Leduc, Alberta

Last updated
Leduc
City
City of Leduc
Leduc-flag.png
Flag
Leduc-Coat of Arms.png
Coat of arms
Motto(s): 
Integritas Unitas Firmitas  (Latin)
"Integrity, Unity, Strength"
0200 City Leduc, Alberta Locator.svg
Location in Leduc County
Canada Alberta location map 2.svg
Red pog.svg
Leduc
Location of Leduc in Alberta
Coordinates: 53°15′34″N113°32′57″W / 53.25944°N 113.54917°W / 53.25944; -113.54917 Coordinates: 53°15′34″N113°32′57″W / 53.25944°N 113.54917°W / 53.25944; -113.54917
CountryCanada
Province Alberta
Region Edmonton Metropolitan Region
Census division 11
Municipal district Leduc County
Incorporated [1]  
   Village December 15, 1899
   Town December 15, 1906
   City September 1, 1983
Government
[2]
  MayorBob Young
  Governing body
  ManagerPaul Benedetto
   MP Mike Lake
   MLA Brad Rutherford
Area
 (2016) [3]
  Land42.44 km2 (16.39 sq mi)
Elevation
[4]
730 m (2,400 ft)
Population
 (2016) [3]
  Total29,993
  Density706.7/km2 (1,830/sq mi)
   Municipal census (2019)
33,032 [5]
Time zone UTC−07:00 (MST)
  Summer (DST) UTC−06:00 (MDT)
Forward sortation area
T9E
Area code(s) +1-780, +1-587
Highways
Railways Canadian Pacific Railway
Website Official website

Leduc ( /ləˈdk/ ) is a city in the province of Alberta, Canada. It is 33 km (21 mi) south of the provincial capital of Edmonton and is part of the Edmonton Metropolitan Region.

Contents

History

Leduc was established in 1899, when Robert Telford, a settler, bought land near a lake which would later bear his name. It was on that piece of land where the new settlement would take root. Telford previously served as an officer for the North-West Mounted Police, and later became Leduc's first postmaster, first general merchantman, and first justice of the peace.

The establishment of the Calgary and Edmonton Railway, later acquired by the Canadian Pacific Railway, opened the region to settlement. The first train stopped at Leduc in July 1891.

Two versions describe how Leduc got its name. According to popular local legend, it was decided in 1890 when a settler (McKinlay) setting up a telegraph office needed a name for the new settlement and decided that it would be named after the first person who came through the door of the telegraph office. That person was Father Hippolyte Leduc, a priest who had served the area since 1867. In another, more official, version, the Minister of the Interior and Superintendent of Indian Affairs, who had been Lieutenant-Governor of the North-West Territories, Edgar Dewdney (1835–1916), decided that Telford Place should be renamed at the time the railway terminal was established in 1891, and picked the name of the missionary priest.

Leduc was incorporated as a village in 1899, and became a town in 1906. It became a city in 1983; by that time its population had reached 12,000.

The town continued to grow quietly over the decades and Alberta's historical oil strike on February 13, 1947, occurred near the town at the Leduc No. 1 oil well. [6]

Geography

Leduc has a wide variety of parks and sports amenities, and has more than 35 km (21.7 mi) of multiuse pathways. [7] On the east end of the city lies Telford Lake, and just to the east is Saunders Lake.

Demographics

The population of the City of Leduc according to its 2019 municipal census is 33,032, [5] a change of

In the 2016 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, the City of Leduc recorded a population of 29,993 living in 11,319 of its 12,264 total private dwellings, an increase of

In the 2011 Census, the City of Leduc had a population of 24,279 living in 9,290 of its 9,789 total dwellings, a 43.1% increase from its 2006 population of 16,967. With a land area of 36.97 km2 (14.27 sq mi), it had a population density of

Economy

The City of Leduc is a founding member of the Leduc-Nisku Economic Development Association, an economic development partnership that markets Alberta's International Region [34] in proximity to the Edmonton International Airport. [35] The city forms part of this international transportation and economic region. It is on the CANAMEX Trade Corridor at the intersection of two Canadian Pacific Railway lines and is adjacent to the Edmonton International Airport. These transportation links support the petrochemical activities in Alberta's Industrial Heartland, the Fort McMurray area, and other economic hubs.

