Leni Robredo

Last updated

Leni Robredo
VP Leni Robredo official portrait (cropped).jpg
Official portrait, 2016
14th Vice President of the Philippines
In office
June 30, 2016 June 30, 2022

Maria Leonor "Leni" Gerona Robredo ( Tagalog pronunciation:  [ˈlɛnɪ ɾɔˈbɾɛdɔ] ; born Maria Leonor Santo Tomas Gerona; April 23, 1965) is a Filipino lawyer and politician who served as the 14th vice president of the Philippines from 2016 to 2022.

Contents

She was the wife of the late Jesse Robredo, who was interior secretary from 2010 until his death in 2012. A long-time human rights lawyer and social activist, she eventually ran for public office and was elected in 2013 as the 3rd district representative of Camarines Sur, her home province. She served in this position for three years, writing legislation on agrarian reform, people empowerment, and anti-corruption. She then assumed the vice presidency in 2016, after winning that year's election. Robredo defeated Bongbong Marcos, son of the ousted dictator and kleptocrat Ferdinand Marcos, by a narrow margin of 263,473 votes. Bongbong Marcos protested the results, alleging that her party, the Liberal Party, had manipulated the votes. However, the Supreme Court found no evidence of fraud and even reported that her actual lead over Marcos was higher at 278,566. [1] Robredo is the second woman to serve as vice president of the Philippines, after Gloria Macapagal Arroyo, and the first vice president from the Bicol Region.

Robredo has spearheaded multiple programs in the Office of the Vice President (OVP); her flagship anti-poverty program, Angat Buhay, has helped address key areas including education, rural development, and healthcare, in partnership with more than 300 organizations. During the COVID-19 pandemic in the Philippines, the OVP under Robredo responded by providing free shuttle services for frontline workers, swab tests, telehealth services, and raised funds for relief operations across the country. Robredo was awarded by the government of Thailand in 2016 for her work and advocacy in women's empowerment and gender equality. [2] Under her leadership, the OVP also received the ISO 9001: 2015 certification for the office's quality management systems. [3] [4]

During her vice presidency, she served as the chair of the Liberal Party and de facto leader of the opposition to President Rodrigo Duterte's administration, where she was appointed by Duterte and briefly served as the chair of the Housing and Urban Development Coordinating Council and the co-chairperson of the Inter-Agency Committee on Anti-Illegal Drugs. She has received backlash from government supporters for her being staunchly critical to Duterte's policies such as the war on drugs, [5] counter-insurgency initiatives, [6] COVID-19 pandemic response, [7] and soft stance toward China. [8] She has been a constant target of disinformation, with many articles making false claims about her personal life to discredit her. [9]

Robredo ran for president as an independent candidate in the 2022 Philippine presidential election with Liberal Party leader Senator Francis Pangilinan as her running mate. [10] Her campaign, which centered on thwarting another Marcos regime, [11] was noted for the strength of its volunteers and the attendance in its rallies, her popularity among the younger generation. [12] Robredo lost the election, placing second with 15,035,773 votes; [13] [14] her campaign has been observed to have been affected by disinformation against her, as well as her lack of political machinery. [15] [16]

Early life and education

Maria Leonor Santo Tomas Gerona was born on April 23, 1965, in Naga, Camarines Sur, Philippines. [17] [18] She was the first of three children born to Naga City Regional Trial Court Judge Antonio Gerona (c. 1933–2013) and Salvacion Santo Tomas (1936–2020). [19]

Leni Gerona attended the basic education department of Universidad de Sta. Isabel in Naga, graduating from elementary school in 1978, and from high school in 1982. She earned her degree in Bachelor of Arts in Economics from the University of the Philippines School of Economics at UP Diliman in 1986, and proceeded to study law at the University of Nueva Caceres, graduating in 1992. [18] [20] She passed the bar exams in 1997. [21]

Gerona chose to temporarily forego law studies and instead decided to work as a researcher for the Bicol River Basin Development Program (BRBDP), [22] a government agency tasked with integrated area development planning in the three provinces of the Bicol Region. [23] Here she met then-program director Jesse Robredo, who would eventually become her husband. [23]

Having passed the bar on her second attempt in 1996 [18] [21] and admitted in May 1997, [24] Robredo served in the Public Attorney's Office, [25] a role in which she often took up the defense for cases pursued by her husband, who by then had become Mayor of Naga. [22]

From 1998 to 2008, Robredo became the coordinator of Sentro ng Alternatibong Lingap Panligan (SALIGAN), a Naga-based alternative legal support group. [22] SALIGAN's work [22] aimed to encourage young legal professionals to take on leadership roles, [26] and involved visiting distant rural communities to provide legal services to residents who would otherwise have little or no access to such services, [27] as well as conducting legal advocacy by proposing amendments and new laws based on the needs of these marginalized communities. Later, the group's focus shifted to include helping rural women to acquire capital in order to participate in competitive markets. [27]

In addition, Robredo founded the Lakas ng Kababaihan ng Naga Federation, an organization that provides training and livelihood opportunities for women, in 1989. [28]

In 2012, Robredo was named the chairperson of the Liberal Party in Camarines Sur. [29] [30] [31] [32] [33]

Political career

Congressional career

Leni Robredo unveiling the Jesse Robredo Monument at the Cararayan National High School in Naga, May 27, 2016 Unveiling Robredo monument at Cararayan National HS.jpg
Leni Robredo unveiling the Jesse Robredo Monument at the Cararayan National High School in Naga, May 27, 2016

Robredo ran in Camarines Sur's 3rd congressional district during the Philippine general elections of 2013. On May 16, 2013, she was proclaimed winner, beating Nelly Favis-Villafuerte (of Nationalist People's Coalition/United Nationalist Alliance), wife of former Congressman Luis Villafuerte [34] and member of the politically powerful Villafuerte dynasty. [35]

Robredo delivering a speech during a LP campaign rally in Quezon City, February 17, 2016 Leni Robredo in a Quezon City LP campaign rally.jpg
Robredo delivering a speech during a LP campaign rally in Quezon City, February 17, 2016

During her term in congress, Robredo was the vice chairman of the House committees on good governance, public accountability, and revision of laws, and a member of 11 other house panels. [36] She was known for being a strong advocate of the Freedom of Information Act, [37] and a strong supporter of the Bangsamoro Basic Law. [38] [39]

Participatory governance and transparency were the major objectives and thrusts of Robredo's legislative agenda. The first law Robredo authored in congress was the Full Disclosure Policy Bill (HB 19), which would have mandated all government agencies and their sub-units and projects to disclose their budget and financial transactions in a conspicuous manner "without any requests from the public." [40] Concerned that the marginalized sector should not be denied access to government frontline services and public meetings based on their attire, [41] she sponsored the Open Door Policy Act (House Bill No. 6286), [42] which prohibits government offices and agencies from implementing strict dress codes. [42]

Robredo also authored the People Empowerment Bill (HB 4911 [43] ), which sought to allow more participation from Filipinos in decision and policy-making, [44] and the Participatory Budget Process Bill (HB 3905), which sought to increase participation in budget-related decisions in government projects by locals. [43] [45] [46] She also wrote the Comprehensive Anti-Discrimination Bill (HB 3432) to prohibit discrimination on the basis of ethnicity, race, religion or belief, sex, gender, sexual orientation, gender identity and expressions, language, disability, HIV status, etc. [47]

