American actress Lauren Bacall (1924–2014) had an extensive career in films, television shows, and plays. She was one of the leading ladies during the Golden Age of Hollywood along with actresses such as Marilyn Monroe and Rita Hayworth.Bacall started her career as a teenage fashion model when she appeared on the cover of Harper's Bazaar and was discovered by Howard Hawks' wife Nancy. As she naturally had a high-pitched and nasal voice, she received lessons to help deepen it and was required to shout verses by Shakespeare for hours every day as part of her training.
Lauren Bacall was an American actress known for her distinctive voice and sultry looks. She was named the 20th greatest female star of classic Hollywood cinema by the American Film Institute and received an Academy Honorary Award from the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences in 2009 "in recognition of her central place in the Golden Age of motion pictures".
Marilyn Monroe was an American actress, model, and singer. Famous for playing comic "blonde bombshell" characters, she became one of the most popular sex symbols of the 1950s and was emblematic of the era's attitudes towards sexuality. Although she was a top-billed actress for only a decade, her films grossed $200 million by the time of her unexpected death in 1962. More than half a century later, she continues to be a major popular culture icon.
Rita Hayworth was an American actress and dancer. She achieved fame during the 1940s as one of the era's top stars, appearing in a total of 61 films over 37 years. The press coined the term "The Love Goddess" to describe Hayworth after she had become the most glamorous screen idol of the 1940s. She was the top pin-up girl for GIs during World War II.
Bacall's first film appearance was with Humphrey Bogart in the 1944 film To Have and Have Not . The following year she married Bogart and went on to appear with him in The Big Sleep (1946), Dark Passage (1947), and Key Largo (1948). She also starred in comedies such as How to Marry a Millionaire in 1953 with Marilyn Monroe, Designing Woman in 1957 with Gregory Peck, and Sex and the Single Girl in 1964 with Natalie Wood. Bacall also appeared in Murder on the Orient Express (1976) and The Shootist (1976).
Humphrey DeForest Bogart was an American film and stage actor. His performances in numerous films from the Classical Hollywood era made him a cultural icon. In 1999, the American Film Institute ranked him as the greatest male star of American cinema.
To Have and Have Not is a 1944 American romance-war-adventure film directed by Howard Hawks, loosely based on Ernest Hemingway's 1937 novel of the same name. It stars Humphrey Bogart, Walter Brennan and Lauren Bacall in her film debut; it also features Dolores Moran, Hoagy Carmichael, Sheldon Leonard, Dan Seymour, and Marcel Dalio. The plot centers on the romance between a freelancing fisherman in Martinique and a beautiful American drifter which is complicated by the growing French resistance in Vichy France.
The Big Sleep is a 1946 film noir directed by Howard Hawks, the first film version of Raymond Chandler's 1939 novel of the same name. The film stars Humphrey Bogart as private detective Philip Marlowe and Lauren Bacall as Vivian Rutledge in a story about the "process of a criminal investigation, not its results." William Faulkner, Leigh Brackett and Jules Furthman co-wrote the screenplay. In 1997, the U.S. Library of Congress deemed the film "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant," and added it to the National Film Registry.
In Bacall's later years, she appeared in the films All I Want for Christmas (1991), Prêt-à-Porter (1994), The Mirror Has Two Faces (1996), My Fellow Americans (1996), Diamonds (1999), Dogville (2003), Eve (2008) Wide Blue Yonder (2010) and The Forger (2012). For her role as Hannah Morgan in The Mirror Has Two Faces, Bacall won the Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress – Motion Picture and was nominated for a BAFTA and an Academy Award.Her television work included appearances on Mr. Broadway (1964), Chicago Hope (1998), and The Rockford Files (1979), as well as providing the voice of Evelyn on the animated series Family Guy (2014).
