Lenin Peace Prize

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The back of the Lenin Peace Prize Medal Leninpeace b.jpg
The back of the Lenin Peace Prize Medal

The International Lenin Peace Prize (Russian : международная Ленинская премия мира, mezhdunarodnaya Leninskaya premiya mira) was a Soviet Union award named in honor of Vladimir Lenin. It was awarded by a panel appointed by the Soviet government, to notable individuals whom the panel indicated had "strengthened peace among comrades". It was founded as the International Stalin Prize for Strengthening Peace Among Peoples, but was renamed the International Lenin Prize for Strengthening Peace Among Peoples (Russian : Международная Ленинская премия «За укрепление мира между народами», Mezhdunarodnaya Leninskaya premiya «za ukrepleniye mira mezhdu narodami») as a result of de-Stalinization. Unlike the Nobel Prize, the Lenin Peace Prize was usually awarded to several people a year rather than to just one individual. The prize was mainly awarded to prominent Communists and supporters of the Soviet Union who were not Soviet citizens. Notable recipients include: W. E. B. Du Bois, Fidel Castro, Salvador Allende, Mikis Theodorakis, Seán MacBride, Angela Davis, Pablo Picasso, Oscar Niemeyer, Faiz Ahmad Faiz, Abdul Sattar Edhi, Funmilayo Ransome-Kuti and Nelson Mandela.

Contents

History

The prize was created as the International Stalin Prize for Strengthening Peace Among Peoples on December 21, 1949 by executive order of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet in honor of Joseph Stalin's seventieth birthday (although this was after his seventy-first).

Following Nikita Khrushchev's denunciation of Stalin in 1956 during the Twentieth Party Congress, the prize was renamed on September 6 as the International Lenin Prize for Strengthening Peace Among Peoples. All previous recipients were asked to return their Stalin Prizes so they could be replaced by the renamed Lenin Prize. By a decision of Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of December 11, 1989, the prize was renamed the International Lenin Peace Prize. [1] Two years later, after the collapse of USSR in 1991, the Russian government, as the successor state to the defunct Soviet Union, ended the award program. The Lenin Peace Prize is regarded as a counterpart to the existing Nobel Peace Prize.

The International Lenin Prize should not be confused with the International Peace Prize, awarded by the World Peace Council. In 1941 the Soviet Union created the Stalin Prize (later renamed the USSR State Prize), which was awarded annually to accomplished Soviet writers, composers, artists and scientists.

Stalin Prize recipients

YearPictureNameOccupationCountryNotes
1950 Eugénie Cotton [2] [3]
(1881–1967)
Scientist, President of the Women's International Democratic Federation Flag of France.svg  France Awarded 6 April 1951
1950 Jara corona.jpg Heriberto Jara Corona [2] [3]
(1879–1968)
Politician, revolutionaryFlag of Mexico (1934-1968).svg  Mexico Awarded 6 April 1951
1950 Hewlett Johnson by Jacob Epstein 02.JPG Hewlett Johnson [2] [3]
(1874–1966)
Priest, Dean of Manchester (1924–1931), Dean of Canterbury (1931–1963)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Awarded 6 April 1951
1950 Joliot-fred.jpg Frédéric Joliot-Curie [2] [3]
(1900–1958)
Physicist, Member of the French Academy of Sciences, Professor at the Collège de France, President of the World Peace Council (1950–1958), Nobel laureate in Chemistry (1935)Flag of France.svg  France Awarded 6 April 1951
1950 Arthur Moulton [2] [3]
(1873–1962)
Episcopal bishopFlag of the United States.svg  United States Declined
1950 Pak Jong Ae, 28 August 1946.png Pak Chong-ae [2] [3]
(1907–?)
