Lemmy

Last updated

Lemmy
Lemmy-02.jpg
Lemmy performing in May 2005
Born
Ian Fraser Kilmister

(1945-12-24)24 December 1945
Died28 December 2015(2015-12-28) (aged 70)
Resting place Forest Lawn Memorial Park, Hollywood Hills, California
Other names
  • Lemmy Kilmister
  • Ian Fraser Willis
Occupation
  • Singer
  • musician
  • songwriter
Years active1965–2015
Children2
Musical career
Genres
Instruments
  • Vocals
  • bass
Associated acts
Website imotorhead.com

Ian Fraser Kilmister (24 December 1945 – 28 December 2015), better known as Lemmy, was an English rock musician, best known as the founder, lead singer, bassist, primary songwriter and only continuous member of the rock band Motörhead.

Contents

A foundational force in the genre following the advent of the new wave of British heavy metal, he was known for his appearance, which included his signature friendly mutton chops, his military-influenced fashion sense, and his gravelly rasp of a voice that was once declared "one of the most recognisable voices in rock". [1] He was also noted for his unique way of singing, which was once described as "looking up towards a towering microphone tilted down into his weather-beaten face". [2] He was also known for his bass playing style and using his Rickenbacker bass to create an "overpowered, distorted rhythmic rumble", [2] while another notable aspect of his bass sound was that he often played power chords using heavily overdriven tube stacks by Marshall.

He was also known for a large facial 'skin tag' which he chose not to remove. It epitomized his joie de vivre, and seeming imperviousness to the vanity or the criticism and/or critique of others.

Lemmy was born in Stoke-on-Trent and grew up between there, the nearby towns of Newcastle-under-Lyme and Madeley, and later the Welsh village of Benllech. He was influenced by rock and roll and the early works of the Beatles, which led to him playing in several rock groups in the 1960s such as the Rockin' Vickers. He worked as a roadie for Jimi Hendrix and The Nice before joining the space rock band Hawkwind in 1971, singing lead vocals on their hit "Silver Machine". In 1975, he was fired from Hawkwind after an arrest for drug possession; that same year, he became the founder, lead singer, bassist, and songwriter of Motörhead. The band's success peaked around 1980 and 1981, including the hit single "Ace of Spades" and the chart-topping live album No Sleep 'til Hammersmith .

Lemmy continued to record and tour regularly with Motörhead until his death on 28 December 2015 in Los Angeles, where he had lived since 1990. He was diagnosed with prostate cancer two days before his death. Alongside his music career, he had minor roles and cameos in film and television. He was known for his hard-living lifestyle, which included chain-smoking and daily consumption of large amounts of alcohol and amphetamines.

Early life

Lemmy was born on 24 December 1945 in the Burslem area of Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire. [3] [4] When he was three months old, his father, an ex-Royal Air Force chaplain and concert pianist, [5] separated from his mother. He moved with his mother and grandmother to nearby Newcastle-under-Lyme, then to Madeley. [6] When Lemmy was 10, his mother married former rugby player George L. Willis, who already had two older children from a previous marriage, Patricia and Tony, whom Lemmy disliked. They later moved to a farm in the Welsh village of Benllech, Anglesey, with Lemmy commenting that "funnily enough, being the only English kid among 700 Welsh ones didn't make for the happiest time, but it was interesting from an anthropological point of view". [7] He attended Ysgol Syr Thomas Jones comprehensive school in Amlwch, where he was nicknamed "Lemmy". It was later suggested by some that the name originated from the phrase "lemmy [lend me] a quid 'til Friday" because of his alleged habit of borrowing money from people to play slot machines, [6] [8] [9] [10] although Lemmy himself said that he did not know the origin of the name. [11] He soon started to show an interest in rock and roll, girls, and horses.

At school, Lemmy noticed a pupil who had brought a guitar to school and had been "surrounded by chicks". His mother had a guitar, which he then took to school, and was himself surrounded by girls even though he could not play. By the time he left school, he had moved with his family to Conwy. He went on to work several odd jobs, including one at the local Hotpoint electric appliance factory, while also playing guitar for local bands such as the Sundowners and spending time at a horse-riding school. [6] He saw the Beatles perform at the Cavern Club in Liverpool when he was 16, and then learned to play along on guitar to their first album Please Please Me . He also admired the sarcastic attitude of the group, particularly that of John Lennon, [12] and later said of the group, "Brian Epstein cleaned them up for mass consumption, but they were anything but sissies. They were from Liverpool [...] a hard, sea-farin' town, all these dockers and sailors around all the time who would beat the piss out of you if you so much as winked at them. [...] The Rolling Stones were the mummy's boys—they were all college students from the outskirts of London. [...] The Stones made great records, but they were always shit on stage, whereas the Beatles were the gear." [13]

Career

1960–1970: Early years

Lemmy playing bass and singing, with his trademark high microphone position Lemmy K.jpg
Lemmy playing bass and singing, with his trademark high microphone position

In Stockport, Lemmy joined local bands the Rainmakers and then the Motown Sect who played northern clubs for three years. In 1965, he joined The Rockin' Vickers [14] who signed a deal with CBS, released three singles and toured Europe, reportedly being the first British band to visit the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. The Rockin' Vickers moved to Manchester, where they shared a flat together. [6]

Leaving the Rockin' Vickers, Lemmy moved to London in 1967. He shared a flat with Noel Redding, bassist of the Jimi Hendrix Experience, and with Neville Chesters, their road manager. He got a job as a roadie for the band. [1] In 1968, he joined the psychedelic rock band Sam Gopal under the name Ian Willis and recorded the album Escalator which was released in 1969. [15] After meeting Simon King at a shopping centre in Chelsea in 1969, he joined the band Opal Butterfly; but the group soon disbanded, having failed to raise enough interest with their singles. [6]