To promote transparency in the taxation process, she sponsored the house version (House Bill 05831) of what would eventually become Republic Act RA10708, the Tax Incentives Management and Transparency Act of 2009 (TIMTA). [48] [49] [50]

Other major legislation co-authored by Robredo includes the Anti-Dynasty Bill [51] [52] and the Healthy Beverage Options Act (House Bill 4021). [53]

Legislative portfolio

As a member of the 16th Congress, Robredo was one of the principal authors of the house version of "The Tax Incentives Management and Transparency Act (TIMTA)" (Republic Act RA10708, House Bill 05831), which was enacted on December 9, 2015. [54] She also co-authored the house version [55] of the following laws: the “National Children’s Month Act,” Republic Act RA10661 (HB01641) enacted on May 29, 2015, declaring the celebration of the national children's month on November of every year; [56] the "Charter of the Quezon City Development Authority," Republic Act RA10646 (HB03899), lapsed into law on November 8, 2014; the "Open High School System Act," Republic Act RA10665 (HB04085) enacted on July 9, 2015, establishing and appropriating funds for the open high school system; Republic Act RA10638 (HB04089), extending the corporate life of the Philippine National Railways for another 50 years, enacted on June 16, 2014; Republic Act RA10707 (HB04147), amending the "Probation Law of 1976" enacted on November 26, 2015, rationalizing and strengthening the probation system; the "Graphic Health Warnings Law," Republic Act RA10643 (HB04590), enacted on November 15, 2014, prescribing the printing of graphic health warnings on tobacco products; Republic Act RA10655 (HB05280), decriminalizing premature remarriages, enacted on March 13, 2015; and the "Sangguniang Kabataan Reform Act.of 2015," Republic Act RA10742 (HB06043), enacted on January 15, 2016. [57] [58] [59]

In addition, Robredo was one of many co-authors of the National Budgets for the years 2014 (RA10633, HB02630, enacted on December 20, 2013), 2015 (RA10651, HB04968, enacted on December 23, 2014), and 2016 (RA10717, HB06132, enacted on December 22, 2015). [55]

Robredo was also a key supporter of: HB 4911: People Empowerment Bill to create a partnership between local governments and civil society through the establishment of a people's council in every local government unit. This act also prescribes the powers and functions of said council; [47] HB 3432: Comprehensive Anti-Discrimination to prohibit discrimination on the basis of ethnicity, race, religion or belief, sex, gender, sexual orientation, gender identity and expressions, language, disability, HIV status, and other status, and provide penalties for these; [47] HB 4021: Healthy Beverage Options to regulate the availability of beverages to children in schools and for other purposes; [60] HB 19: Full Disclosure Policy to require the full disclosure of all information on fiscal management from all national government departments, bureaus, agencies, and other instrumentalities, including government-owned or controlled corporations and their subsidiaries and local governments. This act will also provide penalties for violations of said requirements; [61] HB 3905: Participatory Budget Process to institutionalize citizens’ participation in the budget process and for other processes; [45] and HB 3237: Freedom of Information to strengthen the right of citizens to information held by the government. [61]

Vice presidency

Presidential styles of
Leni Robredo
Seal of the Vice President of the Republic of the Philippines.svg
Reference style Her Excellency
Spoken styleYour Excellency
Alternative styleMadame Vice President
SWS Net satisfaction ratings of Leni Robredo(September 2016–December 2021)
DateRating
Sep 2016+49 [62]
Dec 2016+37 [63]
Mar 2017+26 [63]
Jun 2017+36 [64]
Sep 2017+41 [64]
Dec 2017+42 [65]
May 2018+34 [65]
Jun 2018+32 [66]
Sep 2018+34 [66]
Dec 2018+27 [67]
Mar 2019+42 [67]
Jun 2019+28 [68]
Sep 2019+33 [69]
Dec 2019+36 [70]
Sep 2021+24 [71]
Dec 2021+1 [72]

On October 5, 2015, after her three daughters set aside their initial objections, Robredo announced that she would run for the post of Vice President of the Philippines under the Liberal Party in the 2016 election, as the running mate of presidential candidate Mar Roxas. [73] Robredo won the election with 14,418,817 votes, or 35.11 percent of cast ballots, narrowly defeating her closest rival, Senator Ferdinand Marcos, Jr, by 263,473 votes or by 0.64 percent. [74]

Robredo was sworn in as vice president of the Philippines on June 30, 2016, at the Quezon City Reception House, which she had since used as her office. [75]

Robredo paying a courtesy call to President Rodrigo Duterte on July 4, 2016 Vice President Leni Robredo pays courtesy call on President Rodrigo R. Duterte.jpg
Robredo paying a courtesy call to President Rodrigo Duterte on July 4, 2016
Robredo is sworn in by Duterte as HUDCC Secretary at the Malacanang Palace on July 12, 2016. Ph15-071316.jpg
Robredo is sworn in by Duterte as HUDCC Secretary at the Malacañang Palace on July 12, 2016.
Robredo attends the Malasakit at Pagbabago Social Development Agenda Summit in Davao City on August 17, 2016. Vice-President and Housing and Urban Development Coordinating Council Chairperson Maria Leonor Robredo.jpg
Robredo attends the Malasakit at Pagbabago Social Development Agenda Summit in Davao City on August 17, 2016.
Robredo and President Duterte at the Philippine Military Academy Graduation Rites at Fort General Gregorio Del Pilar, Baguio City on May 26, 2019 DUTERTE AND ROBREDO AT PMA GRAD RITES 2019.jpg
Robredo and President Duterte at the Philippine Military Academy Graduation Rites at Fort General Gregorio Del Pilar, Baguio City on May 26, 2019

Robredo first met President Rodrigo Duterte personally at the Armed Forces of the Philippines change-of-command ceremonies at Camp Aguinaldo on July 1, 2016, a day after their inauguration. [76] She later paid a courtesy call on him at Malacañang Palace on July 4, their first formal meeting. [77] On July 7, Duterte called Robredo during a press conference to offer her the cabinet position of head of the Housing and Urban Development Coordinating Council, which Robredo accepted. [78] Robredo is the third vice president to head the government agency focused on housing programs, following her immediate predecessors Noli de Castro and Jejomar Binay. Duterte earlier said that he did not want to appoint a cabinet position to Robredo due to his unfamiliarity with her and his friendship with Marcos. [79]

On December 4, 2016, Robredo was informed by Cabinet Secretary Leoncio Evasco Jr. "to desist from attending all Cabinet meetings starting December 5", which prompted her to release a statement tendering her resignation as the chairwoman of the Housing and Urban Development Coordinating Council, effective the following day. [80]

In March 2017, Robredo sent a video appeal to the United Nations in which she claimed that the Philippine National Police had unwritten policies in its operations in the drug war, where family members of drug peddlers were allegedly being held hostage and relatives of drug users and pushers wanted by the police were being killed. [81] Robredo’s message to a side meeting of the UN Commission on Narcotic Drugs annual meeting in Vienna last March 16 stirred a political firestorm as it coincided with the filing by Magdalo Rep. Gary Alejano of the first impeachment case against President Duterte. The video also claimed of a so-called "palit ulo" (head swapping) scheme, where police allegedly rounded up families of accused drug personalities to demand for their relatives to be taken in exchange for the accused drug personalities if they could not be found. Citing a lack of evidence to the claims, a group of lawyers and academics filed an impeachment attempt against Robredo for allegedly "betraying her oath to defend the country." [82] The impeachment campaign against her was rejected by Duterte himself, [83] and never gained traction due to a lack of endorsement from the House of Representatives. [84]

