Leo (horse)

Last updated
Leo
Breed Quarter Horse
Discipline Racing
Sire Joe Reed II
Grandsire Joe Reed P-3
DamLittle Fanny
Maternal grandsire Joe Reed P-3
Sex Stallion
Foaled1940
CountryUnited States
Color Sorrel
BreederJ. W. House
OwnerBud Warren
John Tillman
Gene Moore
Awards
A speed rating
Honors
American Quarter Horse Hall of Fame

Leo (1940–1967) was one of the most influential Quarter Horse sires in the early years of the American Quarter Horse Association (or AQHA).

American Quarter Horse American horse breed

The American Quarter Horse, or Quarter Horse, is an American breed of horse that excels at sprinting short distances. Its name came from its ability to outdistance other horse breeds in races of a quarter mile or less; some have been clocked at speeds up to 55 mph (88.5 km/h). The Quarter Horse breed began when colonists in the 1600s on the Eastern seaboard of what today is the United States began to breed imported English Thoroughbred horses with assorted "native" horses. This included the Chickasaw horse, which was a breed developed by Native American people from horses descended from Spain, developed from Iberian, Arabian and Barb stock brought to what is now the Southeastern United States by the Conquistadors.. The American Quarter Horse is the most popular breed in the United States today, and the American Quarter Horse Association is the largest breed registry in the world, with almost 3 million living American Quarter Horses registered in 2014.

American Quarter Horse Association American horse breed registry for Quarter Horses

The American Quarter Horse Association (AQHA), based in Amarillo, Texas, is an international organization dedicated to the preservation, improvement and record-keeping of the American Quarter Horse. The association sanctions many competitive events and maintains the official registry. The organization also houses the American Quarter Horse Hall of Fame and Museum and sponsors educational programs. The organization was founded in 1940 in Fort Worth, Texas and now has nearly 234,627 members, over 32,000 of which are international.

Contents

Life

Leo was foaled in 1940. [1] He was a double grandson of Joe Reed P-3, as both his sire and dam were by Joe Reed P-3. [2] He was registered with the AQHA as number 1335, a sorrel stallion bred by J. W. House of Cameron, Texas and owned by E. M. Salinas of Eagle Pass, Texas. [3]

Joe Reed (1921–1947), often known as Joe Reed P-3, was a Quarter Horse racehorse from the early days of the American Quarter Horse Association that became an influential sire with the breed.

Sorrel (horse)

Sorrel is a distinctly different color from the chestnut, and one of the most common equine coat colors in horses. While the term is usually used only to refer to the copper-red version like chestnut, up until recently it was used solely in place of "chestnut" in the United States to refer to any reddish horse with a same-color or lighter mane and tail, ranging from reddish-gold to a deep burgundy or chocolate shade lacking the brownish tint of the true chestnut. The term probably comes from the color of the flower spike of the sorrel herb.

Stallion male horse that has not been castrated

A stallion is a male horse that has not been gelded (castrated). Stallions follow the conformation and phenotype of their breed, but within that standard, the presence of hormones such as testosterone may give stallions a thicker, "cresty" neck, as well as a somewhat more muscular physique as compared to female horses, known as mares, and castrated males, called geldings.

Racing career

Leo raced in the early years of the American Quarter Racing Association, being rated with an A speed rating and earning a Race Register of Merit in 1944. However, his exact racing record isn't available. [4] He raced mainly at Pawhuska, Oklahoma in the ownership of John W. Tillman. Leo set a track record at Pawhuska, running 300 yards in 16.0 seconds. He is claimed to have won 20 out of 22 match races. [5]

Speed index is a system of rating the performance of Quarter Horse racehorses. The American Quarter Horse Association has used two systems over the history of Quarter Horse racing to evaluate racing performances. The original system used a letter grade, starting at D, then C, B, A and the highest AA. Later AAA was tacked on the top, and later still AAAT was made the top speed. Eventually, this system became too cumbersome, and a new system was introduced: the Speed Index system, which used a number system, with 100 being roughly equivalent to the old AAAT. This change occurred in 1969.