1971–1975: Hawkwind

See also Hawkwind (1970–75: United Artists era)
Lemmy during Motorhead's 2011 The World Is Yours Tour Lemmy Kilmister Motorhead in NYC by John Gullo.jpg
Lemmy during Motörhead's 2011 The Wörld Is Yours Tour

In August 1971, Lemmy joined the space rock band Hawkwind, who were based in Ladbroke Grove, London, as a bassist and vocalist. He had no previous experience as a bass guitarist, and was cajoled into joining immediately before a benefit gig in Notting Hill by bandmate Michael "Dik Mik" Davies, to have two members who enjoyed amphetamines. [16] Lemmy states that he originally auditioned for Hawkwind as a guitarist, but on the morning of the Notting Hill gig, they decided not to get another guitarist. By chance, the bass player didn't show up and left his equipment in the van. He often said, "Their bass player was pretty much saying 'please steal my gig!' So I stole his gig." Lemmy quickly developed a distinctive style that was strongly shaped by his early experience as a rhythm guitarist, often using double stops and chords rather than the single note lines preferred by most bassists. His bass work was a distinctive part of the Hawkwind sound during his tenure, perhaps best documented on the double live album Space Ritual . He also provided the lead vocals on several songs, including the band's biggest UK chart single, "Silver Machine", which reached #3 in 1972.

In May 1975, during a North American tour, Lemmy was arrested at the Canadian border in Windsor, Ontario on drug possession charges. The border police mistook the amphetamine he was carrying for cocaine and he spent five days in jail before being released without charge. The band were forced to cancel some shows and, tired of what they saw as his erratic behaviour, decided to fire him. [17] [18]

He once said of Hawkwind: "I did like being in Hawkwind, and I believe I'd still be playing with them today if I hadn't been kicked out. It was fun onstage, not so much offstage. They didn't want to mesh with me. Musically, I loved the drummer, the guitar player. It was a great band.” [19]

1975–2015: Motörhead

After Hawkwind, Lemmy formed a new band called "Bastard" with guitarist Larry Wallis (former member of the Pink Fairies, Steve Took's Shagrat and UFO) and drummer Lucas Fox. Lemmy and Took were friends, and Took was the stepfather to Lemmy's son Paul. When his manager informed him that a band by the name of "Bastard" would never get a slot on Top of the Pops , Lemmy changed the band's name to "Motörhead" – the title of the last song he had written for Hawkwind. [20]

Soon after, both Wallis and Fox were replaced with guitarist "Fast" Eddie Clarke and drummer Phil "Philthy Animal" Taylor and with this line-up, the band began to achieve success. Lemmy's guttural vocals were unique in rock at that time, and were copied during the time when punk rock became popular[ citation needed ]. The band's sound appealed to Lemmy's original fans and, eventually, to fans of punk. Lemmy asserted that he generally felt more kinship with punks than with metalheads; he even played with the Damned for a handful of gigs when they had no regular bassist. [21] The band's success peaked in 1980 and 1981 with several UK chart hits, including the single "Ace of Spades", which remained a crowd favourite throughout the band's career, and the UK #1 live album No Sleep 'til Hammersmith . Motörhead became one of the most influential bands in the heavy metal genre. Their – and Lemmy's – final live performance was in Berlin, Germany on 11 December 2015. [22]

Personal life

Lemmy performing in May 2005 Lemmy-04.jpg
Lemmy performing in May 2005

At the age of 17, Lemmy met a holidaying girl named Cathy. He followed her to Stockport, where she gave birth to his son Sean, who was put up for adoption. [6] In the 2010 documentary film Lemmy , he mentioned having a son whose mother had only recently reconnected with him and "hadn't got the heart to tell him who his father was". Later, during his time with The Rockin' Vickers, he slept with a woman in Manchester named Tracy; she had a son, Paul Inder, whom Lemmy met six years later. As an adult, Inder became a guitarist and occasionally joined Lemmy onstage. [6]

Lemmy lived in Los Angeles from 1990 until his death in 2015, his last residence being a two-room apartment two blocks away from his favourite hangout, the Rainbow Bar and Grill. [23]

In the 2005 Channel 4 documentary Motörhead: Live Fast, Die Old, it was claimed that Lemmy had slept with over 2,000 women. He later quipped, "I said more than 1,000; the magazine made 2,000 of it." Maxim had Lemmy at No. 8 on its top ten "Living Sex Legends" list, as they claimed that he had slept with around 1,200 women. [24] He is featured in the book Sex Tips from Rock Stars by Paul Miles. [25]

Dave Grohl, on his Probot website, describes musicians with whom he has worked. In his entry for Lemmy, he wrote:

We recorded [Lemmy's] track in Los Angeles in maybe two takes about a year and a half ago. Until then I'd never met what I'd call a real rock 'n' roll hero before. Fuck Elvis and Keith Richards, Lemmy's the king of rock 'n' roll—he told me he never considered Motörhead a metal band, he was quite adamant. Lemmy's a living, breathing, drinking and snorting fucking legend. No one else comes close. [26]

Lemmy was well known for his alcohol abuse. The documentary Motörhead: Live Fast Die Old stated that he drank a bottle of Jack Daniel's every day and had done so since he was 30 years old. [27] In 2013, he stopped drinking Jack Daniel's for health reasons. [28] During his time with Hawkwind, he developed an appetite for amphetamines and LSD, particularly the former. Before joining Hawkwind, he recalled Dik Mik, a former Hawkwind sound technician, visiting his home in the middle of the night and taking amphetamines with him. They became interested in how long "you could make the human body jump about without stopping", which they did for a few months until Mik ran out of money and wanted to return to Hawkwind, taking Lemmy with him. [9]

I first got into speed because it was a utilitarian drug and kept you awake when you needed to be awake when otherwise you'd just be flat out on your back. If you drive to Glasgow for nine hours in the back of a sweaty truck you don't really feel like going onstage feeling all bright and breezy. [...] It's the only drug I've found that I can get on with, and I've tried them all – except smack [heroin] and morphine: I've never "fixed" [injected] anything. [9]