All I Want for Christmas is a 1991 American romantic comedy film directed by Robert Lieberman, and starring Harley Jane Kozak, Lauren Bacall, Thora Birch, Ethan Randall, and Leslie Nielsen. The score was composed by Bruce Broughton, including a theme-setting song by Stephen Bishop.
Prêt-à-Porter, released in the US as Ready to Wear (Prêt-à-Porter), is a 1994 American satirical comedy-drama film co-written, directed, and produced by Robert Altman and shot on location during the Paris Fashion Week with a host of international stars, models, and designers.
The Mirror Has Two Faces is a 1996 American romantic comedy-drama film produced and directed by Barbra Streisand, who also stars. The screenplay by Richard LaGravenese is loosely based on the 1958 French film Le Miroir a deux faces written by André Cayatte and Gérard Oury, which focused on a homely woman who becomes a beauty, which creates problems in her marriage.
Bacall also performed on Broadway in the plays Cactus Flower in 1965 and The Visit in 1995 and musicals such as Applause in 1970 and Woman of the Year in 1981. For her roles in Applause and Woman of the Year, she won the Tony Award for Best Actress in a Musical.
Cactus Flower is a farce by Abe Burrows. It played for years on Broadway before being adapted by I.A.L. Diamond into a 1969 feature film directed by Gene Saks.
The Visit is a 1956 tragicomic play by Swiss dramatist Friedrich Dürrenmatt.
Applause is a musical with a book by Betty Comden and Adolph Green, lyrics by Lee Adams, and music by Charles Strouse. The musical is based on the 1950 film All About Eve and the short story on which the movie is based, Mary Orr's "The Wisdom of Eve". The story centers on aging star Margo Channing, who innocently takes a fledgling actress under her wing, unaware that the ruthless Eve is plotting to steal her career and her man.
|1944||To Have and Have Not||Marie "Slim" Browning||Recorded the songs she sang in the film|
|1945||Confidential Agent||Rose Cullen|
|1946||Two Guys from Milwaukee||Herself||Uncredited, Alternate title: Royal Flush|
|1946||The Big Sleep||Vivian Sternwood Rutledge|
|1947||Dark Passage||Irene Jansen|
|1948||Key Largo||Nora Temple|
|1950||Young Man with a Horn||Amy North|
|1950||Bright Leaf||Sonia Kovac|
|1953||How to Marry a Millionaire||Schatze Page|
|1954||Woman's World||Elizabeth Burns||Alternate title: A Woman's World|
|1955||The Cobweb||Meg Faversen Rinehart|
|1955||Blood Alley||Cathy Grainger|
|1956||Written on the Wind||Lucy Moore Hadley|
|1957||Designing Woman||Marilla Brown Hagen|
|1958||The Gift of Love||Julie Beck|
|1959||North West Frontier||Catherine Wyatt||Alternate titles: Flame Over India / Empress of India|
|1964||Shock Treatment||Dr. Edwina Beighley|
|1964||Sex and the Single Girl||Sylvia Broderick|
|1966||Harper||Elaine Sampson||Alternate title: The Moving Target|
|1974||Murder on the Orient Express||Mrs. Harriet Belinda Hubbard|
|1976||The Shootist||Bond Rogers|
|1978||Perfect Gentlemen||Mrs. Lizzie Martin||TV film|
|1981||The Fan||Sally Ross|
|1988||Appointment with Death||Lady Westholme|
|1988||Mr. North||Mrs. Cranston|
|1988||John Huston: The Man, the Movies, the Maverick||Herself||Documentary film|
|1989||Tree of Hands||Marsha Archdale||Alternate title: Innocent Victim|
|1989||Dinner at Eight||Carlotta Vance||TV film|
|1991||A Star for Two||Edwige|
|1991||All I Want for Christmas||Lillian Brooks|
|1993||The Portrait||Fanny Church||TV film|
