Lawrence Phillips

Last updated

Lawrence Phillips
Lawrence Phillips mugshot.jpg
Mugshot of Phillips after his 2005 arrest
No. 21, 33, 11, 2, 1
Position: Running back
Personal information
Born:(1975-05-12)May 12, 1975
Little Rock, Arkansas
Died:January 13, 2016(2016-01-13) (aged 40)
Kern Valley State Prison, Delano, California
Height:6 ft 0 in (1.83 m)
Weight:224 lb (102 kg)
Career information
High school: Baldwin Park (CA)
College: Nebraska
NFL Draft: 1996  / Round: 1 / Pick: 6
Career history
 * Offseason and/or practice squad member only
Career highlights and awards
Career NFL statistics
Rushing yards:1,453
Average:3.4
Touchdowns:13
Player stats at NFL.com
Player stats at PFR

Lawrence Lamond Phillips (May 12, 1975 – January 13, 2016) was a professional American football and Canadian football running back. A two-time college football national champion with the Nebraska Cornhuskers, Phillips played in the National Football League for the St. Louis Rams, Miami Dolphins, and San Francisco 49ers from 1996 through 1999, and for the Montreal Alouettes and Calgary Stampeders of the Canadian Football League in 2002 and 2003.

Contents

Phillips' career was overshadowed by his inability to stay out of trouble off the field, a trend that dated back to his collegiate days. He was arrested several times from 1995 to 2005. In 2015, Phillips was charged with the murder of his former cellmate, Damion Soward, and arguably could have faced the death penalty. [1] [2] [3] Phillips committed suicide on January 13, 2016 at Kern Valley State Prison in Delano, California, where he was serving a seven-year term for felony assault with a deadly weapon and was set to serve an additional twenty-five years once that sentence elapsed for domestic assault on his girlfriend. [4]

Early life

Phillips was born in Little Rock, Arkansas, and later moved to California, where he grew up in foster homes. He attended West Covina High School in West Covina, California for his freshman and sophomore years. He was a varsity starter both on offense as a running back and defense as an outside linebacker. He then attended Baldwin Park High School in Baldwin Park, California for his junior and senior years, and his team won a CIF championship his junior season, which attracted the attention of colleges, including the University of Nebraska.

College career

In 1993, his freshman year at Nebraska, Phillips gradually worked his way up the player ranks. He came off the bench to rush for 137 yards and a touchdown in the Huskers' 14-13 win at Pac-10 champion UCLA. In the second half of the 1994 Orange Bowl, he sparked the Huskers' ground game, carrying 13 times for 64 of the 183 rushing yards against a formidable Seminole defense. All but one of Phillips' carries came in the fourth quarter, during which he scored on a 12-yard touchdown run. This game established him as the primary running back in the Nebraska offense.

By his sophomore year, Phillips became the focal point of the offense because of injuries to quarterbacks Tommie Frazier and Brook Berringer. He tied a school record by rushing for 100 yards or more in 11 straight games in 1994 despite frequently playing against eight or nine-man defensive fronts. Against the #3 Miami Hurricanes, Phillips had 96 yards on 19 carries, including a 25-yard run that was the longest rushing play the Hurricanes had allowed all season. During the regular season, he ran for 1,722 yards, still a Nebraska record for a sophomore. Phillips' performance in the Orange Bowl that year was key to Nebraska securing its undefeated season and the national championship in 1994.

Less than two weeks after Phillips helped Nebraska win the 1994 championship, he pleaded not guilty to charges of assault, vandalism, and disturbing the peace. The charges came from a March 1994 incident, in which Phillips was accused of grabbing a 21-year-old college student "around the neck". Phillips had earlier entered into a pretrial diversion program, but was charged on November 18, 1994, after failing to complete the requirements of the program. [5]

Shortly before the start of the next season, Phillips' eligibility was in question for receiving a $100 lunch from a sports agent during the 1994 season. [6] When Nebraska officials became aware of the violation, he allegedly reimbursed the agent. The NCAA ruled him eligible just in time for the season opener, but continued to investigate other unspecified issues involving Phillips. [7]

When the 1995 season finally arrived, Phillips became an early front-runner for the Heisman Trophy. In Nebraska's second game of the season, against Michigan State—playing its first game under new coach Nick Saban—Phillips had 206 rushing yards and four touchdowns on 22 carries. After only two games, he was averaging more than 11 yards per carry and had scored six touchdowns.