In November 2005, he was invited to the National Assembly for Wales as a guest speaker by Conservative member William Graham. He was asked to express his views on the detrimental effects of drugs and called for the legalization of heroin. He stated that legalization would eradicate the drug dealer from society and generate money from its taxation, however hard this would be to accept. [29]

Lemmy collected German military regalia; he had an Iron Cross encrusted on his bass, which led to accusations of Nazi sympathies. He stated that he collected the memorabilia because he liked the way it looked, and considered himself an anarchist or libertarian. [30] [31] He spoke against racism several times. [32] [33] [34] Lemmy said he was against religion, government, and established authority. [35] [36] In 2011, he identified as agnostic, saying, "I can find out when I die. I can wait. I'm not in a hurry." [37] Jeff Hanneman, the founder of the thrash metal band Slayer, befriended Lemmy due to their shared fondness for collecting Nazi memorabilia. [38] According to Keith Emerson's autobiography, Lemmy gave him two of his Hitler Youth knives during his time as a roadie for the Nice. Emerson used these knives many times as keyholders when playing the Hammond organ during concerts with the Nice and Emerson, Lake & Palmer before destroying them. Lemmy defended his collection by saying that if his then-girlfriend (who was black) had no problem with it, nobody else should. [36]

Illness and death

Lemmy performing in May 2015 Motorhead - Rock am Ring 2015-0343.jpg
Lemmy performing in May 2015

In December 2000, Lemmy's tour was cancelled when he was hospitalised in Italy with the flu, exhaustion, and a lung infection. [39] He was hospitalised with extreme dehydration and exhaustion in Germany in July 2005. [40] As he grew older, he consumed less alcohol and drugs as he suffered from diabetes and hypertension. In June 2013, it was reported that he had an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator fitted. [1] His tour was cancelled in July 2013 due to a severe haematoma. [41] He referred to his continuing drug use as "dogged insolence in the face of mounting opposition to the contrary". [36] Towards the end of his life, he had to use a walking stick. [42] He had started smoking at the age of 11. [43] In August 2015, he said he had cut down his smoking habit from two packs a day to one pack a week. [44] He was hospitalised with a lung infection in September 2015, after having breathing problems when performing onstage. [45]

On 28 December 2015, four days after his 70th birthday, Lemmy died at his Los Angeles apartment from prostate cancer, cardiac arrhythmia, and congestive heart failure. [46] [47] [48] Motörhead announced his death on their official Facebook page later that day. According to the band, his cancer had only been diagnosed two days prior to his death. [49]

Lemmy's manager, Todd Singerman, later revealed:

He [Lemmy] gets home [from tour], we have a big birthday party for him at the Whisky a Go Go. His friends came down and played. Two days later I could tell he wasn't feeling good. So we took him to the hospital. They release him. Then after the brain scan, they found the cancer in his brain and his neck. The doctor comes with the result a couple of days later and says "It's terminal." [50]

Lemmy's doctor had given him between two and six months to live. Mikael Maglieri, owner of his nearby hangout of the Rainbow Bar and Grill, subsequently had a video game machine that Lemmy was fond of playing taken from the establishment and put in Lemmy's apartment so he could continue playing it from his bedside. [51] Although his manager had planned to keep the news private until his eventual death, Lemmy strongly encouraged him to make the diagnosis public in early 2016, but he died before a press release could be drafted. [51]

Funeral

Lemmy's memorial service took place at Forest Lawn Memorial Park, Hollywood Hills, on 9 January 2016. [1] The service was streamed live over YouTube with more than 230,000 people logging on to watch, [52] while others gathered at the Rainbow. His body was cremated following the funeral. His remains were placed in a 3D-printed urn shaped like his trademark cavalry hat and emblazoned with the slogan "Born to lose, lived to win". [53] [54] The piece was on display during his funeral and was later interred at Forest Lawn. [53]

In March 2021 it was revealed that Lemmy's ashes were, by his own request, put into bullets and sent to his closest friends. [55]

Tributes

Lemmy's grave at Forest Lawn Memorial Park Lemmy's Grave.jpg
Lemmy's grave at Forest Lawn Memorial Park

In various media, additional tributes appeared from fellow rock stars such as Rob Halford, Dave Grohl, Ozzy Osbourne, [56] Alice Cooper, Metallica, [57] Scott Ian of Anthrax, [58] and Black Sabbath guitarist Tony Iommi. [59]

Reviewing his career after his death, The Daily Telegraph said:

Over the years as guitarists and drummers passed through Motörhead's lineup, Lemmy remained the grizzled heart of the machine. His bronchial rasp—directed into a towering microphone tilted down into his weather-beaten face— was one of the most recognizable voices in rock, while his Rickenbacker guitar recast the bass as an overpowered, distorted rhythmic rumble. [2]

In 2005, the UK magazine Classic Rock presented Lemmy with its first "Living Legend" award. [60] In a 2013 interview with the magazine, Lemmy said he had never expected to make it to 30, but he spoke very pointedly about the future, indicating neither he nor the band was obsessing about the end:

Death is an inevitability, isn't it? You become more aware of that when you get to my age. I don't worry about it. I'm ready for it. When I go, I want to go doing what I do best. If I died tomorrow, I couldn't complain. It's been good. [61]

In February 2016, the Hollywood Vampires performed at the Grammy Award ceremony as a tribute to Lemmy. [62] On 11 June, Download Festival paid tribute to Lemmy by renaming the main stage the "Lemmy Stage", and in the slot where Motorhead were due to play, there was a video tribute to Lemmy in which they played his music and his peers talked about him. [63] On 17 November, Metallica released a tribute song titled "Murder One", named after Lemmy's frequently used amp. The song, from their album Hardwired... to Self-Destruct , depicts Lemmy's rise to fame. On 18 January 2017, Lemmy was inducted into the Hall of Heavy Metal History for being the creator of thrash metal. [64] In 2017, the extinct crocodile relative Lemmysuchus [65] was named after Lemmy. [66] On 14 November 2016, asteroid 243002 was officially named 243002 Lemmy, [67] complementing asteroid 250840 Motorhead, named after the band in 2014. [68]