The oil and gas industry has long been the base of Leduc's economy. The Leduc Business Park, in the northern portion of the city, contains more than 1,400 businesses. [36] The Nisku Industrial Park, located to the north within Leduc County, also contains many businesses.

Arts and culture

Leduc is home to the Maclab Centre for the Performing Arts, a preeminent performing arts facility with a 460-seat theatre.

In fall 2009, the Leduc Recreation Centre was opened. The 309,000 sq ft (28,700 m2) facility includes three NHL-sized arenas, an aquatic centre, and a curling rink.

Media

Local newspaper, the Leduc Representative (the Leduc Rep), and the regional newspaper, the Leduc-Wetaskiwin Pipestone Flyer, serve Leduc.

Leduc's first FM radio station, CJLD-FM, began in 2013 and is known on-air as "93.1 The One".

An internet based community radio station, branded "Leduc Radio" since 2008, also serves the city.

Due to its proximity to Edmonton, all major Edmonton media (print, radio and television) also serve Leduc and its surrounding area.

Emergency services

The City of Leduc has its own fire services and emergency management departments. [37] Led by a fire chief, [38] the Fire Services Department comprises full and part-time members providing fire, ambulance and patient transportation services to the city and portions of Leduc County to the west, south and east. [39]

The Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) provide police services, supported by the city's Enforcement Services Department, which consists of Peace Officers appointed by the Alberta Solicitor General. [40]

Climate

Leduc experiences a humid continental climate (Köppen Dfb). [41]

Climate data for Leduc (Edmonton International Airport), elevation: 715 m (2,346 ft), 1959–1990 normals and extremes
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high humidex 9.212.823.530.033.637.343.038.733.928.418.514.643.0
Record high °C (°F)9.9
(49.8)
13.3
(55.9)
24.2
(75.6)
30.5
(86.9)
32.8
(91.0)
34.4
(93.9)
35.0
(95.0)
35.6
(96.1)
34.9
(94.8)
29.1
(84.4)
18.8
(65.8)
15.9
(60.6)
35.6
(96.1)
Average high °C (°F)−6.3
(20.7)
−3.8
(25.2)
1.2
(34.2)
10.8
(51.4)
17.4
(63.3)
20.6
(69.1)
22.8
(73.0)
22.2
(72.0)
17.4
(63.3)
10.4
(50.7)
−0.1
(31.8)
−5.5
(22.1)
8.9
(48.1)
Daily mean °C (°F)−12.1
(10.2)
−9.9
(14.2)
−4.4
(24.1)
4.2
(39.6)
10.2
(50.4)
14.1
(57.4)
16.2
(61.2)
15.2
(59.4)
10.2
(50.4)
3.8
(38.8)
−5.4
(22.3)
−11.0
(12.2)
2.6
(36.7)
Average low °C (°F)−17.7
(0.1)
−15.9
(3.4)
−10.0
(14.0)
−2.5
(27.5)
3.0
(37.4)
7.6
(45.7)
9.5
(49.1)
8.1
(46.6)
3.0
(37.4)
−2.9
(26.8)
−10.6
(12.9)
−16.5
(2.3)
−3.7
(25.3)
Record low °C (°F)−48.3
(−54.9)
−43.9
(−47.0)
−42.7
(−44.9)
−28.3
(−18.9)
−11.6
(11.1)
−6.1
(21.0)
−1.0
(30.2)
−3.8
(25.2)
−9.6
(14.7)
−26.5
(−15.7)
−36.4
(−33.5)
−46.1
(−51.0)
−48.3
(−54.9)
Record low wind chill −61.1−53.6−50.7−33.7−16.3−7.3−3.9−5.8−14.3−34.9−51.5−58.3−61.1
Average precipitation mm (inches)20.8
(0.82)
11.9
(0.47)
16.5
(0.65)
28.7
(1.13)
49.4
(1.94)
72.7
(2.86)
95.6
(3.76)
54.9
(2.16)
41.3
(1.63)
22.6
(0.89)
17.3
(0.68)
14.5
(0.57)
446.2
(17.56)
Average rainfall mm (inches)1.4
(0.06)
0.5
(0.02)
0.9
(0.04)
14.9
(0.59)
42.9
(1.69)
72.7
(2.86)
95.6
(3.76)
54.9
(2.16)
40.3
(1.59)
12.6
(0.50)
1.6
(0.06)
0.8
(0.03)
339.1
(13.36)
Average snowfall cm (inches)21.7
(8.5)
13.4
(5.3)
17.5
(6.9)
14.4
(5.7)
6.5
(2.6)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.1
(0.0)
1.1
(0.4)
10.4
(4.1)
17.3
(6.8)
15.9
(6.3)
118.3
(46.6)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm)10.28.19.28.211.313.814.711.79.88.28.69.3123.1
Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm)1.10.601.35.310.713.814.711.79.75.71.60.6776.87
Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm)9.98.38.44.11.6000.030.503.37.89.353.23
Average relative humidity (%) (at 15:00 LST)68.065.862.445.341.249.454.352.449.051.767.468.856.3
Mean monthly sunshine hours 101.1127.0174.7233.3271.0275.9302.2279.4196.1160.497.292.02,310.3
Source: Environment Canada [42] (July record high humidex) [43]

