|Grandsire||Hail To Reason|
|Foaled||2 February 1981|
| Champagne Stakes (1983)|
Craven Stakes (1984)
Prix Jacques Le Marois (1984)
|Timeform rating: 130 (1983), 127 (1984)|
Lear Fan (2 February 1981 – 7 July 2008) was an American-bred, British-trained Thoroughbred racehorse and sire. One of an exceptionally strong generation of European racehorses he was one of the leading two-year-olds when he was unbeaten in three races including the Champagne Stakes. In the following year he defeated Rainbow Quest in the Craven Stakes before finishing third to El Gran Senor and Chief Singer in the 2000 Guineas. He recorded his most valuable success later that year when defeating Palace Music in the Prix Jacques Le Marois. At the end of his three-year-old season he was retired to stud in Kentucky where he proved to be a successful sire of winners. He was retired from stud duty in 2004 and died four years later.
Lear Fan was a big, powerfully-built bay horse with a faint white star,bred in Kentucky by Constantine Karpidas. He was sired by Roberto, an American-bred horse who won The Derby and the inaugural Benson and Hedges Gold Cup as a three-year-old in 1972. At stud, Roberto sired many important winners including Sunshine Forever, Real Shadai, At Talaq, Touching Wood, Kris S. and Dynaformer. Lear Fan's dam Wac was a full-sister to Bel Sheba, the dam of the Kentucky Derby winner Alysheba.
As a yearling, Lear Fan was sent to Europe and offered for sale at the Tattersalls Highflyer sale at Newmarket. He was bought for 64,000 guineas by the bloodstock agent James Delahooke acting on behalf of Ahmed Salman.The colt was sent into training with Guy Harwood at Pulborough. At the time, Harwood was noted for his modern approach to training, introducing Britain to features such as artificial gallops and barn-style stabling. The colt was named after the experimental LearAvia Lear Fan aircraft.
Lear Fan made his first racecourse appearance in the Isleham Maiden Stakes over seven furlongs at Newmarket Racecourse in August. Ridden by Greville Starkey he started 2/1 favorite in a field of twenty runners. He produced a highly impressive performance, taking the lead approaching the final furlong and accelerating clear to win by eight lengths from Millside. The colt was scheduled to run next in the Solario Stakes, but his connections decided not to risk him on the firm ground. At the end the month, he returned to Newmarket for the Fitzroy House Stakes, the first one-mile race for two-year-old of the season in the United Kingdom. Ridden by Tony Clark (Starkey was required to ride at Goodwood), Lear Fan carried eleven pounds more than his rivals but started the 4/11 favorite in a field of six. He took the lead just after half way and quickly went clear of his opponents before being eased down by Clark in the closing stages. The official winning margin was eight lengths, but Timeform assessed his winning distance as at least eleven.
On 9 September, Lear Fan was moved up in class to contest the Group Two Champagne Stakes over seven furlongs at Doncaster Racecourse with Clark again in the saddle as Starkey was serving a suspension. Only three horses appeared to oppose him, following the late withdrawal of the Vintage Stakes winner Trojan Fen, and he started at odds of 1/4. Lear Fan gave some trouble at the start after being distracted by the appearance of a pony with a small dog on its back. In the race he took the lead at half way and went five lengths clear before being eased down to win by three and a half lengths from Kalim. The form of the race was boosted when Creag-An-Sgor, who finished last of the four runners, won the Group One Middle Park Stakes at Newmarket in October.
Lear Fan was ridden by Starkey when he made his three-year-old debut in the Craven Stakes, a trial race for the 2000 Guineas, over the Rowley Mile course at Newmarket in April. He was required to carry five pounds more than Rainbow Quest,one of only two colts to have been rated ahead of him in 1983. Starkey sent Lear Fan into the lead from the start and set a strong pace until Rainbow Quest moved up to challenge him in the last quarter mile. The two colts drew clear of their opponents and raced alongside each other throughout the closing stages in what was described as a "tremendous duel" before Lear Fan prevailed by a head. Three weeks later, Lear Fan started second favorite at odds of 7/2 for the 2000 Guineas, with the Irish-trained El Gran Senor, the top-rated juvenile of 1983 being made the 15/8 favorite. Lear Fan again went into the lead from the start but was overtaken after six furlongs and finished third, beaten two and a half lengths and four lengths by El Gran Senor and Chief Singer. Rainbow Quest finished one place behind Lear Fan in fourth and it was suggested that both horses were still feeling the effects of their race in the Craven.