In 2018, Hawkwind recorded a new acoustic version of Lemmy's "The Watcher" (originally recorded on Doremi Fasol Latido, 1972) on the album The Road to Utopia with production, arrangement and additional orchestrations by Mike Batt and a guest appearance from Eric Clapton. [69]

Collaborations

Lemmy worked with several musicians, apart from his Motörhead bandmates, over the course of his career. He wrote the song "R.A.M.O.N.E.S" for the Ramones, which he played in his live sets as a tribute to the band. He also produced a Ramones EP and an album for Warfare entitled Metal Anarchy in which Wurzel guested on guitar, He was brought in as a songwriter for Ozzy Osbourne's 1991 No More Tears album, providing lyrics for the tracks "Hellraiser," (which Motörhead later recorded themselves and released as a single), "Desire," "I Don't Want to Change the World" and the single "Mama I'm Coming Home". Lemmy noted in several magazine and television interviews that he made more money from the royalties of that one song than he had in his entire time with Motörhead. After being diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes in 2000, for which he was hospitalized briefly, Lemmy again appeared with Motörhead at WrestleMania X-Seven playing WWE wrestler Triple H to the ring. Lemmy published his autobiography, White Line Fever, in November 2002. In 2005, Motörhead won their first Grammy in the Best Metal Performance category with their cover of Metallica's "Whiplash". In the same year he began recording an unreleased solo album titled Lemmy & Friends, which was intended to include a collaboration with Janet Jackson. [70]

In 2014, he established his own recording label, Motorhead Music, to promote and develop new talent. Acts he signed to the label and helped develop include Barb Wire Dolls, Budderside, Others, and Phil Campbell and the Bastard Sons. [71]

Film and television

Cameo appearances

Lemmy made appearances in film and television, including 1990 science fiction film Hardware and the 1987 comedy Eat the Rich , for which Motörhead also recorded the soundtracks including the title song. He appeared as himself in the 1986 The Comic Strip Presents... episode "More Bad News", along with fellow heavy metal musicians Ozzy Osbourne, the Scorpions and Def Leppard. In 1984, Motörhead were the musical guests on the TV show The Young Ones , in the episode "Bambi". He appears in the 1994 comedy Airheads (in which he is credited as "Lemmy von Motörhead"). [72] [73] Lemmy has a cameo in Ron Jeremy's 1994 pornographic film John Wayne Bobbitt Uncut as the discoverer of Bobbitt's severed penis. The appendage is thrown from the window of a moving car and lands at Lemmy's feet who exclaims: "Looks like a dick! Fucking hell! Ah well, it's not mine at least." The film's soundtrack also features the Motörhead song "Under the Knife". [74]

He has also appeared in several movies from Troma Entertainment, including the narrator in 1996's Tromeo and Juliet and as himself in both Terror Firmer and Citizen Toxie: The Toxic Avenger IV . His last role was portraying the President of the United States in Return to Nuke 'Em High . He has a cameo role in the film Down and Out with the Dolls (Kurt Voss, 2001). He appears as a lodger who lives in a closet. [75] He appeared[ when? ] on Down and Dirty with Jim Norton as the series DJ, and also wrote the theme music. [76] He appeared in a 2001 advertisement for Kit Kat, playing violin as part of a string quartet in a genteel tearoom. [77] In 2015, Lemmy appeared as a central figure in the Björn Tagemose-directed silent film Gutterdämmerung opposite Grace Jones, Henry Rollins, Iggy Pop, Tom Araya of Slayer and Eagles of Death Metal's Jesse Hughes. [78]

Lemmy film

The 2010 rockumentary film Lemmy was directed and produced by Greg Olliver and Wes Orshoski. It consists of a combination of 16 mm film and HD video footage, produced over three years. [79] It features interviews with friends, peers, and admirers such as Dave Grohl, Slash, Ozzy Osbourne, James Hetfield, Lars Ulrich, Kirk Hammett, and Robert Trujillo of Metallica, David Ellefson of Megadeth, Scott Ian of Anthrax, Alice Cooper, Peter Hook of Joy Division/New Order, Dee Snider, Nikki Sixx, Mick Jones of the Clash, Ice-T, Kat Von D, Henry Rollins, Lars Frederiksen of Rancid, Jim Heath of The Reverend Horton Heat, Slim Jim Phantom of the Stray Cats, Mike Inez, Joan Jett, pro skateboarder Geoff Rowley, pro wrestler Triple H, "Fast" Eddie Clarke, Jarvis Cocker, Marky Ramone, former Hawkwind bandmates Dave Brock and Stacia, and Steve Vai. [80]

In video games

He was the main character in the 16-bit video game Motörhead, released for the Commodore Amiga and Atari ST in 1992. [81] Lemmy provided his voice as the Arms Dealer in the 2006 game Scarface: The World Is Yours . [82] Lemmy also appeared as an unlockable character in the 2009 game Guitar Hero: Metallica . [83] He also provided his voice for the 2009 video game Brütal Legend , voicing the Kill Master, a character designed and based on his surname and likeness. [84] Lemmy was also the inspiration for the Mario game character Lemmy Koopa, who made his first appearance in Super Mario Bros. 3 . [85] In the Victor Vran Downloadable content "Motorhead Through The Ages", there is a new "Lemmy's Outfit" armour. The other Motörhead bandmates' armour is also available. As an easter egg, a holographic woman in the final level of 2020's DOOM Eternal proclaims, "Lemmy is God!". The appearance of the character King Novik from the same video game is also loosely based on facial features of Lemmy. [86]