On November 4, 2019, Duterte assigned Robredo to be co-chairperson of the Inter-Agency Committee on Anti-Illegal Drugs (ICAD) until the end of his term in 2022, said presidential spokesman Salvador Panelo. [85] After 19 days, however, Duterte fired Robredo from her post after stiff opposition from the Duterte administration following her meetings with foreign entities and request for classified drug war information during her tenure as ICAD co-chair. [86]

Policies

Robredo has spearheaded programs under the Office of the Vice President (OVP). As of January 2022, her flagship anti-poverty program Angat Buhay has benefitted 622,000 families in 223 cities and municipalities across the country since she assumed office in 2016. P520 million worth of aid has been mobilized for the program, mostly from donations by the private sector. The OVP under Robredo has partnered with 372 organizations in the implementation of Angat Buhay. The Angat Buhay program focuses on six key advocacy areas, namely: public education, rural development, food security and nutrition, women empowerment, universal healthcare, and housing and resettlement. [87]

In October 2017, the Senate increased the 2018 budget of the Office of the Vice President (OVP) by ₱20 million, which was allotted for the vice president's Angat Buhay program. [88] In the same month, Robredo called on fellow Filipinos to remember the 165 soldiers and police who gave their lives for the liberation of Marawi City. Robredo said her office was already preparing to help in the rehabilitation of Marawi City, primarily through its flagship anti-poverty program. [89]

COVID-19 pandemic response

Robredo visits COVID-19 frontliners in the OVP Swab Cab in Antipolo, Rizal on January 17, 2022. Philippine Vice President Leni Robredo talking to COVID-19 frontliners (2021).jpg
Robredo visits COVID-19 frontliners in the OVP Swab Cab in Antipolo, Rizal on January 17, 2022.

During the COVID-19 pandemic, the OVP under Robredo provided free shuttle services for pandemic frontline workers, swab tests, telehealth services, and raised funds for relief operations across the country. [90] [91] [92] [93] [94] The office has also delivered 7,350 personal protective equipment (PPEs) to nine hospitals, including the San Lazaro Hospital, the Philippine General Hospital, and the Lung Center of the Philippines. A total of ₱17.3 million was raised for these donations, including food and care packages for the health workers and their families. [95]

2019 Philippine Senate election

On October 24, 2018, Robredo officially launched the opposition senatorial slate for the 2019 senatorial elections, [96] declaring that 'the opposition is alive.' [97] The opposition candidates ran under the "Otso Diretso" slate, which included former senator Mar Roxas, election lawyer Romulo Macalintal, Mindanao peace advocate Samira Gutoc-Tomawis, human rights lawyer Jose Manuel Diokno, former congressman Erin Tañada, former solicitor general Florin Hilbay, senator Bam Aquino, and Magdalo party-list Rep. Gary Alejano. [97] [98] All Otso Diretso candidates lost the election, [99] [100] the second time that a Liberal Party-led coalition suffered a great loss since 1955.

Fake news

Robredo has been a constant victim of memes and "fake news" articles since taking office in 2016, some of which she claims emanate from a Senate source. Dealing with these, she said, was a "test of character". [101] [102] [103] [104] Numerous fake news stories have been manufactured on Facebook, Twitter, YouTube, and other blog sites against Robredo after she won the vice presidency in 2016, a portion of which were fabricated by pro-Duterte bloggers. [105] [106] Robredo has demonstrated the falsehood of these statements against her. [9]

During the 2022 Philippine presidential election campaign period, Robredo was the "biggest victim" and target of misinformation reportedly perpetrated by social media supporters of fellow presidential candidate Bongbong Marcos. [107]

Electoral protest

Robredo's winning margin of 0.61% is the closest margin since Fernando Lopez's victory in the 1965 vice presidential election. Her opponent, Bongbong Marcos, filed an electoral protest on June 29, 2016, a day before inauguration. On February 16, 2021, the PET unanimously dismissed Marcos' electoral protest against Robredo. [108] [109] [110] [111]

2022 presidential campaign

Robredo files her certificate of candidacy for president, October 7, 2021 Leni Robredo filing her COC for President.jpg
Robredo files her certificate of candidacy for president, October 7, 2021
Robredo during her campaign rally in Antipolo City, April 5, 2022. Leni-Kiko Leniwanag sa Silangan rally Robredo lapit (Ynares Center, Antipolo, Rizal; 04-05-2022).jpg
Robredo during her campaign rally in Antipolo City, April 5, 2022.

Robredo officially announced her campaign for president of the Philippines on October 7, 2021, [112] the day she filed her certificate of candidacy before the Commission on Elections as an independent candidate despite her being the party leader of the Liberal Party of the Philippines. [113] [114] Hours after the announcement, a source from Robredo's camp revealed that she had selected senator and Liberal Party president Francis Pangilinan as her running mate. [115]

Robredo placed second in the official tally with 15,035,773 votes, and lost to fellow presidential candidate Bongbong Marcos by a wide margin of over 16 million votes. [116] [13]

Post-vice presidency

After her term ends, Robredo plans to establish a non-governmental organization called Angat Buhay, taking the name and template of the anti-poverty program that she established during her tenure as Vice President. [117]

Political positions

Domestic policies

Campaign against illegal drugs

Robredo has repeatedly expressed her dissent for the government's war on drugs, particularly the policy of Oplan Tokhang. After her short tenure as the co-chairperson of the government's ICAD, she made recommendations to improve the government's campaign against drugs. [118] During her presidential campaign, she vowed to continue intensified efforts against drugs, but would focus on rehabilitation and prevention. [119]

Martial law

During the Marawi siege, Robredo called for unity as government troops engaged in a firefight against the Maute group in Marawi, and she organized donations and directed relief operations for the victims. [120] [121] [122] She then visited wounded soldiers in Iligan to give support and contributions. [123] Robredo respects President Duterte's implementation of martial law in the whole of Mindanao as a way to combat terrorism, but has requested measures to ensure that the implementation would not resemble the "abuses and violations" during Ferdinand Marcos' implementation of Proclamation No. 1081. She also questioned the coverage and prolongation of the implementation and called on members of the Congress to review and validate the implementation as a "constitutional duty". [124] Robredo said that the martial law in Mindanao has failed to address threats in the region. [125] On November 26, 2019, Robredo called on the government to assure that troop deployments in Samar, Negros, and Bicol would not lead to martial law. [126]

Political dynasties

Robredo voiced her support for the proposed anti-turncoat law in the House. [127] During her congressional career, she co-authored the Anti-Dynasty Bill. [51]

Foreign policy

Robredo criticized China for establishing missiles in the West Philippine Sea. [128] She says that China must first recognize the Philippines v. China arbitral ruling before forging any agreement with the Philippines, a position that contrasts with that of Duterte's more diplomatic approach. [129] Robredo called for transparency in government-sponsored deals with China. [130]

Personal life

Robredo with her daughters. Leni Robredo's family July 2016.jpg
Robredo with her daughters.
Robredo and her family at the funeral of her mother, Salvacion Gerona, at Penafrancia Basilica in 2020. Interment ceremony at Basilica Minore, Naga City 01.jpg
Robredo and her family at the funeral of her mother, Salvación Gerona, at Peñafrancia Basilica in 2020.