Hours after the team returned from East Lansing on September 10, 1995, Phillips broke into backup quarterback Scott Frost's apartment by climbing the outside of the building to the third floor and entering through some sliding doors. He then assaulted his ex-girlfriend, basketball player Kate McEwen. Phillips dragged McEwen out of the apartment by the hair and down three flights of stairs before smashing her head into a mailbox. Phillips was subsequently arrested, and eventually suspended by head coach Tom Osborne. The case became a source of controversy and media attention, with the perception that Frost had not even tried to protect McEwen and that Osborne was coddling a star player by not kicking Phillips off the team permanently. Osborne walked out on a press conference when asked, "If one of your players had roughed up a member of your family and had dragged her down a flight of steps, would you have reinstated that player to the team?" [8] Outraged Nebraska faculty proposed that any student convicted of a violent crime be prohibited from representing the university on the football field. [9] Osborne defended the decision, saying that abandoning Phillips might do more harm than good, stating the best way to help Phillips was within the structured environment of the football program. Osborne stated, "I felt the only thing I could put in a place that would keep him on track was football, because that was probably the only consistent organizing factor in his life." [10] After a six-game suspension, Osborne reinstated Phillips for the Iowa State game, [11] although touted freshman Ahman Green continued to start. Phillips also played against Kansas and Oklahoma.

Despite pressure from the national media, Osborne named Phillips the starter for the Fiesta Bowl, which pitted No. 1 Nebraska against No. 2 Florida for the national championship. In the game, Phillips rushed for 165 yards and two touchdowns on 25 carries and scored a touchdown on a 16-yard reception in the Cornhuskers' 62–24 victory. The performance boosted Phillips' draft stock. With Osborne's encouragement, he decided to turn pro a year early. [12]

Phillips' stats with the Nebraska Cornhuskers
RushingReceiving
YEARATTYDSAVGLNGTDNO.YDSAVGLNGTD
1993 1055725.4465263.050
1994 3051,8266.07416261857.1270
1995 967127.480115306.0161
Totals5063,1026.18033332217.0271

Notes - Statistics include bowl game performances.

Professional football career

NFL Draft

At the 1996 NFL Draft, teams had to decide if Phillips' talent was worth the risk, considering his character issues. Based solely on football talent, he was considered a top five, perhaps even number one pick. [13] He was widely expected to be selected by the new Baltimore Ravens with the fourth pick to fill their vacant running back position. [14] However, Baltimore decided to select the best available player regardless of position, and with the fourth pick they selected offensive tackle (and future Hall of Famer) Jonathan Ogden. During the draft, ESPN analyst Joe Theismann stated in regard to Phillips: "Everybody's called him the best player in the draft." [15]

St. Louis Rams

Phillips was drafted sixth overall by the St. Louis Rams. The Rams thought so highly of Phillips that on the same day of the draft, they traded his predecessor, Jerome Bettis, to the Pittsburgh Steelers. [16] On July 29, 1996, Phillips signed a three-year, $5.625-million contract. He received no signing bonus, but his salaries were $1.5 million in 1996, $1.875 million in 1997 and $2.25 million in 1998. Also, he had a chance to receive some guaranteed money in the future if he met certain conditions. [17] The chaos he created at Nebraska continued in St. Louis; in less than two years with the Rams, he spent 23 days in jail. [18]

