Front page of 22 November 2015
|Owner(s)||Groupe Figaro (Dassault Group)|
|Founded||15 January 1826|
|Circulation||313 541 (Print, 2018) |
84,000 (Digital, 2018)
Le Figaro (French pronunciation: [lə fiɡaʁo] ) is a French daily morning newspaper founded in 1826 and published in Paris. Le Figaro is the oldest national daily in France and is one of the three French newspapers of record, along with Le Monde and Libération .
With its center-right editorial line, Le Figaro is the largest national newspaper in France, ahead of Le Parisien and Le Monde . In 2019, the paper had an average circulation of 321 116 copies per issue.The paper is published in the berliner format.
The newspaper has been owned by Dassault Group since 2004. Other Groupe Figaro publications include TV Magazine and Evene.
Le Figaro was founded as a satirical weekly in 1826,taking its name and motto from Le Mariage de Figaro , the 1778 play by Pierre Beaumarchais that poked fun at privilege. Its motto, from Figaro's monologue in the play's final act, is "Sans la liberté de blâmer, il n'est point d'éloge flatteur" ("Without the freedom to criticise, there is no true praise"). In 1833, editor Nestor Roqueplan fought a duel with a Colonel Gallois, who was offended by an article in Le Figaro, and was wounded but recovered. Albert Wolff, Émile Zola, Alphonse Karr, Théophile Gautier, and Jules Claretie were among the paper's early contributors. It was published somewhat irregularly until 1854, when it was taken over by Hippolyte de Villemessant.
In 1866, Le Figaro became a daily newspaper.Its first daily edition, that of 16 November 1866, sold 56,000 copies, having highest circulation of any newspaper in France. Its editorial line was royalist. Pauline Savari was among the contributors to the paper at this time.
On 16 March 1914, Gaston Calmette, the editor of Le Figaro, was assassinated by Henriette Caillaux, the wife of Finance Minister Joseph Caillaux, after he published a letter that cast serious doubt on her husband's integrity.In 1922, Le Figaro was purchased by perfume millionaire François Coty. Abel Faivre did cartoons for the paper. Coty enraged many in March 1929 when he renamed the paper simply Figaro, which it remained until 1933.
By the start of World War II, Le Figaro had become France's leading newspaper. After the war, it became the voice of the upper middle class, and continues to maintain a conservative position.
In 1975, Le Figaro was bought by Robert Hersant's Socpresse. In 1999, the Carlyle Group obtained a 40% stake in the paper, which it later sold in March 2002. Since March 2004, Le Figaro has been controlled by Serge Dassault,a conservative businessman and politician best known for running the aircraft manufacturer Dassault Aviation, which he inherited from his father, its founder, Marcel Dassault (1892–1986). Dassault owns 80% of the paper, by way of its media subsidiary Groupe Figaro.
In 2006, Le Figaro was banned in Egypt and Tunisia for publishing articles allegedly insulting Islam.
Le Figaro switched to Berliner format in 2009.The paper has published The New York Times International Weekly on Friday since 2009, an 8-page supplement featuring a selection of articles from The New York Times translated into French. In 2010, Lefigaro.fr created a section called Le Figaro in English, which provides the global English-speaking community with daily original or translated content from Le Figaro’s website. The section ended in 2012.
Le Figaro has traditionally held a conservative editorial stance, becoming the voice of the French upper and middle classes.More recently, the newspaper's political stance has become more centrist.
The newspaper's ownership by Serge Dassault has been a source of controversy in terms of conflict-of-interest, as Dassault also owns a major military supplier and has served in political positions from the Union for a Popular Movement party. His son Olivier Dassault is a member of the French National Assembly.Dassault has remarked in an interview in 2004 on the public radio station France Inter that "newspapers must promulgate healthy ideas" and that "left-wing ideas are not healthy ideas."
In February 2012, a general assembly of the newspaper's journalists adopted a motion accusing the paper's managing editor, Étienne Mougeotte, of having made Le Figaro into the "bulletin" of the governing party, the Union for a Popular Movement, of the government and of President Nicolas Sarkozy. They requested more pluralism and "honesty" and accused the paper of one-sided political reporting. Mougeotte had previously said that Le Figaro would do nothing to embarrass the government and the right.Mougeotte publicly replied: "Our editorial line pleases our readers as it is, it works. I don't see why I should change it. [...] We are a right-wing newspaper and we express it clearly, by the way. Our readers know it, our journalists too. There's nothing new to that!"
In the period of 1995–96, the paper had a circulation of 391,533 copies, behind Le Parisien 's 451,159 copies.