Leni was married to Jesse Robredo, whom she met while working at the Bicol River Basin Development Program, from 1987 until his death from a plane crash in 2012. The couple has three daughters: Jessica Marie "Aika" Robredo, Janine Patricia "Tricia" Robredo, and Jillian Therese Robredo. [18] [23] Their eldest daughter, Aika, was an executive assistant at the Office of Civil Defense and holds a Master of Public Administration from the Harvard Kennedy School (which Jesse also received from the same school), while their second eldest, Tricia, is a licensed physician and was a UAAP basketball sideline reporter for National University. [131] [132] [133] Their youngest, Jillian, graduated with a Bachelor of Arts degree with a double major in economics and mathematics on a scholarship at New York University. [134] [135] [136] [137] [138]

Since May 14, 2017, Robredo has hosted her own public service radio program entitled BISErbisyong LENI, aired on DZXL. [139]

Robredo is fluent in Filipino, English, and her native Central Bikol. [140]

Honors and recognition

On August 1, 2016, Robredo was awarded the Honorary Outstanding Woman Award of the Year 2016 by the Thai government, coinciding with Thailand's Women's Day. The recognition was given to Robredo for her work and advocacy on women's empowerment and gender equality. [141]

On August 23, 2016, Robredo was awarded the Most Influential Filipina Woman of the World award by Filipina Women's Network (FWN), a non-government organization. [142]

Three universities have conferred Robredo with honorary doctorates:

Electoral history

Philippine vice presidential election, 2016 [145]
PartyCandidateVotes%
Liberal Leni Robredo 14,418,817 35.11%
Independent Bongbong Marcos 14,155,34434.47%
Independent Alan Peter Cayetano 5,903,37914.38%
Independent Francis Escudero 4,931,96212.01%
Independent Antonio Trillanes IV 868,5012.11%
UNA Gregorio Honasan 788,8811.92%
Total votes41,066,884 100.00%
Philippine House of Representatives election at Camarines Sur's 3rd District, 2013
PartyCandidateVotes%
Liberal Leni Robredo 123,843 69.93%
NPC Nelly Villafuerte35,16019.85%
Independent Charina Fausto2,2961.30%
PDP–Laban Oscar Arcilla, Jr.6400.36%
Total votes177,094 100.00%

See also

Related Research Articles

Bongbong Marcos President of the Philippines since 2022

Ferdinand Romualdez Marcos Jr., commonly referred to as Bongbong Marcos and by the initials BBM or PBBM, is a Filipino politician who is the 17th and current president of the Philippines. He previously served as a senator from 2010 to 2016. He is the second child and only son of former president Ferdinand Marcos Sr. and former first lady Imelda Romualdez Marcos.

Liberal Party (Philippines) Political party in the Philippines

The Liberal Party, abbreviated as the LP, is a liberal political party in the Philippines.

Vice Ganda Filipino entertainer

Jose Marie Borja Viceral, popularly known as Vice Ganda, is a Filipino comedian, talk show host, television presenter, actor, entrepreneur, and singer. He is a regular host on ABS-CBN's noontime variety show It's Showtime, and has starred in several films, eight of which are considered to be the highest-grossing in Philippine cinema.

Mocha Uson Filipina singer, dancer, model, blogger, and government official

Esther Margaux "Mocha" Justiniano Uson is a controversial Filipina singer, actress, dancer, model, political blogger, and public official widely known for spreading fake news and disinformation. She is also a co-founder of the group Mocha Girls.

2016 Philippine presidential election

The 2016 Philippine presidential and vice presidential elections were held on Monday, May 9, 2016, as part of the 2016 general election. This was the 16th presidential election in the Philippines since 1935 and the fifth sextennial presidential election since 1992.

Solid North

The Solid North refers to the regional voting bloc of the northern provinces of the Philippines for politicians of Ilocano descent, more particularly the Marcos family and their allies, and also economic issues affecting the Ilocanos in general such as the tobacco industry. Often included in Solid North are the provinces in the Ilocos Region, Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR), and Cagayan Valley. The Solid North has been described as one of the most right-wing portions of the Philippines, due to the legacy of Ferdinand Marcos' presidency.

Sara Duterte 15th Vice President of the Philippines (born 1978)

Sara Zimmerman Duterte-Carpio, commonly known as Inday Sara, is a Filipino lawyer and politician who is the 15th and incumbent vice president of the Philippines. She served as the mayor of Davao City from 2016 to 2022, and previously from 2010 to 2013. She was also Davao City's vice mayor from 2007 to 2010. She is the daughter of former president Rodrigo Duterte.

2019 Philippine Senate election 33rd election of members to the Senate of the Philippines

The 2019 election of members to the Senate of the Philippines was the 33rd election of members to the Senate of the Philippines for a six-year term. It was held on May 13, 2019.

Inauguration of Rodrigo Duterte

The inauguration of Rodrigo Duterte as the 16th president of the Philippines took place at around noon (PHT) on Thursday, June 30, 2016 at the Rizal Ceremonial Hall of the Malacañang Palace in Manila. The oath of office was administered by the Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines. Veronica Duterte, Duterte's daughter with Honeylet Avanceña, held the Bible of the president's late mother Soledad. Veronica was joined by her three siblings, namely Sara, Paolo and Sebastian.

2022 Philippine presidential election 20th presidential elections in the Philippines

The 2022 Philippine presidential election was held on Monday, May 9, 2022, as part of the 2022 general election. This was the 17th direct presidential election and 16th vice presidential election in the Philippines since 1935, and the sixth sextennial presidential and vice presidential election since 1992.

Political positions of Leni Robredo Views of the 14th Philippine Vice President

Leni Robredo, the 14th Vice President of the Philippines, has held various foreign, domestic, economic, and social positions over the course of her career. She has supported women's rights and women empowerment, human rights, ending endo contractualization, and policies that are pro-poor. As the chairperson of the Liberal Party, Robredo is the leader of the current opposition against President Duterte, taking positions that are contrary to that of the Duterte's policies, opposing federalism and charter change, the reimposition of the death penalty, warmer relations with China, and the war on drugs.

2022 Philippine general election Political process in the Southeast Asian country

The 2022 Philippine general election took place on May 9, 2022, for executive and legislative branches of the government – national, provincial, and local, except for the barangay officials.

2022 Philippine Senate election 34th Philippine senatorial election

The 2022 Philippine Senate election was the 34th election of members to the Senate of the Philippines for a six-year term. It was held on May 9, 2022.

This is a list of candidates in the 2022 Philippine Senate election.

This article covers opinion polling for the 2022 Philippine presidential and vice presidential elections. Opinion polling in Philippines is conducted by Social Weather Stations (SWS), Pulse Asia, OCTA Research, and other pollsters. Poll results are listed in the table below in reverse chronological order. The front-runner is in bold. Those that are within the margin of error are in italics.

This is a list of candidates in the 2022 Philippine presidential and vice presidential elections.

