Leonard Peter Schultz

Last updated
Leonard Peter Schultz
Leonard P. Schultz, Bikini Atoll Radiological Survey 1947.jpg
Summer 1947
Born1901
Died1986 (aged 8485)
Nationality American
Alma mater University of Michigan
University of Washington
Albion College
Scientific career
Fields Ichthyology
Institutions United States National Museum
Florida Museum of Natural History
Author abbrev. (zoology) Schultz
Fisheries Club at the University of Washington including Schultz, undated Fisheries Club group portrait, University of Washington, Seattle, nd (COBB 321).jpeg
Fisheries Club at the University of Washington including Schultz, undated

Leonard Peter Schultz (1901–1986) was an American ichthyologist.

Contents

Biography

Schultz was born in 1901, at Albion, Michigan. He received education on ichthyology at Albion College, in which he got his bachelor's degree, in 1924. In 1926, he got his master's degree from the University of Michigan, and then in 1932 from the University of Washington. From 1928 till 1936, he taught at the College of Fisheries at University of Washington. He was appointed as an assistant curator at the Division of Fishes of the United States National Museum. [1] During the same year he joined Smithsonian Institution, where he remained till retirement in 1968. [2] In 1938 he became a curator of the Division. While in retirement, he continued to work as a Research Associate of the Division of Fishes. [1]

He was one of the scientists that was sent to work for the U.S. Navy, on Operation Crossroads, that was conducted at the Bikini Atoll in 1946. Aside from testing an atomic bomb during the operation, he also collected a variety of flora and fauna on the Marshall Islands. In 1947 he returned to the site which was a part of Bikini Resurvey, during which he found even more species for his collection. [2]

Starting from 1958 till 1967, he spent much time studying shark attacks. It was a part of a study that was funded by the U.S. Navy, in order to reduce the incidents of attacks. He maintained an International Shark Attack File, that was used to record data about shark attacks on humans. The file is still used today for the same purpose it was designed, and is used by Florida Museum of Natural History. [2]

During his life, Schultz wrote and published many articles and books. He used to serve as a zoologist emeritus at the Smithsonian Museum, until he died in 1986. [2]

See also

Related Research Articles

Spencer Fullerton Baird

Spencer Fullerton Baird was an American naturalist, ornithologist, ichthyologist, herpetologist, and museum curator. Baird was the first curator to be named at the Smithsonian Institution. He eventually served as assistant Secretary of the Smithsonian from 1850 to 1878, and as Secretary from 1878 until 1887. He was dedicated to expanding the natural history collections of the Smithsonian which he increased from 6,000 specimens in 1850 to over 2 million by the time of his death. He published over 1,000 works during his lifetime.

Victor Gruschka Springer is Senior Scientist emeritus, Division of Fishes at the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of Natural History in Washington, D.C. He is a specialist in the anatomy, classification, and distribution of fishes, with a special interest in tropical marine shorefishes. He has published numerous scientific studies on these subjects; also, a popular book called "Sharks in Question, the Smithsonian Answer Book" 1989.

Leonard Joseph Victor Compagno is an international authority on shark taxonomy and the author of many scientific papers and books on the subject, best known of which is his 1984 catalogue of shark species produced for the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations. Compagno was mentioned in the credits of the 1975 film Jaws along with the National Geographic Society.

Burmese bamboo shark Species of shark

The Burmese bamboo shark, Chiloscyllium burmensis, is an extremely rare bamboo shark in the family Hemiscylliidae. The first specimen was caught 1963 off the coast from Rangoon in Burma in a depth of 29 – 33 m. This holotype is an adult male, 57 cm long and kept in the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington DC. Later, three more specimens, two males and one female, were recorded 2018 from the Bangladesh Fisheries Development Corporation Fish Landing Center of Cox’s Bazar.

Frederick Merkle Bayer was an emeritus curator of the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of Natural History, as well as a prominent marine biologist who specialized in the study of soft corals.