Le Monde is a French daily afternoon newspaper. It is the main publication of Le Monde Group and reported an average circulation of 323,039 copies per issue in 2009, about 40,000 of which were sold abroad. It has had its own website since 19 December 1995, and is often the only French newspaper easily obtainable in non-French-speaking countries. It is considered one of the French newspapers of record, along with Libération, and Le Figaro. It should not be confused with the monthly publication Le Monde diplomatique, of which Le Monde has 51% ownership, but which is editorially independent.
Le Monde diplomatique is a monthly newspaper offering analysis and opinion on politics, culture, and current affairs.
Libération, popularly known as Libé, is a daily newspaper in France, founded in Paris by Jean-Paul Sartre and Serge July in 1973 in the wake of the protest movements of May 1968.
Joseph-Marie–Auguste Caillaux was a French politician of the Third Republic. He was a leader of the French Radical party and minister of finance, but his progressive views in opposition to the military alienated him from conservative elements. He was accused of corruption, but was cleared by a parliamentary commission. This political weakness strengthened the right wing elements in the radical party.
L'Obs, previously known as Le Nouvel Observateur (1964–2014), is a weekly French language news magazine. Based in the 2nd arrondissement of Paris, it is the most prominent French general information magazine in terms of audience and circulation. Its current editor is Dominique Nora.
A newspaper of record is a major newspaper with large circulation whose editorial and news-gathering functions are considered authoritative. It may also refer to a newspaper that has been authorised, or maintained by a government, to publish public or legal notices, thus serving as a newspaper of public record.
Ouest-France is a daily French newspaper known for its emphasis on both local and national news. The paper is produced in 47 different editions covering events in different French départments within the régions of Brittany, Lower Normandy and Pays de la Loire. Its readership has been unaffected by the decline of newspaper reading in France, unlike most other dailies.
Le Temps is a Swiss French-language daily newspaper published in Berliner format in Lausanne by Le Temps SA.
Le Matin de Paris was a French daily newspaper, founded on 1 March 1977 by Claude Perdriel, and disappearing in 1987. Its foundation is the subject of the documentary Numéros zéro by Raymond Depardon.
Sud Ouest is a daily French newspaper, the third largest regional daily in France in terms of circulation. It was created in Bordeaux, on August 29, 1944, by Jacques Lemoine, as a successor to La Petite Gironde. In 1949, the Sunday edition, Sud Ouest Dimanche was launched. Sud Ouest covers the Gironde, the Charente, the Charente-Maritime, the Dordogne, the Pyrénées Atlantiques and the Lot et Garonne départements. It is owned by the Groupe Sud Ouest, which was directed by Jacques Lemoine from 1944 to 1968, and by his son Jean-François Lemoine from 1968 to 2001. The president of the group since February 2008 has been Pierre Jeantet. 80% of the group belongs to the Lemoine family, 10% to the journalists, and the remaining 10% to the staff. The paper circulation is around 300,000 copies.
Valeurs actuelles is a French right-wing weekly news magazine published in Paris.
Amusement is a quarterly high-range French magazine dedicated to video games and digital entertainment. Its first issue was published in May 2008. This magazine of approximately 200 pages is distributed in France and in many English-speaking countries.The magazine has been mainly lauded for the very new and artistic way to represent digital entertainment and videogames. It has been founded by Abdel Bounane and Jean-Baptiste Soufron.
Érik Izraelewicz was a French journalist and author, specialised in economics and finance. From February 2011 he was director and editorial executive of the daily Le Monde, after having held the same position at the financial daily newspapers Les Echos and La Tribune.
Amaury de Chaunac-Lanzac, better known as François d'Orcival, is a French conservative journalist and essayist. He is the president of the editorial committee at Valeurs Actuelles and sits on the board of directors of the publisher Valmonde.
Odile Benyahia-Kouider is a journalist and author. Currently she is one of the main contributors of the French weekly Le Nouvel Observateur.
Presse quotidienne nationale française is a group of eighteen paid-for French daily newspapers, of which six have circulations in excess of 100,000, and four free newspapers, which have a much larger circulation: not only is the paid-for press more expensive, but there are fewer outlets from which to buy newspapers. In recent years many newsstands and newsagents in Paris that sold newspapers have closed, and customers would need to travel far to get some titles.
Le Figaro Magazine is a French language weekly news magazine published in Paris, France. The magazine is the weekly supplement of the daily newspaper Le Figaro.
Ariane Chemin, born in 1962, is a French journalist and writer.
CNews is a free French daily newspaper. Launched in Île-de-France on February 6, 2007, it was also known as MatinPlus, Direct Matin Plus, Direct Matin, CNews Matin, and CNews. It is owned by Bolloré, principally held by Vincent Bolloré.
Groupe Figaro is a French media conglomerate owned by Dassault Group. The company contains some of the core assets of the now extinguished Socpresse that Dassault purchased in 2006. Dassault renamed its press holdings as "Groupe Figaro" in 2011.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Le Figaro .|