Leni Robredo 2022 presidential campaign Presidential campaign for the 2022 Philippine presidential elections

The 2022 presidential campaign of Leni Robredo began on October 7, 2021, when she filed her candidacy for the 2022 Philippine presidential election. Leni Robredo was the vice president of the Philippines from June 30, 2016 until June 30, 2022, and was a former representative of Camarines Sur's 3rd congressional district from 2013 until 2016.

Bongbong Marcos 2022 presidential campaign Presidential campaign for the 2022 Philippine presidential elections

The 2022 presidential campaign of Bongbong Marcos began on October 6, 2021, when he filed his candidacy for the 2022 Philippine presidential election under the Partido Federal ng Pilipinas. Bongbong Marcos, a former senator of the Philippines from 2010 to 2016, is the son former president Ferdinand Marcos.

References

  1. "Philippine VP Robredo Widens Lead Over Marcos in Protest Recount". Bloomberg.com. October 19, 2019. Archived from the original on January 16, 2022. Retrieved October 19, 2019.
  2. "COA gives OVP highest audit rating for third successive year". June 29, 2021. Archived from the original on September 1, 2021. Retrieved September 1, 2021.
  3. Lalu, Gabriel Pabico (February 8, 2021). "OVP gets ISO recertification for quality management system". INQUIRER.net. Archived from the original on September 1, 2021. Retrieved September 1, 2021.
  4. "Robredo receives ISO 9001:2015 quality certificate for OVP". Manila Bulletin. Archived from the original on February 14, 2021. Retrieved September 1, 2021.
  5. Cepeda, Mara (January 6, 2020). "'1 over 100': Robredo calls Duterte's drug war a 'failure'". Rappler. Retrieved May 11, 2022.
  6. Cepeda, Mara (November 9, 2021). "Robredo wants to abolish Duterte's notorious anti-insurgency group". Rappler. Retrieved May 11, 2022.
  7. Cepeda, Mara (September 3, 2021). "Robredo tempted to tell Duterte: Just let me handle pandemic response". Rappler. Retrieved May 11, 2022.
  8. Cepeda, Mara (July 12, 2021). "Robredo laments Duterte admin's 'cowardice' in defending West PH Sea vs China". Rappler. Retrieved May 11, 2022.
  9. 1 2 Cepeda, Mara. "Here's how Robredo debunks 'fake news' vs her". Rappler . Rappler Inc. Archived from the original on March 6, 2019. Retrieved March 2, 2019.
  10. "Robredo to run for President as an independent". BusinessWorld. October 7, 2021. Retrieved May 28, 2022. The opposition leader, who heads the Liberal Party, will run as an independent candidate, the Commission on Elections tweeted.
  11. Esguerra, Anthony (May 7, 2022). "'Our generation's fight': Robredo's campaign to stop Marcos Jr". Aljazeera. Retrieved May 14, 2022.
  12. Wee, Sui-Lee (May 1, 2022). "'We Want Change': In the Philippines, Young People Aim to Upend an Election". The New York Times. ISSN   0362-4331 . Retrieved May 2, 2022.
  13. 1 2 "Marcos Jr. officially proclaimed president-elect". CNN Philippines. May 25, 2022. Retrieved May 25, 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  14. "Final, official tally: Marcos, Duterte on top with over 31M votes each". May 25, 2022. Retrieved May 26, 2022.
  15. "Trolls and polls: fake news surrounds Philippines' Robredo-Marcos showdown". South China Morning Post. April 23, 2022. Retrieved May 30, 2022.
  16. "Time was the enemy in Robredo campaign, says ex-Aquino spokesperson". RAPPLER. May 10, 2022. Retrieved May 30, 2022.
  17. Begas, Leifbilly (May 4, 2016). "Leni: I'm tough, I fight for what is right". Inquirer Bandera . Archived from the original on January 10, 2017. Retrieved January 10, 2017.
  18. 1 2 3 4 5 "Vote PH 2016: Leni Robredo". Inquirer.net . April 10, 2016. Archived from the original on April 5, 2016. Retrieved April 12, 2016.
  19. Philippine Daily Inquirer (August 24, 2012). "That first night, I knew he was gone—Robredo's wife". Inquirer.net . Archived from the original on July 1, 2020. Retrieved June 29, 2020.
  20. Bueza, Michael (February 6, 2016). "Are 2016 VP bets truthful about academic degrees?". Rappler. Archived from the original on October 7, 2020. Retrieved June 12, 2021.
  21. 1 2 Yap, DJ (March 31, 2016). "Bar flunker Leni Robredo tells of rebound". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Archived from the original on February 27, 2021. Retrieved June 12, 2021.
  22. 1 2 3 4 Melendez, Paolo Enrico (April 22, 2016). "The Evolution of Leni Robredo: How the VP Underdog Became the Race's Strongest Contender". Rogue Magazine. Makati: Rogue Media, Inc. Archived from the original on December 31, 2019. Retrieved April 23, 2016.
  23. 1 2 3 Punzalan, Jamaine (October 9, 2015). "Leni Robredo relives 'whirlwind' romance with Jesse". ABS-CBN News. Archived from the original on January 11, 2016.
  24. Rappler.com (November 25, 2020). "FALSE: Robredo's missing bar exam results cast doubt on her being a lawyer". Rappler . Rappler Inc. Archived from the original on November 26, 2020. Retrieved November 29, 2020.
  25. Francisco, Katerina (October 5, 2015), "Leni Robredo: Low-key political wife goes national", Rappler.com, archived from the original on May 31, 2016, retrieved April 15, 2016
  26. "Will children make good leaders? | Mindanao Times". mindanaotimes.net. Archived from the original on March 4, 2017. Retrieved December 3, 2015.
  27. 1 2 How Leni Robredo and her group help empower women and farmers (YouTube Video). Mandaluyong: Philippine Entertainment Portal, Inc. April 12, 2016.
  28. "No fears that Robredo will neglect CamSur – women supporters". Rappler. October 5, 2015. Archived from the original on July 2, 2016. Retrieved August 7, 2016.
  29. Robredo widow now Liberal Party head in CamSur Archived September 29, 2012, at the Wayback Machine Inquirer.net (October 5, 2012)
  30. Leni Robredo files candidacy for House seat Archived October 7, 2012, at the Wayback Machine Inquirer.net (October 5, 2012)
  31. Leni Robredo ready to enter politics Archived October 6, 2012, at the Wayback Machine ABS-CBNnews.com (October 5, 2012)
  32. Leni Robredo appointed LP chair in CamSur Archived December 1, 2017, at the Wayback Machine Rappler.com (October 5, 2012)
  33. Leni Robredo eyes RTC judge post in QC Archived October 3, 2012, at the Wayback Machine Inquirer.net (October 5, 2012)
  34. Leni Robredo proclaimed winner in Camarines Sur Archived June 8, 2013, at the Wayback Machine , Philippine Daily Inquirer
  35. "Political dynasties win some, lose some". Inquirer.net . Archived from the original on August 3, 2016. Retrieved August 7, 2016.
  36. "Leni Robredo: The reluctant candidate now seeks VP post in 2016". GMA News. Archived from the original on October 7, 2015. Retrieved October 5, 2015.
  37. Marc Jayson Cayabyab. "Leni Robredo urges adoption of House FOI bill version". Inquirer.net . Archived from the original on September 27, 2015. Retrieved September 22, 2015.