Lear Fan was off the racecourse for three months before returning in the Group One Prix Jacques Le Marois over 1600 metres at Deauville Racecourse in August. He started second favorite behind the French colt Siberian Express in a field which also included Palace Music, Masarika (Poule d'Essai des Pouliches) and Mendez (Prix Jean Prat). Lear Fan settled behind the pacemaker Ardash, before taking the lead 400 meters from the finish accelerating clear of the field and winning by four lengths from Palace Music. A month later, Lear Fan returned to France and started odds-on favorite for the Prix du Moulin at Longchamp Racecourse. Racing on much softer ground than at Deauville,Lear Fan took the lead in the straight and looked likely to win, but tired in the closing stages and was beaten half a length by Mendez.
On his final appearance, Lear Fan was sent to California to contest the inaugural running of the Breeders' Cup Mile at Hollywood Park Racetrack in November. The firm ground was expected to suit the colt, but he failed to cope with the tight oval trackand lost all chance by running wide on the turns, finishing seventh behind Royal Heroine.
In the official International Classification for 1983, Lear Fan was rated the third-best two-year-old in Europe, behind El Gran Senor and Rainbow Quest, respectively first and second in the Dewhurst Stakes. The independent Timeform organization rated him on 130, equal with Rainbow Quest and a pound behind El Gran Senor.In the following season, Timeform rated him on 127, nine pounds below the top-rated El Gran Senor. In that year' International Classification, he was rated the fifth best three-year-old colt in Europe behind El Gran Senor, Chief Singer, Darshaan and Sadler's Wells and the eighth best horse of any age.
Lear Fan was retired from racing to become a breeding stallion at the Gainesway Farm near Lexington, Kentucky. Lear Fan remained at Gainesway throughout his stallion career, establishing himself as one of the United States' leading turf sires, before being pensioned in 2004. He sired the winners of at least 65 stakes races and $41m in prize money.
Among the horses bred from Lear Fan mares have been the Breeders' Cup Turf winner Johar, the European Champion Older Horse Azamour and the American Champion Male Turf Horse Kitten's Joy.
Lear Fan died at Gainesway of "natural causes" 7 July 2008.
| Hail To Reason (USA)|
| Lt. Stevens (USA)|
|Rough Shod||Gold Bridge|
|War Admiral||Man o' War|
|Baba Kenny (Family 20)|
El Gran Senor was a champion American-bred Thoroughbred race horse, foaled at Windfields Farm (Maryland). He was the best horse of his generation in Europe at both two and three years of age, ahead of an outstanding group of contemporaries which included Chief Singer, Darshaan, Rainbow Quest, Sadler's Wells, Lashkari, Pebbles, Commanche Run, and Northern Trick. His only defeat in eight races came when he was beaten a short head by Secreto in the 1984 Epsom Derby. El Gran Senor received a Timeform rating of 136. He also enjoyed notable success at stud, before being pensioned at Ashford Stud in Kentucky in 2000.
Rainbow Quest (1981–2007) was an American-bred, British-trained Thoroughbred racehorse and Champion broodmare sire.
Chief Singer was an Irish-bred British-trained Thoroughbred racehorse and sire. In a racing career which lasted from June 1983 until September 1984 he ran nine times and won four races. The colt won the Group Three Coventry Stakes at Royal Ascot on his racecourse debut but ran disappointingly in his only other race as a two-year-old. As a three-year-old he finished second to El Gran Senor in the 2000 Guineas at Newmarket Racecourse and then completed a rare hat-trick of wins by taking the St. James's Palace Stakes at Ascot, the July Cup at Newmarket and the Sussex Stakes at Goodwood. At the end of the season he retired to stud where he had limited success as a sire of winners.
Provideo was an Irish Thoroughbred racehorse and sire. In 1984 he set a 20th-century record for a British-trained two-year-old when he won sixteen of his twenty-four races. His most important wins were in two Listed races, the Star Stakes at Sandown Park and the Champion Two-Year-Old Trophy at Ripon Racecourse. Despite being rated twenty pounds below the best horses of the year he was named Horse of the Year by the Timeform organisation and topped the official British Horse of the Year poll conducted by the Racegoer's Club.