In 1996, Phillips had played 15 games with 11 starts. He carried the ball 193 times for 632 yards for 4 touchdowns. In 1997, Phillips surpassed his entire 1996 total in only 10 games and nine starts, rushing for 634 yards. However, on November 20, the Rams abruptly released him. According to reports at the time, Rams team officials told the press that coach Dick Vermeil had told Phillips that he was being demoted to second string due to his inconsistent performance and inability to stay out of trouble. Phillips stormed out of the Rams' facility and missed that day's meeting and practice. The Rams lost patience with him and decided to cut ties with him. [19] A teary-eyed Vermeil at the time called Phillips potentially the best running back he had ever coached. [20] In the 2016 documentary Running For His Life: the Lawrence Phillips Story, Vermeil revealed that Phillips collapsed on the field during pre-game warmup for his 10th (and final) game with the 1996 Rams. Trainers revealed that he had alcohol on his breath, and told Vermeil that they'd smelled alcohol on his breath on a number of previous occasions. He'd been known to stay in bars until 4 a.m. on the night before games. The following Monday, Vermeil called Phillips into his office and told him that he was cutting him. While Vermeil was known for having little tolerance for off-the-field misconduct, he knew Phillips was a talented player and gave him numerous chances to stay on the straight path. He did say, though, that if given the chance to do it over again, he would have kept Phillips on the roster. [21] [22] In that same film, Vermeil revealed that he reached out to a friend, Miami Dolphins head coach Jimmy Johnson, to give Phillips a chance with the Dolphins.

Miami Dolphins

Phillips lasted two games in Miami, rushing for 44 yards on 18 carries for a 2.4 yard-per-carry average. The Dolphins released him after he pleaded no contest to assaulting a woman in a Plantation, Florida nightclub. [18]

NFL Europe

Phillips missed the 1998 season before attempting a comeback in 1999; he set NFL Europe offensive records with the Barcelona Dragons (1,021 yards and 14 touchdowns) and attracted interest from several NFL teams.

San Francisco 49ers

Phillips returned stateside with the San Francisco 49ers in the fall of 1999. The 49ers interviewed him several times before seemingly being assured that he had put his past difficulties behind him, though general manager Bill Walsh told him that the 49ers would not hesitate to cut him if he stepped out of line. He was in contention for the starting job before pulling a hamstring in training camp. Additionally, his blocking left much to be desired. He was beaten out for the starting slot by Charlie Garner. [18] He did, however, become the 49ers' primary kick returner. [23]

Although Phillips stayed out of trouble off the field, his on-field performance was of greater concern to the 49ers. His blocking skills were so suspect that he was almost never in the game on passing downs. [18] Their concerns were validated during Week 3's Monday Night Football game against the Arizona Cardinals, when cornerback Aeneas Williams rushed in on a blitz and Phillips failed to pick it up. Williams ended up knocking Steve Young unconscious on the play with a hard, but clean, hit. Young suffered what would prove to be a career-ending concussion; he did not play again for the rest of the season and was all but forced to retire. In the same game, Phillips ran for a 68-yard touchdown to put the game away 24–10, outrunning Williams to the end zone. Nonetheless, his missed block on Williams led the 49ers to question his work ethic. [24]

By November, the 49ers had lost patience with Phillips. According to coach Steve Mariucci, Phillips had actually begun losing interest early in the season, to the point that he was finding "reasons and ways why he shouldn't practice." However, the situation came to a head in the run-up to the 49ers' game against the New Orleans Saints. Phillips refused to practice at all on November 10 and 12, and openly mocked coaching directives. Mariucci called a meeting with his staff, at which Phillips' position coach, Tom Rathman, threatened to stay in San Francisco if Phillips made the trip. That night, the 49ers handed Phillips a three-game suspension for conduct detrimental to the team. [23] [24] [25]

Walsh said soon after Phillips was suspended that he could not envision Phillips playing another down for the 49ers. On November 16, Mariucci announced that the 49ers would cut ties with Phillips at the first opportunity. [25] In making the announcement, Mariucci said that the only reason the 49ers did not release Phillips right away was that his entire signing bonus would have counted against the team's salary cap for 1999, thus tying up nearly all of their cap room. [23] Finally, on November 23, 1999, the 49ers waived him. [25]

AFL and CFL

In 2001, Phillips signed with the Florida Bobcats of the Arena Football League. However, before playing a down for them, he was released after leaving the team without telling his coach.

