Laura Askew Haygood

Last updated

Laura Askew Haygood
Born(1845-10-14)October 14, 1845
DiedApril 29, 1900(1900-04-29) (aged 54)
Resting place Bubbling Well Road Cemetery
Alma mater Wesleyan College
OccupationEducator, missionary
Relatives Atticus Greene Haygood (brother)

Laura Askew Haygood (October 14, 1845 – April 29, 1900) was an American educator and missionary from Georgia. A sister of Atticus Greene Haygood, she founded a school in Atlanta and served as a missionary in China.


Early life

Haygood was born in Watkinsville, Georgia on October 14, 1845 to Greene Berry Haygood and Martha Ann Askew. [1] She was the younger sister of Atticus Greene Haygood, who would later become a bishop in the Methodist Episcopal Church, South (MECS). [2] In 1852, her family moved to Atlanta, where she was homeschooled by her mother. [3] [4] She would later enroll at Wesleyan College at the age of 16, graduating two years later with a Bachelor of Arts degree in 1864. [4] [5] Shortly thereafter, she opened her own high school for girls in Atlanta, which ultimately merged with Girls High School. Haygood served as the principal and an educator at Girls following its merger in 1877. [1] [6] In 1882, Haygood established the Trinity Home Mission to assist in training women to help the poor in Atlanta. [7]

McTyeire School McTyeire.jpeg
McTyeire School

In 1884, Haygood was sent to China as a missionary by the Woman's Board of Missions of the MECS. [8] While in Shanghai, she helped found the McTyeire School in 1892, which is now Shanghai No. 3 Girls' High School. [9] [10] Placed on medical furlough between 1894 and 1896, Haygood would afterwards return to China to serve as director of the Woman's Board. [8] [10]

Death and legacy

Haygood died on April 29, 1900 while on mission in Shanghai. She was buried at the Bubbling Well Road Cemetery in the Shanghai International Settlement. [11] [10]

In 1916, the Laura Haygood Normal School was established in Soochow. [4] [8] In 1926, Haygood Memorial Methodist Church was established in Atlanta's Morningside neighborhood, named in honor of Laura and her brother. [12] In 2000, she was inducted into the Georgia Women of Achievement. [5]

Related Research Articles

The Methodist Episcopal Church, South was the Methodist denomination resulting from the 19th-century split over the issue of slavery in the Methodist Episcopal Church (MEC). Disagreement on this issue had been increasing in strength for decades between churches of the North and South; in 1844 it resulted in a schism at the General Conference of the MEC held in Louisville, Kentucky.

Clark Atlanta University Historically Black University in Atlanta, Georgia, USA

Clark Atlanta University is a private Methodist historically black university in Atlanta, Georgia. Clark Atlanta University is the first HBCU in the Southern United States. Founded September 19, 1865, as Atlanta University; consolidated with Clark College (1869) to form Clark Atlanta University in 1988. It is classified among "R2: Doctoral Universities – High research activity".

Atticus Greene Haygood (1839–1896) was an American bishop of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South.

Young John Allen

Young John Allen or Young J. Allen, was an American Methodist missionary in late Qing Dynasty China with the American Southern Methodist Episcopal Mission. He is best known in China by his local name Lin Lezhi (林乐知).

Ariel Serena Hedges Bowen

Ariel Serena Hedges Bowen was an African-American writer, temperance activist, and professor of music at Clark University in Atlanta in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Twentieth Century Negro Literature (1902) noted that "she is regarded as one of the foremost and best cultured women of her race."

Mary Stone (doctor) Chinese medical doctor

Mary Stone, also known as Shi Meiyu, was a doctor of medicine graduated from the University of Michigan. She founded the Women and Children's Hospital in Jiujiang.

Scarritt College for Christian Workers United States historic place

Scarritt College for Christian Workers was a college associated with the United Methodist Church in Nashville, Tennessee, USA. The campus is now home to Scarritt Bennett Center.

McTyeire School

McTyeire School was a private girls' school in Shanghai.

Nora A. Gordon

Nora A. Gordon was an African American missionary and teacher.

James Walker Hood

James Walker Hood was an African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church bishop in North Carolina from 1872 to 1916. Before emancipation, he was an active abolitionist, and during the American Civil War he went to New Bern, North Carolina where he preached for the church to the black people and soldiers in the area. He was very successful and became an important religious and political leader in North Carolina, becoming "one of the most significant and crucial African American religious and race leaders during the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries". By 1887 he had founded over six hundred churches in Virginia, North Carolina, and South Carolina and erected about five hundred church buildings. He was politically and religiously active as well, supporting education, civil rights, and the ordination of women.

Martha Foster Crawford

Martha Foster Crawford was an American writer and missionary to China (1852–1909). She was the first foreign missionary from Alabama. Her parents were the deacon, John Lovelace Savidge Foster, and Susanna Hollifield Foster. In 1851, shortly before she became a missionary to China, she married Tarleton Perry Crawford, whom she had known for three weeks. They arrived in Shanghai in March 1852. During their marriage, they adopted two children.

