "Jose Jose - El Triste en vivo 1970". YouTube. 2011-03-08. Retrieved 2022-07-19.
  3. "Who Played It Again, Sam? The Three Pianists of 'Casablanca'". AFM. Retrieved 19 July 2021. Pianists of Casablanca
  4. "Los Panchos: Biography". Allmusic.
  5. Latin Ballads 70s Chicago tribune, retrieved 20 July 2021
  6. Ñáñez, Paola. "Perfil Rocío Dúrcal: La eterna reina de las rancheras y las baladas". Globovisión . Retrieved 19 July 2021.
  7. Steffen Hung. "Julio Iglesias & Willie Nelson - To All The Girls I've Loved Before". swedishcharts.com. Retrieved 29 July 2021.
  8. Transnacionalización y la balada latinoamericana (In spanish:Transnationalization and the ballad Latin - American), por Daniel Party, University of Pennsylvania, 2003, pag. 6
  9. Cobo, Leila (10 September 2014). "Latin Noise: We Want Our Ballads". Billboard . Prometheus Global Media . Retrieved 8 September 2015.
  10. 1 2 Transnacionalización y la balada latinoamericana (In spanish:Transnationalization and the ballad Latin - American), by Daniel Party, University of Pennsylvania, 2003, pag. 1
  11. Martín-Barbero, Jesús. "Memory and Form in the Latin American Soap Opera." To Be Continued...: Soap Operas around the World. Ed. Robert Clyde Allen. London: Routledge, 1995. 276-84.