Legislative Assembly of Prince Edward Island
Assemblée législative de l'Île-du-Prince-Édouard
|66th General Assembly of Prince Edward Island|
|Preceded by|| Bicameral:|
- Legislative Council
- House of Assembly
|April 23, 2019|
|On or before October 2, 2023|
| Province House, Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island, Canada|
(Meeting at the adjacent Hon. George Coles Building during restoration)
The Legislative Assembly of Prince Edward Island (French : Assemblée législative de l'Île-du-Prince-Édouard) is the sole chamber of the General Assembly of Prince Edward Island. The Legislative Assembly meets at Province House, which is located at the intersection of Richmond and Great George Streets in Charlottetown. Bills passed by the Assembly are given royal assent by the King of Canada in Right of Prince Edward Island, represented by the Lieutenant-Governor of Prince Edward Island.
As a colony, Prince Edward Island originally had a bicameral legislature founded in 1773 with the Legislative Council of Prince Edward Island serving as the upper house and the House of Assembly as the lower house. Together they composed the 1st General Assembly of the Island of Saint John. After the name of the colony changed in 1798, the body became known as the General Assembly of Prince Edward Island.
In 1769, a British Order in Council established a new government on the British colony of St. John's Island (present day P.E.I.). In 1770, Lieutenant Governor Walter Patterson (the island's first Governor) arrived and appointed a Council to assist him in the administration of the island. By 1773, at the insistence of the British government, Governor Patterson summoned the island's first assembly.
Elections for the island's first House of Assembly were held on July 4, 1773, with 18 members being elected. Tradition has it that the first session of the island's new assembly was held in the Crossed Keys Tavern on the corner of Queen and Dorchester Streets in Charlottetown; however, a journal entry contradicts this and indicates that it was actually held in the home of James Richardson.
In 1839, an important distinction was drawn between the executive and legislative capacities of the Legislative Council. This distinction proved to be an important step on the road to responsible government which was finally implemented in 1851.
Prior to 1893, Prince Edward Island had a bicameral system of government, consisting of a Legislative Council and a House of Assembly. These two bodies were amalgamated in 1893 to create one Legislative Assembly consisting of 30 members elected from 15 different constituencies. Each constituency returned a Councillor and an Assemblyman to the Assembly. The only change to this system of returning members to the assembly was the addition of two Members resulting from the creation of 6th Queens in 1966. In 1996, the system and the electoral map were restructured, and the province now has twenty-seven Members of the Legislative Assembly, each elected from a different constituency.
In 2015, Province House was closed for repairs and conservation work. The legislature moved to the adjacent Hon. George Coles Building, where it is expected to remain for several years.
The Legislative Assembly currently has 27 single-member districts and is currently the smallest provincial assembly in Canada.
Prior to the 1996 provincial election, the province was divided into 16 dual-member districts, each of which was represented by one member who held the title Assemblyman and one member who held the title Councillor. This was a holdover from the legislature's historic bicameral structure; instead of simply abolishing its upper house as most Canadian provinces with historically bicameral legislatures did, Prince Edward Island merged the two houses in 1893. Although both members sat in the same legislative house, all voters in a district voted for the assemblyman while only landowners could vote for the councillor. Excepting the division of 5th Queens, the district that contained the capital city of Charlottetown, into two districts in 1966, these district boundaries were never adjusted for demographic or population changes.
The property qualification was discontinued in 1963, largely eliminating any practical distinction between the two roles, although the nominal titles continued to be used until the current single-member districts were introduced in 1996.
Cabinet ministers are in bold, party leaders are in italic, and the Speaker of the Legislative Assembly is designated by a dagger (†).