Phillips then moved on to the Canadian Football League. He had some difficulty getting a Canadian work visa due to his criminal record, but was eventually cleared to join the Montreal Alouettes. He showed signs of his old form, notching 1,022 yards, 13 touchdowns and a spot on the CFL Eastern All-Star Team while helping lead them to the 90th Grey Cup. [26] However, he showed signs of lapsing into his old habits off the field. He walked out on the team at least once during the season, and his agent severed ties with him twice. [27]

Phillips briefly held out of training camp before the 2003 season due to a salary dispute. On May 1, shortly after his return, the Alouettes released him for not meeting the team's "minimum behavioural standards." It later emerged that he'd been charged with sexual assault. Phillips signed with the Calgary Stampeders (rushing for 486 yards on 107 carries and 1 touchdown), but was again released, for arguing with head coach Jim Barker. [26]

Career statistics

GeneralRushingReceiving
YearTeamLeagueGPAttYdsAvgLngTDRecYdsAvgLngTD
1996 STL NFL 151936323.33848283.5111
1997 STL NFL 101836333.528810333.3170
MIA NFL 218442.48016660
1999 BAR NFLE 101941,0215.314252479.90
1999 SF NFL 8301444.86821515210.1470
2002 MON CFL 151871,0225.55113332928.8300
2003 CAL CFL 81074864.528113927.1250
Career689123,9824.468421058508.1471

On August 21, 2005, Phillips was arrested for assault after driving a car into three teenagers following a dispute with them during a pick-up football game in Los Angeles, California. At the time of the arrest, Phillips was also wanted by the San Diego Police Department in connection with two alleged domestic-abuse incidents involving a former girlfriend, [1] who claimed that Phillips had choked her to the point of unconsciousness. In addition, the Los Angeles Police Department was seeking Phillips in connection with another allegation of domestic abuse that had occurred in Los Angeles. In March 2006, Phillips was ordered to stand trial on charges of felony assault with a deadly weapon stemming from the August 21, 2005, incident. On October 10, 2006, he was found guilty on seven counts. On October 3, 2008, he was sentenced to 10 years in a California state prison. [28]

While serving that sentence, Phillips was convicted in August 2009 for the assault on his former girlfriend Amaliya Weisler [29] on seven counts, including assault with great bodily injury, false imprisonment, making a criminal threat, and auto theft. [30] On December 18, 2009, Phillips was sentenced to 25 years in prison on the 2009 convictions, to run consecutive to the 2008 sentence (which was reduced to just under 7 years) for a term of 31 years. [1] [31]

Phillips was admitted to the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation on October 16, 2008, and incarcerated at Kern Valley State Prison. [32] Under California law, since his crimes harmed other persons, he was required to serve at least 85 percent of his sentence before becoming eligible for time off.

On April 12, 2015, Phillips' cellmate, Damion Soward, [33] the cousin of former NFL wide receiver R. Jay Soward, was found dead in the cell the two men shared. Soward, who was serving a sentence of 82 years to life for a murder conviction, [34] was choked to death, and Phillips was regarded as the prime suspect in the case.

On September 1, 2015, Phillips was charged with first-degree murder in Soward's death. [35] On November 9, 2015, the prosecutor was granted a motion to reconsider whether to seek the death penalty. [36]

Phillips was awaiting trial in segregated custody when he was found unresponsive in his cell by correctional officers around midnight on January 12, 2016, and pronounced dead at 1:30 a.m., in what is suspected as a suicide. The day before, a judge had ruled that there was enough evidence to bind Phillips over for trial in the murder of Soward. [37] [38]

On January 15, 2016, it was announced that Phillips' family had agreed to donate his brain to be examined for chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) at Boston University. [39]

A coroner determined that Phillips hanged himself in prison. He had a "Do Not Resuscitate" note taped to his chest. [40]

Phillips' funeral was held on January 23, 2016 at Christ's Church of the Valley in San Dimas, California. He was buried two days later at the Inglewood Park Cemetery in Inglewood, California.

Related Research Articles

San Francisco 49ers National Football League franchise in Santa Clara, California

The San Francisco 49ers are a professional American football team based in the San Francisco Bay Area. They compete in the National Football League (NFL) as a member of the league's National Football Conference (NFC) West division. The team plays its home games at Levi's Stadium in Santa Clara, California, located 38 miles (61 km) southeast of San Francisco in the heart of Silicon Valley. Since 1988, the 49ers have been headquartered in Santa Clara.