Politician, Chairwoman of the Korean Democratic Women's League (1945–1965)Flag of North Korea.svg  North Korea Awarded 6 April 1951
1950 Soong Ching-ling 1937.jpg Soong Ching-ling [2] [3]
(1893–1981)
Politician, Vice President of China (1949–1954; 1959–1975)Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China Awarded 6 April 1951
1951 Jorge Amado, 1935.jpg Jorge Amado [4] [5] [6]
(1912–2001)
Writer, Member of the Brazilian Academy of Letters (1961–2001)Flag of Brazil (1889-1960).svg  Brazil Awarded 20 December 1951
1951 Monica Felton [4] [5]
(1906–1970)
Town planner, feminist, politicianFlag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Awarded 20 December 1951
1951 Guo Moruo.jpg Guo Moruo [7] [4]
(1892–1978)
Writer, scientist, politician, President of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (1949–1978)Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China Awarded 20 December 1951
1951 Pietro Nenni 2.jpg Pietro Nenni [4] [5]
(1891–1980)
Politician, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Italy (1946–1947; 1968–1969), Deputy Prime Minister of Italy (1963–1968)Flag of Italy.svg  Italy Awarded 20 December 1951
1951 Ikuo Oyama.jpg Oyama Ikuo [4] [5]
(1889–1955)
Politician, Member of the House of Councillors of Japan Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg  Japan Awarded 20 December 1951
1951 Anna Seghers (Bundesarchiv-Bild 183-F0114-0204-003) - retouched by Carschten.jpg Anna Seghers [4] [5]
(1900–1983)
WriterFlag of East Germany.svg  East Germany Awarded 20 December 1951
1952 Fotothek df roe-neg 0006547 034 Portrait Johannes R. Bechers am Rednerpult wahre.jpg Johannes R. Becher [5] [8]
(1891–1958)
WriterFlag of East Germany.svg  East Germany Awarded 20 December 1952
1952 Elisa Branco (cropped).jpg Elisa Branco  [ pt ] [5] [8]
(1912–2001)
Politician, Vice President of the Council of Brazilian Advocates for Peace (1949–1960)Flag of Brazil (1889-1960).svg  Brazil Awarded 20 December 1952
1952 Ilya Ehrenburg 1960s.jpg Ilya Ehrenburg [5] [8]
(1891–1967)
Writer, journalistFlag of the Soviet Union (1936-1955).svg  Soviet Union Awarded 20 December 1952
1952 195104 Shi Jie He Ping Li Shi Hui Zhong Guo Dai Biao Wu Yao Zong Yu Jia Na Da Dai Biao Wen You Zhang  (cropped).png James Gareth Endicott [5] [8]
(1898–1993)
ClergymanCanadian Red Ensign (1921-1957).svg  Canada Awarded 20 December 1952
1952 Yves Farge [5] [8]
(1899–1953)
Journalist, politicianFlag of France.svg  France Awarded 20 December 1952
1952 Halldor Kiljan Laxness 1955.jpg Halldór Laxness [9]
(1902–1998)
Writer, Nobel laureate in Literature (1955)Flag of Iceland.svg  Iceland Awarded 20 December 1952
1952 Saifuddin Kitchlew [5] [8]
(1888–1963)
Barrister, politician, Vice President of the World Peace Council (1955–1959), President of the All-India Peace CouncilFlag of India.svg  India Awarded 20 December 1952
1952 Paul Robeson 1942 crop.jpg Paul Robeson [5] [8]
(1898–1976)
Singer, actorFlag of the United States.svg  United States Awarded 20 December 1952
1953 Andrea Andreen.jpg Andrea Andreen [5] [10]
(1888–1972)
Physician, educator, Chairman of the Swedish Women's Left-Wing Association (1946–1964), Vice President of the Women's International Democratic Federation Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden Awarded 12 December 1953
1953 John Desmond Bernal [7] [10]
(1901–1971)
Scientist, Professor at Birkbeck College, University of London, Fellow of the Royal Society (1937), President of the World Peace Council (1959–1965)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Awarded 12 December 1953
1953 Isabelle blume vis.jpg Isabelle Blume [7] [10]
(1892–1975)
Politician, Member of the Belgian Chamber of Representatives (1936–1954), President of the World Peace Council (1965–1969)Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium Awarded 12 December 1953
1953 Pierre Cot-1928.jpg Pierre Cot [10]
(1895–1977)
Politician, Member of the National Assembly of France (1928–1940)Flag of France.svg  France Awarded 12 December 1953
1953 Howard Fast [5] [10]
(1914–2003)
WriterFlag of the United States.svg  United States Awarded 12 December 1953
1953 Andrea Gaggiero  [ it ] [5] [10]
(1916–1988)
PriestFlag of Italy.svg  Italy Awarded 12 December 1953
1953 Leon Kruczkowski Polish writer 1950.jpg Leon Kruczkowski [5] [10]
