Leishenshan Hospital

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Leishenshan Hospital
Gate of Wuhan Leishenshan Hospital (4).jpg
Leishenshan Hospital
Geography
Location Jiangxia District, Wuhan, Hubei, China
Coordinates 30°25′55″N114°17′18″E / 30.432048°N 114.288276°E / 30.432048; 114.288276 Coordinates: 30°25′55″N114°17′18″E / 30.432048°N 114.288276°E / 30.432048; 114.288276
Services
Beds1,600 (official) [1]
1,500 (operational) [2]
History
Opened8 February 2020
20 February 2020 (Fully opened)
Closed15 April 2020
Links
Lists Hospitals in China
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese 雷神 医院
Traditional Chinese 雷神 醫院
Literal meaningMount Thunder God Hospital
Leishenshan Hospital under construction.jpg
Construction site of Leishenshan Hospital.
Gate of Wuhan Leishenshan Hospital (1).jpg
Wuhan Leishenshan Hospital

Leishenshan Hospital (Chinese :雷神山医院; lit. 'Mount Thunder God Hospital') is an emergency specialty field hospital built in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. [3] [4] The facility is located at No.3 Parking Lot of the Athletes Village in Jiangxia District, Wuhan, Hubei. Stage one of construction was completed on 6 February 2020, and the hospital opened on 8 February 2020. Along with the Huoshenshan Hospital, a further sixteen other temporary treatment facilities were set up for isolation and treatment of COVID-19 cases. [5] Leishenshan and Huoshenshan hospitals were closed and sealed on 15 April 2020, pending possible reopening in the event of a resurgence of cases. [5]

Contents

Etymology

The name "Leishen" (雷神; 'God of Thunder') refers to Leigong, a deity in Chinese folk religion who punishes both earthly mortals guilty of secret crimes and evil spirits who have used their knowledge of Taoism to harm human beings. [6] [7]

The name "Lei" (; 'Thunder') is also related to the concept of wood () in wuxing (五行), wherein wood begets fire (木生火) and fire overcomes metal (火克金). In traditional Chinese medicine, the metal element () governs the lung (), so the name conveys the hope that the respiratory infection caused by SARS-CoV-2 will eventually be eliminated. [6] [7]

History

At 3:30 p.m. on 25 January 2020, the Wuhan municipal government decided to establish an additional hospital named "Leishenshan Hospital" in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. The hospital was located at No.3 Parking Lot of the Athletes Village in Jiangxia District of Wuhan. On January 27, the National Development and Reform Commission announced the allocation of 300 million yuan to subsidize the construction of Huoshenshan Hospital and Leishenshan Hospital. [8] The same day, the State Grid Corporation of China announced to donate 60.28 million yuan worth of physical materials to the construction of the two hospitals. [9]

On 6 February 2020, the construction of the hospital was completed. [10] 2 days later on 8 February 2020, a total of 1,600 beds were delivered to the hospital. [11] On the same day, Vice Premier Sun Chunlan visited the building. She stressed that treatment should be carried out based on the priority of the severity of the patient's condition. [12] The first 30 patients were admitted to the hospital on the same day at 8:00 p.m.[ citation needed ]

As of 20 February 2020, the hospital had an operational capacity of 1500 beds. [2]

On 15 April 2020, it was 'retired' after treating 2,011 patients. [5] It currently remains on standby. [13]

Design

The hospital is a field hospital-based building with modular design. [14] It has 32 zones for patients, two of which are for those in critical condition and three for those with serious symptoms. [15]

See also

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References

  1. 雷神山医院病床增至1600张 ['Thunder Hill' Hospital's hospital beds increased to 1,600]. Beijing News . 2020-01-29. Archived from the original on 2020-01-29. Retrieved 2020-01-29.
  2. 1 2 雷神山医院已累计收治病人1961人,约半数已治愈出院 18 March 2020 "Thunder Mountain" Hospital has admitted 1961 patients, about half of them have been cured and discharged, accessed 19 April 2020 baijiahao.baidu.com
  3. 火神山、雷神山医院将于2月3日和2月6日收治病人 [Vulcan Hill and 'Thunder Hill' Hospital will treat patients on February 3 and February 6]. yicai.com. 2020-01-31.
  4. Umlauf, Jessica Wang, Ellie Zhu and Taylor (2020-02-03). "How China Built a Coronavirus Hospital in 10 Days". Wall Street Journal. ISSN   0099-9660 . Retrieved 2020-02-05.
  5. 1 2 3 Lu, Joanne (10 September 2020). "Whatever Happened To ... The Instant Hospitals Built For COVID-19 Patients In Wuhan?". NPR.
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  7. 1 2 Liu Yuxin, ed. (26 January 2020). "Archived copy" 独家揭秘:"火神山"、"雷神山"名字怎么来的? [Exclusive Secret: How did the names "Vulcan Mountain" and "Thunder Mountain" come from?]. 163.com (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 26 January 2020. Retrieved 28 January 2020.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
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  9. Yang Yang (2020-01-27). "Archived copy" 国网:先期向鄂捐5000万元及6000万元电力实物资产 [State Grid: Donate 50 million yuan and 60 million yuan of electricity physical assets to Hubei in advance]. The Paper (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2020-01-27. Retrieved 2020-01-28.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
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  11. Mu, Xuequan (7 February 2020). "1,600 beds for Leishenshan Hospital to be delivered in Wuhan on Feb. 8". Xinhuanet. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  12. "Vice premier stresses racing against time to treat patients". Xinhuanet. 8 February 2020. Retrieved 9 February 2020.
  13. Live Reporting, Edited by Hugo Bachega 6:19- China retires 'Thunder God Mountain' hospital 15 April 2020, www.bbc.co.uk, accessed 15 April 2020
  14. "Leishenshan Hospital in Wuhan uses modular design based on layout of field hospital". Xinhuanet. 8 February 2020. Retrieved 9 February 2020.
  15. Li, Yan (8 February 2020). "Leishenshan Hospital ready to receive patients". ECNS. Retrieved 8 February 2020.