Super Bowl XXIV

Super Bowl XXIV was an American football game between the National Football Conference (NFC) champion San Francisco 49ers and the American Football Conference (AFC) champion Denver Broncos to decide the National Football League (NFL) champion for the 1989 season. The game was played on January 28, 1990, at the Louisiana Superdome in New Orleans, Louisiana. The 49ers defeated the Broncos by the score of 55–10, winning their second consecutive Super Bowl, and then-tying the Pittsburgh Steelers with four Super Bowl victories. San Francisco also became the first team to win back-to-back Super Bowls with two different head coaches; rookie head coach George Seifert took over after Bill Walsh retired following the previous season's Super Bowl.

Steve Young American football quarterback

Jon Steven Young is a former professional American football quarterback who played in the National Football League (NFL) for 15 seasons, primarily with the San Francisco 49ers. He also played for the Tampa Bay Buccaneers. Prior to his NFL career, he was a member of the Los Angeles Express in the United States Football League (USFL) for two seasons. Young played college football for Brigham Young University (BYU), setting school and NCAA records en route to being runner-up for the 1983 Heisman Trophy.

Roger Craig (American football)

Roger Timothy Craig is an American former football player who was a running back in the National Football League (NFL). He played for the San Francisco 49ers, Los Angeles Raiders and Minnesota Vikings. Craig went to four Pro Bowls and won three Super Bowls with the 49ers. Craig was the first NFL player to have 1,000 yards rushing and receiving in the same season. Marshall Faulk and Christian McCaffrey are the only other players to have accomplished that feat. He currently works as the VP of Business Development at TIBCO Software.

Steven Jackson American football running back

Steven Rashad Jackson is an American former professional football player who was a running back in the National Football League (NFL). He played college football for the Oregon State Beavers and was drafted by the St. Louis Rams in the first round with the 24th overall selection in the 2004 NFL Draft. He also played for the Atlanta Falcons and New England Patriots.

Frank Gore American football running back

Franklin Delano "Frank" Gore is an American football running back for the New York Jets of the National Football League (NFL). He played college football for the University of Miami and was drafted by the San Francisco 49ers in the third round of the 2005 NFL Draft. He played with the 49ers until 2014 and is their all-time leader in rushing yards.

History of the St. Louis Rams

The professional American football team now known as the Los Angeles Rams played in St. Louis, Missouri, as the St. Louis Rams from 1995 until the end of the 2015 season, before relocating back to Los Angeles where the team played from the 1946 season to the 1994 season.

1984 Los Angeles Rams season

The 1984 Los Angeles Rams season was the franchise's 47th season in the National Football League, their 48th overall, and their 39th in the Greater Los Angeles Area. The Rams looked to improve on their 9–7 record from 1983 and make the playoffs for the second consecutive season and 10th in the last 12. They improved on their record by one game, going 10–6, good enough for second place in the NFC West behind the 15–1 San Francisco 49ers. In the playoffs, the Rams lost a low-scoring game to the New York Giants at home, 16–13. During this season, second-year running back Eric Dickerson set the NFL record for most rushing yards in a season, with 2,105 yards.

Colin Kaepernick American football quarterback and civil rights activist

Colin Rand Kaepernick is an American civil rights activist and football quarterback who is a free agent. He played six seasons for the San Francisco 49ers in the National Football League (NFL). As a political activist, he knelt during the national anthem at the start of NFL games in protest of police brutality and racial inequality in the United States.

Tim Hightower American football running back

Timothy Michael Hightower is a former American football running back and current executive with the Washington Football Team. He played college football at the University of Richmond and was drafted by the Arizona Cardinals in the fifth round of the 2008 NFL Draft. He also played for the Washington Redskins, New Orleans Saints, Florida Blacktips, New Orleans Saints, and San Francisco 49ers. In 2020, he was named a director of alumni relations for the Washington Football Team.