(1900–1962)
WriterFlag of Poland.svg  Poland Awarded 12 December 1953
1953 Pablo Neruda 1963.jpg Pablo Neruda [5] [6] [10]
(1904–1973)
Poet, diplomat, Nobel laureate in Literature (1971)Flag of Chile.svg  Chile Awarded 12 December 1953
1953 Nina Popova  [ ru ] [5] [10]
(1908–1994)
Politician, Secretary of the All-Union Central Council of Trade Unions (1945–1957)Flag of the Soviet Union (1936-1955).svg  Soviet Union Awarded 12 December 1953
1953 Sahib Singh Sokhey [5] [10]
(1887–1971)
Biochemist, Member of the Indian Academy of Sciences, Assistant Director General of the World Health Organization (1949–1952)Flag of India.svg  India Awarded 12 December 1953
1954 André Bonnard  [ fr ] [11] [12]
(1888–1959)
Scholar, writer, Professor at the University of Lausanne Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland Awarded 18 December 1954
1954 Bertolt-Brecht.jpg Bertolt Brecht [11] [12]
(1898–1956)
Playwright, poet, theatre directorFlag of Austria.svg  Austria (citizenship)
Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany (residence)
Awarded 18 December 1954
1954 NicolasGuillen-1942.jpg Nicolás Guillén [6] [11] [13]
(1902–1989)
PoetFlag of Cuba.svg  Cuba Awarded 18 December 1954
1954 Felix Iversen [11] [12]
(1887–1973)
Mathematician, Professor at the University of Helsinki, Chairman of the Peace Union of FinlandFlag of Finland.svg  Finland Awarded 18 December 1954
1954 Kodawmhine.jpg Thakin Kodaw Hmaing [11] [12]
(1876–1964)
PoetFlag of Burma (1948-1974).svg  Burma Awarded 18 December 1954
1954 Alain Le Léap [11]
(1905–1986)
Trade unionist, General Secretary of the General Confederation of Labour (1948–1957)Flag of France.svg  France Awarded 18 December 1954
1954 Prijono.jpg Prijono [11] [12]
(1907–1969)
Academic, politician, Minister of Culture and Education of Indonesia (1957–1966)Flag of Indonesia.svg  Indonesia Awarded 18 December 1954
1954 Bundesarchiv Bild 183-B0708-0014-010, Oberstes Gericht, Globke-Prozess, Denis Nowell Pritt (cropped).jpg Denis Pritt [11] [14]
(1887–1972)
Barrister, politician, Member of Parliament of the United Kingdom (1935–1950)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Awarded 18 December 1954
1954 Sanin Cano, de Sancha, Nuevo Mundo, 08-10-1920 (cropped).jpg Baldomero Sanín Cano [6] [11]
(1861–1957)
Essayist, linguist, journalistFlag of Colombia.svg  Colombia Awarded 18 December 1954
1955 Muhammad Ashmar, 1925.jpg Muhammad al-Ashmar [15] [16]
(1892–1960)
Rebel commander, politicianFlag of Syria (1932-1958; 1961-1963).svg  Syria Awarded 9 December 1955
1955 Lazaro.Cardenas.jpg Lázaro Cárdenas [15] [16]
(1895–1970)
General, politician, President of Mexico (1934–1940)Flag of Mexico (1934-1968).svg  Mexico Awarded 9 December 1955
1955 Ragnar Forbech  [ no ] [15] [16]
(1894–1975)
Priest, Chaplain of Oslo Cathedral (1947–1964)Flag of Norway.svg  Norway Awarded 9 December 1955
1955 Seki Akiko.JPG Seki Akiko [15] [16]
(1899–1973)
SingerFlag of Japan.svg  Japan Awarded 9 December 1955
1955 Ton Duc Thang.jpg Tôn Đức Thắng [15] [16]
(1888–1980)
Politician, President of North Vietnam (1969–1976), President of Vietnam (1976–1980)Flag of North Vietnam (1955-1975).svg  North Vietnam Awarded 9 December 1955
1955 Bundesarchiv Bild 146III-105, Joseph Wirth.jpg Karl Joseph Wirth [15] [16]
(1879–1956)
Politician, Chancellor of Germany (1921–1922)Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany Awarded 9 December 1955
Unknown year (before 1953) Fotothek df ps 0000061 Bildnisse - Portrats ^ Kunstlerbildnisse - Kunstlerportra.jpg Martin Andersen Nexø [17]
(1869–1954)
WriterFlag of Denmark.svg  Denmark

Lenin Prize recipients

YearPictureNameOccupationCountryNotes
1957 Portrait Aragon (cropped).jpg Louis Aragon [14]
(1897–1982)
PoetFlag of France.svg  France
1957 Liberation of Marseille, August 1944 (cropped).jpg Emmanuel d'Astier de La Vigerie [14]
(1900–1969)
Journalist, politician, Member of the National Assembly of France (1945–1958)Flag of France.svg  France
1957 Bundesarchiv Bild 183-26513-0003, Weimar, 7. CDU-Parteitag (cropped).jpg Heinrich Brandweiner  [ de ] [14]
(1910–1997)
Jurist, Chairman of the Peace Council of AustriaFlag of Austria.svg  Austria
1957 Danilo Dolci.jpg Danilo Dolci [14] [18]
(1924–1997)
Social activist, educator, sociologistFlag of Italy.svg  Italy