Law Society was an American-bred, Irish-trained Thoroughbred racehorse and sire. In a racing career which lasted from August 1984 until July 1985 he won five of his eight races and was rated among the best of his generation in Europe in both years. As a two-year-old he won the Anglesey Stakes and the National Stakes in Ireland before being narrowly defeated in the Dewhurst Stakes. In the following year he won the Chester Vase and finished second in The Derby before recording his biggest win when defeating a strong international field in the Irish Derby. He was retired from racing at the end of his three-year-old season and stood as a breeding stallion in Ireland and Germany with some success. Law Society died in 2011 at the age of twenty-nine.
Celestial Storm was an American-bred, British-trained Thoroughbred racehorse and sire. Although he never won above Group Two level, he was rated among the ten best racehorses in Europe in both 1986 and 1987. As a three-year-old he won the March Stakes and finished second in both the St Leger Stakes and the Champion Stakes. His four-year-old was restricted to two races, a win in the Princess of Wales's Stakes and a second place behind Reference Point in the King George VI and Queen Elizabeth Stakes. Celestial Storm stood as a breeding stallion in the United Kingdom and Japan but had very little success as a sire of winners.
Rousillon was an American bred, British-trained Thoroughbred racehorse and sire. A difficult, temperamental and unpredictable horse, he was a specialist over the one mile distance, winning seven of his thirteen race between August 1983 and November 1985. He won the 2000 Guineas Trial Stakes and the Waterford Crystal Mile as a three-year-old in 1984 before reaching his peak in the following season when he won the Queen Anne Stakes, Sussex Stakes and the Prix du Moulin. He was retired to stud after his four-year-old season and had some success as a sire of winners. He is the sire of champion thoroughbred Vintage Crop.
Awaasif was a Canadian-bred, British-trained Thoroughbred racehorse and broodmare. After winning once as a two-year-old in 1981, she emerged as a top-class middle-distance runner in the following season, when she was officially the best British three-year-old of either sex. She showed useful form in the early part of the season and finished fourth in the Oaks Stakes. After recovering from illness she defeated a strong field in the Yorkshire Oaks and then ran a close third in the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe. As a four-year-old she overcame training problems to record an impressive win in the Gran Premio del Jockey Club. As a broodmare she produced several winners, most notable Snow Bride, who won the Oaks and was herself the dam of the undefeated Epsom Derby winner Lammtarra.
Glint of Gold was a British Thoroughbred racehorse and sire. A middle-distance specialist, he was noted for his toughness and consistency, winning ten races, finishing second six times and third once in a seventeen race career which lasted from July 1980 until September 1982. He won races in four countries including six at Group One level. His major victories included the Gran Criterium and Derby Italiano in Italy, the Grand Prix de Paris and Grand Prix de Saint-Cloud in France, the Preis von Europa and Grosser Preis von Baden in Germany and the Great Voltigeur Stakes and John Porter Stakes in Britain. He was also placed in The Derby, St Leger Stakes, Coronation Cup and King George VI and Queen Elizabeth Stakes. He was retired to stud at the end of the 1982 season and had modest success as a sire of winners.
Diamond Shoal was a British Thoroughbred racehorse and sire. He showed some promise as a two-year-old, winning two of his six races. In the following year he won only one minor race but was placed in several major races, including a third-place finish in the St Leger Stakes. In 1983, Diamond Shoal emerged as a leading middle-distance performer, winning the John Porter Stakes in England, the Grand Prix d'Evry and Grand Prix de Saint-Cloud in France, the Gran Premio di Milano in Italy and the Grosser Preis von Baden in Germany. He was widely regarded as the best older male racehorse in Europe in 1983. He was retired to stud at the end of the year but had little success as a sire of winners.
Precocious was an undefeated British Thoroughbred racehorse and sire. He raced only as a two-year-old, with his career being restricted to a period of less than four months between April and August 1983. After winning a highly competitive maiden race on his racecourse debut he went on to win the National Stakes, Norfolk Stakes, Molecomb Stakes and Gimcrack Stakes. In all, he was unbeaten in five races and was never seriously challenged. Shortly after his win in the Gimcrack he sustained an injury which ended his racing career. He stood as a breeding stallion in England and Sweden with moderate results and died in 2006.