  38. Aries Joseph Hegina. "LIST: How did your representatives vote on the BBL?". Inquirer.net . Archived from the original on September 29, 2015. Retrieved September 22, 2015.
  39. "22 House members urge support for Bangsamoro Basic Law". SunStar. Archived from the original on September 24, 2015. Retrieved September 22, 2015.
  40. "Leni Robredo's first bill: Full disclosure in gov't transactions". Philstar.com . Philstar Global Corp. Archived from the original on December 8, 2015. Retrieved December 3, 2015.
  41. "Leni Robredo eyes lifting of gov't dress code for ordinary Filipinos – Liberal Party of the Philippines". Liberal Party of the Philippines. Archived from the original on March 5, 2016. Retrieved December 3, 2015.
  42. 1 2 "House Bill No. 6286 (Open Door Policy Act).pdf". Google Docs. Archived from the original on December 8, 2015. Retrieved December 3, 2015.
  43. 1 2 "Leni on BUB, cabinet portfolio and others – Liberal Party of the Philippines". Liberal Party of the Philippines. Archived from the original on May 19, 2016. Retrieved December 3, 2015.
  44. "[HB4911] People Empowerment Bill.pdf". Google Docs. Archived from the original on December 8, 2015. Retrieved December 3, 2015.
  45. 1 2 "[HB03905] BUB.pdf". Google Docs. Archived from the original on December 8, 2015. Retrieved December 3, 2015.
  46. Maria Ressa (Interviewer), Leni Robredo (October 12, 2015). Rappler Talk: Leni Robredo on running for VP (YouTube Video). Rappler . Retrieved December 3, 2015.
  47. 1 2 3 "[HB03432] Comprehesive Anti-Discrimination.pdf". Google Docs. Archived from the original on December 9, 2015. Retrieved December 3, 2015.
  48. "Senate passes Tax Incentives Management and Transparency Act". Rappler. Archived from the original on August 18, 2016. Retrieved December 3, 2015.
  49. "House OKs Tax Incentives Transparency bill". Philstar.com . Philstar Global Corp. Archived from the original on October 2, 2015. Retrieved September 22, 2015.
  50. "Grief, and why I will campaign for Leni". BusinessWorld. Archived from the original on July 6, 2018. Retrieved December 2, 2015.
  51. 1 2 "Cong. Robredo's Statement on the Anti-Dynasty Bill – Leni Robredo Official Website". Leni Robredo Official Website. Archived from the original on September 10, 2016. Retrieved December 3, 2015.
  52. "Robredo: Dynasty bill may be passed yet". Philstar.com . Philstar Global Corp. Archived from the original on December 8, 2015. Retrieved December 3, 2015.
  53. "Healthy Beverage Options Act 4021 Proposed for Schools". SmartParenting.com.ph. Archived from the original on December 8, 2015. Retrieved December 3, 2015.
  54. "House of Representatives". Congress.gov.ph. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved August 7, 2016.
  55. 1 2 "House of Representatives". Congress.gov.ph. Archived from the original on June 30, 2016. Retrieved August 7, 2016.
  56. Ronda, Rainier Allan (June 7, 2015). "November declared National Children's Month". Philstar.com . Philstar Global Corp. Archived from the original on July 23, 2016. Retrieved July 9, 2016.
  57. "Republic Act RA10655" (PDF). Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. Archived (PDF) from the original on September 22, 2021. Retrieved May 22, 2020.
  58. "Article 351 of Act No. 3815 of the revised penal code" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on November 4, 2016. Retrieved November 2, 2016.
  59. "Noy signs law decriminalizing women's 'premature marriage'". Philstar.com . Philstar Global Corp. Archived from the original on November 4, 2016. Retrieved November 2, 2016.
  60. "[HB4021] Healthy Beverage Options Bill.PDF". Google Docs. Archived from the original on December 8, 2015. Retrieved December 3, 2015.
  61. 1 2 "[HB3237] Freedom of Information.pdf". Google Docs. Archived from the original on December 8, 2015. Retrieved December 3, 2015.
  62. "Third Quarter 2016 Social Weather Survey: Initial net satisfaction ratings for Vice-President Robredo at Good +49, Senate President Pimentel at Good +37, and Speaker Alvarez at Moderate +22; Net rating for Chief Justice Sereno a personal best Moderate +26". Social Weather Stations . October 29, 2016. Archived from the original on March 4, 2022. Retrieved March 4, 2022.
  63. 1 2 "First Quarter 2017 Social Weather Survey: Net satisfaction ratings for Vice-President Robredo at Moderate +26, Senate President Pimentel at Moderate +29, and Speaker Alvarez at Moderate +12; Chief Justice Sereno at Moderate +14". Social Weather Stations . April 13, 2017. Archived from the original on March 4, 2022. Retrieved March 4, 2022.
  64. 1 2 "Third Quarter 2017 Social Weather Survey: Net Satisfaction Good for Vice-Pres. Robredo and Senate Pres. Pimentel, Neutral for Speaker Alvarez and Chief Justice Sereno". Social Weather Stations . October 12, 2017. Archived from the original on March 4, 2022. Retrieved March 4, 2022.
  65. 1 2 "First Quarter 2018 Social Weather Survey: Net satisfaction ratings "Good" for Vice-President Robredo and Senate President Pimentel, "Neutral" for Speaker Alvarez and Chief Justice Sereno". Social Weather Stations . April 17, 2018. Archived from the original on March 4, 2022. Retrieved March 4, 2022.
  66. 1 2 "Third Quarter 2018 Social Weather Survey: Net satisfaction ratings "Good" for Vice-President Robredo, Very Good for Senate President Sotto, "Neutral" for Speaker Macapagal-Arroyo, and "Neutral" for Chief Justice De Castro". Social Weather Stations . October 16, 2018. Archived from the original on March 4, 2022. Retrieved March 4, 2022.
  67. 1 2 "First Quarter 2019 Social Weather Survey: Net satisfaction ratings "Good" +42 for Vice-President Robredo, Very Good +61 for Senate President Sotto, "Poor" -17 for Speaker Macapagal-Arroyo, and "Moderate" +14 for Chief Justice Bersamin". Social Weather Stations . April 23, 2019. Archived from the original on March 4, 2022. Retrieved March 4, 2022.
  68. "Second Quarter 2019 Social Weather Survey: Net satisfaction ratings "Moderate" for Vice-President Robredo, "Very Good" for Senate President Sotto, "Poor" for Speaker Macapagal-Arroyo, and "Moderate" for Chief Justice Bersamin". Social Weather Stations . July 23, 2019. Archived from the original on March 4, 2022. Retrieved March 4, 2022.
  69. "Third Quarter 2019 Social Weather Survey: Net Satisfaction "Good" for Vice-President Robredo, "Very Good" for Senate President Sotto, "Good" for Speaker Cayetano, and "Moderate" for Chief Justice Bersamin". Social Weather Stations . October 16, 2019. Archived from the original on March 4, 2022. Retrieved March 4, 2022.