1957 Maria Rosa Oliver.jpg María Rosa Oliver [6] [14]
(1898–1977)
Writer, essayistFlag of Argentina.svg  Argentina
1957 Sir CV Raman.JPG C. V. Raman [14]
(1888–1970)
Physicist, Professor at the University of Calcutta, President of the Indian Academy of Sciences (1934–1970)Flag of India.svg  India
1957 Udakendawala Siri Saranankara Thero  [ nl ] [14]
(1902–1966)
Buddhist monkFlag of Ceylon 1951-1972.svg  Ceylon
1957 Bundesarchiv Bild 183-S98599, Berlin, Deutscher Schriftsteller-Kongress (cropped).jpg Nikolai Tikhonov [14]
(1896–1979)
Writer, Chairman of the Soviet Peace Committee (1949–1979)Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
1958 Bundesarchiv Bild 183-10342-0001, Prof. Hromatka besucht CDU-Vorstand.jpg Josef Hromádka [7] [19]
(1889–1969)
Protestant theologian, founder of the Christian Peace Conference Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czechoslovakia
1958 Artur Lundkvist 40-talet.jpg Artur Lundkvist [7] [20]
(1906–1991)
Writer, literary critic, Member of the Swedish Academy (1968–1991)Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden
1958 Louis Saillant [7]
(1906–1991)
Trade unionist, General Secretary of the World Federation of Trade Unions (1945–1969)Flag of France.svg  France
1958 Kaoru Yasui  [ ja ] [7] [21]
(1907–1980)
Jurist, scholar, Professor at the University of Tokyo, Chairman of the Japan Council Against Atomic and Hydrogen Bombs (1954–1965)Flag of Japan.svg  Japan
1958 Bundesarchiv Bild 183-28224-0009, Berlin, Ausstellung sowjetischer Grafik (cropped).jpg Arnold Zweig [7] [22]
(1887–1968)
WriterFlag of East Germany.svg  East Germany
1959 Fotothek df pk 0000305 011 Pfingsten 1947.jpg Otto Buchwitz  [ de ] [23] [24]
(1879–1964)
Politician, Member of the Reichstag (1924–1933), Member of the Volkskammer (1946–1964)Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany Awarded 30 April 1959
1959 WEB DuBois 1918.jpg W. E. B. Du Bois [23] [24]
(1868–1963)
Sociologist, historian, civil rights activistFlag of the United States.svg  United States Awarded 30 April 1959
1959 Bundesarchiv Bild 183-B0628-0015-035, Nikita S. Chruschtschow.jpg Nikita Khrushchev [23] [24]
(1894–1971)
Politician, First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1953–1964)Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union Awarded 30 April 1959
1959 Ivor Montagu [23] [24]
(1904–1984)
Filmmaker, criticFlag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Awarded 30 April 1959
1959 Kostas Varnalis [23] [24]
(1884–1974)
Poet State Flag of Greece (1863-1924 and 1935-1973).svg Greece Awarded 30 April 1959
1960 Laurent Casanova [25] [26]
(1906–1972)
Politician, Member of the National Assembly of France (1945–1958)Flag of France.svg  France Awarded 3 May 1960
1960 Cyrus-Stephen-Eaton-picture.gif Cyrus S. Eaton [25] [26]
(1883–1979)
IndustrialistCanadian Red Ensign (1921-1957).svg  Canada
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Awarded 3 May 1960
1960 Aleksandr Evdokimovich Korneichuk.jpg Oleksandr Korniychuk [ citation needed ]
(1905–1972)
PlaywrightFlag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union Awarded 3 May 1960
1960 Aziz Sharif  [ ar ] [26] [27]
(1904–1990)
Politician, Chairman of the Peace Partisans Organization of Iraq [28] Flag of Iraq (1959-1963).svg  Iraq Awarded 3 May 1960
1960 Presiden Sukarno.jpg Sukarno [25] [26]
(1901–1970)
Politician, President of Indonesia (1945–1967)Flag of Indonesia.svg  Indonesia Awarded 3 May 1960
1961 Fidel Castro - MATS Terminal Washington 1959 (cropped).png Fidel Castro [29] [30]
(1926–2016)
Politician, revolutionary, Prime Minister of Cuba (1959–1976), President of Cuba (1976–2008)Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba Awarded 30 April 1961
1961 Ostap Dłuski  [ pl ] [29] [30]
(1892–1964)
Politician, Member of the Sejm (1961–1964)Flag of Poland.svg  Poland Awarded 30 April 1961
1961 William Morrow.jpg Bill Morrow [29] [30]
(1888–1980)
Politician, Member of the Australian Senate (1947–1953)Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia Awarded 30 April 1961
1961 Rameshwari Nehru [29] [30]
(1886–1966)
Social worker, founder of the All India Women's Conference Flag of India.svg  India Awarded 30 April 1961
1961 Mihail Sadoveanu.jpg Mihail Sadoveanu [29] [30]
(1880–1961)