Pawhuska, Oklahoma City in Oklahoma, United States

Pawhuska is a city in and the county seat of Osage County, Oklahoma, United States.

Tillman told Nelson Nye that "He always had a wonderful disposition, is easily handled, was a perfect gate horse, and had the heart and ability to come from behind and outrun good horses." [5] Tillman sold Leo to Gene Moore of Fairfax, Oklahoma, who stood him at stud for a number of years. In 1946 Leo had a trailer accident that nearly cut off both hind legs, he recovered enough to race, but never as well as before. In 1947, Leo ended up in the hands of Bud Warren( of Perry, Oklahoma), who retired him to full-time stud duties. [6] He died in 1967. [1]

Fairfax, Oklahoma Town in Oklahoma, United States

Fairfax is a town in Osage County, Oklahoma, United States. The Osage Nation reservation is co-terminus with the County. The population was 1,380 at the 2010 census, down 11.3 percent from 1,555 at the 2000 census. It is notable as the home of world-famous ballerinas Maria and Marjorie Tallchief.

Breeding record

Leo was the sire of many outstanding horses, including Miss Meyers, Palleo Pete, Robin Reed, Hygro Leo, Holey Sox, Leo Tag, Leolita, Okie Leo, and Tiger Leo. [7] He sired twenty-four horses that earned an AQHA Championship, and 211 Race Register of Merits. [1] One of his foals, Leo Maudie, earned the highest showing and racing honor the AQHA has when he earned an AQHA Supreme Championship in 1971. [8] He was an outstanding sire of broodmares, many of his daughters going to on produce racehorses as well as show horses. [5]

Miss Meyers Quarter Horse champion race mare

Miss Meyers was an American Quarter Horse racehorse and broodmare, the 1953 World Champion Quarter Running Horse. She won $28,725 as well as 17 races. As a broodmare, she produced, or was the mother of, the first American Quarter Horse Association (AQHA) Supreme Champion, Kid Meyers. She was the mother of three other foals, and was inducted into the AQHA Hall of Fame in 2009.

Leo's daughter Leota W was the 1947 Co-Champion Quarter Running Two-Year-Old Filly. Leola, another daughter, was the first Quarter horse to win three futurities, winning the Oklahoma, Colorado and Wyoming Futurities. His son, Palleo Pete, was the 1954 Champion Quarter Running Stallion. [5]

Honors

Leo was inducted into the AQHA Hall of Fame in 1989. [9]

Pedigree

Bonnie Joe (TB)
Joe Blair (TB)
Miss Blair (TB)
Joe Reed P-3
Old DJ
Della Moore
Belle
Joe Reed II
High Time (TB)
Fleeting Time (TB)
British Fleet (TB)
Nellene
Brown Billy
Little Red Nell
Red Nell
Leo
Bonnie Joe (TB)
Joe Blair (TB)
Miss Blair (TB)
Joe Reed P-3
Old DJ
Della Moore
Belle
Little Fanny
*Alloway (TB)
Ashwell (TB)
*Melton Mowbray (TB)
Fanny Ashwell
unknown
Fanny Richardson
Sister Fanny (TB)

Notes

  1. 1 2 3 Close and Simmons Legends: Outstanding Quarter Horse Stallions and Mares pp. 157–165
  2. Leo Pedigree at All Breed Pedigree retrieved on June 22, 2007
  3. AQHA Official Stud Book and Registry Combined 1–5 p. 122
  4. Wagoner Quarter Racing Digest pp. 631–635
  5. 1 2 3 4 Nye Complete Book of the Quarter Horse pp. 399–408
  6. Nye Great Moments in Quarter Racing pp. 66–69
  7. Pitzer Most Influential Quarter Horse Sires pp. 68–69
  8. Mattson Real American Quarter Horse pp. 26–27
  9. American Quarter Horse Association (AQHA). "Leo". AQHA Hall of Fame. American Quarter Horse Association. Retrieved September 1, 2017.

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References

Further reading