Lebanon, Tennessee

Last updated
Lebanon, Tennessee
City of Lebanon
Lebanon square.JPG
Lebanon's Town Square with a statue of General Robert H. Hatton at the center.
Nickname(s): 
"Cedar City"
Wilson County Tennessee Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Lebanon Highlighted 4741520.svg
Location of Lebanon in Wilson County, Tennessee.
Coordinates: 36°12′29″N86°19′35″W / 36.20806°N 86.32639°W / 36.20806; -86.32639 Coordinates: 36°12′29″N86°19′35″W / 36.20806°N 86.32639°W / 36.20806; -86.32639
Country United States
State Tennessee
County Wilson
Incorporated1801 [1]
Named for Cedars of Lebanon
Government
  MayorRick Bell
Area
[2]
  Total39.66 sq mi (102.71 km2)
  Land39.65 sq mi (102.70 km2)
  Water0.00 sq mi (0.01 km2)
Elevation
528 ft (161 m)
Population
 (2010)
  Total26,190
  Estimate 
(2019) [3]
36,479
  Density919.93/sq mi (355.19/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
  Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP codes
37087, 37088, 37090
Area code(s) 615
FIPS code 47-41520 [4]
GNIS feature ID1290901 [5]
Website City of Lebanon, Tennessee

Lebanon /ˈlɛbnən/ is the county seat of Wilson County, Tennessee, United States. [6] The population was 26,190 at the 2010 census and an estimated 36,479 in 2019. [7] Lebanon is located in Middle Tennessee, approximately 25 miles (40 km) east of downtown Nashville. Lebanon is part of the Nashville Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Contents

History

The city was incorporated in 1801, [8] and was named after the biblical cedars of Lebanon ( Cedrus libani ). [9] Local residents have called Lebanon "Cedar City", mostly a reference to the abundance of cedar trees in the area. The city is home to Cumberland University, a small, private four-year liberal arts institution.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 38.63 square miles (100.1 km2), of which 38.5 square miles (100 km2) is land and 0.03% is water.

Climate

Lebanon has a humid subtropical (Köppen Cfa) with mild winters and hot summers. Under the Trewartha climate classification, it is a temperate oceanic (Do) climate due to only 7 months having a mean 50 °F (10 °C) or higher.

Demographics

Lebanon City Hall in Lebanon, TN Lebanon tennessee city hall.jpg
Lebanon City Hall in Lebanon, TN
Historical population
CensusPop.
1850 1,554
1870 2,073
1880 2,29610.8%
1890 1,883−18.0%
1900 1,9563.9%
1910 3,65987.1%
1920 4,08411.6%
1930 4,65614.0%
1940 5,95027.8%
1950 7,91333.0%
1960 10,51232.8%
1970 12,49218.8%
1980 11,872−5.0%
1990 15,20828.1%
2000 20,23533.1%
2010 26,19029.4%
2019 (est.)36,479 [3] 39.3%
Sources: [12] [13]

As of the census [4] of 2000, there were 20,235 people, 7,987 households, and 5,319 families residing in the city. The population density was 692.0 people per square mile (267.2/km2). There were 8,693 housing units at an average density of 297.3 per square mile (114.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 82.89% White, 13.78% African American, 0.33% Native American, 0.82% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.00% from other races, and 1.15% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.26% of the population.

There were 7,987 households, out of which 30.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.7% were married couples living together, 15.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.4% were non-families. 28.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 23.9% under the age of 18, 11.2% from 18 to 24, 29.0% from 25 to 44, 21.7% from 45 to 64, and 14.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $35,118, and the median income for a family was $45,094. Males had a median income of $31,207 versus $24,420 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,366. About 9.3% of families and 13.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.0% of those under age 18 and 16.4% of those age 65 or over.

Economy

Arts and culture

Lebanon is host to the annual Wilson County Fair, which is considered by Busy Bee Trader Magazine (based in Greenbrier, TN) to be the best County Fair in Tennessee. The Wilson County Fair has been listed as one of the top 50 fairs in North America by attendance in 2008, 2009, and 2010.

The fair has also been named as one of the top events to attend by Southeastern Tourism and voted the "Best Fair" by the Middle Tennessee Electric Membership Corporation. [18] It has paid attendance more than double that of the Tennessee State Fair. [19]

Media

Newspapers

Radio

Television

Infrastructure

Transportation

Interstate 40, runs south of the city, and has three exits that serve Lebanon. U.S. Route 70 connects the city to Nashville to the west and Smithville to the southeast. The western terminus of U.S. Route 70N is located in Lebanon, which connects to Carthage to the east. U.S. Route 231 connects the city to Murfreesboro to the south and Scottsville, Kentucky to the north. Hartmann Drive and Maddox-Simpson Parkway form a partial beltway around the city. The eastern terminus of Interstate 840 is located west of the city. State Route 109 passes west of the city and connects to Gallatin to the north. Secondary State Routes 141 and 166 also pass through Lebanon. [22]

Railroad freight service is provided by the Nashville and Eastern Railroad short line.

Commuter rail service to Nashville began service in 2006 via the Music City Star. [23] Lebanon is the eastern terminus of the Music City Star commuter rail service which runs via scheduled service Mon-Fri. There are two times when trains operate outside the normal service. July 4 fireworks at Riverfront Park calls for a special event train. [24] In addition, when the Tennessee Titans play at home, a special service called Game-Day Express operates. [25] [26]

Rail service began in 1871 with the now defunct Tennessee & Pacific Railroad, which ran to Nashville. The last original passenger train departed Lebanon in 1935.

Lebanon has a municipal airport referenced by FAA Identifier M54. Operating two runways, M54's main runway is asphalt. Runway 1/19 is 5,000 by 100 feet (1,524 by 30 m). Runway 4/22 is turf 1,801 by 150 feet (549 by 46 m). [27]

Education

The Lebanon Special School District encompasses four elementary schools and two middle schools. Wilson County Schools operates several additional primary and secondary schools in and around Lebanon, including Wilson Central High School and the newly reconstructed Lebanon High School. [28] Lebanon also has two private schools, Friendship Christian School and McClain Christian Academy.

Lebanon is also home to Cumberland University, which was founded in 1842. The university has a rich heritage and has produced over eighty Congressmen and Senators such as Albert Gore Sr. and Thomas Gore. The institution has also produced a Nobel Peace Prize recipient, Cordell Hull, who served as Secretary of State from March 1933 to November 1944. [29]

Notable people

See also

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