Annie Maria Barnes

Annie Maria Barnes was a 19th-century American journalist, editor, and author from South Carolina. At the age of eleven, she wrote an article for the Atlanta Constitution, and at the age of fifteen, she became a regular correspondent of that journal. In 1887, she began publishing The Acanthus, a juvenile paper issued in the South. Barnes published novels from 1887 until at least 1927.

Bazoline Estelle Usher 20th-century American educator

Bazoline Estelle Usher was an American educator known for her work in the Atlanta Public Schools. As director of education for African-American children in the district prior to integration, she was the first African American to have an office at Atlanta City Hall. She founded the first Girl Scout troop for African-American girls in Atlanta in 1943. Her career as an educator lasted over 50 years, over 40 of which were in the Atlanta schools. A school in Atlanta is named for her, and in 2014 she was posthumously named a Georgia Woman of Achievement.

Belle Harris Bennett

Belle Harris Bennett, led the struggle for and won laity rights for women in the Methodist Episcopal Church, South. She was the founding president of the Woman's Missionary Council of the Southern Methodist Church. Much of her work including fundraising and organizational efforts to provide higher education for a new professional class of social workers and community organizers in the Southern Methodist Church in the U.S. and abroad. Her carefully collaborative support for African Americans and immigrants was considered radical at that time by Southerners. She was a suffragist and supporter of temperance as well.

Jennie V. Hughes

Jennie V. Hughes was an American Methodist missionary in China. She co-founded the Bethel Mission in Shanghai with Chinese doctor Shi Meiyu.

Rhoda Kaufman was an American social activist from Georgia. A Jewish woman born to German immigrants, she moved to Atlanta after graduating from college and participated in numerous social activist organizations.

Helena Maud Brown Cobb was an American educator and missionary from Georgia. Born in Monroe County, Georgia, she attended Atlanta University and served as an educator and principal at many schools for African Americans in the state. She was also active in organizing and pushing for greater missionary opportunities for women within the Colored Methodist Episcopal Church.

St. Lukes Episcopal Church (Atlanta) Church in Georgia , United States

St. Luke's Episcopal Church is an Episcopal church in Atlanta, Georgia. The parish was founded in 1864, with the current building on Peachtree Street constructed in 1906.

Marie L. Clinton

Marie Louise Clay Clinton was an American educator, singer, and church leader, founder and superintendent of the Buds of Promise Juvenile Mission Society, under the Women's Home and Overseas Missionary Society (WH&OMS) of the African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church.

Grace United Methodist Church (Atlanta) Church in Georgia, United States

Grace United Methodist Church is a Methodist church in Atlanta, Georgia, United States. Originally organized as a mission in 1871, the current church building was designed by Francis Palmer Smith and was completed in 1923.


  1. 1 2 "Haygood, Laura Askew (1845–1900)". . Retrieved March 26, 2020.
  2. "Laura Askew Haygood". Oxford Historical Society. Retrieved March 26, 2020.
  3. Georgia Biographical Dictionary. 1 (2008–2009 ed.). Somerset Publishers. 1999. p. 375. ISBN   978-1-878592-42-2 via Google Books.
  4. 1 2 3 "Haygood, Laura Askew (1845-1900)". Methodist Mission Bicentennial. Retrieved March 26, 2020.
  5. 1 2 "Laura Askew Haygood". Georgia Women of Achievement . Retrieved March 26, 2020.
  6. Catron-Sullivan, Staci; Neill, Susan (2005). Women in Atlanta. Arcadia Publishing. p. 61. ISBN   978-0-7385-1745-2 via Google Books.
  7. Bercaw, Nancy; Ownby, Ted, eds. (2009). The New Encyclopedia of Southern Culture. 13: Gender. University of North Carolina Press. p. 235. ISBN   978-1-4696-1672-8 via Google Books.
  8. 1 2 3 Yrigoyen Jr, Charles; Warrick, Susan E. (2005). Historical Dictionary of Methodism (Second ed.). Scarecrow Press. p. 152. ISBN   978-0-8108-6546-4 via Google Books.
  9. "Marker Monday: Birthplace of Bishop A. G. Haygood and Miss Laura A. Haygood". Georgia Historical Society . January 13, 2020. Retrieved March 26, 2020.
  10. 1 2 3 James, Edward T.; James, Janet Wilson; Boyer, Paul S., eds. (1971). Notable American Women, 1607-1950: A Biographical Dictionary. II. Harvard University Press. p. 169. ISBN   978-0-674-62734-5 via Google Books.
  11. "Laura Askew Haygood (1845-1900)". Find a Grave . Retrieved March 26, 2020.
  12. "Our Story". Haygood Memorial United Methodist Church. Retrieved March 26, 2020.