Equipment

Lemmy in his trademark singing stance, May 2005 Lemmy-03.jpg
Lemmy in his trademark singing stance, May 2005

Lemmy positioned his microphone in an uncommonly high position, angled so that he appeared to be looking up at the sky rather than at the audience. He said that it was for "personal comfort, that's all. It's also one way of avoiding seeing the audience. In the days when we only had ten people and a dog, it was a way of avoiding seeing that we only had ten people and a dog." [87]

As a member of Hawkwind, Lemmy first used a Rickenbacker belonging to Dave Anderson. When Anderson failed to show up for a charity gig, Lemmy took his place. Following the departure of Anderson, Kilmister bought a Hopf Studio bass off Hawkwind synth player Del Detmar. [13] He used Rickenbacker basses [88] for most of his career. In September 1996, a Rickenbacker belonging to him was a featured part of the Bang Your Head exhibition at the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in Cleveland, Ohio, US. [89]

When asked about the appeal of the Rickenbacker instruments, Lemmy said "The shape. I'm all for the image — always. If you get one that looks good, you can always mess with the pickups if it sounds bad." [90]

With Hawkwind Lemmy used a Selmer amplifier. With Motorhead, he got a Marshall Amplification 1992 JMP Super Bass Mark 2 bass stack [91] from 1976, with a 4x15" and a 4x12" cabinet. In 2008, Marshall issued a model dedicated to Lemmy, the 1992LEM, which was available with the same cabinets Lemmy used. [92]

Musical style

Lemmy described his style as "I play a lot of notes, but I also play a lot of chords. And I play a lot of open strings. I just don't play like a bass player. There are complaints about me from time to time. It's not like having a bass player; it's like having a deep guitarist. [93]

Lemmy's unconventional playing style changed the dynamics of the group's rhythm section, Hawkwind drummer Simon King explained that "A lot of the time I play with [guitarist] Dave - he'll get into a kind of rhythmic thing and I'll follow him so you get this kind of percussion and rhythmic guitar thing going, so Lemmy can loon forward a bit because he's very much a front man and gives off a lot of energy, so he can get out front and play a sort of lead on bass which sometimes is very effective", [94] and Motörhead drummer Taylor echoed the sentiment with "Onstage he's difficult to follow cos he's not really a bass player. There's no solid bass lines to follow. A lot of the time I play more with Eddie [Clarke] than with Lemmy, but he's out on his own because he is what he is." [95]

Discography

For releases with Motörhead see the Motörhead discography

Member of the Rockin' Vickers

Member of Sam Gopal

Member of Hawkwind

Member of Robert Calvert's band

Side projects and career-spanning groups

Band collaborations

Charity collaborations

Guest appearances

Film soundtracks, tribute, wrestling and various artists albums

Videography

Video tape/laser disc

DVD

Related Research Articles

Hawkwind English rock band

Hawkwind are an English rock band known as one of the earliest space rock groups. Since their formation in November 1969, Hawkwind have gone through many incarnations and have incorporated many different styles into their music, including hard rock, progressive rock and psychedelic rock. They are also regarded as an influential proto-punk band. Their lyrics favour urban and science fiction themes.

Motörhead British rock band

Motörhead were a British rock band formed in June 1975 by bassist, singer, songwriter and only constant member Ian "Lemmy" Kilmister, guitarist Larry Wallis and drummer Lucas Fox. The band are often considered a precursor to the new wave of British heavy metal, which re-energised heavy metal in the late 1970s and early 1980s. Though several guitarists and drummers have played in Motörhead, most of their best-selling albums and singles feature the work of Phil "Philthy Animal" Taylor on drums and "Fast" Eddie Clarke on guitars.

<i>Hall of the Mountain Grill</i> album

Hall of the Mountain Grill is the fourth studio album by space rock band Hawkwind, released in 1974. It is regarded by many critics as a career highlight.

<i>Ace of Spades</i> (album) 1980 studio album by Motörhead

Ace of Spades is the fourth studio album by British rock band Motörhead, released on 8 November 1980 via Bronze Records. It is the band's most commercially successful album, peaking at number four on the UK Albums Chart and reaching gold status in the UK by March 1981. It was preceded by the release of the title track as a single on 27 October, which peaked in the UK Singles Chart at No. 15 in early November.

<i>Bomber</i> (album) 1979 studio album by Motörhead

Bomber is the third studio album by British rock band Motörhead. It was released on 27 October 1979 via Bronze Records, their second with the label.

<i>1916</i> (album) 1991 studio album by Motörhead

1916 is the ninth studio album by British rock band Motörhead, released 26 February 1991. It was their first on WTG Records. The single "The One to Sing the Blues" peaked at number 45. The album was the final Motörhead album to feature Phil "Philthy Animal" Taylor on drums in its entirety.

Phil Taylor (musician) Musical artist

Philip John Taylor, better known as "Philthy Animal", was an English drummer for the rock band Motörhead from 1975 to 1984 and 1987 to 1992, recording eleven studio albums and four live albums. The Motörhead line-up consisting of Taylor, Lemmy, and "Fast" Eddie Clarke is generally regarded as the 'classic' line-up of the band.

Ace of Spades (song)

"Ace of Spades" is a song by English heavy metal band Motörhead and the title track to the album Ace of Spades. It was released as a single in October 1980.

Motorhead (song)

"Motorhead" is a song written by Ian "Lemmy" Kilmister while he was a member of the English space rock band Hawkwind. It was later recorded by Motörhead, as he called it this instead of Bastard on his then manager's advice.

<i>Warrior on the Edge of Time</i> 1975 studio album by Hawkwind

Warrior on the Edge of Time is the fifth studio album by the English rock band Hawkwind. Many of the lyrics are by Michael Moorcock, and the album is loosely based on the concept of Moorcock's novel The Eternal Champion. It was the band's highest-charting album on the UK Albums Chart, where it peaked at number 13, and was their third and last album to make the U.S. Billboard chart, where it peaked at number 150. Reviews have been mixed, with Melody Maker panning the album and particularly criticizing the vocal work while the All Music Guide has praised the album for features such as the songwriting. This would also be the last album to feature the band's bassist Ian "Lemmy" Kilmister, who was fired from the band one day before the album's release.

