Lawrence K. Karlton

Last updated
Lawrence K. Karlton
Lawrence K. Karlton.JPG
Senior Judge of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of California
In office
May 28, 2000 July 11, 2015
Chief Judge of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of California
In office
1983–1990
Preceded by Philip Charles Wilkins
Succeeded by Robert Everett Coyle
Judge of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of California
In office
July 24, 1979 May 28, 2000
Appointed by Jimmy Carter
Preceded by Thomas Jamison MacBride
Succeeded by Morrison C. England Jr.
Personal details
Born
Lawrence K. Karlton

(1935-05-28)May 28, 1935
Brooklyn, New York
DiedJuly 11, 2015(2015-07-11) (aged 80)
Sacramento, California
Education Columbia Law School (J.D.)

Lawrence K. Karlton (May 28, 1935 – July 11, 2015) was a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of California in Sacramento, California. [1]

United States federal judge position in the USA

In the United States, the title of federal judge means a judge appointed by the President of the United States and confirmed by the United States Senate pursuant to the Appointments Clause in Article II of the United States Constitution.

United States District Court for the Eastern District of California

The United States District Court for the Eastern District of California is a federal court in the Ninth Circuit.

Sacramento, California State capital and city of California, United States

Sacramento is the capital city of the U.S. state of California and the seat of Sacramento County. Located at the confluence of the Sacramento River and the American River in Northern California's Sacramento Valley, Sacramento's estimated 2018 population of 501,334 makes it the sixth-largest city in California and the ninth largest capital in the United States. Sacramento is the seat of the California Assembly, the Governor of California, and Supreme Court of California, making it the state's political center and a hub for lobbying and think tanks. Sacramento is also the cultural and economic core of the Sacramento metropolitan area, which had 2010 population of 2,414,783, making it the fifth largest in California.

Contents

Education and career

Born in Brooklyn, New York in 1935, Karlton received a Juris Doctor from Columbia Law School in 1958, at the age of 23. He was in the United States Army from 1958 to 1960, and was a Civilian legal officer at the Sacramento Army Depot from 1960 to 1962. He was in private practice in Sacramento, California from 1962 to 1976, and also litigated civil liberties cases as a volunteer lawyer for the American Civil Liberties Union. He was appointed by California Governor Jerry Brown as a judge of the Superior Court of California, where he served from 1976 to 1979. [2] [3]

Brooklyn Borough in New York City and county in New York state, United States

Brooklyn is the most populous borough of New York City, with an estimated 2,648,771 residents in 2017. Named after the Dutch village of Breukelen, it borders the borough of Queens at the western end of Long Island. Brooklyn has several bridge and tunnel connections to the borough of Manhattan across the East River, and the Verrazzano-Narrows Bridge connects it with Staten Island. Since 1896, Brooklyn has been coterminous with Kings County, the most populous county in the U.S. state of New York and the second-most densely populated county in the United States, after New York County.

New York (state) State of the United States of America

New York is a state in the Northeastern United States. New York was one of the original thirteen colonies that formed the United States. With an estimated 19.54 million residents in 2018, it is the fourth most populous state. To distinguish the state from the city with the same name, it is sometimes called New York State.

Juris Doctor The Juris Doctor degree (J.D. or JD), also known as the Doctor of Jurisprudence degree (J.D., JD, D.Jur. or DJur), is a graduate-entry professional degree in law and one of several Doctor of Law degree

The Juris Doctor degree, also known as the Doctor of Jurisprudence degree and sometimes erroneously rendered as "Juris Doctorate," is a graduate-entry professional degree in law and one of several Doctor of Law degrees. The Juris Doctor is earned by completing law school in Australia, Canada, the United States, and some other common law countries. It has the academic standing of a professional doctorate in the United States, a master's degree in Australia, and a second-entry, baccalaureate degree in Canada.