Tavon Austin American football wide receiver and kick returner

Tavon Wesley Austin is an American football wide receiver for the Green Bay Packers of the National Football League (NFL). He played college football at West Virginia where he received All-American honors twice. He was drafted by the St. Louis Rams in the first round of the 2013 NFL Draft.

Todd Gurley American football running back

Todd Jerome Gurley II is an American football running back for the Atlanta Falcons of the National Football League (NFL). He played college football at Georgia, where he earned All-SEC honors in 2012 and 2013. Gurley was drafted by the St. Louis Rams with the tenth overall pick in the 2015 NFL Draft. Despite missing three games due to a torn ACL suffered during his final year at Georgia, Gurley rushed for 1,106 yards in his rookie season and was voted AP NFL Offensive Rookie of the Year. He was also named AP NFL Offensive Player of the Year following the 2017 season after scoring 19 offensive touchdowns.

Carlos Hyde American football running back

Carlos Dawon Hyde is an American football running back for the Seattle Seahawks of the National Football League (NFL). He played college football at Ohio State University and was drafted by the San Francisco 49ers in the second round of the 2014 NFL Draft.

Jimmy Garoppolo American football quarterback

James Richard Garoppolo is an American football quarterback for the San Francisco 49ers of the National Football League (NFL). A native of Illinois, he played college football at Eastern Illinois. As a senior in 2013, Garoppolo broke Tony Romo's school records for career passing touchdowns, career passing yards, and passing touchdowns in a season. That season, he also won the Walter Payton Award as the best offensive player in the Football Championship Subdivision (FCS).

Tevin Coleman American football running back

Tevin Ford Coleman is an American football running back for the San Francisco 49ers of the National Football League (NFL). He was drafted by the Atlanta Falcons in the third round of the 2015 NFL Draft. He played college football at Indiana, where he was a unanimous All-American.

David Johnson (running back) American football running back

David Jerome Johnson Sr. is an American football running back for the Houston Texans of the National Football League (NFL). He was drafted by the Arizona Cardinals in the third round of the 2015 NFL Draft. He played college football at Northern Iowa.

C. J. Beathard American football quarterback

Casey Jarrett Beathard is an American football quarterback for the San Francisco 49ers of the National Football League (NFL). He played college football at the University of Iowa, and was drafted in the third round of the 2017 NFL Draft by the 49ers.

Tyler Higbee American football tight end

Tyler Higbee is an American football tight end for the Los Angeles Rams of the National Football League (NFL). He played college football at Western Kentucky University and was drafted by the Rams in the fourth round of the 2016 NFL Draft.

Matt Breida American football running back

Matthew John Breida is an American football running back for the Miami Dolphins of the National Football League (NFL). He played college football at Georgia Southern and signed with the 49ers as an undrafted free agent in 2017.

Jerome Bettis trade

The Jerome Bettis trade was a trade between the Pittsburgh Steelers and the then-St. Louis Rams of the National Football League. The trade occurred on April 20th, 1996, the same day as the first day of the 1996 NFL Draft, as the Rams were trying to transition to more of a passing offense and felt that running back Jerome Bettis was already on the downside of his career while also feeling that Nebraska running back Lawrence Phillips would be a better fit for their offense. Bettis would be traded, along with the Rams' third round pick in 1996, to the Steelers in exchange for their second round pick in 1996 and their fourth round picks in the 1997 NFL Draft.