WriterFlag of Romania (1952-1965).svg  Romania Awarded 30 April 1961
1961 Antoine Tabet [29] [30]
(1907–1964)
Architect, Chairman of the Lebanese National Peace Council [31] Flag of Lebanon.svg  Lebanon Awarded 30 April 1961
1961 Ahmed Sekou Toure 1962.jpg Ahmed Sékou Touré [29] [30]
(1922–1984)
Politician, President of Guinea (1958–1984)Flag of Guinea.svg  Guinea Awarded 30 April 1961
1962 Dobi Istvan 1948-06.jpg István Dobi [32] [33] [34]
(1898–1968)
Politician, Prime Minister of Hungary (1948–1952)Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary Awarded 30 April 1962
1962 Faiz Ahmed Faiz (cropped).jpg Faiz Ahmad Faiz [32] [33] [34]
(1911–1984)
PoetFlag of Pakistan.svg  Pakistan Awarded 30 April 1962
1962 Kwame Nkrumah (JFKWHP-AR6409-A).jpg Kwame Nkrumah [32] [33] [34] [35]
(1909–1972)
Politician, Prime Minister of Ghana (1957–1960), President of Ghana (1960–1966)Flag of Ghana.svg  Ghana Awarded 30 April 1962
1962 Paolo Monti - Servizio fotografico (Milano, 1953) - BEIC 6356204.jpg Pablo Picasso [32] [33] [34]
(1881–1973)
Painter, sculptorFlag of Spain (1945-1977).svg  Spain Awarded 30 April 1962
1962 Olga Poblete [32] [34]
(1908–1999)
Teacher, feminist, Professor at the University of Chile, President of the Chilean Movement of Advocates for PeaceFlag of Chile.svg  Chile Awarded 30 April 1962
1963 Manolis Glezos with LAE 2.jpg Manolis Glezos [36] [37]
(1922–2020)
Politician, guerilla State Flag of Greece (1863-1924 and 1935-1973).svg Greece Awarded 1 May 1963
1963 Modibo Keita 1961-09-13.jpg Modibo Keïta [35] [38] [36]
(1915–1977)
Politician, President of Mali (1960–1968)Flag of Mali.svg  Mali Awarded 1 May 1963
1963 Oscar Niemeyer 1968.jpg Oscar Niemeyer [36] [37]
(1907–2012)
ArchitectFlag of Brazil (1960-1968).svg  Brazil Awarded 1 May 1963
1963 Georgi Traykov.jpg Georgi Traykov [36] [39]
(1898–1975)
Politician, Chairman of the National Assembly of Bulgaria (1964–1971) Flag of Bulgaria (1948-1967).svg Bulgaria Awarded 1 May 1963
1964 Alberti002.jpg Rafael Alberti [40] [ verification needed ]
(1902–1999)
PoetFlag of Spain (1945-1977).svg  Spain Awarded 1 May 1964
1964 Aruna Asaf Ali [40] [41]
(1909–1996)
Politician, independence activist, Vice President of the Women's International Democratic Federation Flag of India.svg  India Presented 14 August 1965
1964 President Ahmed Ben Bella.jpg Ahmed Ben Bella [42]
(1916–2012)
Politician, revolutionary, President of Algeria (1963–1965)Flag of Algeria.svg  Algeria Awarded 1 May 1964
1964 Herluf Bidstrup [42]
(1912–1988)
Cartoonist, illustratorFlag of Denmark.svg  Denmark Awarded 1 May 1964
1964 Dolores002.jpg Dolores Ibárruri [13] [42]
(1895–1989)
Politician, General Secretary of the Communist Party of Spain (1942–1960)Flag of Spain (1945-1977).svg  Spain Awarded 1 May 1964
1964 Ota Kaoru.JPG Ota Kaoru  [ ja ] [40] [ verification needed ]
(1912–1988)
Trade unionist, Chairman of the General Council of Trade Unions of Japan (1955–1966)Flag of Japan.svg  Japan Awarded 1 May 1964
1965 Peter Ayodele Curtis Joseph [35] [43]
(1920–2006)
PoliticianFlag of Nigeria.svg  Nigeria
1965 JamsrangiinSambuu.png Jamsrangiin Sambuu [40] [ verification needed ]
(1895–1972)
Politician, Chairman of the Presidium of the People's Great Khural (1954–1972) Flag of the People's Republic of Mongolia (1940-1992).svg Mongolia
1965 Mirjam Vire-Tuominen  [ fi ] [43]
(1919–2011)
Politician, General Secretary of the Finnish Peace Committee (1949–1975), General Secretary of the Women's International Democratic Federation (1978–1987), Member of the Parliament of Finland (1970–1979)Flag of Finland.svg  Finland
1966 David Alfaro Siqueiros (El Coronelazo).jpg David Alfaro Siqueiros [44] [45]
(1896–1974)
PainterFlag of Mexico (1934-1968).svg  Mexico Awarded 1 May 1967
1966 Miguel Angel Asturias, Nobel Prize of Literature 1967, at the UNESCO's studios.jpg Miguel Ángel Asturias [6] [43] [46]
(1899–1974)
Writer, diplomat, Nobel laureate in Literature (1967)Flag of Guatemala.svg  Guatemala
1966 Bram Fischer [44] [45]
(1908–1975)
Advocate, anti-apartheid activistFlag of South Africa (1928-1994).svg  South Africa Awarded 1 May 1967
1966 Rockwellkent.jpg Rockwell Kent [44] [45]
(1882–1971)
Painter, printmaker, adventurerFlag of the United States.svg  United States Awarded 1 May 1967