Federal judicial service

On June 5, 1979, President Jimmy Carter nominated Karlton to a seat vacated by Judge Thomas Jamison MacBride on the United States District Court for the Eastern District of California. He was confirmed by the United States Senate on July 23, 1979, and received his commission on July 24, 1979. He served as Chief Judge from 1983 to 1990, and as Chief Judge Emeritus until assuming senior status on May 28, 2000, serving in that status until his death. [3]

Jimmy Carter 39th president of the United States

James Earl Carter Jr. is an American politician and philanthropist who served as the 39th president of the United States from 1977 to 1981. A Democrat, he previously served as a Georgia State senator from 1963 to 1967 and as the 76th governor of Georgia from 1971 to 1975. Carter has remained active in public life during his post-presidency, and in 2002 he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his work in co-founding the Carter Center.

Thomas Jamison MacBride was a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Northern District of California and the United States District Court for the Eastern District of California.

United States Senate Upper house of the United States Congress

The United States Senate is the upper chamber of the United States Congress, which along with the United States House of Representatives—the lower chamber—comprises the legislature of the United States. The Senate chamber is located in the north wing of the Capitol, in Washington, D.C.

Notable cases

Karlton, along with Judges Stephen Reinhardt and Thelton Henderson, was a member of a special three-judge panel overseeing overcrowding in the California prison system. On April 5, 2013, Judge Karlton ruled in a 68-page decision against Governor Brown that, "this court finds that ongoing constitutional violations remain in this action and the prospective relief ordered by this court remains necessary to remedy those violations." [4] [5]

Stephen Reinhardt American judge

Stephen Roy Reinhardt was a United States Circuit Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit, with chambers in Los Angeles, California. He was the last federal appeals court judge in active service to have been appointed by President Jimmy Carter.

Thelton Henderson American judge

Thelton Eugene Henderson is an inactive Senior United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Northern District of California. He has played an important role in the field of civil rights as a lawyer, educator, and jurist.

On June 20, 2013 Judge Karlton, along with Reinhardt and Henderson, ordered Governor Brown to expand inmates "good-time credits" which would permit inmates to finish their prison sentences prematurely. They demanded that action be taken immediately, and that any laws that might prevent the early release of the inmates be ignored. [6] [7]

Good conduct time, good time credit, or time off for good behavior is a sentence reduction given to prisoners who maintain good behavior while imprisoned. Good time can be forfeited if a prisoner is determined to have committed disciplinary infractions and/or crimes while incarcerated.

Retirement and death

During his criminal calendar on February 25, 2014, Judge Karlton announced that he would stop hearing cases at the end of August 2014. [8] He died on July 11, 2015, in Sacramento. [9]

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References

  1. "Senior United States District Judge Lawrence K. Karlton (LKK)". United States District Court. Archived from the original on 1 October 2013. Retrieved 26 September 2013.
  2. "Senior District Court Judge Lawrence K. Karlton (LKK)". United States District Court. Retrieved 26 September 2013.
  3. 1 2 Lawrence K. Karlton at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges , a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center .
  4. http://blogs.kqed.org/newsfix/2013/04/05/judge-rules-against-calif-control-of-prison-mental-health-programs/
  5. Stanton, Sam. "Judge rejects California's bid to regain control of prisons". 2013 April 5. Sacramento Bee. Archived from the original on 1 October 2013. Retrieved 26 September 2013.
  6. St. John, Paige (20 June 2013). "Federal judges order Brown to begin releasing inmates immediately". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 3 October 2013.
  7. "Federal judges order Gov. Brown to release California inmates". Los Angeles Times. 2013-06-20. Retrieved 3 October 2013.
  8. "Judge Karlton Announces Retirement at End of August". Eastern District of California Blog. 2014-02-25. Retrieved 4 March 2014.
  9. Walsh, Denny (12 July 2015). "Judge Lawrence K. Karlton, 80, man of 'passion' on federal court bench, dies in Sacramento home" via Sacramento Bee.

Sources

Legal offices
Preceded by
Thomas Jamison MacBride
Judge of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of California
1979–2000
Succeeded by
Morrison C. England Jr.
Preceded by
Philip Charles Wilkins
Chief Judge of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of California
1983–1990
Succeeded by
Robert Everett Coyle