George Switzer (mineralogist) American mineralogist

George Shirley Switzer was an American mineralogist who is credited with starting the Smithsonian Institution's famed National Gem and Mineral Collection by acquiring the Hope Diamond for the museum in 1958. Switzer made the arrangements when renowned New York City jeweler Harry Winston decided to donate the Hope Diamond to the Smithsonian.

Paul Bartsch

Paul Bartsch was an American malacologist and carcinologist. He was named the last of those belonging to the "Descriptive Age of Malacology".

John Warren Aldrich American ornithologist

John Warren Aldrich was an American ornithologist.

Richard Sumner Cowan was an American botanist.

John Henry White Jr. is an American historian and museum curator.

Ray S. Bassler

Ray Smith Bassler was an American geologist and paleontologist.

Philip Karl Lundeberg was an American naval historian and curator emeritus of the Smithsonian Institutions National Museum of American History. At the time of his death in 2019, Lundeberg was the last survivor of the USS Frederick C. Davis sinking.

Roy S. Clarke is an American scientist focusing on geochemistry.

Charles Lewis Gazin

Charles Lewis Gazin (1904—1995) was an American vertebrate paleontologist and paleobiologist.

Louis Purnell

Louis Rayfield Purnell, Sr. was a noted curator at the United States' National Air and Space Museum and earlier in life, a decorated Tuskegee Airman. At the museum, he became expert in space flight artifacts, particularly spacesuits, and was instrumental in curating artifacts related to space exploration, during the pivotal years of the 1960s and into the 1980s. Purnell was the first African-American to become a curator at the Smithsonian Institution.

John Paul Visscher (1895–1950) was an American protozoologist.

Mendel L. Peterson American pioneer in the field of underwater archeology

Mendel L. Peterson was an American pioneer in the field of underwater archeology and former curator at the Smithsonian Institution, becoming known as "the father of underwater archeology". His specialties included underwater exploration and numismatics. Peterson Island in Antarctica is named after him.

Thomas Dale Stewart (anthropologist)

Thomas Dale Stewart was a founder of modern forensic anthropology and a major contributor to most areas of human skeletal biology, paleopathology, and related areas of physical anthropology. Stewart was known to have a more even temperament than his mentor, Aleš Hrdlička. Stewart began his career in 1927 as an Aid to Hrdlička in the Division of Physical Anthropology of the United States National Museum at the Smithsonian Institution. He advanced to Curator of the Division in 1942 and to Head Curator of the Department of Anthropology in 1961. In 1963, he was appointed Director of the National Museum of Natural History and also served as Acting Assistant Secretary for Science in 1964. He retired from administration in 1966 to pursue his research as Senior Anthropologist. Upon his retirement in 1971, he was appointed Anthropologist Emeritus.

Earl Stannard Herald was an American zoologist, Ichthyologist and television presenter. He was born in Phoenix, Arizona, and got his PH.D. in 1943. In 1948, he became the director of the Steinhart Aquarium in San Francisco, California, and from 1952 to 1966, he presented the popular science television programme Science in Action. Throughout his life, he studied a variety of aquatic organisms, especially pipefishes, and described many new taxa. He died in Cabo San Lucas, Baja California, in a scuba diving accident.

Loren Paul Woods was an American ichthyologist and museum curator at the Field Museum of Natural History In Chicago. He joined the museum's education department as a guide lecturer in 1938. In 1941, he was transferred to the Division of Fishes, from where he retired in 1978. His career was interrupted by a four-year period of duty with the United States Navy during World War II. While he was in the navy, Marion Griswold Grey served as the unpaid curator, becoming an associate at the museum when Woods resumed his post. During his time at the Field Museum, he assembled specimen collections of North American freshwater fish and Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific Ocean marine fish. This material resulted in a major expansion of the museum's fishes holdings, which had previously been a mostly freshwater collection. Woods is best remembered for his publications on damselfish, squirrelfish, and Berycidae.

References

  1. 1 2 "Biography". Smithsonian Institution Archives . Retrieved April 19, 2012.
  2. 1 2 3 4 Biography