|Colin LaVie||Progressive Conservative||Souris-Elmira|
|Steven Myers||Progressive Conservative||Georgetown-Pownal|
|Cory Deagle||Progressive Conservative||Montague-Kilmuir|
|Darlene Compton||Progressive Conservative||Belfast-Murray River|
|James Aylward||Progressive Conservative||Stratford-Keppoch|
|Sidney MacEwen||Progressive Conservative||Morell-Donagh|
|Bloyce Thompson||Progressive Conservative||Stanhope-Marshfield|
|Natalie Jameson||Progressive Conservative||Charlottetown-Hillsborough Park|
|Zack Bell||Progressive Conservative||Charlottetown-Winsloe|
|Karla Bernard||Green||Charlottetown-Victoria Park|
|Gordon McNeilly||Liberal||Charlottetown-West Royalty|
|Dennis King||Progressive Conservative||Brackley-Hunter River|
|Mark McLane||Progressive Conservative||Cornwall-Meadowbank|
|Peter Bevan-Baker||Green||New Haven-Rocky Point|
|Brad Trivers||Progressive Conservative||Rustico-Emerald|
|Jamie Fox||Progressive Conservative||Borden-Kinkora|
|Matthew MacKay||Progressive Conservative||Kensington-Malpeque|
|Stephen Howard||Green||Summerside-South Drive|
|Trish Altass||Green||Tyne Valley-Sherbrooke|
|Ernie Hudson||Progressive Conservative||Alberton-Bloomfield|
|Hal Perry||Liberal||Tignish-Palmer Road|
|As of 15 November 2021 [update]|
The legislature Black Rod has been carried by the Sergeant-at-Arms since 2000.
The 1993 Prince Edward Island general election was held on March 29, 1993.
The 1989 Prince Edward Island general election was held on May 29, 1989.
The 1966 Prince Edward Island general election was held on May 30, 1966.
The 1962 Prince Edward Island general election was held in the Canadian province of Prince Edward Island on December 10, 1962.
The 1959 Prince Edward Island general election was held in the Canadian province of Prince Edward Island on September 1, 1959.
The 1955 Prince Edward Island general election was held in the Canadian province of Prince Edward Island on May 25, 1955.
The 1951 Prince Edward Island general election was held in the Canadian province of Prince Edward Island on April 26, 1951.
The 1939 Prince Edward Island general election was held in the Canadian province of Prince Edward Island on May 18, 1939.
The 1935 Prince Edward Island general election was held in the Canadian province of Prince Edward Island on 23 July 1935. The Liberal Party led by Walter Lea swept the board by winning every seat in every constituency. This was the first time that a government in the British Commonwealth would face no opposition in an elected chamber. To date, this feat has only been accomplished one other time in Canadian history, the 1987 New Brunswick election.
The 1931 Prince Edward Island general election was held on 6 August 1931 in the Canadian Province of Prince Edward Island. The governing Liberals of Premier Walter Lea were defeated by the Conservatives led by James D. Stewart.
The 1927 Prince Edward Island general election was held in the Canadian province of Prince Edward Island on June 25, 1927.
The 1923 Prince Edward Island general election was held in the Canadian province of Prince Edward Island on July 24, 1923.
The 1919 Prince Edward Island general election was held in the Canadian province of Prince Edward Island on July 24, 1919.
The 1915 Prince Edward Island general election was held in the Canadian province of Prince Edward Island on September 16, 1915. The election was held in the midst of the First World War.
The 1912 Prince Edward Island general election was held in the Canadian province of Prince Edward Island on January 3, 1912.
The 1904 Prince Edward Island general election was held in the Canadian province of Prince Edward Island on December 7, 1904.
The 1900 Prince Edward Island general election was held in the Canadian province of Prince Edward Island on December 12, 1900.
The politics of Prince Edward Island are centred on a provincial government resembling that of the other Canadian provinces. The capital of the province of Prince Edward Island is Charlottetown, where the lieutenant governor and the premier reside, and the provincial legislature, and cabinet are located.
The General Assembly of Prince Edward Island is the unicameral legislature of the province of Prince Edward Island, Canada, consisting of the Lieutenant Governor of Prince Edward Island (Crown-in-Parliament) and the Legislative Assembly of Prince Edward Island. The legislature was first established in 1773.
The Legislative Council of Prince Edward Island was the upper house of the Legislature of the Canadian province of Prince Edward Island. It existed from 1773 to 1893. Members were appointed by the Lieutenant Governor of Prince Edward Island on the advice of the Premier until 1862 when it became an elected body. In 1893, the Legislative Council and House of Assembly were amalgamated into the Legislative Assembly of Prince Edward Island, a unicameral body with an assemblyman and councillor elected from each electoral district.
The Legislative Assembly of Prince Edward Island is located in the Hon. George Coles Building at 175 Richmond Street in Charlottetown…Beginning January 1, 2015, Province House National Historic Site will be closed for 3-5 years for extensive conservation work.