  70. "Fourth Quarter 2019 Social Weather Survey: Net Satisfaction "Good" for Vice-President Robredo, "Very Good" for Senate President Sotto, "Good" for Speaker Cayetano, and "Moderate" for Chief Justice Peralta". Social Weather Stations . March 3, 2020. Archived from the original on March 4, 2022. Retrieved March 4, 2022.
  71. "Fourth Quarter 2021 Social Weather Survey: Net Satisfaction "Neutral" for Vice-President Robredo, "Very Good" for Senate President Sotto, "Neutral" for Speaker Velasco, and "Neutral" for Chief Justice Gesmundo". Social Weather Stations . March 11, 2022. Archived from the original on March 11, 2022. Retrieved March 11, 2022.
  72. Cruz, Kaithreen (February 8, 2022). "Duterte maintains 'very good' net satisfaction rating – SWS". The Manila Times. Archived from the original on March 4, 2022. Retrieved March 4, 2022.
  73. Cupin, Bea (October 5, 2015). "Leni Robredo: I can't refuse call to serve". Rappler. Manila, Philippines. Archived from the original on April 2, 2019. Retrieved June 29, 2020.
  74. Cayabyab, Marc Jayson. "Leni Robredo is vice president". Inquirer.net . Archived from the original on July 2, 2016. Retrieved May 27, 2016.
  75. "LOOK: Leni Robredo takes oath of office as Vice President of the Philippines". CNN Philippines . June 30, 2016. Archived from the original on July 1, 2016. Retrieved July 1, 2016.
  76. Alberto-Masakayan, Thea (July 1, 2016). "Cordial at first sight: Duterte, Robredo meet". ABS-CBN News . Archived from the original on July 2, 2016. Retrieved July 1, 2016.
  77. Alvarez, Kathrina Charmaine; Dioquino, Rose-An Jessica (July 4, 2016). "Robredo pays courtesy call on Duterte in Malacañang". GMA News. Archived from the original on September 20, 2016. Retrieved July 8, 2016.
  78. "Duterte appoints Robredo as HUDCC chief and Vice President Leni Robredo was eventually fired from the Duterte Cabinet and did not quit out of her own accord". Inquirer.net . July 7, 2016. Archived from the original on October 8, 2016. Retrieved July 7, 2016.
  79. Ranada, Pia (July 7, 2016). "VP Robredo is Duterte's housing czar". Rappler. Archived from the original on July 8, 2016. Retrieved July 7, 2016.
  80. "VP Leni Robredo resigns from Cabinet position". CNN Philippines . December 4, 2016. Archived from the original on December 5, 2016. Retrieved December 4, 2016.
  81. "Message of Philippines Vice President Leni Robredo on Extrajudicial Killings". YouTube .
  82. "Group of lawyers, academics eyes impeach move vs Robredo". March 23, 2017.
  83. "Duterte Wants Impeachment Bids Against Philippine VP Stopped". VOA . Associated Press. March 23, 2017. Archived from the original on March 23, 2017. Retrieved May 2, 2022.
  84. Yap, DJ; Dizon, Nikko (May 3, 2017). "Impeach Leni bid has no endorser". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Archived from the original on May 2, 2017. Retrieved April 26, 2022.
  85. "Duterte appoints VP, a critic of war on drugs, to lead war on drugs". dpa International. Archived from the original on November 12, 2019. Retrieved November 13, 2019.
  86. "Duterte fires Robredo from anti-drug tsar post". CNN Philippines. Archived from the original on September 19, 2020. Retrieved September 26, 2020.
  87. Raymund, Antonio (January 3, 2022). "Robredo's Angat Buhay has benefited over 600k families". mb.com.ph. Archived from the original on January 3, 2022. Retrieved January 3, 2022.
  88. Elemia, Camille. "Senate adds P20M to Robredo's budget for her anti-poverty program". Rappler . Rappler Inc. Archived from the original on March 6, 2019. Retrieved March 2, 2019.
  89. "Robredo urges Filipinos to remember Marawi heroes during Undas". Rappler . Rappler Inc. Archived from the original on March 6, 2019. Retrieved March 2, 2019.
  90. "LIST: Routes for Robredo's free shuttle service for health workers". Rappler. August 3, 2020. Archived from the original on September 1, 2021. Retrieved September 1, 2021.
  91. "Robredo starts free antigen testing in high-risk areas". Rappler. March 29, 2021. Archived from the original on September 1, 2021. Retrieved September 1, 2021.
  92. "Robredo launches free teleconsultation service". Rappler. April 7, 2021. Archived from the original on September 1, 2021. Retrieved September 1, 2021.
  93. "Robredo's office, hailed for pandemic efforts, seeks P702.04-M budget in 2022". Rappler. August 26, 2021. Archived from the original on August 27, 2021. Retrieved September 1, 2021.
  94. Lalu, Gabriel Pabico (November 20, 2020). "Too much photo ops? Robredo says they only want donors know where funds went". INQUIRER.net. Archived from the original on September 1, 2021. Retrieved September 1, 2021.
  95. CNN Philippines Staff (March 17, 2020). "Robredo donates gear to health workers, pledges free shuttle rides". CNN Philippines . Archived from the original on July 28, 2020. Retrieved June 29, 2020.
  96. "LIVE: Opposition coalition introduces final Senate slate". Rappler . Rappler Inc. Archived from the original on March 6, 2019. Retrieved March 2, 2019.
  97. 1 2 "Opposition is 'alive': VP Robredo launches Senate ticket". ABS-CBN News . Archived from the original on March 4, 2019. Retrieved March 2, 2019.
  98. "Opposition's 'Otso Diretso' gets boost from Robredo". Manila Bulletin. Archived from the original on February 9, 2019. Retrieved March 2, 2019.
  99. Cabato, Regine (May 14, 2019). "Philippine midterm elections deliver a resounding vote of confidence for Duterte". Washington Post. Archived from the original on May 14, 2019. Retrieved January 30, 2021.
  100. Cabico, Gaea Katreena (May 22, 2019). "Opposition slate Otso Diretso suffers a resounding loss". The Philippine Star. Archived from the original on June 3, 2019. Retrieved January 30, 2021.
  101. "VP Leni: Intensify efforts to punish sources of fake news". Manila Bulletin. Archived from the original on November 7, 2020. Retrieved July 24, 2019.
  102. "VP Leni in 2017: Fake news, snubs, impeachment, and electoral protest". Manila Bulletin. Archived from the original on July 24, 2019. Retrieved July 24, 2019.
  103. "Robredo hits sources of fake news". CNN Philippines . Archived from the original on January 17, 2019. Retrieved July 24, 2019.
  104. Ostria, Rey Anthony. "Robredo: Dealing with fake news, public criticism a test of character". Inquirer.net . Archived from the original on July 24, 2019. Retrieved July 24, 2019.
  105. Lalu, Gabriel Pabico. "Robredo: Actions of Mocha Uson, Drew Olivar do not help Duterte". Inquirer.net . Archived from the original on February 9, 2019. Retrieved March 2, 2019.
  106. "Robredo on lies: 'Bring it on'". Rappler . Rappler Inc. Archived from the original on April 21, 2021. Retrieved March 2, 2019.
  107. "Pro-Marcos misinformation targets main rival Robredo". ABS-CBN News. Agence France-Presse. May 6, 2022. Retrieved May 28, 2022.