No Class 1979 single by Motörhead

"No Class" is a song by the British heavy metal band Motörhead. It was released in 1979 in 7" vinyl pressings. The song first appeared on the 1979 album Overkill, and became one of the "cornerstones" of the classic 1981 live album No Sleep 'til Hammersmith. It is one of the band's "anthems".

Iron Fist (song) 1982 single by Motörhead

"Iron Fist" is a song by the British heavy metal band Motörhead. It was released as a single in 1982, in 7" pressings in blue, black and translucent red vinyl.

Phil Campbell (musician) British musician

Philip Anthony Campbell is a Welsh rock musician, best known as the lead guitarist in Motörhead from 1984 to 2015. The band disbanded upon the death of founder and frontman Lemmy. He currently tours with his own band Phil Campbell and the Bastard Sons, featuring his three sons; Todd, Dane and Tyla.

Born to Raise Hell (Motörhead song) 1994 single by Motörhead featuring Ice-T and Whitfield Crane

"Born to Raise Hell" is a song by the British heavy metal band Motörhead. Originally written by Lemmy Kilmister for the German band Skew Siskin, it plays over the opening credits of the 1994 film Airheads in which Lemmy makes a cameo appearance.

The Rockin' Vickers were an English rock and roll band from Blackpool, active from 1963 to 1968. They toured the UK and continental Europe and released a four singles during their existence. The band is however best-remembered for launching the career of Ian "Lemmy" Kilmister of Motörhead, then known as Ian Willis.

The Head Cat

The Head Cat is an American rockabilly supergroup formed by vocalist/bassist Lemmy, drummer Slim Jim Phantom and guitarist Danny B. Harvey. Lemmy died in 2015 and as of 2017, former Morbid Angel member David Vincent took Lemmy's place as vocalist and bassist.

<i>Lemmy</i> (film) 2010 American film

Lemmy: 49% motherfucker. 51% son of a bitch. is a 2010 documentary film profile of the English rock musician Ian "Lemmy" Kilmister, the founder, bassist, and lead vocalist of the heavy metal band Motörhead.

Heavy metal bass

Heavy metal bass is the use of the bass guitar in the rock music genres of heavy metal and hard rock. The bassist is part of the rhythm section in a heavy metal band, along with the drummer, rhythm guitarist and, in some bands, a keyboard player. The prominent role of the bass is key to the metal sound, and the interplay of bass and distorted electric guitar is a central element of metal. The bass guitar provides the low-end sound crucial to making the music "heavy". The bass plays a "... more important role in heavy metal than in any other genre of rock."

The Motörhead 40th Anniversary Tour was a concert tour performed by the English heavy metal band in celebration of their 40th anniversary, as well as in support of their album, Bad Magic. It was their final tour before the death of frontman Lemmy Kilmister on 28 December 2015.