1966 Ivan Málek  [ cs ] [44] [45]
(1909–1994)
Microbiologist, Professor at Charles University, Member of the National Assembly of Czechoslovakia (1960–1968)Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czechoslovakia Awarded 1 May 1967
1966 Giacomo Manzu 1966b.jpg Giacomo Manzù [43] [47]
(1908–1991)
SculptorFlag of Italy.svg  Italy
1966 Martin Niemoller (1952).jpg Martin Niemöller [44] [45]
(1892–1984)
Lutheran pastor, theologian, President of the World Council of Churches (1961–1968)Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany Awarded 1 May 1967
1966 Bundesarchiv Bild 183-16396-0002, FDGB-Sitzung, Herbert Warnke (cropped).jpg Herbert Warnke [44] [45]
(1902–1975)
Trade unionist, Chairman of the Free German Trade Union Federation (1946–1975)Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany Awarded 1 May 1967
1967 Bundesarchiv Bild 183-1982-0121-028, Erich Honecker und Romesh Chandra (cropped).jpg Romesh Chandra [48]
(1919–2016)
Politician, President of the World Peace Council (1977–1990)Flag of India.svg  India
1967 Jean Effel [48]
(1908–1982)
Illustrator, journalistFlag of France.svg  France
1967 Joris Ivens (1978).jpg Joris Ivens [48]
(1898–1989)
Documentary filmmakerFlag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands
1967 Nguyễn Thị Định [48]
(1920–1992)
General, politician, Vice President of Vietnam (1987–1992)Flag of South Vietnam.svg  South Vietnam
1967 Endre Sík [48]
(1891–1978)
Politician, historian, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Hungary (1958–1961)Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary
1967 Jorge Zalamea Borda [48]
(1905–1969)
Writer, politicianFlag of Colombia.svg  Colombia
1968–1969 Akira Iwai  [ ja ] [12]
(1922–1997)
Trade unionist, General Secretary of the General Council of Trade Unions of Japan Flag of Japan.svg  Japan Awarded 16 April 1970
1968–1969 Jaroslaw Iwaszkiewicz.jpg Jarosław Iwaszkiewicz [12]
(1894–1980)
WriterFlag of Poland.svg  Poland Awarded 16 April 1970
1968–1969 Khalid Muhyi al-Din-1952-54.jpg Khaled Mohieddin [12]
(1922–2018)
Major, politician, Chairman of the Egyptian Peace CouncilFlag of the United Arab Republic.svg  UAR Awarded 16 April 1970
1968–1969 Linus Pauling 1962.jpg Linus Pauling [12]
(1901–1994)
Chemist, educator, Nobel laureate in Chemistry (1954), Nobel Peace Prize laureate (1962)Flag of the United States.svg  United States Awarded 16 April 1970
1968–1969 Shafie Ahmed el Sheikh [12]
(1924–1971)
Trade unionist, politicianFlag of Sudan (1956-1970).svg  Sudan Awarded 16 April 1970
1968–1969 Bertil Svahnström  [ sv ] [12]
(1907–1972)
Journalist, writerFlag of Sweden.svg  Sweden Awarded 16 April 1970
1970–1971 Hikmat Abu Zayd (cropped).jpg Hikmat Abu Zayd [49]
(1922/1923–2011)
Politician, academic, Minister of Social Affairs of the United Arab Republic (1962–1965)Flag of the United Arab Republic.svg  UAR
1970–1971 Eric Burhop 006204.JPG Eric Burhop [50] [51]
(1911–1980)
Physicist, Professor at University College London, Fellow of the Royal Society (1963)Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom
1970–1971 Fotothek df pk 0000249 051.jpg Ernst Busch [50]
(1900–1980)
Singer, actorFlag of East Germany.svg  East Germany
1970–1971 Tsola Dragoycheva.jpg Tsola Dragoycheva [50]
(1898–1993)
Politician, Member of the National Assembly of Bulgaria (1946–1990) Flag of Bulgaria (1967-1971).svg Bulgaria
1970–1971 Renato Guttuso 1960b.jpg Renato Guttuso [50] [52]
(1912–1987)
PainterFlag of Italy.svg  Italy
1970–1971 Kamal Jumblatt (1917 - 1977 ) (Cropped).jpg Kamal Jumblatt [50] [53]
(1917–1977)
Politician, Member of the Parliament of Lebanon (1947–1977)Flag of Lebanon.svg  Lebanon
1970–1971 Funmilayo Ransome-Kuti graduate.png Funmilayo Ransome-Kuti [54] [55]
(1900–1978)
Teacher, women's rights activistFlag of Nigeria.svg  Nigeria
1970–1971 Alfredo Varela-C115.jpg Alfredo Varela  [ es ] [6] [50]
(1914–1984)
WriterFlag of Argentina.svg  Argentina
1972 James Aldridge (1987) by Guenter Prust.jpg James Aldridge [56] [57]
(1918–2015)
WriterFlag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom
Awarded 1 May 1973
1972 Salvador Allende Gossens-.jpg Salvador Allende [56] [57]
(1908–1973)
Politician, psysician, President of Chile (1970–1973)Flag of Chile.svg  Chile Awarded 1 May 1973
