Legislative Assembly of Prince Edward Island

Last updated
Legislative Assembly of Prince Edward Island

Assemblée législative de l'Île-du-Prince-Édouard
67th General Assembly of Prince Edward Island
Coat of arms of Prince Edward Island, Canada.svg
Type
Type
History
Founded1893 (1893)
Preceded by Bicameral:
- Legislative Council
- House of Assembly
Leadership
Structure
Seats27
PEI 67th Assembly.svg
Political groups
Government
  •   Progressive Conservative (21)

Official Opposition

Other parties

Elections
Last election
April 3, 2023
Next election
On or before October 4, 2027
Meeting place
282 - Birthplace of Canada Charlottetown PEI.JPG
Province House, Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island, Canada
(Meeting at the adjacent Hon. George Coles Building during restoration)
Website
www.assembly.pe.ca

The Legislative Assembly of Prince Edward Island (French : Assemblée législative de l'Île-du-Prince-Édouard) together with the lieutenant governor of Prince Edward Island form the General Assembly of Prince Edward Island. [1] The Legislative Assembly meets at Province House, which is at the intersection of Richmond and Great George Streets in Charlottetown. Bills passed by the Assembly are given royal assent by the lieutenant governor in the name of the King of Canada. [2]

Contents

History

As a colony, Prince Edward Island originally had a bicameral legislature founded in 1773 with the Legislative Council of Prince Edward Island serving as the upper house and the House of Assembly as the lower house. Together they composed the 1st General Assembly of the Island of Saint John. After the name of the colony changed in 1798, the body became known as the General Assembly of Prince Edward Island.

In 1769, a British Order in Council established a new government on the British colony of St. John's Island (present day P.E.I.). In 1770, Lieutenant Governor Walter Patterson (the island's first Governor) arrived and appointed a Council to assist him in the administration of the island. By 1773, at the insistence of the British government, Governor Patterson summoned the island's first assembly.

Elections for the island's first House of Assembly were held on July 4, 1773, with 18 members being elected. Tradition has it that the first session of the island's new assembly was held in the Crossed Keys Tavern on the corner of Queen and Dorchester Streets in Charlottetown; however, a journal entry contradicts this and indicates that it was actually held in the home of James Richardson.

In 1839, an important distinction was drawn between the executive and legislative capacities of the Legislative Council. This distinction proved to be an important step on the road to responsible government which was finally implemented in 1851.

Prior to 1893, Prince Edward Island had a bicameral system of government, consisting of a Legislative Council and a House of Assembly. These two bodies were amalgamated in 1893 to create one Legislative Assembly consisting of 30 members elected from 15 different constituencies. Each constituency returned a Councillor and an Assemblyman to the Assembly. The only change to this system of returning members to the assembly was the addition of two Members resulting from the creation of 6th Queens in 1966. In 1996, the system and the electoral map were restructured, and the province now has twenty-seven Members of the Legislative Assembly, each elected from a different constituency.

In 2015, Province House was closed for repairs and conservation work. The legislature moved to the adjacent Hon. George Coles Building, where it is expected to remain for several years. [3]

Composition

The Legislative Assembly currently has 27 single-member districts and is currently the smallest provincial assembly in Canada.

Prior to the 1996 provincial election, the province was divided into 16 dual-member districts, each of which was represented by one member who held the title Assemblyman and one member who held the title Councillor. This was a holdover from the legislature's historic bicameral structure; instead of simply abolishing its upper house as most Canadian provinces with historically bicameral legislatures did, Prince Edward Island merged the two houses in 1893. Although both members sat in the same legislative house, all voters in a district voted for the assemblyman while only landowners could vote for the councillor. [4] Excepting the division of 5th Queens, the district that contained the capital city of Charlottetown, into two districts in 1966, these district boundaries were never adjusted for demographic or population changes.

The property qualification was discontinued in 1963, largely eliminating any practical distinction between the two roles, although the nominal titles continued to be used until the current single-member districts were introduced in 1996. [4]

Members of the Legislative Assembly

Cabinet ministers are in bold, party leaders are in italic, and the Speaker of the Legislative Assembly is designated by a dagger (†).

