Lendava

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Lendava

Dolnja Lendava (until 1955), Hungarian: Lendva
Lendava-Le chateau.jpg
Slovenia location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Lendava
Location in Slovenia
Coordinates: 46°33′47″N16°27′7″E / 46.56306°N 16.45194°E / 46.56306; 16.45194 Coordinates: 46°33′47″N16°27′7″E / 46.56306°N 16.45194°E / 46.56306; 16.45194
CountryFlag of Slovenia.svg Slovenia
Traditional region Prekmurje
Statistical region Mura
Municipality Lendava
Area
[1]
  Total5.66 km2 (2.19 sq mi)
Elevation
161.1 m (528.5 ft)
Population
 (2019) [1]
  Total2,942
Vehicle registration MS

Lendava (pronounced  [ˈleːndaʋa] ( Loudspeaker.svg listen ); formerly Dolnja Lendava, in older sources also Dolenja Lendava; Hungarian : Lendva, formerly Alsólendva; German : Lindau, formerly Unter-Limbach) is a town in Slovenia in the region of Prekmurje. It is the seat of the Municipality of Lendava. It is close to the border crossing with Hungary at Dolga VasRédics, and Hungarian is one of the official languages of the municipality, along with Slovene.

Contents

The town is the centre of the Hungarian minority in Slovenia. It is also known for the monumental theater and Hungarian Community Centre designed by the architect Imre Makovecz.

Name

The town is named after the Ledava River; the original nasal in the name of the river was lost in Slovene, but the n in the name of the town was preserved due to Hungarian influence. [2] The former name of the town, Dolnja Lendava (literally, 'lower Lendava'), contrasted with that of Gornja Lendava (literally 'upper Lendava'). The name of the settlement was changed from Dolnja Lendava to Lendava in 1955. [3]

History

Hungarian stamp and name still in use in 1925 1925 AlsoLendva 3f U.jpg
Hungarian stamp and name still in use in 1925

Alsólendva was a district (Hungarian : járás) of the Zala comitat in the Kingdom of Hungary [4] until 1918. It was part of Hungary again from 1941 to 1945. [5]

Jewish community

Lendava Synagogue Sinagoga lendava 0.JPG
Lendava Synagogue

The first census of the population in the beginning of the 18th century mentions two Jewish merchants, and the following censuses showed an increasing Jewish population composed of merchants, innkeepers, distillers, mead producers, lawyers, and physicians. They played an important role in the economy of Lendava, owning a local hotel, a few pubs, and stores. Local Jews also started the first bank in Lendava. A Jewish school opened in 1850 and it was active until 1921. The last rabbi in Lendava was Mor Lowy. [6]

The synagogue in Lendava is one of only two synagogues left in Slovenia.

Landmarks

Church

Parish church in Lendava Cerkev sv. Katarine, Lendava.JPG
Parish church in Lendava

The parish church in the settlement is dedicated to Saint Catherine of Alexandria and belongs to the Roman Catholic Diocese of Murska Sobota. [7] There is also a Lutheran church in the town. It was built in 1931.

Castle

Lendava Castle is a former property of the Esterházy family. The mainly 18th-century building stands on a hill above the town centre and contains a museum and a gallery. [8]

Twin towns – Sister cities

Lendava is twinned with:

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References

  1. 1 2 "Naselje Lendava". Statistični urad Republike Slovenije. Retrieved 16 February 2020.
  2. Snoj, Marko (2009). Etimološki slovar slovenskih zemljepisnih imen. Ljubljana: Modrijan and Založba ZRC. p. 230.
  3. Spremembe naselij 1948–95. 1996. Database. Ljubljana: Geografski inštitut ZRC SAZU, DZS.
  4. Handbook of Austria and Lombardy-Venetia Cancellations on the Postage Stamp Issues 1850-1864, by Edwin Mueller, 1961.
  5. Lendava municipal site
  6. Jews of Lendava
  7. Družina RC Church in Slovenia site
  8. "Lendava Museum Gallery official site". Archived from the original on 5 November 2009. Retrieved 4 September 2009.