Dolnja Lendava (until 1955), Hungarian: Lendva
|• Total||5.66 km2 (2.19 sq mi)|
|Elevation||161.1 m (528.5 ft)|
Lendava (pronounced [ˈleːndaʋa] ( listen ); formerly Dolnja Lendava, in older sources also Dolenja Lendava; Hungarian : Lendva, formerly Alsólendva; German : Lindau, formerly Unter-Limbach) is a town in Slovenia in the region of Prekmurje. It is the seat of the Municipality of Lendava. It is close to the border crossing with Hungary at Dolga Vas–Rédics, and Hungarian is one of the official languages of the municipality, along with Slovene.
The town is the centre of the Hungarian minority in Slovenia. It is also known for the monumental theater and Hungarian Community Centre designed by the architect Imre Makovecz.
The town is named after the Ledava River; the original nasal in the name of the river was lost in Slovene, but the n in the name of the town was preserved due to Hungarian influence.The former name of the town, Dolnja Lendava (literally, 'lower Lendava'), contrasted with that of Gornja Lendava (literally 'upper Lendava'). The name of the settlement was changed from Dolnja Lendava to Lendava in 1955.
Alsólendva was a district (Hungarian : járás) of the Zala comitat in the Kingdom of Hungary until 1918. It was part of Hungary again from 1941 to 1945.
The first census of the population in the beginning of the 18th century mentions two Jewish merchants, and the following censuses showed an increasing Jewish population composed of merchants, innkeepers, distillers, mead producers, lawyers, and physicians. They played an important role in the economy of Lendava, owning a local hotel, a few pubs, and stores. Local Jews also started the first bank in Lendava. A Jewish school opened in 1850 and it was active until 1921. The last rabbi in Lendava was Mor Lowy.
The synagogue in Lendava is one of only two synagogues left in Slovenia.
The parish church in the settlement is dedicated to Saint Catherine of Alexandria and belongs to the Roman Catholic Diocese of Murska Sobota.There is also a Lutheran church in the town. It was built in 1931.
Lendava Castle is a former property of the Esterházy family. The mainly 18th-century building stands on a hill above the town centre and contains a museum and a gallery.
Lendava is twinned with:
Cerkno is a small town in the Littoral region of Slovenia. It has around 2,000 inhabitants and is the administrative centre of the Cerkno Hills. It is the seat of the Municipality of Cerkno.
Murska Sobota is a town in northeastern Slovenia. It is the centre of the Municipality of Murska Sobota near the Mura River in the region of Prekmurje and is the regional capital.
Beltinci is a town in the Prekmurje region of northeastern Slovenia. It is the seat of the Municipality of Beltinci. Črnec Creek, a tributary of the Ledava, flows through the settlement.
Prebold is a settlement in central Slovenia. It is the seat of the Municipality of Prebold. It lies on the edge of the lower Savinja Valley at the northern edge of the Sava Hills west of Celje. The area is part of the traditional region of Styria. The municipality is now included in the Savinja Statistical Region.
Prekmurje is a geographically, linguistically, culturally and ethnically defined region of Slovenia, settled by Slovenes and a Hungarian minority, lying between the Mur River in Slovenia and the Rába Valley in the westernmost part of Hungary. It maintains certain specific linguistic, cultural and religious features that differentiate it from other Slovenian traditional regions. It covers an area of 938 square kilometers (362 sq mi) and has a population of 78,000 people.
Brestanica is an urban settlement in the Municipality of Krško in eastern Slovenia. It lies in the valley at the confluence of the Sava River with a minor tributary called the Brestanica. The area is part of the traditional region of Styria. It is now included with the rest of the municipality in the Lower Sava Statistical Region.
The history of the Jews in Slovenia and areas connected with it goes back to the times of Ancient Rome. The present-day small Jewish community of Slovenia is estimated at 400 to 600 members, with the Jewish community of Slovenia suggesting 500 to 1000 members. Around 130 are officially registered, most of whom live in the capital, Ljubljana.
Kobilje Creek is a brook in northeastern Slovenia and western Hungary. The brook is 33 kilometres (21 mi) long; 24 km (15 mi) of the course is in Slovenia. Its source is at Kamenek Hill and it flows through Kobilje, crosses the Slovenian–Hungarian border, returns to Slovenia, and joins the Ledava from its left side in the town Lendava. It is the longest tributary of the Ledava.
Spodnje Škofije is a settlement in the City Municipality of Koper in the Littoral region of Slovenia. A major border crossing on the Highway 5 into Italy was located here, with the Italian side known as Rabuiese.
Maribor Synagogue is a former synagogue and current museum in the city of Maribor, Slovenia. Located in what was the center of the medieval Maribor ghetto Židovska ulica, it is one of the oldest preserved synagogues in Europe, and one of only two left in Slovenia; the other being the Lendava Synagogue. It once functioned as the centre of the medieval Jewish community in Maribor, among the most prominent in the Eastern Alps-area.
Zadnja Vas is a small village in the Municipality of Radovljica in the Upper Carniola region of Slovenia.
Selo nad Polhovim Gradcem is a dispersed settlement in the hills above Polhov Gradec in the Municipality of Dobrova–Polhov Gradec in the Upper Carniola region of Slovenia. It lies between the Petač Gorge with Big Božna Creek to the south and the Hrastnica Valley to the north. It is on a formerly important freight route between Škofja Loka and Polhov Gradec.
Kostanjevica na Krasu is one of the main settlements and the administrative centre of the Municipality of Miren-Kostanjevica in the Littoral region of Slovenia. It is located in the northwestern part of the Karst Plateau, not far from Nova Gorica and the border with Italy.
Dolnji Lakoš is a village southwest of Lendava in the Prekmurje region of Slovenia.
Borovec pri Kočevski Reki is a settlement in the Municipality of Kočevje in southern Slovenia. The area is part of the traditional region of Lower Carniola and is now included in the Southeast Slovenia Statistical Region. It also includes the former villages of Draga, Ravne, Pleš, and Inlauf as hamlets. The former village of Ajbik was annexed by Borovec pri Kočevski Reki on 30 January 1953.
Lendava Synagogue is a former synagogue, currently a museum. It is located in the small town of Lendava, Slovenia, close to the Hungarian border. It was built in the 18th century and today has a permanent exhibition on the History of Jews in Lendava. Near the synagogue was a Jewish school, which functioned until the 1920s and was demolished in the end of the 1990s to allow the construction of a Hungarian cultural centre and a cemetery with 176 tombstones, about 40 from the second half of the 19th century, most of the rest from the 20th century near the village of Dolga Vas, just outside town.
Bele Vode is a settlement in the Municipality of Šoštanj in northern Slovenia. It lies in the Mozirje Hills northwest of the town of Šoštanj. The area is part of the traditional region of Styria. The entire municipality is now included in the Savinja Statistical Region. The settlement includes the hamlets of Kloše, Punčkov Vrh, Visočki Vrh, and Zaloka.
Grad is a village in the Municipality of Grad in the Prekmurje region of northeastern Slovenia. It is the seat of the municipality and is the largest and oldest settlement in the Goričko region.
Gorenja Vas is a formerly independent settlement in the Municipality of Ribnica in southern Slovenia. It is now part of the town of Ribnica. The area is part of the traditional region of Lower Carniola and is now included in the Southeast Slovenia Statistical Region. The settlement included the hamlet of Lepovče to the east, on the other side of the railroad tracks.
The Municipality of Lendava is a municipality in the traditional region of Prekmurje in northeastern Slovenia. The seat of the municipality is the town of Lendava. Lendava became a municipality in 1994.
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Lendava .|