NamePartyRiding
  Robin Croucher Progressive Conservative Souris-Elmira
  Steven Myers Progressive Conservative Georgetown-Pownal
  Cory Deagle Progressive Conservative Montague-Kilmuir
  Darlene Compton Progressive Conservative Belfast-Murray River
  Jenn Redmond Progressive Conservative Mermaid-Stratford
  Jill Burridge Progressive Conservative Stratford-Keppoch
  Sidney MacEwen Progressive Conservative Morell-Donagh
  Bloyce Thompson Progressive Conservative Stanhope-Marshfield
  Natalie Jameson Progressive Conservative Charlottetown-Hillsborough Park
  Zack Bell Progressive Conservative Charlottetown-Winsloe
  Susie Dillon Progressive Conservative Charlottetown-Belvedere
  Karla Bernard Green Charlottetown-Victoria Park
  Rob Lantz Progressive Conservative Charlottetown-Brighton
  Gordon McNeilly Liberal Charlottetown-West Royalty
  Dennis King Progressive Conservative Brackley-Hunter River
  Mark McLane Progressive Conservative Cornwall-Meadowbank
  Peter Bevan-Baker Green New Haven-Rocky Point
  Brad Trivers Progressive Conservative Rustico-Emerald
  Jamie Fox
(until November 11, 2023)
Progressive Conservative Borden-Kinkora
  Matt MacFarlane
(since February 7, 2024)
Green
  Matthew MacKay Progressive Conservative Kensington-Malpeque
  Tyler DesRoches Progressive Conservative Summerside-Wilmot
  Barb Ramsay Progressive Conservative Summerside-South Drive
  Hilton MacLennan Progressive Conservative Tyne Valley-Sherbrooke
  Gilles Arsenault Progressive Conservative Evangeline-Miscouche
  Robert Henderson Liberal O'Leary-Inverness
  Ernie Hudson Progressive Conservative Alberton-Bloomfield
  Hal Perry Liberal Tignish-Palmer Road

Seating plan

McLane Arsenault Lantz Ramsay Redmond Deagle Bell
Hudson Myers MacKay Thompson KING Burridge Jameson
Compton
Croucher Trivers PERRY McNeilly BERNARD MacFarlane
MacEwen Dillon MacLennan DesRoches Henderson Bevan-Baker

Current as of February 2024 [5]

Party membership

Number of members
per party by date
20232024
April 3November 11February 7
  Progressive Conservative 2221
  Liberal 3
  Green 23
Total members272627
Vacant010
Government Majority171615

Membership changes

Membership changes in the 67th Assembly
DateNameDistrictPartyReason
 April 3, 2023See List of MembersElection day of the 2023 Prince Edward Island general election
 November 11, 2023 Jamie Fox Borden-Kinkora Progressive Conservative Resigned to run for Malpeque seat, in the next federal election [6]
 February 7, 2024 Matt MacFarlane Borden-Kinkora Green Won by-election

Officers

The legislature Black Rod has been carried by the Sergeant-at-Arms since 2000. [7]

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Andrew Archibald Macdonald</span> Canadian politician

Andrew Archibald Macdonald, served as the fourth Lieutenant Governor of Prince Edward Island from 1 August 1884 to 2 September 1889, and was one of the fathers of Canadian Confederation.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Neil McLeod (politician)</span> Canadian politician

Neil McLeod was a Prince Edward Island lawyer, judge, politician, the fifth premier, and Leader of the Opposition during the amalgamation of the Prince Edward Island legislature. He was born at Uigg on the island to Roderick McLeod and Flora McDonald, Baptist immigrants from the Isle of Skye in Scotland. He was educated at the Uigg Grammar School and in Wolfville, Nova Scotia, articled in law at Charlottetown and was called to the bar in 1873. Four years later, his marriage to the beloved Isabella Jane Adelia Hayden, the Methodist granddaughter to Irish Roman Catholic immigrant and merchant John Roach Bourke, furthered Gaelic intersections among Islander cultural enclaves. McLeod was the child of immigrants from the Isle of Skye and transcriptions identified him as both "Neil McLeod" and "Neil MacLeod", in publications as well as legal documents, after the 1886 election of Angus MacLeod. Historians continue to research his positions on the 1882 replacement of French-language texts with bilingual readers for French Acadians, late nineteenth-century prohibitions on Canadian Gaelic, and corporal punishment in Prince Edward Island schools. During this period, McLeod practiced law with partner Edward Jarvis Hodgson before joining the McLeod, Morson, and McQuarrie law firm. He also served as Commissioner for the Poor House and as a "trustee" to the public Prince Edward Island Hospital for the Insane, which replaced the Lunatic Asylum following a Grand Jury inquest. In 2019, mental health officer and occupational therapist Tina Pranger examined the presents and pasts of the Hillsborough Hospital, providing a summation of previous assessments of the inquest by historians and curators.

