|26th Governor of Illinois|
January 10, 1921 –January 14, 1929
|Lieutenant||Fred E. Sterling|
|Preceded by||Frank Orren Lowden|
|Succeeded by||Louis Lincoln Emmerson|
|33rd and 39th Treasurer of Illinois|
|Governor||Frank Orren Lowden|
|Preceded by||Fred E. Sterling|
|Succeeded by||Andrew Russel|
|Governor||Charles S. Deneen|
|Preceded by||Fred A. Busse|
|Succeeded by||John F. Smulski|
|Member of the Illinois Senate |
from the 20th district
|Succeeded by||Edward C. Curtis|
|Member of the Illinois Senate |
from the 16th district
|Preceded by||Isaac Miller Hamilton|
|Died||May 17,1936 73) (aged|
|Alma mater||Valparaiso University|
Lennington "Len" Small (June 16,1862 –May 17,1936) was an American politician who served as the 26th Governor of Illinois from 1921 to 1929. He previously was a member of the Illinois state senate from the 16th District from 1901 to 1903 and was Illinois state treasurer,from 1905 to 1907,and from 1917 to 1919. He is known for accusations of embezzlement brought against him.
Small was born in Kankakee County,Illinois,and attended public education at Northern Indiana Normal School,now Valparaiso University,  through his senior year. After schooling,became a teacher,and invested in real estate,eventually owning a farm,a bank,and Kankakee's daily newspaper. In 1883,Small married Ida Moore,and they had three children together. Six months after the Governor's inauguration,on June 26,1922,Ida Moore Small died suddenly from apoplexy (the term at the time for a stroke) at the age of 60 while Small and his wife were being welcomed home following his acquittal on charges of embezzlement. 
Small began his political career in 1901 when he became a member of the Illinois Senate. He served in the Illinois Senate from 1901 to 1905. 
Small was the Illinois Treasurer from 1905 to 1907,and again from 1917 to 1919. He served as the assistant U.S. Treasurer in charge of the sub treasury at Chicago from 1908 to 1912,and was a delegate to Republican National Convention from Illinois in 1908,1912,and 1932.
Small was elected governor of Illinois in 1920 and was reelected in in 1924. He was indicted,six months after becoming governor,for embezzling over a million dollars in a money-laundering scheme in which he placed state funds into a fake bank while he was state treasurer.  He was acquitted,but eight jurors later got state jobs,raising suspicions of jury tampering. 
As governor,Small pardoned 20 members of the Communist Labor Party of America,convicted under the Illinois Sedition Act. He also pardoned or paroled over 1000 convicted felons,including Harry Guzik,brother of the Chicago Outfit's Jake Guzik,of Posen,Illinois,who was convicted of kidnapping young girls and forcing them into lives of prostitution (then commonly called white slavery). 
In 1923,bootlegger Edward "Spike" O'Donnell of Southside Chicago was released from prison by Small. O'Donnell returned to Chicago as the leader of one of the most powerful bootlegging gangs in the city. 
Small's reputation for corruption finally caught up with him at the ballot box when he was defeated in the 1928 Republican "Pineapple Primary" by a margin of 63% to 37% against Louis Lincoln Emmerson,the incumbent Illinois Secretary of State. Small made a failed run for governor in 1932,and another in 1936.
Small died on May 17,1936. He is buried at Mound Grove Cemetery in Kankakee,Illinois.
Alphonse Gabriel Capone,sometimes known by the nickname "Scarface",was an American gangster and businessman who attained notoriety during the Prohibition era as the co-founder and boss of the Chicago Outfit. His seven-year reign as a crime boss ended when he went to prison at the age of 33.
George Homer Ryan is an American former politician who served as the 39th governor of Illinois from 1999 to 2003. He served as Secretary of State of Illinois from 1991 to 1999 and as lieutenant governor under governor James Thompson from 1983 to 1991. He is a member of the Republican Party.
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Charles Samuel Deneen was an American lawyer and Republican politician who served as the 23rd Governor of Illinois,from 1905 to 1913. He was the first Illinois governor to serve two consecutive terms totalling eight years. He was governor during the infamous Springfield race riot of 1908,which he helped put down. He later served as a U.S. Senator from Illinois,from 1925 to 1931. Deneen had previously served as a member of the Illinois House of Representatives from 1892 to 1894. As an attorney,he had been the lead prosecutor in Chicago's infamous Adolph Luetgert murder trial.
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Gus Alex was a Greek-American mobster affiliated with the Chicago Outfit,who succeeded Jake Guzik and Murray Humphreys as the Outfit's main political briber and "fixer".
Joseph Francis Saltis,known as "Polack Joe",was an American Prohibition gangster who,with Frank McErlane,operated an illegal bootlegging racket in the Back of the Yards neighborhood in Chicago,Illinois until his territory was seized by Al Capone and he fled to Wisconsin.
Jake "Greasy Thumb" Guzik was the financial and legal advisor,and later political "greaser," for the Chicago Outfit.
Walter Stevens (1877–1931) was a freelance enforcer and "hitman",popularly known as "dean of the Chicago gunmen",during Prohibition. Although having the reputation of a violent gangster,credited with the deaths of at least 60 men,Stevens was a devoted husband to an invalid wife and his three adopted children. Stevens was uncharacteristically cultured compared to his fellow gangsters,refraining from drinking and reportedly quoting classical literature from authors such as Robert Louis Stevenson and poet Robert Burns.
Lura Lynn Ryan was the First Lady of the U.S. state of Illinois from 1999 to 2003. She was the wife of former Illinois Governor George Ryan.
The Riverview Historic District is a historic district in Kankakee,Illinois,United States. The 78.2-acre (31.6 ha) area around the Kankakee River is the oldest intact residential neighborhood in the city. It was originally settled by Emory Cobb,who used the land as pasture before deciding to erect a resort hotel. After the hotel burned down,the property was subdivided. The district includes 118 contributing buildings,including two Frank Lloyd Wright houses.
Edward C. Curtis was an American politician from Illinois. Born and raised in Kankakee County,Curtis attended DePauw and Northwestern Universities before assuming control of his father's store in Grant Park. Curtis rose through state politics,serving on the Illinois House of Representatives from 1894 to 1904,then on the Illinois Senate until his death in 1920. Curtis served as Speaker of the House from 1896 to 1898 and was a delegate to the 1920 constitutional convention.
Fred E. Sterling was an American newspaper editor and politician.
Elections were held in Illinois on Tuesday,November 3,1936.
This article incorporates facts obtained from: Lawrence Kestenbaum, The Political Graveyard