See also

Related Research Articles

Camrose, Alberta City in Alberta, Canada

Camrose is a city in central Alberta, Canada, amid some of the richest farmland in the prairies. It is a relatively small city which grew up along a railway and now grows along Highway 13.

Spruce Grove City in Alberta, Canada

Spruce Grove is a city that is 11 km (6.8 mi) west of Edmonton, Alberta in Canada. The city is adjacent to the Town of Stony Plain and is surrounded by Parkland County.

Wetaskiwin City in Alberta, Canada

Wetaskiwin is a city in the province of Alberta, Canada. The city is located 70 kilometres (43 mi) south of the provincial capital of Edmonton. The city name comes from the Cree word wītaskiwinihk, meaning "the hills where peace was made".

Cochrane, Alberta Town in Alberta, Canada

Cochrane is a town in the Canadian province of Alberta. The town is located 18 km (11 mi) west of the Calgary city limits along Highway 1A. Cochrane is one of the fastest growing communities in Canada, and with a population of 29,277 in 2019, it is one of the largest towns in Alberta. It is part of Calgary's census metropolitan area and a member community of the Calgary Metropolitan Region Board (CMRB). The town is surrounded by Rocky View County.

Airdrie, Alberta city in Alberta, Canada

Airdrie is a city in Alberta, Canada within the Calgary Region. It is located north of Calgary within the Calgary–Edmonton Corridor at the intersection of Queen Elizabeth II Highway and Highway 567.

Stony Plain, Alberta Town in Alberta, Canada

Stony Plain is a town in the Edmonton Metropolitan Region of Alberta, Canada within Parkland County. It is located west of Edmonton adjacent to the City of Spruce Grove.

Strathmore, Alberta Town in Alberta, Canada

Strathmore is a town located along the Trans-Canada Highway in southern Alberta, Canada within Wheatland County. It is approximately 50 kilometres (30 mi) east of the City of Calgary.

Lacombe, Alberta City in Alberta, Canada

Lacombe is a city in central Alberta, Canada. It is located approximately 25 kilometres (16 mi) north of Red Deer, the nearest major city, and 125 kilometres (78 mi) south of Edmonton, the nearest metropolitan area. The city is set in the rolling parkland of central Alberta, between the Rocky Mountains foothills to the west and the flatter Alberta prairie to the east.

Leduc County Municipal district in Alberta, Canada

Leduc County is a municipal district located immediately south of the City of Edmonton. It spans 105 km (65 mi) east to west and 32 km (20 mi) north to south, and has a population of 13,524. The municipal district is home to prairie parkland and several lakes and is home to the Edmonton International Airport, the Nisku Industrial Business Park and the Genesee Power Plant.