References

Citations

  1. 1 2 3 4 Blake, Mark (March 2016). "Lemmy: 1945-2015". Q . No. 356. Bauer. pp. 8–10. Retrieved 22 February 2019.
  2. 1 2 3 "Lemmy, Motörhead frontman – obituary". The Daily Telegraph . 29 December 2015. Retrieved 29 December 2015.
  3. Kilmister & Garza 2012, p. 5.
  4. "Lemmy: White Line Fever". BBC News Stoke and Staffordshire. 8 September 2009. Retrieved 22 August 2014.
  5. McIver, Joel (2011). Overkill: The Story of Motorhead. Omnibus Press. ISBN   978-1-84938-619-7.
  6. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Clerk, Carol (2004). The Saga of Hawkwind. Omnibus Press. p. 546. ISBN   978-1-84449-101-8.
  7. Bevan, Nathan (28 March 2015). "Classic interview: Lemmy – 'Never go camping with a one armed man'". Wales Online . Archived from the original on 17 November 2015. Retrieved 13 November 2015.
  8. "Obituary: Lemmy, Motorhead frontman". BBC News. 29 December 2015. Retrieved 9 January 2016.
  9. 1 2 3 Motorhead Videobiography (Double DVD with 48-page book) Edgehill Publishing Ltd., June 2007 ISBN   978-1-905954-38-4
  10. Levin, Hannah (2 February 2011). "An Incomplete History of Motorhead Frontman Lemmy Kilmister". Seattle Weekly . Archived from the original on 10 February 2011. Retrieved 26 April 2011.
  11. Marchese, David (29 December 2015). "The Loud, Proud Meaning of Lemmy, a Heavy-Metal Folk Hero". Vulture. Retrieved 9 January 2016.
  12. Trynka, Paul (2004). The Beatles: 10 Years That Shook The World. Dorling Kindersley/Mojo. p. 59. ISBN   978-0-7566-0670-1.
  13. 1 2 Lemmy (2016). White Line Fever: The Autobiography. ISBN   978-1471157653. OCLC   949146340.
  14. Wiederhorn, Jon. "Damage Case - Lemmy Kilmister". Inked . Archived from the original on 30 April 2009. Retrieved 22 February 2019.
  15. "Sam Gopal – Escalator". Discogs. Retrieved 25 February 2016.
  16. Kilmister & Garza 2012, p. 71.
  17. "The Trials of Lemmy – NME 1975". motorhead.ru. Archived from the original on 4 August 2012.
  18. "Lemmy dies, aged 70". Songwriting Magazine. 29 December 2015. Retrieved 31 December 2015.
  19. Kot, Greg (16 February 2011). "Motörhead's Lemmy Kilmister Talks Little Richard, Hawkwind, Being "Best Worst Band In The World"". Bravewords. Retrieved 11 May 2018.
  20. "We are Motörhead....And We Play Rock and Roll!". I, Motorhead.com. Archived from the original on 26 December 2015.
  21. See the notes for Smash It Up – The Anthology 1976 – 1987.
  22. "Mikkey Dee: 'Motörhead Is Over'". Blabbermouth.net . 29 December 2015. Retrieved 29 December 2015.
  23. "Lemmy Kilmister: "Haltet euch fern von den Idioten!"". Süddeutsche Zeitung (in German). 5 September 2008. Retrieved 15 July 2011.
  24. "Sheen Only No. 2 on 'Living Sex Legends' List – The 'Two and a Half Men' star allegedly has 5,000 notches on his rapidly dwindling bedpost". Zap2it. 30 May 2006. Archived from the original on 17 September 2010. Retrieved 15 July 2011.
  25. Miles, Paul (2010). "Sex Tips From Rock Stars". SexTipsFromRockStars.com. Retrieved 15 July 2011.
  26. "Singers". Probot . Archived from the original on 20 November 2008. Retrieved 12 January 2009.
  27. "I Drink a Bottle of Jack a Day". Motorheadster.blogspot.com. 29 September 2009. Retrieved 7 November 2010.
  28. "Motörhead's Lemmy: 'If I Died Tomorrow, I Couldn't Complain'". Blabbermouth.net. 15 October 2013. Retrieved 21 November 2013.
  29. "Motörhead's Lemmy Tells Welsh Assembly: Legalize Heroin". Blabbermouth.net. 3 November 2005. Archived from the original on 1 October 2007. Retrieved 9 February 2007.
  30. Eddy, Chuck (1997). "Damage Case: Lemmy and Motörhead". Motörhead Forever. Archived from the original on 26 May 2012. Retrieved 9 February 2007.
  31. Dalton, Stephen (9 June 2007). "The Oldest Rocker in Town". The Times. London. Archived from the original on 30 May 2010. Retrieved 13 August 2008.
  32. "Lemmy from Motorhead on Racism". 30 December 2015.
  33. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0giby8E7PaA [ bare URL ]
  34. "Motörhead's Lemmy in Nazi photoshoot scandal". 11 July 2008.
  35. Samudrala, Ram (29 October 1996). "Born to Raise Hell". Ram.org. Retrieved 9 February 2007.
  36. 1 2 3 McIver, Joel (29 December 2015). "Ian 'Lemmy' Kilmister obituary". The Guardian. Retrieved 30 December 2015.
  37. Green, Thomas (27 November 2011). "Q&A: Musician Lemmy Kilmister". The Art Desk. Retrieved 7 July 2012.
  38. Davis, Brian (26 July 2004). "Exclusive! Interview With Slayer Guitarist Jeff Hanneman". KNAC . Archived from the original on 28 September 2007. Retrieved 7 May 2013.
  39. Saidman, Sorelle (12 December 2000). "Motorhead Cancel European Dates As Lemmy Recovers". MTV.com. Retrieved 20 January 2017.
  40. Harris, Chris (5 July 2005). "Motorhead's Lemmy Hospitalized For Dehydration, Exhaustion". MTV.com. Retrieved 20 January 2017.
  41. Michaels, Sean (3 July 2013). "Motörhead cancel European tour due to Lemmy health problems". The Guardian. Retrieved 20 January 2017.
  42. Hann, Michael (13 August 2015). "Lemmy: 'Apparently I am still indestructible'". The Guardian. Retrieved 20 January 2017.
  43. Hartmann, Graham (31 October 2014). "Lemmy Kilmister Was 'Close to Death' During Health Struggle". Loudwire.com. Retrieved 20 January 2017.
  44. Getlen, Larry (22 August 2015). "A rocker's health plan: 'I drink vodka and smoke a pack a week'". The New York Post . Retrieved 20 January 2017.
  45. "Motorhead's Lemmy Kilmister Recovering From Lung Infection". LondonMusicHall.co.uk. 7 September 2015. Retrieved 20 January 2017.
  46. "County of Los Angeles Certificate of Death" (PDF). TMZ. 19 January 2016. Retrieved 22 February 2019.
  47. Childers, Chad (19 January 2016). "Motorhead's Lemmy Kilmister Official Cause of Death Revealed". Loudwire. Retrieved 20 January 2016.
  48. "Mötorhead's Lemmy died of prostate cancer, says death certificate". The Guardian. 20 January 2016. Retrieved 4 November 2016.
  49. Barker, Andrew (28 December 2015). "Motorhead's Lemmy Dies at 70". Variety . Retrieved 28 December 2015.
  50. "Lemmy's Manager, He Was Given Two To Six Months To Live". Music-news.com. 29 December 2015. Retrieved 5 January 2016.
