|Born||27 December 1716|
|Died||3 May 1786 69) (aged|
Leonardo Ximenes (27 December 1716 – 3 May 1786) was a famous Italian Jesuitmathematician, engineer, astronomer and geographer from Sicily.
After having attended a Jesuit school, he became a mathematician, a hydraulic and civil engineer, and was an eminently respected astronomer in his day. The astronomical observatory, Osservatorio Ximeniano in Florence, is named after him in recognition of his services to the field. As a hydraulic engineer, he is known for building canals, including the Imperial Canal in Tuscany. These canals were part of an effort to drain the Lago di Bientina, at the time the largest lake in Tuscany.
A gnomon is the part of a sundial that casts a shadow. The term is used for a variety of purposes in mathematics and other fields.
The year 1716 in science and technology involved some significant events.
Francesco Maria Grimaldi was an Italian Jesuit priest, mathematician and physicist who taught at the Jesuit college in Bologna. He was born in Bologna to Paride Grimaldi and Anna Cattani.
Dom Guido Grandi, O.S.B. Cam. was an Italian monk, priest, philosopher, theologian, mathematician, and engineer.
Fivizzano is a comune in the province of Massa and Carrara, Tuscany, central Italy.
Paolo Frisi was an Italian mathematician and astronomer.
The Brera Observatory is an astronomical observatory in the Brera district of Milan, Italy. It was built in the historic Palazzo Brera in 1764 by the Jesuit astronomer Roger Boscovich. Following the suppression of the Jesuits by Clement XIV on 21 July 1773, the palace and the observatory passed to the then rulers of northern Italy, the Austrian Habsburg dynasty. The observatory has since remained under state control.
Palazzo Brera or Palazzo di Brera is a monumental palace in Milan, in Lombardy in northern Italy. It was a Jesuit college for two hundred years. It now houses several cultural institutions including the Accademia di Brera, the art academy of the city, and its gallery, the Pinacoteca di Brera; the Orto Botanico di Brera, a botanical garden; an observatory, the Osservatorio Astronomico di Brera; the Istituto Lombardo Accademia di Scienze e Lettere, a learned society; and an important library, the Biblioteca di Brera.
The Pistoia Mountains Astronomical Observatory, also known as the San Marcello Observatory and the Pian dei Termini Observatory, is an astronomical observatory in San Marcello Piteglio, Tuscany, central Italy.
The University of Naples Federico II is a university in Naples, Italy. Founded in 1224, it is the oldest public non-sectarian university in the world, and is now organized into 26 departments. It was Europe's first university dedicated to training secular administrative staff, and one of the oldest academic institutions in continuous operation. Federico II is the third University in Italy by number of students enrolled, but despite its huge size it is still one of the best universities in Italy, being particularly notable for research; in 2015 it was ranked among the top 100 universities in the world by citations per paper. As of 2016 it is the only generalist Italian university in the Times higher education reputation, which considers the best 200 best universities in the world. The university is named after its founder Frederick II. In October 2016 the University hosted the first ever Apple IOS Developer Academy and in 2018 the Cisco Digital Transformation Lab.
Alessandro Serpieri was an Italian scientist known for work in astronomy and seismology.
Lago di Bientina was a lake in the Province of Lucca, Province of Pisa, Tuscany, Italy. It was also known as Lago di Sesto. Lago di Bientina was the largest lake in Tuscany before it was drained in the mid-19th century. It was to the north of the town of Bientina, between Lucca and Pisa, and covered an area of some 36 km2 (14 sq mi).
Roger Joseph Boscovich, S.J. was a Ragusan physicist, astronomer, mathematician, philosopher, diplomat, poet, theologian, Jesuit priest, and a polymath from the Republic of Ragusa. He studied and lived in Italy and France where he also published many of his works.
The Portrait of Luca Pacioli is a painting attributed to the Italian Renaissance artist Jacopo de' Barbari, dating to around 1500 and housed in the Capodimonte Museum, Naples, southern Italy. The painting portrays the Renaissance mathematician Luca Pacioli and may have been painted by his collaborator Leonardo da Vinci. The person on the right has not been identified conclusively, but could be the German painter Albrecht Dürer, whom Barbari met between 1495 and 1500.
The year 1588 in science and technology, Armada year, included a number of events, some of which are listed here.
Leonardo Dudreville was a Venetian-born Italian painter. He was one of the founders of the Nuove tendenze as well as of Novecento Italian art movements.
Pietro Paoli was an Italian mathematician.
Pietro De Martino or Di Martino was an Italian mathematician and astronomer.
Raffaele Giacomelli was an aeronautical engineer, linguist, dialectologist, and historian of science.
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