Beaumont, Alberta Place in Alberta, Canada

Beaumont is a city in Leduc County within the Edmonton Metropolitan Region of Alberta, Canada. It is located at the intersection of Highway 625 and Highway 814, adjacent to the City of Edmonton and 6.0 kilometres (3.7 mi) northeast of the City of Leduc. The Nisku Industrial Park and the Edmonton International Airport are located 4.0 kilometres (2.5 mi) to the west and 8.0 kilometres (5.0 mi) to the southwest respectively.

High River Town in Alberta, Canada

High River is a town within the Calgary Metropolitan Region of Alberta, Canada with a population of 13,584 (2016). It is 67.7 kilometres (42.1 mi) south of the City of Calgary, at the junction of Alberta Highways 2 and 23. High River is located approximately 54 km (34 mi) south of downtown Calgary.

Calmar, Alberta Town in Alberta, Canada

Calmar is a town in central Alberta, Canada. It is located in Leduc County, on Highway 39, 35 kilometres (22 mi) southwest from Edmonton. It was named in 1900 for Kalmar, Sweden, the home town of its first postmaster, C. J. Blomquist.

Rycroft, Alberta Village in Alberta, Canada

Rycroft is a village in northern Alberta, Canada. It is located 68 km north of the city of Grande Prairie and 7 km east of Spirit River. Dunvegan Provincial Park is located 20 km north of the community.

Warburg, Alberta Village in Alberta, Canada

Warburg is a village in central Alberta, Canada. It is located 58 km west of the city of Leduc, along Highway 39. The village is named for Varberg Fortress in Sweden. The fortress's name was once spelled Warberg in English, but a spelling error resulted in the name Warburg.

Municipal District of Acadia No. 34 Municipal district in Alberta, Canada

The Municipal District (M.D.) of Acadia No. 34 is a municipal district in southern Alberta, Canada, east of Calgary, close to the Saskatchewan border, in Census Division No. 4.

Municipal District of Fairview No. 136 Municipal district in Alberta, Canada

The Municipal District of Fairview No. 136 is a municipal district in northwestern Alberta, Canada. It is located in Census Division 19.

Municipal District of Smoky River No. 130 Municipal district in Alberta, Canada

The Municipal District of Smoky River No. 130 is a municipal district in north western Alberta, Canada. Located in Census Division No. 19, its municipal office is located in the Town of Falher.

Municipal District of Spirit River No. 133 Municipal district in Alberta, Canada

The Municipal District of Spirit River No. 133 is a municipal district in northwest Alberta, Canada, north of Grande Prairie. Located in the Upper Peace Region, its municipal office is located in the Town of Spirit River.

According to the 2011 census, the City of Edmonton had a population of 812,201 residents, compared to 3,645,257 for all of Alberta, Canada. The total population of the Edmonton census metropolitan area (CMA) was 1,159,869, making it the sixth-largest CMA in Canada, while Statistics Canada estimated the CMA's 2011 population to be 1,196,342. In 2014, a municipal census indicated the city had a population of 877,926.

Demographics of Calgary

In the 2011 Census, the City of Calgary had a population of 1,096,833 residents, representing 30% of the 3,645,257 residents in all of Alberta, and 3% compared to a population of 33,476,688 in all of Canada. The total population of the Calgary census metropolitan area (CMA) was 1,214,839. Calgary is the largest city in Alberta, and the third-largest municipality and fourth-largest metropolitan area in Canada, as of 2016.