This is a list of the legislative assemblies of Canada's provinces and territories. Each province's legislative assembly, along with the province's lieutenant governor, form the province's legislature. Historically, several provinces had bicameral legislatures, but they all eventually dissolved their upper house or merged it with their lower house, so that all provincial legislatures are now unicameral.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1993 Prince Edward Island general election</span> Canadian provincial election

The 1993 Prince Edward Island general election was held on March 29, 1993.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1989 Prince Edward Island general election</span> Canadian provincial election

The 1989 Prince Edward Island general election was held on May 29, 1989.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1966 Prince Edward Island general election</span> Canadian provincial election

The 1966 Prince Edward Island general election was held on May 30, 1966.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1962 Prince Edward Island general election</span> Canadian provincial election

The 1962 Prince Edward Island general election was held in the Canadian province of Prince Edward Island on December 10, 1962.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1959 Prince Edward Island general election</span> Canadian provincial election

The 1959 Prince Edward Island general election was held in the Canadian province of Prince Edward Island on September 1, 1959.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1939 Prince Edward Island general election</span> Canadian provincial election

The 1939 Prince Edward Island general election was held in the Canadian province of Prince Edward Island on May 18, 1939.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1935 Prince Edward Island general election</span> Canadian provincial election

The 1935 Prince Edward Island general election was held in the Canadian province of Prince Edward Island on 23 July 1935. The Liberal Party led by Walter Lea swept the board by winning every seat in every constituency. This was the first time that a government in the British Commonwealth would face no opposition in an elected chamber. To date, this feat has only been accomplished one other time in Canadian history, the 1987 New Brunswick election.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1927 Prince Edward Island general election</span> Canadian provincial election

The 1927 Prince Edward Island general election was held in the Canadian province of Prince Edward Island on June 25, 1927.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1923 Prince Edward Island general election</span> Canadian provincial election

The 1923 Prince Edward Island general election was held in the Canadian province of Prince Edward Island on July 24, 1923.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1919 Prince Edward Island general election</span> Canadian provincial election

The 1919 Prince Edward Island general election was held in the Canadian province of Prince Edward Island on July 24, 1919.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1915 Prince Edward Island general election</span> Canadian provincial election

The 1915 Prince Edward Island general election was held in the Canadian province of Prince Edward Island on September 16, 1915. The election was held in the midst of the First World War.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1912 Prince Edward Island general election</span> Canadian provincial election

The 1912 Prince Edward Island general election was held in the Canadian province of Prince Edward Island on January 3, 1912.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1904 Prince Edward Island general election</span> Canadian provincial election

The 1904 Prince Edward Island general election was held in the Canadian province of Prince Edward Island on December 7, 1904.

The politics of Prince Edward Island are centred on a provincial government resembling that of the other Canadian provinces. The capital of the province of Prince Edward Island is Charlottetown, where the lieutenant governor and the premier reside, and where the provincial legislature and cabinet are located.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Monarchy in Prince Edward Island</span> Function of the Canadian monarchy in Prince Edward Island

By the arrangements of the Canadian federation, the Canadian monarchy operates in Prince Edward Island as the core of the province's Westminster-style parliamentary democracy. As such, the Crown within Prince Edward Island's jurisdiction is referred to as the Crown in Right of Prince Edward Island, His Majesty in Right of Prince Edward Island, or the King in Right of Prince Edward Island. The Constitution Act, 1867, however, leaves many royal duties in Prince Edward Island specifically assigned to the sovereign's viceroy, the lieutenant governor of Prince Edward Island, whose direct participation in governance is limited by the conventional stipulations of constitutional monarchy.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">General Assembly of Prince Edward Island</span>

The General Assembly of Prince Edward Island is the unicameral legislature of the province of Prince Edward Island, Canada, consisting of the lieutenant governor and the Legislative Assembly of Prince Edward Island. The legislature was first established in 1773.

The Legislative Council of Prince Edward Island was the upper house of the Legislature of the Canadian province of Prince Edward Island. It existed from 1773 to 1893. Members were appointed by the lieutenant governor of Prince Edward Island on the advice of the premier until 1862 when it became an elected body. In 1893, the Legislative Council and House of Assembly were amalgamated into the Legislative Assembly of Prince Edward Island, a unicameral body with an assemblyman and councillor elected from each electoral district.

References

  1. "The Legislative Assembly Act" (PDF). validate.perfdrive.com. Government of Prince Edward Island. Retrieved 2024-04-05.
  2. Legislative Assembly Act , RSPEI 1988, c. L-7, s. 1(1)
  3. "Visitor Information". Legislative Assembly of Prince Edward Island. Retrieved 2017-02-20. The Legislative Assembly of Prince Edward Island is located in the Hon. George Coles Building at 175 Richmond Street in Charlottetown…Beginning January 1, 2015, Province House National Historic Site will be closed for 3-5 years for extensive conservation work.
  4. 1 2 "Our History and Timeline | Legislative Assembly". www.assembly.pe.ca. Retrieved 2024-03-12.
  5. "Seating Plan". Legislative Assembly of Prince Edward Island. 27 February 2024. Retrieved 6 March 2024.
  6. CBC news
  7. "Home | Legislative Assembly".