  108. "Marcos heir loses bid to overturn Philippine VP election loss". The South China Morning Post . Agence France-Presse. February 16, 2021. Archived from the original on February 16, 2021. Retrieved February 16, 2021.
  109. "Supreme Court unanimously junks Marcos' VP poll protest vs Robredo". CNN Philippines. February 16, 2021. Archived from the original on February 16, 2021. Retrieved February 16, 2021.
  110. Navallo, Mike (February 16, 2021). "SC junks Magnanakaw Marcos' poll protest vs Vice President Robredo". ABS CBN News and Public Affairs. Archived from the original on February 16, 2021. Retrieved February 16, 2021.
  111. Torres-Tupas, Tetch (February 16, 2021). "PET dismisses Marcos poll protest vs Robredo, stresses 'entire' case junked". The Philippine Daily Inquirer . Archived from the original on February 16, 2021. Retrieved February 16, 2021.
  112. Tan, Lara (October 7, 2021). "VP Robredo to run for president in 2022". CNN Philippines. Archived from the original on October 7, 2021. Retrieved October 7, 2021.
  113. Sarao, Zacarian (October 7, 2021). "Robredo files COC for president in 2022 polls". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Archived from the original on October 7, 2021. Retrieved October 7, 2021.
  114. Morales, Neil Jerome; Lema, Karen (October 7, 2021). "Philippine Vice President Robredo joins race for president". Reuters. Archived from the original on October 7, 2021. Retrieved October 7, 2021.
  115. Panti, Llanesca (October 7, 2021). "Kiko Pangilinan is Robredo's running-mate in Eleksyon 2022 —sources". GMA News Online. Archived from the original on October 7, 2021. Retrieved October 7, 2021.
  116. Quismorio, Ellson (May 25, 2022). "Final, official tally: Marcos, Duterte on top with over 31M votes each". Manila Bulletin . Retrieved May 25, 2022.
  117. "Leni Robredo urges voters to accept poll results as she sets sights on 'Angat Buhay' NGO". Philstar.com. Retrieved May 31, 2022.
  118. "LIST: Robredo's drug war recommendations". cnn. Archived from the original on November 17, 2021. Retrieved November 17, 2021.
  119. Garner, Jom. "Robredo vows to continue intense drug war sans "kill, kill, kill"". Archived from the original on November 17, 2021. Retrieved November 17, 2021.
  120. Adel, Rosette (May 24, 2017). "Robredo calls for donation for Marawi attack victims". Philstar.com . Philstar Global Corp. Archived from the original on November 15, 2017. Retrieved June 1, 2017.
  121. "Groups call for donations for crisis-hit Marawi". Rappler. May 24, 2017. Archived from the original on October 27, 2017. Retrieved June 1, 2017.
  122. "Robredo orders relief operations amid Marawi clashes". Rappler. May 24, 2017. Archived from the original on October 27, 2017. Retrieved June 1, 2017.
  123. "Robredo visits wounded soldiers in Iligan". ABS-CBN News . May 29, 2017. Archived from the original on May 31, 2017. Retrieved June 1, 2017.
  124. Antonio, Raymund (May 28, 2017). "Leni backs Digong's drive against terrorism". Manila Bulletin. Archived from the original on June 1, 2017. Retrieved June 1, 2017.
  125. "Martial law failing to address threats in Mindanao: VP Robredo". ABS-CBN News . ABS-CBN Corporation. Archived from the original on February 9, 2019. Retrieved March 2, 2019.
  126. News, Adrian Ayalin, ABS-CBN. "Robredo: Gov't must assure troop deployment will not lead to martial law". ABS-CBN News . Archived from the original on February 9, 2019. Retrieved March 2, 2019.{{cite news}}: |last= has generic name (help)
  127. Billones, Trishia. "Robredo wants anti-turncoat law after House leadership shakeup". ABS-CBN News . Archived from the original on February 9, 2019. Retrieved March 2, 2019.
  128. "Robredo slams Beijing 'missiles' in West PH Sea". ABS-CBN News . ABS-CBN Corporation. Archived from the original on February 9, 2019. Retrieved March 2, 2019.
  129. Cruz, Moises (January 21, 2022). "Robredo: China must recognize arbitral rule first before any joint exploration deal". The Manila Times. Archived from the original on January 21, 2022. Retrieved April 26, 2022.
  130. "VP Robredo calls for transparency in PH-China deals". ABS-CBN News . Archived from the original on March 10, 2019. Retrieved March 2, 2019.
  131. "14 facts about the Philippines' 14th VP #10". ABS-CBN News . May 28, 2016. Archived from the original on May 30, 2016. Retrieved May 28, 2016.
  132. de Vera, Ruel (April 24, 2016). "Aika Robredo–Leni's secret campaign weapon". Inquirer.net . Archived from the original on April 29, 2016. Retrieved May 28, 2016.
  133. "Tricia Robredo's courtside reporting stint is for her dad". Philstar.com . Philstar Global Corp. August 16, 2013. Archived from the original on August 8, 2016. Retrieved May 28, 2016.
  134. "Robredo's daughter to study in New York University with full scholarship". Philstar.com . Philstar Global Corp. Archived from the original on February 7, 2019. Retrieved March 2, 2019.
  135. Esguerra, Anthony Q. "Proud mom VP Leni attends daughters' back-to-back academic rites". Inquirer.net . Archived from the original on February 7, 2019. Retrieved March 2, 2019.
  136. News, ABS-CBN (November 25, 2020). "'Doctor na si Tricia!': Robredo celebrates daughter passing physicians' exams". ABS-CBN News. Archived from the original on November 25, 2020. Retrieved November 26, 2020.{{cite web}}: |last= has generic name (help)
  137. Casilao, Joahna Lei (March 5, 2021). "How Leni Robredo sent kids to Harvard, NYU, Ateneo". GMA News Online. Archived from the original on April 1, 2022. Retrieved March 21, 2022.
  138. Cepeda, Mara (May 19, 2022). "'Core memory': Robredos beam with pride as Jillian graduates from NYU". Rappler. Retrieved June 1, 2022.
  139. Pasion, Patty (May 13, 2017). "Robredo to host own radio show starting May 14". Rappler. Archived from the original on May 13, 2017. Retrieved May 13, 2017.
  140. "FULL SPEECH: Leni Robredo at campaign kick-off". Archived from the original on February 9, 2022. Retrieved March 11, 2022 via YouTube.
  141. Pasion, Patty (August 2, 2016). "Robredo honored as 'outstanding woman' in Southeast Asia". Rappler. Archived from the original on August 3, 2016. Retrieved August 2, 2016.
  142. "Robredo named most influential Filipina". Philstar.com . Philstar Global Corp. August 24, 2016. Archived from the original on August 24, 2016. Retrieved August 25, 2016.
  143. Patty, Pasion (April 19, 2017). "Look: Robredo receives honorary degree from Camarines Sur university". Rappler. Archived from the original on April 20, 2017. Retrieved April 21, 2017.
  144. Catajan, Maria Elena (August 31, 2017). "Robredo to youth: Be bearers of truth, empathy". SunStar. Archived from the original on February 20, 2019. Retrieved February 20, 2019.
  145. "2016 Vice Presidential Election Results | Philippines". ph.rappler.com. Archived from the original on May 13, 2020. Retrieved April 3, 2020.