1972 Leonid Brezhnev Portrait (1).jpg Leonid Brezhnev [56] [57]
(1906–1982)
Politician, General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1964–1982)Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union Awarded 1 May 1973
1972 Enrique Pastorino [56] [57]
(1918–1995)
Trade unionist, politician, President of the World Federation of Trade Unions (1969–1975)Flag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay Awarded 1 May 1973
1973–1974 Luis Corvalan cropped portrait.jpg Luis Corvalán [58]
(1916–2010)
Politician, General Secretary of the Communist Party of Chile (1958–1990)Flag of Chile.svg  Chile
1973–1974 Raymond Goor [58]
(1908–1996)
PriestFlag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium
1973–1974 Jeanne Martin Cissé [58]
(1926–2017)
Politician, teacherFlag of Guinea.svg  Guinea
1973–1974 Sam Nujoma.jpg Sam Nujoma [35]
(born 1929)
Politician, anti-apartheid activist, President of Namibia (1990–2005)Flag of South Africa (1928-1994).svg  South Africa (before 1990)
Flag of Namibia.svg  Namibia (after 1990)
1975–1976 Hortensia Bussi de Allende.jpg Hortensia Bussi de Allende [59] [60]
(1913–2009)
Educator, librarian, First Lady of Chile (1970–1973)Flag of Chile.svg  Chile Widow of Salvador Allende (recipient in 1972)
Awarded May 1977
1975–1976 Janos Kadar 1962.jpg János Kádár [59] [60]
(1912–1989)
Politician, General Secretary of the Hungarian Socialist Workers' Party (1956–1988)Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary Awarded May 1977
1975–1976 Sean MacBride 1984.jpg Seán MacBride [59] [60]
(1904–1988)
Politician, barrister, International chairman of Amnesty International (1965–1974), Assistant Secretary-General of the United Nations, Nobel Peace Prize laureate (1974)Flag of Ireland.svg  Ireland
Flag of France.svg  France
Awarded May 1977
1975–1976 Samora Moises Machel detail DF-SC-88-01383.jpg Samora Machel [35] [59] [60]
(1933–1986)
Politician, revolutionary, President of Mozambique (1975–1986)Flag of Mozambique (1975-1983).svg  Mozambique Awarded May 1977
1975–1976 President MPLA, heer Neto door Den Uyl ontvangen premier Den Uyl en A Neto (r), Bestanddeelnr 927-8518 (cropped).jpg Agostinho Neto [35] [59] [60]
(1922–1979)
Politician, revolutionary, President of Angola (1975–1979)Flag of Angola.svg  Angola Awarded May 1977
1975–1976 Pierre Pouyade [59] [60]
(1911–1979)
Brigadier general, Chairman of the Franco-Soviet Friendship AssociationFlag of France.svg  France Awarded May 1977
1975–1976 Yannis Ritsos - Monemvasia (2).JPG Yiannis Ritsos [59] [60]
(1909–1990)
PoetFlag of Greece.svg  Greece Awarded May 1977
1977–1978 Kurt Bachmann  [ de ] [61] [62]
(1909–1997)
Politician, Chairman of the German Communist Party (1969–1973)Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany Awarded 1 May 1979
1977–1978 Bundesarchiv Bild 183-1987-0306-113, Berlin, XII. DFD-Kongress (cropped).jpg Freda Brown [59] [60]
(1919–2009)
Politician, President of the Women's International Democratic Federation (1975–1989)Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia Awarded 1 May 1979
1977–1978 Vilma Espin.jpg Vilma Espín [59] [60]
(1930–2007)
Revolutionary, politician, President of the Federation of Cuban Women (1960–2007)Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba Awarded 1 May 1979
1977–1978 K. P. S. Menon [59] [60]
(1898–1982)
Diplomat, Foreign Secretary of India (1948–1952)Flag of India.svg  India Awarded 1 May 1979
1977–1978 Posel Halina Skibniewska VIII kadencja.jpg Halina Skibniewska [59] [60]
(1921–2011)
Architect, politician, Deputy Marshal of the Sejm (1971–1985)Flag of Poland.svg  Poland Awarded 1 May 1979
1979 Herve Bazin a Cunault en 1993.jpg Hervé Bazin [63] [64]
(1911–1996)
WriterFlag of France.svg  France Awarded 30 April 1980
1979 Bundesarchiv Bild 183-M0804-0757, Berlin, 10. Weltfestspiel, Demonstration, Angela Davis, Walentina Tereschkowa (cropped).jpg Angela Davis [61] [62]
(born 1944)
Activist, academic, Professor at the University of California, Santa Cruz Flag of the United States.svg  United States Awarded 30 April 1980
1979 Urho Kaleva Kekkonen.jpg Urho Kekkonen [63] [64] [65] [66]
(1900–1986)
Politician, lawyer, President of Finland (1956–1982)Flag of Finland.svg  Finland Awarded 30 April 1980
1979 Khamisi.jpg Abd al-Rahman al-Khamisi  [ ar ] [63] [64]
(1920–1987)