References

  1. "Location and History Profile: City of Airdrie" (PDF). Alberta Municipal Affairs. June 17, 2016. p. 71. Retrieved June 18, 2016.
  2. "Municipal Officials Search". Alberta Municipal Affairs. September 22, 2017. Retrieved September 25, 2017.
  3. 1 2 3 4 "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2016 and 2011 censuses – 100% data (Alberta)". Statistics Canada. February 8, 2017. Retrieved February 8, 2017.
  4. "Alberta Private Sewage Systems 2009 Standard of Practice Handbook: Appendix A.3 Alberta Design Data (A.3.A. Alberta Climate Design Data by Town)" (PDF) (PDF). Safety Codes Council. January 2012. pp. 212–215 (PDF pages 226–229). Retrieved October 8, 2013.
  5. 1 2 "Leduc Census 2019". City of Leduc. Retrieved July 6, 2019.
  6. Striking Oil in Alberta at CBC Digital Archives
  7. "Multiway, Parks and Waterways". City of Leduc. Archived from the original on October 29, 2008. Retrieved 2009-07-09.
  8. "Table IX: Population of cities, towns and incorporated villages in 1906 and 1901 as classed in 1906". Census of the Northwest Provinces, 1906. Sessional Paper No. 17a. Ottawa: Government of Canada. 1907. p. 100.
  9. "Table I: Area and Population of Canada by Provinces, Districts and Subdistricts in 1911 and Population in 1901". Census of Canada, 1911. Volume I. Ottawa: Government of Canada. 1912. pp. 2–39.
  10. "Table I: Population of Manitoba, Saskatchewan, and Alberta by Districts, Townships, Cities, Towns, and Incorporated Villages in 1916, 1911, 1906, and 1901". Census of Prairie Provinces, 1916. Population and Agriculture. Ottawa: Government of Canada. 1918. pp. 77–140.
  11. "Table 8: Population by districts and sub-districts according to the Redistribution Act of 1914 and the amending act of 1915, compared for the census years 1921, 1911 and 1901". Census of Canada, 1921. Ottawa: Government of Canada. 1922. pp. 169–215.
  12. "Table 7: Population of cities, towns and villages for the province of Alberta in census years 1901-26, as classed in 1926". Census of Prairie Provinces, 1926. Census of Alberta, 1926. Ottawa: Government of Canada. 1927. pp. 565–567.
  13. "Table 12: Population of Canada by provinces, counties or census divisions and subdivisions, 1871-1931". Census of Canada, 1931. Ottawa: Government of Canada. 1932. pp. 98–102.
  14. "Table 4: Population in incorporated cities, towns and villages, 1901-1936". Census of the Prairie Provinces, 1936. Volume I: Population and Agriculture. Ottawa: Dominion Bureau of Statistics. 1938. pp. 833–836.
  15. "Table 10: Population by census subdivisions, 1871–1941". Eighth Census of Canada, 1941. Volume II: Population by Local Subdivisions. Ottawa: Dominion Bureau of Statistics. 1944. pp. 134–141.
  16. "Table 6: Population by census subdivisions, 1926-1946". Census of the Prairie Provinces, 1946. Volume I: Population. Ottawa: Dominion Bureau of Statistics. 1949. pp. 401–414.
  17. "Table 6: Population by census subdivisions, 1871–1951". Ninth Census of Canada, 1951. Volume I: Population, General Characteristics. Ottawa: Dominion Bureau of Statistics. 1953. p. 6.73–6.83.
  18. "Table 6: Population by sex, for census subdivisions, 1956 and 1951". Census of Canada, 1956. Population, Counties and Subdivisions. Ottawa: Dominion Bureau of Statistics. 1957. p. 6.50–6.53.
  19. "Table 6: Population by census subdivisions, 1901–1961". 1961 Census of Canada. Series 1.1: Historical, 1901–1961. Volume I: Population. Ottawa: Dominion Bureau of Statistics. 1963. p. 6.77-6.83.
  20. "Population by specified age groups and sex, for census subdivisions, 1966". Census of Canada, 1966. Population, Specified Age Groups and Sex for Counties and Census Subdivisions, 1966. Ottawa: Dominion Bureau of Statistics. 1968. p. 6.50–6.53.