References

  1. 1 2 3 "Ex-running back Lawrence Phillips sentenced to 31 years for assault". ESPN. December 18, 2009. Retrieved July 8, 2014. 31 years in prison for attacking his girlfriend and driving his car into three teens
  2. "Phillips couldn't outrun off-the-field troubles". ESPN.com. Retrieved January 13, 2016.
  3. Ron Clements. "Prosecutors will not seek death penalty in Lawrence Phillips murder case". Sporting News. Retrieved January 13, 2016.
  4. USA Today. "Lawrence Phillips' death ruled a suicide". usatoday.com. Retrieved February 17, 2016.
  5. "Husker Pleads Not Guilty". The New York Times. January 12, 1995. Retrieved January 13, 2016.
  6. "But Is Phillips Still Eligible?". The New York Times . August 27, 1995. Retrieved January 14, 2016.
  7. "Nebraska's Phillips Can Play". The New York Times. August 30, 1995. Retrieved January 13, 2016.
  8. Touchy Touchy, Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, November 1, 1995, pg 15
  9. An End-Around Attack, Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, October 30, 1995, pg 24
  10. "Tom Osborne remembers Lawrence Phillips: He wasn't evil".
  11. Huskers Phillips in Limbo, Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, November 3, 1995, pg 22
  12. "Osborne Advises Phillips To Enter Draft".
  13. "Teams facing tough call on RB Phillips in draft".
  14. "Lawrence Phillips' death conjures up memories of Newsome's big decision. - Baltimore Sun". baltimoresun.com. January 13, 2016. Retrieved January 13, 2016.
  15. YouTube . Retrieved January 13, 2016.
  16. "Top 15 trades in NFL history". NFL.com. Retrieved January 28, 2016.
  17. AP (7-30-1996). "Phillips Agrees To Deal With Rams". Seattle Times. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
  18. 1 2 3 4 "49ers suspend Lawrence Phillips". Associated Press via Augusta Chronicle , November 13, 1999.
  19. Freeman, Mike. "Pro Football: Phillips Let Go After Troubling Signs". New York Times . November 21, 1997.
  20. Anderson, Lars. "For Lawrence Phillips, a Dead Cellmate and Another Day of Reckoning". May 14, 2015.
  21. Ross Greenburg (Executive Producer, Director), Al Briganti (Producer) (December 16, 2016). Running For His Life: The Lawrence Phillips Story (Documentary). United States: Showtime.
  22. Cox, Courtney (December 16, 2016). "'Running For His Life: The Lawrence Phillips Story' Documentary to Premiere Friday on Showtime". New England Sports Network . Retrieved December 17, 2016.
  23. 1 2 3 Swan, Gary. "49ers Notebook: Phillips release a cap concern". San Francisco Chronicle . November 16, 1999.
  24. 1 2 "49ers Suspend Phillips and Plan to Waive Him". New York Times. November 16, 1999.
  25. 1 2 3 "Bye-bye to the Bay Area". Associated Press via CNN, November 23, 1999.
  26. 1 2 "Lawrence Phillips convicted of assault". CBC News, October 10, 2006.
  27. Phillips' agent again severs ties. New York Times. August 21, 2002.
  28. "Coroner's report reveals contents of Lawrence Phillips' suicide note".
  29. "Lawrence Phillips sentenced to 31 years". Del Mar Times. Retrieved January 13, 2016.
  30. "Amaliya Weisler Phillips' Girlfriend in 2005 Assault". Retrieved from FabWags.
  31. "Ex-NFL Player Sentenced to 31 Years in Prison for Assault". Associated Press. December 20, 2009. Retrieved from Fox News.
  32. California Department of Corrections. Inmate Locator. Retrieved on January 29, 2011. "Phillips, Lawrence Lamond G31982 35 10/16/2008 Lancaster."
  33. "Lawrence Phillips hinted at murder a month before cellmate found dead". USA Today Sports. April 13, 2015. Retrieved September 12, 2015.
  34. "NEx-NFL Running Back Suspected of Killing Prison Cellmate". ABC News/Associated Press. April 13, 2015. Retrieved April 13, 2015.
  35. Kotowski, Jason (September 1, 2015). "Former NFL player Lawrence Phillips charged with murder". The Bakersfield Californian . Retrieved September 2, 2015.
  36. "Lawrence Phillips could face death penalty in cellmate murder case". USA TODAY. November 9, 2015. Retrieved January 13, 2016.
  37. "Lawrence Phillips found dead in prison at age 40". USA TODAY. Retrieved January 13, 2016.
  38. "Troubled ex-NFL star Lawrence Phillips dies in prison". BBC News. January 1, 1970. Retrieved January 14, 2016.
  39. "Lawrence Phillips' family agrees to donate brain for CTE study".
  40. "Lawrence Phillips hanged himself, had 'Do Not Resuscitate' note".