Le Vernet, Alpes-de-Haute-Provence

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Le Vernet
Le Vernet, eglise Sainte-Marthe.JPG
The church of Sainte-Marthe, in Le Vernet
Blason Le Vernet.svg
Coat of arms
Location of Le Vernet
Le Vernet, Alpes-de-Haute-Provence
France location map-Regions and departements-2016.svg
Red pog.svg
Le Vernet
Provence-Alpes-Cote d'azur region location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Le Vernet
Coordinates: 44°16′37″N6°23′29″E / 44.2769°N 6.3914°E / 44.2769; 6.3914 Coordinates: 44°16′37″N6°23′29″E / 44.2769°N 6.3914°E / 44.2769; 6.3914
Country France
Region Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
Department Alpes-de-Haute-Provence
Arrondissement Digne-les-Bains
Canton Seyne
Government
  Mayor (20202026) François Balique [1]
Area
1
23.05 km2 (8.90 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2018) [2]
127
  Density5.5/km2 (14/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
04237 /04140
Elevation1,153–2,642 m (3,783–8,668 ft)
(avg. 1,200 m or 3,900 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Le Vernet is a commune in the Alpes-de-Haute-Provence department, and in the region of Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, in southeastern France.

Contents

The name of its inhabitants is Vernetois [3] or Vernetiers.

Geography

Le Vernet and neighbouring communes Map commune FR insee code 04237.png
Le Vernet and neighbouring communes

The village of Le Vernet is located in the Bès  [ fr ] Valley at 1,200 metres (3,900 ft) altitude. [4] Its population does not exceed 100 permanent residents, but it is often more than doubled each summer and winter, when the municipality becomes the place of departure for sightseeing excursions, particularly in the Blanche  [ fr ] Valley, and a place of departure for the nearby ski stations (Grand-Puy, Saint-Jean-Montclar  [ fr ] and Chabanon).

The municipality has two main villages, Haut-Vernet, perched high and Bas-Vernet below.

Geology

During the two last major glaciations, the Riss glaciation and the Würm glaciation, a glacier was present in the upper part of the Riou de la Montagne Valley. During the Riss glaciation, a diffluence  [ de ] of the Blanche glacier crossed the Col de Maure and reached approximately to the location of the village of the current Bas-Vernet. The diffluence was reproduced during the Würm period, but did not reach the territory of Vernet. [5]

Relief

The Pic des Têtes, at 2,642 metres (8,668 ft), is located within the territory of the commune, as well as the Col du Labouret  [ fr ], in the Massif des Trois-Évêchés.

Environment

The commune comprises 689 hectares (1,700 acres) of woods and forests. [3]

Transport

The steel-decked bridge across the Bes Le Vernet, pont sur le Bes.JPG
The steel-decked bridge across the Bès

Natural and technological hazards

None of the 200 communes of the Department is in the zero seismic risk zone. The Canton of Seyne, to which Le Vernet belongs, is in zone 1b (low seismicity) determined by the 1991 classification, based on the historical earthquakes, [6] and in zone 4 (medium risk) according to the probabilistic classification EC8 of 2011. [7] The municipality of Le Vernet is also exposed to four other natural hazards: [7]

The commune of Le Vernet is more exposed to a risk of technological origin, that of transport of dangerous goods by road. [8] The departmentale  [ fr ] RD 900 (the former Route nationale 100  [ fr ]) can be used for the road transport of dangerous goods. [9]

A predictable natural risk prevention plan  [ fr ] (PPR) doesn't exist for the commune [8] and DICRIM  [ fr ] does not exist either. [10]

History remembers two earthquakes to have been strongly felt in the town. They exceeded a macro-seismic intensity level V on the MSK scale (sleepers awake, falling objects). The specified intensities are those felt in the town, the intensity can be stronger at the epicentre: [11]

Toponymy

According to the Fénie couple, the name of Le Vernet refers to alder. [14]

History

During antiquity, the Bodiontiques (Bodiontici) lived in the Bléone Valley, and were therefore the Gallic people who lived in the current municipality of Vernet. The Bodiontiques, who were defeated by Augustus at the same time as other peoples present on the Tropaeum Alpium (before 14 BC), are attached to the province of Alpes Maritimae at its inception. [15]

The town appears for the first time in charters in the 11th century. [16] The Priory of Saint-Clément was under the Abbey of Saint-Victor in Marseille, via the Priory of Chaudol (now in La Javie). [17] The priory decided the questes and the taille, the lord decided the cavalcade and the albergue. [17] The Comte of Provence Ramon Berenguer IV granted to the community, who reported to the Bailli of Seyne, a consulate  [ fr ] in the 13th century. [16]