Dickens Hill was an Irish Thoroughbred racehorse and sire. The colt showed promising form as a two-year-old in 1978, winning the Anglesey Stakes and being narrowly beaten by the English-trained Tap On Wood in the National Stakes. In the following year he emerged as the best Irish racehorse of his generation, winning the Ballymoss Stakes and the Irish 2000 Guineas in Ireland in spring and the weight-for-age Eclipse Stakes in Britain in July. He also finished runner-up to the outstanding English-trained colt Troy in both The Derby and the Irish Derby. At the end of his three-year-old season he was sold and exported to the United States where he made little impact as a racehorse and proved to be a disappointment as a breeding stallion.
Fair Salinia was a British Thoroughbred racehorse and broodmare best known for winning the classic Oaks Stakes in 1978. In a racing career which lasted from September 1977 until September 1978 she won four of her eight races. As a two-year-old in 1977 she won on her debut before finishing second in the Cheveley Park Stakes. As a three-year-old she finished second in the 1000 Guineas before being moved up in distance and winning the Oaks, Irish Oaks and Yorkshire Oaks. She was retired to stud at the end of the season and had some influence as a broodmare. She died in 2004 at the age of twenty-nine.
Mendez was a French Thoroughbred racehorse and sire. He was one of the best colts of his generation in France and produced his best performances over one mile/ 1600 metres on soft ground. As a two-year-old in 1983 he won the Prix des Chênes and was placed in both the Grand Critérium and the William Hill Futurity. In the following year he recorded Group One successes in the Prix Jean Prat and the Prix du Moulin as well as winning the Prix de Fontainebleau and finishing an unlucky third in the Poule d'Essai des Poulains. He was retired from racing and had some success as a breeding stallion in France and Japan.
Siberian Express was an American-bred French-trained Thoroughbred racehorse and sire. He made an immediate impact as a two-year-old in 1983, leading from the start to win the Group One Prix Morny on his second racecourse appearance. He went on to be placed in the Prix de la Salamandre and the Dewhurst Stakes and was rated the second best colt of his generation in France. In the following year he won the Poule d'Essai des Poulains, but the rest of his form as a three-year-old was relatively undistinguished. After two unsuccessful runs as a four-year-old he was retired having won three of his eleven races and being handled by four different trainers. He had a mixed record as a breeding stallion, but sired one exceptional performer in the multiple Grade I winner In Excess.
Bob Back was an American-bred, British-trained Thoroughbred racehorse and sire. He won the Premio Tevere as a two-year-old and the Valdoe Stakes as a three-year-old, but reached his peak in 1985 when he won the Premio Presidente della Repubblica before recording a 33/1 upset win over a very strong field in the Prince of Wales's Stakes. He was later exported to race in the United States but failed to reproduce his European form, winning one minor race from fourteen attempts. He later became a successful breeding stallion, making his biggest impact as a sire of chasers and hurdlers.
Al Hareb was an American-bred, British-trained Thoroughbred racehorse and sire. He was one of the best staying two-year-olds in Britain in 1988 when he won three of his four races including the Group One William Hill Futurity. He ran poorly on his only start in 1989 and was retired from racing. He had some success as a breeding stallion in Australia.
Creag-An-Sgor was an Irish-bred, British-trained Thoroughbred racehorse and sire. He was one of the best British-trained colts of his generation in 1983 when he won two of his five races including the Group One Middle Park Stakes as well as taking second in the Richmond Stakes. He won the Greenham Stakes in the following spring but never won again although he took second place in the Sussex Stakes. He later stood as a breeding stallion in New Zealand and Australia.
King Persian was an Irish Thoroughbred racehorse and sire. As a two-year-old in 1983 he won a minor race on his debut and then recorded whis biggest win in the Group 1 Phoenix Stakes. He was unplaced in his only other start that season and made little impact in three subsequent races over the next two years. After his retirement he had some success as a sire of National Hunt horses.
Brocade was a British-trained Thoroughbred racehorse and broodmare. Unraced as a juvenile she began her racing career in 1984 and showed high class form to win the Oak Tree Stakes and the Challenge Stakes as well as finishing second in the Prix Quincey. After struggling to recapture her best form as a four-year-old she ended her racing career with a win in the Prix de la Forêt. She was highly successful as a broodmare, producing several winners including Barathea and Gossamer.