Poet, composerFlag of Egypt (1972-1984).svg  Egypt Awarded 30 April 1980
1979 Le Duan(cropped).jpg Lê Duẩn [63] [64]
(1907–1986)
Politician, General Secretary of the Communist Party of Vietnam (1960–1986)Flag of Vietnam.svg  Vietnam Awarded 30 April 1980
1979 Otero (cropped).jpg Miguel Otero Silva [63] [64]
(1908–1985)
Writer, journalistFlag of Venezuela (1954-2006).svg  Venezuela Awarded 30 April 1980
1980–1982 Arafat Darwish Habash (cropped).jpg Mahmoud Darwish [67] [68]
(1941–2008)
PoetFlag of Palestine.svg  Palestine Awarded May 1983
1980–1982 John Hanly Morgan [67] [68]
(1918–2018)
Unitarian ministerFlag of the United States.svg  United States
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada
Awarded May 1983
1980–1982 Liber Seregni 1971.jpg Líber Seregni [67] [68]
(1916–2004)
Politician, military officerFlag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay Awarded May 1983
1980–1982 Mikis Theodorakis Fabrik 070004.jpg Mikis Theodorakis [67] [68]
(born 1925)
ComposerFlag of Greece.svg  Greece Awarded May 1983
1983–1984 Charilaos Florakis.JPG Charilaos Florakis [ citation needed ]
(1914–2005)
Politician, General Secretary of the Communist Party of Greece (1972–1989)Flag of Greece.svg  Greece Awarded 1 May 1985
1983–1984 Indira Gandhi 1977.jpg Indira Gandhi [69] [70] [71]
(1917–1984)
Politician, Prime Minister of India (1980–1984)Flag of India.svg  India Awarded posthumously on 1 May 1985
1983–1984 Jean-Marie Legay [69] [70] [71]
(1925–2012)
AcademicFlag of France.svg  France Awarded 1 May 1985
1983–1984 Nguyen Huu Tho.jpg Nguyễn Hữu Thọ [69] [70] [71]
(1910–1996)
Politician, Chairman of the National Liberation Front of South Vietnam (1969–1976), Acting President of Vietnam (1980–1981)Flag of Vietnam.svg  Vietnam Awarded 1 May 1985
1983–1984 Eva Palmær  [ se ] [69] [70] [71]
(1904–1995)
Writer, chemist, Chairwoman of the Sweden-Soviet Union Association (1979–1987)Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden Awarded 1 May 1985
1983–1984 Luis Vidales [69] [70] [71]
(1904–1990)
PoetFlag of Colombia.svg  Colombia Awarded 1 May 1985
1983–1984 Josef Weber  [ de ] [69] [70] [71]
(1908–1985)
Politician, peace activistFlag of Germany.svg  West Germany Awarded 1 May 1985
1985–1986 Miguel d'Escoto Brockmann2.jpg Miguel d'Escoto Brockmann [72] [73]
(1933–2017)
Politician, Foreign Minister of Nicaragua (1979–1990), President of the United Nations General Assembly (2008–2009)Flag of Nicaragua.svg  Nicaragua
1985–1986 Dorothy Hodgkin Nobel.jpg Dorothy Hodgkin [72]
(1910–1994)
Chemist, Fellow of the Royal Society (1947), Nobel laureate in Chemistry (1964)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom
1985–1986 Bundesarchiv Bild 183-1986-0226-325, Bonn, Besuch Volkskammer-Delegation, Sindermann (cropped).jpg Herbert Mies [72]
(1929–2017)
Politician, Chairman of the German Communist Party (1973–1989)Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany
1985–1986 Julius Nyerere (1965).jpg Julius Nyerere [72] [74]
(1922–1999)
Politician, anti-colonial activist, President of Tanzania (1964–1985)Flag of Tanzania.svg  Tanzania
1985–1986 Petur Tanchev [72]
(1920–1992)
Politician, Member of the National Assembly of Bulgaria (1950–1990) Flag of Bulgaria (1971 - 1990).svg Bulgaria
1988 Abdul Sattar Edhi.jpg Abdul Sattar Edhi [75]
(1928–2016)
Philanthropist, asceticFlag of Pakistan.svg  Pakistan
1989 Alvaro Cunhal (1980).jpg Álvaro Cunhal [ citation needed ]
(1913–2005)
Politician, Secretary-General of the Portuguese Communist Party (1961–1992)Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal
1990 Mandela 1991.jpg Nelson Mandela [35] [76] [77]
(1918–2013)
Politician, anti-apartheid activist, President of South Africa (1994–1999), Nobel Peace Prize laureate (1993)Flag of South Africa (1928-1994).svg  South Africa Unable to accept the prize until 2002 due to his trial and imprisonment in South Africa
Unknown year Martti Ahtisaari, tidigare president Finland och mottagare av Nobels fredrspris (2).jpg Martti Ahtisaari [78]
(born 1937)
Politician, diplomat, President of Finland (1994–2000), Nobel Peace Prize laureate (2008)Flag of Finland.svg  Finland
Unknown year Valerie Goulding [78]
(1918–2003)
CampaignerFlag of Ireland.svg  Ireland

See also

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