In the Middle Ages, the great road of Digne to Seyne passed, descending from the Col du Labouret, by Haut-Vernet, without following the Bès Valley. [17]

In 1602, the trial exploitation of a vein of copper was cut short, the deposit actually being very poor. As early as 1604, the owners couldn't pay the workers, some were sent to Villevieille and Verdaches. These mines were given a new concession in 1614, without which their operation would never have restarted. [18]

During the French Revolution, the town had a patriotic society  [ fr ], created after the end of 1792. [19]

As with many communes of the Department, Le Vernet acquired schools well before the Jules Ferry laws: In 1863, it had one each at Haut-Vernet and Bas-Vernet, which provide a primary education for boys. [20] While the Falloux Laws of 1851 required the opening of a girls school for communes with more than 800 inhabitants, [21] and the first Duruy Law  [ fr ] of 1867 lowered the threshold to 500 inhabitants, Le Vernet nevertheless opened a school for girls, ahead of the laws. [22] The commune took advantage of subsidies from the second Duruy Law in 1877 to build a new school at Haut-Vernet. [23]

On 24 March 2015, Germanwings Flight 9525, an Airbus A320 flying from Barcelona to Düsseldorf, crashed in the mountains of the neighboring commune of Prads-Haute-Bléone, near to the border with Le Vernet.

Politics and administration

List of successive mayors of Le Vernet
StartEndNamePartyOther details
May 1945Paul Mathieu [24]
...
1977 [25] In progress (as of 21 October 2014)François Balique [25] [26] [27] [28] President of the Community of communes

Population and society

Demography

In 2017, Le Vernet had 123 inhabitants. From the 21st century, communes with less than 10,000 inhabitants have a census held every five years (2004, 2009 and 2014, etc. for the Vernet). Since 2004, the other figures are estimates.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
147118 feus     
1765293    
1793300+2.4%
1800310+3.3%
1806329+6.1%
1821336+2.1%
1831314−6.5%
1836328+4.5%
1841322−1.8%
1846327+1.6%
1851287−12.2%
1856276−3.8%
1861268−2.9%
YearPop.±%
1866271+1.1%
1872244−10.0%
1876249+2.0%
1881263+5.6%
1886265+0.8%
1891238−10.2%
1896243+2.1%
1901225−7.4%
1906226+0.4%
1911213−5.8%
1921154−27.7%
1926135−12.3%
1931138+2.2%
YearPop.±%
1936124−10.1%
1946130+4.8%
1954109−16.2%
196285−22.0%
1968180+111.8%
1975140−22.2%
198263−55.0%
1990110+74.6%
1999104−5.5%
2007129+24.0%
2012123−4.7%
2017129+4.9%
Population without double counting from 1962 to 1999; municipal population from 2006
Source: Baratier  [ fr ], Georges Duby & Hildesheimer  [ fr ] for the Ancien Régime, [16] EHESS (1793-1999) [29] and INSEE (1968-2017) [30]

The demographic history of Le Vernet, after the depopulation of the 14th and 15th centuries and long movement of growth until the beginning of the 19th century, is marked by a period of 'spread' where the population remains stable at a high level. This period lasts from 1806 to 1846. The rural exodus  [ fr ] then caused a rapid decline in population, most importantly a long-term movement. Between 1911 and 1921, the municipality records the loss of more than half of its population (relative to the historic maximum). [31] The downward movement is interrupted only in the 1980s. Since then, the population has doubled.

Education

The fountain in Bas-Vernet Le Vernet, fontaine.JPG
The fountain in Bas-Vernet

The town depends on the Academy of Aix-Marseille  [ fr ]. [32] It has a primary school, consisting of 9 students. [33]

Religion

The Catholic parish of Le Vernet depends on the Diocese of Digne, Riez and Sisteron. [34]

Local culture and heritage

Sites and monuments

In Bas-Vernet, the parish church of Sainte-Marthe dates from the 19th century. [17]

At Haut-Vernet, the Saint-Martin Church [17] is also from the 19th century.

The chapel of Saint-Pancrace, isolated above Haut-Vernet, is the old parish church. Ruined by the European wars of religion, it was rebuilt, and its roof was repaired again in the 20th century. [17]

Notable people

Heraldry

Arms of Le Vernet Blason Le Vernet.svg
Arms of Le Vernet
The arms of Prads-Haute-Bléone are blazoned  :
Gold to a tree of vert on a terrace of the same docked two stars of gules. [35]

See also

Bibliography

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  30. Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE
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  32. "ac-aix-marseille.fr" . Retrieved 2 April 2015.
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  35. Louis de Bresc, Armorial des communes de Provence, 1866. Réédition : Marcel Petit CPM, Raphèle-lès-Arles, 1994