|1993||A Foreign Field||Lisa||TV film|
|1994||Prêt-à-Porter||Slim Chrysler||Alternate title: Ready to Wear (Prêt-à-Porter)|
|1995||From the Mixed-Up Files of Mrs. Basil E. Frankweiler||Mrs. Basil E. Frankweiler||TV film|
|1996||The Mirror Has Two Faces||Hannah Morgan|
|1996||My Fellow Americans||Margaret Kramer|
|1997||Day and Night||Sonia||French title: Le Jour et la Nuit|
|1999||Get Bruce||Herself||Documentary film|
|1999||Too Rich: The Secret Life of Doris Duke||Doris Duke||TV miniseries|
|1999||Madeline: Lost in Paris||Madame Lacroque||Voice, Animated film|
|1999||The Venice Project||Countess Camilla Volta|
|1999||Presence of Mind||Mado Remei|
|2000||A Conversation with Gregory Peck||Herself||Documentary film|
|2003||Gone Dark||May Markham||Alternate title: The Limit|
|2004||Howl's Moving Castle||Witch of the Waste||Voice, Animated film|
|2004||Amália Traïda||TV Announcer||10-minute short film|
|2006||These Foolish Things||Dame Lydia|
|2007||The Walker||Natalie Van Miter|
|2008||Eve||Grandma||20-minute short film|
|2008||Scooby-Doo! and the Goblin King||The Grand Witch||Voice, Animated film|
|2008||Empire State Building Murders||Penny Baxter||TV film|
|2010||Wide Blue Yonder||May|
|2012||Ernest & Celestine||The Grey One||Voice, Animated film|
|2012||The Forger||Anne-Marie Cole||Alternate title: Carmel-by-the-Sea, (final film role)|
|1953||What's My Line?||Mystery Guest / Herself||3 episodes|
|1954||Light's Diamond Jubilee||Herself||TV film documentary|
|1955||Producers' Showcase||Gabby Maple||Episode: "The Petrified Forest"|
|1956||Ford Star Jubilee||Elvira Condomine||Episode: "Blithe Spirit"|
|1963||The DuPont Show of the Week||Lorraine Boswell||Episode: "A Dozen Deadly Roses"|
|1963||Dr. Kildare||Virginia Herson||Episode: "The Oracle"|
|1964||Mr. Broadway||Barbara Lake||2 episodes|
|1965||Bob Hope Presents the Chrysler Theatre||Amanda / Barbara||Episode: "Double Jeopardy"|
|1965||The Danny Kaye Show||Guest/Herself||Episode: Comedy and Song Sketches with Kaye and husband Jason Robards|
|1979||The Rockford Files||Kendall Warren||Episodes: "Lions, Tigers, Monkeys and Dogs" (Part 1 & 2)|
|1990||Frederick Forsyth Presents||Beatrix Coltrane||Episode: "A Little Piece of Sunshine"|
|1993||The General Motors Playwrights Theater||Herself / Host||Episode: "The Parallax Garden"|
|1998||Chicago Hope||Samara Visco Klein||Episodes: "Risky Business" / "Absent Without Leave"|
|2006||The Sopranos||Herself||Episode: "Luxury Lounge"|
|2014||Family Guy||Evelyn (voice)||Episode: "Mom's the Word" (final television role)|
|1942||Johnny 2x4||Ensemble||Broadway (credited as Betty Bacall)|
|1942||Franklin Street||Unnamed teenager||Broadway|
|1970||Applause||Margo Channing||Broadway and West End|
|1977||Wonderful Town||Ruth Sherwood||Summer stock|
|1979||V.I.P. Night on Broadway||Herself||Broadway (benefit concert)|
|1981||Woman of the Year||Tess Harding||Broadway|
|1985||Sweet Bird of Youth||The Princess Kosmonopolis||West End|
|1989||The Players Club Centennial Salute||Herself||Broadway (benefit concert)|
|1995||The Visit||Claire Zachanassian||Chichester Festival|
|1996||Angela Lansbury: A Celebration||Herself||Broadway (benefit concert)|
|1999||Waiting in the Wings||Lotta Bainbridge||Broadway|
Allison Brooks Janney is an American actress. A prolific character actress, Janney has received numerous accolades, including an Academy Award, seven Primetime Emmy Awards, a BAFTA Award, a Golden Globe Award, and seven Screen Actors Guild Awards.
