Leoben

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Leoben
Leoben A main square.jpg
Main square and old city hall
Wappen von Leoben.svg
Coat of arms
Austria adm location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Leoben
Location within Austria
Coordinates: 47°22′54″N15°05′50″E / 47.38167°N 15.09722°E / 47.38167; 15.09722 Coordinates: 47°22′54″N15°05′50″E / 47.38167°N 15.09722°E / 47.38167; 15.09722
Country Austria
State Styria
District Leoben
Government
   Mayor Kurt Wallner (SPÖ)
Area
[1]
  Total107.77 km2 (41.61 sq mi)
Elevation
541 m (1,775 ft)
Population
(2018-01-01) [2]
  Total24,645
  Density230/km2 (590/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
8700
Area code 03842
Vehicle registration LE
Website www.leoben.at, www.leoben.cc

Leoben (German pronunciation: [leˈoːbn̩] ) is a Styrian city in central Austria, located on the Mur river. With a population of about 25,000 it is a local industrial center and hosts the University of Leoben, which specialises in mining. The Peace of Leoben, an armistice between Austria and France preliminary to the Treaty of Campo Formio, was signed in Leoben in 1797.

Styria State of Austria

Styria is a state, or Bundesland, located in the southeast of Austria. In area it is the second largest of the nine Austrian federated states, covering 16,401 km2 (6,332 sq mi). It borders Slovenia and the Austrian states of Upper Austria, Lower Austria, Salzburg, Burgenland, and Carinthia. The capital city is Graz which had 276,526 inhabitants at the beginning of 2015.

Austria Federal republic in Central Europe

Austria, officially the Republic of Austria, is a country in Central Europe comprising 9 federated states. Its capital, largest city and one of nine states is Vienna. Austria has an area of 83,879 km2 (32,386 sq mi), a population of nearly 9 million people and a nominal GDP of $477 billion. It is bordered by the Czech Republic and Germany to the north, Hungary and Slovakia to the east, Slovenia and Italy to the south, and Switzerland and Liechtenstein to the west. The terrain is highly mountainous, lying within the Alps; only 32% of the country is below 500 m (1,640 ft), and its highest point is 3,798 m (12,461 ft). The majority of the population speaks local Bavarian dialects as their native language, and German in its standard form is the country's official language. Other regional languages are Hungarian, Burgenland Croatian, and Slovene.

The University of Leoben in Austria is the country's university for mining, metallurgy and materials.

Contents

The Justice Center Leoben is a prison designed by architect Josef Hohensinn, which was completed in 2005.

Justice Center Leoben architectural structure

Justice Center Leoben is a court and prison complex in Leoben in Styria, Austria, designed by architect Joseph Hohensinn, completed in November 2004. With 205 inmates, the prison is fully booked.

Past and present

The toll tower (1280) and the church of Saint Francis Xavier (1660-1665) Leoben A toll tower.jpg
The toll tower (1280) and the church of Saint Francis Xavier (1660-1665)

Leoben is known as the “Gateway to the Styrian Iron Road”. The 13th century Main Square features the Hackl House with its baroque façade in red and white. The City Parish Church, St. Francis Xavier, built in 1660, comprises a 17th-century interior and is considered one of the most significant Jesuit churches in Austria. Also of note is the Art Nouveau Lutheran church which is at the upper end of the Franz-Josef-Strasse.

The oldest convent for women in Styria is Göss Abbey. Founded in 1020 A.D., it was run by the Benedictine nuns until it was dissolved in 1782. The early Romanesque crypt is of note as is the 'Gösser Ornat,' which can be seen in Vienna (Museum for Applied Arts). Next to the convent is the Gösser brewery, which includes a brewery museum.

Gösser

Gösser beer is the main brand of Göss Brewery in Leoben, one of the largest and most-well known in Austria. The brewery is part of Brau Union, the largest Austrian brewer, whose majority shareholder is the Dutch brewing company Heineken.

Current cultural events include classical concerts in the Congress Leoben, productions of the Summer Philharmonic in July and performances of local and guest productions in the oldest operating theater in Austria. [3]

Tradition & Avantgarde

Leoben around 1900. Leoben.jpg
Leoben around 1900.
View of Leoben in 2009. Blick auf Leoben 2009.jpg
View of Leoben in 2009.

Leoben was shaped for centuries by the trade in iron and the research in raw materials carried out at the University of Leoben, which was founded in 1840. Mining traditions still play an important part in city life. Examples are the Miners' Parade, the St. Barbara Celebration or the Ledersprung ("Leather Jump"). The Gösser Kirtag, a street fair, takes place on the Thursday after the first Sunday in October and attracts tens of thousands of visitors to Leoben.

Other components of the vigorous cultural life of the "Mining City" include classical concerts in the Congress Leoben, productions of the Summer Philharmonics in July and performances of locally created and guest productions in the oldest still-running theatre in Austria.

Notable people

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References

  1. "Dauersiedlungsraum der Gemeinden Politischen Bezirke und Bundesländer - Gebietsstand 1.1.2018". Statistics Austria. Retrieved 10 March 2019.
  2. "Einwohnerzahl 1.1.2018 nach Gemeinden mit Status, Gebietsstand 1.1.2018". Statistics Austria. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  3. City of Leoben: A City on the move. In: City of Leoben
  4. de:Wilfried Morawetz