  51. 1 2 Appleford, Steve (29 December 2015). "Lemmy's Last Days: How Metal Legend Celebrated 70th, Stared Down Cancer". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 5 January 2016.
  52. "Motorhead Fans Watch Lemmy's Funeral Online". Sky News. Retrieved 11 January 2016.
  53. 1 2 Fagerberg, Jerard (10 February 2016). "Peter Saari immortalizes rock 'n' roll royalty". City Pages. Retrieved 28 October 2016.
  54. "Lemmy of Motorhead: Singer's funeral held in Los Angeles". BBC News. 10 January 2016. Retrieved 19 September 2021.
  55. Hartmann, Graham (22 March 2021). "Lemmy Kilmister's Ashes Were, Put into Bullets and Sent to his Closest Friends". loudwire.com. Retrieved 23 March 2021.
  56. Grow, Kory (29 December 2015). "Ozzy Osbourne Remembers Lemmy: 'He Was My Hero'". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 7 January 2016.
  57. Blistein, Jon (29 December 2015). "Metallica, Alice Cooper Pay Tribute to Lemmy Kilmister". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 29 December 2015.
  58. "Anthrax's Scott Ian: Lemmy's Death 'Leaves A Giant Hole That Will Never Be Filled'". Blabbermouth.net . 31 December 2015. Retrieved 7 January 2016.
  59. "Black Sabbath's Tony Iommi: Lemmy Was 'The Epitome Of Rock And Roll'". Blabbermouth.net. 30 December 2015. Retrieved 7 January 2016.
  60. Manger, Warren; Watts, Halina (30 December 2015). "Ace of Rock'n'roll; Motorhead Legend Lemmy Dies of Cancer". Daily Mirror . London. Archived from the original on 22 October 2017. Retrieved 25 December 2016 via HighBeam Research.
  61. Bentley, Tiffany (15 October 2013). "Lemmy of Motörhead talks health and death with Classic Rock magazine". Metal Insider. Retrieved 7 January 2016.
  62. "Grammys: Taylor Swift wins album of the year". BBC News Online . 16 February 2016. Retrieved 16 February 2016.
  63. Renshaw, David (8 February 2016). "Download Festival renames main stage in memory of Lemmy". NME . TI Media. Retrieved 12 July 2018.
  64. Legaspi, Althea (22 December 2016). "Scorpions Among Nominees for Hall of Heavy Metal History". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 9 July 2017.
  65. Johnson, Michela M.; Young, Mark T.; Steel, Lorna; Foffa, Davide; Smith, Adam S.; Hua, StÉphane; Havlik, Philipe; Howlett, Eliza A.; Dyke, Gareth (2017). "Re-description of 'Steneosaurus' obtusidens Andrews, 1909, an unusual macrophagous teleosaurid crocodylomorph from the Middle Jurassic of England". Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society . 182 (2): 385–418. doi:10.1093/zoolinnean/zlx035.
  66. Knapton, Sarah (9 August 2017). "'Nastiest sea creature to ever inhabit Earth' named after Lemmy from Motorhead". The Daily Telegraph . Retrieved 22 February 2019.
  67. "243002 Lemmy (2006 TG119)". JPL Small-Body Database Browser. 20 November 2016. Retrieved 22 February 2019.
  68. "250840 Motorhead (2005 UT158)". JPL Small-Body Database Browser. 21 March 2014. Retrieved 22 February 2019.
  69. "Hawkwind: Road To Utopia". Cherry Red Records . Retrieved 11 July 2018.
  70. "Lemmy's Solo Album to Feature Collaboration With Metallica". Blabbermouth.net . 10 February 2005. Retrieved 20 April 2014.
  71. "Artists". Motorhead Music. Retrieved 30 December 2018.
  72. "Memorable Quotes from Airheads". IMDb . Retrieved 10 February 2007.
  73. "Full Cast and Crew for Airheads". IMDb . Retrieved 10 February 2007.
  74. Schilling, Dave (29 December 2015). "Getting drunk and getting laid: LA rock fans raise a glass to Lemmy". The Guardian. Retrieved 22 February 2019.
  75. "Down and Out with the Dolls". IMDb. Retrieved 17 November 2011.
  76. "Down + Dirty with Jim Norton". HBO. Archived from the original on 6 October 2008. Retrieved 11 October 2008.
  77. Teitelman, Bram (19 September 2013). "WTF is this Kit Kat ad and why is Lemmy in it?". Metal Insider. Retrieved 29 December 2015.
  78. "Motorhead's Lemmy joins Gutterdammerung". Contactmusic.com. 3 August 2015. Retrieved 22 February 2019.
  79. "Home". Lemmy: The Movie. Retrieved 22 February 2019.
  80. "'Lemmy' Movie: New Trailer Released". Blabbermouth.net. 23 November 2010. Archived from the original on 29 January 2011. Retrieved 1 January 2011.
  81. "Motorhead – Atari ST". Games Database.com. Retrieved 13 November 2015.
  82. "Scarface: The World Is Yours (Video Game 2006) – Full Cast & Crew". IMDb. Retrieved 18 March 2016.
  83. "Guitar Hero Metallica Will Feature Lemmy!". idiomag . 13 February 2009. Archived from the original on 6 May 2014. Retrieved 13 February 2009.
  84. Jetton, Jeff. "Lemmy: the Motorhead Interview". Cargo Collective. Retrieved 29 December 2015.
  85. Klepek, Patrick (29 December 2015). "How A Mario Character Was Named After Motorhead's Lemmy". Kotaku . Retrieved 27 December 2017.
  86. "Director's commentary". Twitch. Retrieved 18 December 2020.
  87. McIver, Joel (January 2000). "Mil-Lemmy-Um". Record Collector . No. 245. p. 46.
  88. Vinnicombe, Chris (7 August 2009). "16 Rickenbacker guitar and bass stars". Music Radar. Retrieved 29 December 2015.
  89. "Bang Your Head". Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on 9 April 2007. Retrieved 12 April 2007.
  90. Villano, Freddy (23 December 2015). "Lemmy: The Final Interview". Bassplayer.com. Retrieved 22 February 2019.
  91. "Lemmy Bass Rig and Amplifier Equipment". Which Bass. 27 January 2019. Retrieved 22 February 2019.
  92. "Marshall Introduces Lemmy Kilmister Bass Head". Premier Guitar . 2 August 2008. Retrieved 28 November 2020.
  93. We Do Not Bend The Knee. Motorhead Interview. Motorhead.ru. Archived from the original on 22 February 2013. Retrieved 2 January 2016.
  94. Peacock, Steve (1 September 1973). "Simon King in the talk in". Sounds . Archived from the original on 3 October 2006. Retrieved 8 July 2021.
  95. Gurr, Ronnie (7 June 1980). "MUST WE FLING THIS FILTH AT OUR POP KIDS" (PDF). Record Mirror: 8. Retrieved 8 July 2021.

Sources

  • Kilmister, Lemmy; Garza, Janiss (2012). White Line Fever: The Autobiography. Simon and Schuster. ISBN   978-1-471-11271-3.

Further reading