Jerry Wald was an American screenwriter and a producer of films and radio programs.
Mayo June Methot, also known as Mayo Methot Bogart, was an American film and theater actress. She appeared in over 30 films, as well as on Broadway. She suffered from alcoholism, the effects of which she ultimately succumbed to in 1951.
Lauren Helen Graham is an American actress and author. She is best known for her roles as Lorelai Gilmore on the television series Gilmore Girls, for which she received nominations for Screen Actors Guild, Golden Globe and Satellite Awards, and as Sarah Braverman on the NBC television drama Parenthood (2010–2015).
Bonnie Gail Franklin was an American actress, known for her leading role in the television series One Day at a Time (1975–1984). She was nominated for Emmy, Tony and Golden Globe Awards.
Lauren Ambrose is an American actress and singer.
Key Largo is a 1948 American film noir crime drama directed by John Huston and starring Humphrey Bogart, Edward G. Robinson and Lauren Bacall. The supporting cast features Lionel Barrymore and Claire Trevor. The film was adapted by Richard Brooks and Huston from Maxwell Anderson's 1939 play of the same name, which played on Broadway for 105 performances in 1939 and 1940.
Sam Prideaux Robards is an American actor, best known for his role as Henry Swinton in the film A.I. Artificial Intelligence.
Rosemary Ann Harris is an English actress. She is a 1986 American Theatre Hall of Fame inductee.
The "Hawksian woman" is, in film theory, a character archetype of the tough-talking woman, popularized in film by director Howard Hawks through his use of actresses such as Katharine Hepburn, Ann Dvorak, Rosalind Russell, Barbara Stanwyck, and Angie Dickinson. The best known Hawksian woman is probably Lauren Bacall, who iconically played the type opposite Humphrey Bogart in To Have and Have Not and The Big Sleep. The archetype was first identified by film critic Naomi Wise in 1971. Major film theorists who have studied Hawksian women are Andrew Sarris and Molly Haskell.
Viola Davis is an American actress and producer. She is the recipient of several awards, and is the first black actor to have won an Academy Award, an Emmy Award, and a Tony Award in acting, named the Triple Crown of Acting.
Marilyn Cooper was an American actress known primarily for her work on the Broadway stage.
Designing Woman is a 1957 American romantic comedy film about two young, whirlwind-romanced newlywed professionals and their misadventures in adjusting to each other's lifestyles. Vincente Minnelli directed the picture, which stars Lauren Bacall and Gregory Peck. George Wells won an Academy Award for the screenplay.
Dolores Moran was an American film actress and model.
Burton Field Brinckerhoff is an American former director, actor, and producer. He was nominated for three Primetime Emmys for his direction in the drama series Lou Grant (1977–1982), as well as a Tony Award for his performance in the play Cactus Flower (1965).
Verita Bouvaire-Thompson was an American actress turned hairdresser who reputedly had a 14-year affair with actor Humphrey Bogart.
IMDb is an online database of information related to films, television programs, home videos and video games, and internet streams, including cast, production crew and personnel biographies, plot summaries, trivia, and fan reviews and ratings. An additional fan feature, message boards, was abandoned in February 2017. Originally a fan-operated website, the database is owned and operated by IMDb.com, Inc., a subsidiary of Amazon.
Turner Classic Movies (TCM) is an American movie-oriented pay-TV network operated by Warner Bros., a subsidiary of AT&T's WarnerMedia. Launched in 1994, TCM is headquartered at Turner's Techwood broadcasting campus in the Midtown business district of Atlanta, Georgia.