Leo Moritsevich Ginzburg (Лео Морицевич Гинзбург) (Warsaw, Vistula Land, Russian Empire April 12, 1901 – Moscow, Soviet Union November 1, 1979)  was a Soviet conductor and pianist of Polish Jewish origin.  He conducted the Moscow State Symphony Orchestra (МГАСО) after Lev Steinberg and Nikolai Anosov. 
His students at the Moscow Conservatory included among others Michail Jurowski, Nikolai Korndorf, Fuat Mansurov, Alexander Anisimov, Leonid Grin, Vladimir Fedoseyev, and the Chinese conductor Cao Peng.
He conducted, on occasion, the USSR State Radio Symphony Orchestra, and was noted for recordings of Tchaikovsky.
Vladimir Davidovich Ashkenazy is an internationally recognized solo pianist, chamber music performer, and conductor. He is originally from Russia and has held Icelandic citizenship since 1972. He has lived in Switzerland since 1978. Ashkenazy has collaborated with well-known orchestras and soloists. In addition, he has recorded a large repertoire of classical and romantic works. His recordings have earned him five Grammy awards and Iceland's Order of the Falcon.
Yevgeny Fyodorovich Svetlanov was a Russian conductor, composer and a pianist.
Mikhail Vasilievich Pletnev is a Russian pianist, conductor, and composer.
Gennady Nikolayevich Rozhdestvensky, CBE was a Soviet and Russian conductor.
Nikolai Sergeevich Korndorf was a Russian and Canadian composer and conductor. He was prolific both in Moscow, Russia, and in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.
Grigory Romanovich Ginzburg was a Russian pianist.
Alexander Vassilievich Gauk was a Russian/Soviet conductor and composer.
The Tchaikovsky Symphony Orchestra is a Russian classical music radio orchestra established in 1930. It was founded as the Moscow Radio Symphony Orchestra, and served as the official symphony for the Soviet All-Union Radio network. Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, the orchestra was renamed in 1993 by the Russian Ministry of Culture in recognition of the central role the music of Tchaikovsky plays in its repertoire. The current music director is Vladimir Fedoseyev, who has been in that position since 1974.
Vladimir Ivanovich Fedoseyev is a Soviet and Russian conductor, accordionist, teacher. People's Artist of the USSR (1980). Laureate of the USSR State Prize (1989) and the Glinka State Prize of the RSFSR (1970). Full Commander of the Order "For Merit to the Fatherland". Artistic director and chief conductor of the Tchaikovsky Symphony Orchestra since 1974.
Nicolai Andreyevich Malko was a symphonic conductor.
Vladimir Mikhailovich Jurowski is a Russian conductor. He is the son of conductor Michail Jurowski, and grandson of Soviet film music composer Vladimir Michailovich Jurowski.
Natan Grigoryevich Rakhlin was a Soviet conductor.
Michail Vladimirovich Jurowski is a Russian conductor and the son of composer Vladimir Michailovich Jurowski (1915–1972). He studied at the Moscow Conservatory with Leo Ginzburg and Alexey Kandinsky. He later worked at the Stanislavski Theatre and the Bolshoi Theatre in Moscow. Jurowski was assistant to Gennady Rozhdestvensky at the Moscow Radio Symphony Orchestra.
The International Tchaikovsky Competition for Young Musicians is the junior section of the prestigious International Tchaikovsky Competition, and it is the largest competition for junior performers up to 17 years of age. The competition was established in 1992 on the initiative of the Association of Tchaikovsky Competition Stars and is held in the sections of piano, violin, and cello.
Konstantin Saradzhev was an Armenian conductor and violinist. He was an advocate of new Russian music, and conducted a number of premieres of works by Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky, Modest Mussorgsky, Igor Stravinsky, Sergei Prokofiev, Nikolai Myaskovsky, Dmitri Shostakovich, and Aram Khachaturian. His son Konstantin Konstantinovich Saradzhev was a noted bell ringer and musical theorist.
The Moscow State Symphony Orchestra (MSSO) is a Russian orchestra, based in Moscow. The orchestra gives concerts primarily at the Great Hall of the Moscow Conservatory, and at the Tchaikovsky Concert Hall. As well, the orchestra gives concerts in the Great Hall of the Saint-Petersburg D.D. Shostakovich Philharmonic Society, as well as in other Russian cities.
Fuat Mansurov was a Soviet and Russian conductor.
Nikolai Pavlovich Anosov was a Soviet conductor and pedagogue who conducted the Moscow State Symphony Orchestra (МГАСО) after Lev Steinberg. He was the father of Gennady Rozhdestvensky, who adopted the maiden name of his mother, soprano Natalya Rozhdestvenskaya in its masculine form to avoid the appearance of nepotism when making his own career, and the painter P. N. Anosov.
Rudolf Borisovich Barshai was a Soviet and Russian conductor and violist. The Rudolf Barshai International Strings Competition was established in 2020.
Konstantin Konstantinovich Ivanov was a Soviet-era Russian conductor and composer.