|Born||18 December 1893|
|Died||16 May 1958 64) (aged|
|Occupation||Playwright, Screenwriter, Film Director|
|Years active||1926 - 1958|
Leo Mittler (18 December 1893 – 16 May 1958) was an Austrian playwright, screenwriter and film director. Mittler was born in Vienna, then the capital of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, to a Jewish family. He attended the University of Music and Performing Arts and worked as a playwright and director in the German theatre. Mittler then switched to work in the booming German film industry during the silent era.
Mittler's best known film as director was Beyond the Street (1929), a "street film" influenced by Soviet cinema.  As well as his work in the German industry, Mittler also spent time at the American company Paramount's French language-subsidiary based at the Joinville Studios in Paris.
Following the Nazi rise to power in 1933, Mittler spent many years in exile in several countries including Britain and France before settling in the United States during the Second World War. Mittler's career as a director had all but ended in the mid-1930s, after making the Stanley Lupino musical comedy Cheer Up (1936), but he worked occasionally as a screenwriter.
Mittler wrote the original story of the MGM pro-Soviet film Song of Russia (1944) which was later investigated by HUAC for its alleged communist sympathies. Mittler returned to Germany post-war, and died there in 1958. Before his death, he worked for German theatre and television.
Ernst Reicher was a German-Jewish actor, screenwriter, film producer and film director of the silent era.
Leonard Steckel was a German-Jewish actor and director of stage and screen.
Hans Behrendt was a German-Jewish actor, screenwriter and film director. He was murdered by the Nazis in Auschwitz concentration camp in 1942.
Wilhelm Thiele (1890–1975) was an Austrian screenwriter and film director. He directed over 40 films between 1921 and 1960.
Franz Schulz was a playwright and screenwriter who worked from 1920 through 1956.
Hans May was an Austrian-born composer who went into exile in Britain in 1936 after the Nazis came to power in his homeland, being of Jewish descent.
Victor Trivas was a Russian-Jewish screenwriter and film director. He was nominated at the 1946 Academy Awards for Best Story for the film The Stranger.
Robert Land (1887–1940) was an Austrian-Jewish film director of Moravian descent.
Adolf Lantz (1882-1949) was an Austrian screenwriter. Lantz went into exile following the Nazi takeover of power in Germany, and died in London.
Artur Guttmann was an Austrian-Jewish film score composer.
Gregor Rabinovitch was a Ukrainian-born film producer who worked for many years in the German film industry. He emigrated to France from the Soviet Union in the early 1920s. After working for a time in Germany, he left following the Nazi takeover of power in 1933, and spent a number of years in France and the United States. He later returned and died in Munich in 1953.
Léo Lasko (1885–1949) was a German screenwriter and film director of the silent and early sound eras. As Lasko was of Jewish descent he was classified as a "non-Aryan" by the Nazis. Following their 1933 takeover he was banned from film work and eventually emigrated to Britain.
Beyond the Street is a 1929 German silent drama film directed by Leo Mittler and starring Lissy Arna, Paul Rehkopf, and Fritz Genschow.
Alexis Granowsky (1890–1937) was a Russian theatre director who later became a film director. Granowsky was born as Abraham Azarkh to a Jewish family in Moscow. After studying in St. Petersburg, he went to Munich where he gained valuable theatre experience working under Max Reinhardt. He served in the Russian army during the First World War before in 1919 he set up his own Jewish-orientated theatre in St. Petersburg, which under a new director became GOSET. Granowsky's reputation rose quickly over the following years, as he became one of the most celebrated theatre directors in Europe. In 1925 Granowsky directed his first film, a silent, but concentrated his efforts on his stage work.
Hans Wilhelm was a German screenwriter. Wilhelm was of Jewish heritage, and was forced to emigrate following the Nazi takeover in 1933. After going into exile he worked in a variety of countries including Britain, France, and Turkey before eventually settling in the United States. He later returned to work in West Germany following the Second World War.
Emil Hasler was a German art director who worked on more than a hundred films during his career. These included a number of Weimar classics such as Diary of a Lost Girl, M and The Blue Angel. He later worked in Nazi era cinema on films like Robert Koch and Münchhausen.
Walter Wassermann was a German screenwriter. He also directed one film and acted in seven during the silent era. Wassermann was not of Jewish descent. Sigbert S. Prawer got him mixed up with the czech Writer Václav Wasserman whose "German" name was Wenzel
Heinz Goldberg (1891–1969) was a German screenwriter. He also directed two silent films. Following the Nazi Party's rise to power in 1933, the Jewish Goldberg went into exile in several countries including Austria and the Soviet Union before settling in Britain. He returned to Germany in the 1950s.
Hanna Waag (1904–1995) was a German film actress. Amongst her performances were playing Queen Victoria in the 1933 film Waltz War and the title role in Lady Windermere's Fan in 1935. Of Jewish heritage, in 1937 she went into exile from the Nazi regime in Germany. Her husband, the Jewish art director Rudolf Bamberger was killed at Auschwitz.
Eugen Thiele (1897–1938) was an Austrian film director and screenwriter. Of Jewish background he was the younger brother of Wilhelm Thiele. After a spell as an actor he established himself as a director in the Germany film industry of the early 1930s during the final years of the Weimar Republic. The Nazi seizure of power in 1933 brought an effective end to the career of the Jewish Thiele, who went into exile in Prague where he wrote the screenplay for one German-language film The Happiness of Grinzing, and may have also contributed to a German version of the Czech film Romance from the Tatra Mountains. He then returned to his native Austria, living in Baden bei Wien. He died the same year of the Anschluss which brought Austria under Nazi control.