Leonid Tibilov

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Leonid Tibilov
Tibilov in 2012
3rd President of South Ossetia
In office
19 April 2012 21 April 2017
Prime Minister Vadim Brovtsev
Rostislav Khugayev
Domenty Kulumbegov
Preceded by Vadim Brovtsev (Acting)
Succeeded by Anatoliy Bibilov
Personal details
Born (1951-03-28) 28 March 1951 (age 69)
Verkhny Dvan, Soviet Union
(now South Ossetia)
Political party Independent

Leonid Tibilov (Ossetian : Тыбылты Харитъоны фырт Леонид, Têbêltê Xarithonê fêrt Léonid; Russian : Леонид Харитонович Тибилов, Leonid Kharitonovich Tibilov; Georgian :ლეონიდ თიბილოვი, Leonid Tibilovi; born 28 March 1951 in Verkhny Dvan, Znaur district [1] ) is a South Ossetian politician who served as the President of South Ossetia from 2012 to 2017 after winning the 2012 South Ossetian presidential election.


Leonid Tibilov headed the South Ossetian KGB from 1992 to 1998. [2] He was then a first deputy prime minister and co-chaired a Georgian-Ossetian peacekeeping commission. [2] Tibilov stood at the 2006 presidential election losing to Eduard Kokoity, who won 98% of the vote. [3]

Before the 2012 election Tibilov distanced himself from the outgoing President Kokoity. [4] Tibilov is reported to be loyal to Russia and pledged to consult Russia before appointing a government if he was successful at the election. [4]

In the first round of the 2012 Presidential election, Tibilov received 42.5% of the vote to lead David Sanakoyev. [5] In the second round, Tibilov was elected president with 54% of the vote. [6]

In a move towards integration with the Russian Federation, Tibilov proposed in December 2015 a name change to "South Ossetia–Alania" — in analogy with "North Ossetia–Alania", a Russian federal subject. Tibilov furthermore suggested holding a referendum on joining the Russian Federation prior to April 2017, which would lead to a united "Ossetia–Alania". [7] In April 2016, Tibilov said he intended to hold the referendum before August of that year. [8] [9] However, on 30 May, Tibilov postponed the referendum until after the presidential election due in April 2017. [10] At the name-change referendum, nearly 80 percent of those who voted endorsed the name-change, while the presidential race was won by Anatoliy Bibilov — against the incumbent, Tibilov, who had been supported by Moscow and who, unlike Bibilov, was ready to heed Moscow′s wish for the integration referendum not be held any time soon. [11]

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Anatoly Bibilov Russian politician

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2012 South Ossetian presidential election

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2017 South Ossetian presidential election

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  1. "South Ossetia to hold new round of voting". Vestnik Kavkaza. Retrieved 8 April 2012.
  2. 1 2 "Q&A: South Ossetian separatist presidential election". BBC News Online . 22 March 2012. Retrieved 8 April 2012.
  3. "Third Attempt to Elect New Leader in Breakaway S.Ossetia". Civil Georgia . 24 March 2012. Retrieved 8 April 2012.
  4. 1 2 Tsvetkova, Maria (26 March 2012). "Ex-KGB chief leads South Ossetia presidential race". Reuters . Retrieved 8 April 2012.
  5. "Former KGB chief wins South Ossetia". The Telegraph. 9 April 2012. Retrieved 31 March 2013.
  6. "Ex-KGB man wins South Ossetia presidential election". Reuters . 9 April 2012. Retrieved 9 April 2012.
  7. "Breakaway Tskhinvali proposes name change". Agenda.ge . 29 December 2015. Retrieved 29 December 2015.
  8. "South Ossetia profile – BBC News". Bbc.com. 21 April 2016. Retrieved 12 June 2016.
  9. "President: South Ossetia plans to hold referendum on becoming part of Russia before August". TASS. Retrieved 24 April 2016.
  10. Fuller, Liz (30 May 2016). "South Ossetia Postpones Referendum On Accession To Russian Federation". RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty. Retrieved 30 May 2016.
  11. "South Ossetia's Bibilov Wins Election, Puts Moscow In A Bind". RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty. Retrieved 12 April 2017.
Political offices
Preceded by
Vadim Brovtsev
President of South Ossetia
Succeeded by
Anatoliy Bibilov