  21. "Table 2: Population of Census Subdivisions, 1921–1971". 1971 Census of Canada. Volume I: Population, Census Subdivisions (Historical). Ottawa: Statistics Canada. 1973. p. 2.102-2.111.
  22. "Table 3: Population for census divisions and subdivisions, 1971 and 1976". 1976 Census of Canada. Census Divisions and Subdivisions, Western Provinces and the Territories. Volume I: Population, Geographic Distributions. Ottawa: Statistics Canada. 1977. p. 3.40–3.43.
  23. "Table 4: Population and Total Occupied Dwellings, for Census Divisions and Subdivisions, 1976 and 1981". 1981 Census of Canada. Volume II: Provincial series, Population, Geographic distributions (Alberta). Ottawa: Statistics Canada. 1982. p. 4.1–4.10. ISBN   0-660-51095-2.
  24. "Table 2: Census Divisions and Subdivisions – Population and Occupied Private Dwellings, 1981 and 1986". Census Canada 1986. Population and Dwelling Counts – Provinces and Territories (Alberta). Ottawa: Statistics Canada. 1987. p. 2.1–2.10. ISBN   0-660-53463-0.
  25. "Table 2: Population and Dwelling Counts, for Census Divisions and Census Subdivisions, 1986 and 1991 – 100% Data". 91 Census. Population and Dwelling Counts – Census Divisions and Census Subdivisions. Ottawa: Statistics Canada. 1992. pp. 100–108. ISBN   0-660-57115-3.
  26. "Table 10: Population and Dwelling Counts, for Census Divisions, Census Subdivisions (Municipalities) and Designated Places, 1991 and 1996 Censuses – 100% Data". 96 Census. A National Overview – Population and Dwelling Counts. Ottawa: Statistics Canada. 1997. pp. 136–146. ISBN   0-660-59283-5.
  27. "Population and Dwelling Counts, for Canada, Provinces and Territories, and Census Divisions, 2001 and 1996 Censuses - 100% Data (Alberta)". Statistics Canada . Retrieved 2012-04-02.
  28. "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2006 and 2001 censuses - 100% data (Alberta)". Statistics Canada. 2010-01-06. Retrieved 2012-04-02.
  29. 1 2 "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2011 and 2006 censuses". Statistics Canada. 2012-02-08. Retrieved 2012-02-08.
  30. "2018 Municipal Affairs Population List" (PDF). Alberta Municipal Affairs. December 2018. ISBN   978-1-4601-4254-7 . Retrieved July 18, 2019.
  31. "City of Leduc population surpasses 31,000 according to 2017 census". www.leduc.ca. Archived from the original on 2017-12-01.
  32. "Table 6: Municipalities (census subdivisions) with the highest population growth between 2006 and 2011". Statistics Canada. 2012-05-30. Retrieved 2012-09-05.
  33. "Interim List of Changes to Municipal Boundaries, Status, and Names From January 2, 2013 to January 1, 2014 (Table 1 – Changes to census subdivisions in alphabetical order by province and territory)" (XLSX). Statistics Canada. May 21, 2014. Retrieved May 29, 2014.
  34. "About Us". Leduc-Nisku Economic Development Association. Archived from the original on 2012-02-17. Retrieved 2012-06-23.
  35. "Explore the Region". Leduc-Nisku Economic Development Association. Archived from the original on 2012-04-16. Retrieved 2012-06-23.
  36. "Business Licences & Permits | City of Leduc". Leduc.ca. Retrieved 2017-04-30.
  37. "Departments". City of Leduc. Archived from the original on 2012-11-02. Retrieved 2012-10-11.
  38. "Upper Management Organizational Chart" (PDF). City of Leduc. Retrieved 2012-10-11.
  39. "Fire Services". City of Leduc. Retrieved 2012-10-11.
  40. "Enforcement Services". City of Leduc. Retrieved 2012-10-11.
  41. "Climatic Regions [Köppen]". Natural Resources Canada. Archived from the original on 9 September 2015. Retrieved 27 February 2014.
  42. "Edmonton International Airport". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010 (in English and French). Environment Canada. Retrieved February 27, 2014.
  43. "Hourly Data Report for July 02, 2013". Historical Climate Data. Environment Canada. Retrieved March 4, 2016.