|Member of the European Parliament |
|Born||October 12, 1924|
|Died||August 28, 2011 86) (aged|
Leonidas Kyrkos (Greek : Λεωνίδας Κύρκος; 12 October 1924 – 28 August 2011) was a Greek leftist politician and member of the Hellenic Parliament and the European Parliament.
Leonidas Kyrkos was born in Heraklion, Crete, to Greek politician Michail Kyrkos, who went on to, along with Ioannis Pasalidis, form the United Democratic Left in 1951.
In his teens, Kyrkos joined the communist youth and in 1941, he joined the resistance against the German occupiers. He enrolled in Human medicine at the University of Athens but never came to graduate. In the Greek civil war following Greece's liberation in 1944, Kyrkos was arrested for his membership in the Communist Party and was sentenced to death. Only international pressure helped him and a number of his comrades survive and eventually become free in 1953. He later worked as a journalist and from 1958 on as one of the editors of leftist newspaper I Avgi.
Kyrkos was elected MP to the Hellenic Parliament in the elections of 1961, 1963 and 1964.On 21 April 1967, during the coup d'état that installed the military junta, he was arrested and remained imprisoned for five years. After the restoration of democracy in 1974, he was elected MP in 1974 and 1977, and MEP in 1981 and 1984.
Kyrkos held the posts of president and general secretary of the Communist Party of Greece (Interior) until April 1987, when he left to become president of the Greek Left party.Along with Charilaos Florakis, leader of the Communist Party of Greece, he founded the Coalition of the Left and Progress (Synaspismós), of which was secretary until March 1991. He was an MP for the coalition from 1989 to 1993. In 2000, his party nominated him in the election for the position of President of Greece. In 2010, he offered his support in a letter for the Democratic Left.
Kyrkos died aged 86 on 28 August 2011, after a long illness.His funeral took place at the First Cemetery of Athens on August 31.
His son Miltos Kyrkos in 2014 was elected Member of the European Parliament for the party To Potami.
The Communist Party of Greece is a Marxist–Leninist political party in Greece. Founded in 1918 as the Socialist Labour Party of Greece by Avraam Benaroya, it is the oldest political party in modern Greek politics. The party was banned in 1936, but played a significant role in the Greek resistance and the Greek Civil War, and its membership peaked in the mid-1940s. Legalization of the KKE was restored following the fall of the Greek military junta of 1967–1974.
The Coalition of the Left, of Movements and Ecology, commonly known as Synaspismos and abbreviated to SYN (ΣΥΝ), was a Greek political party of the radical New Left. It was founded in 1991 and was known as the Coalition of the Left and Progress until 2003. In 2004 SYN was a founding member of the Party of the European Left.
The Panhellenic Socialist Movement, known mostly by its acronym PASOK, is a social-democratic political party in Greece. Until 2015, it was one of the two major electoral forces in the country, along with New Democracy, its main political rival.
New Democracy is a liberal-conservative political party in Greece. In contemporary Greek politics, New Democracy has been the main centre-right political party and one of the two major parties along with its historic rival, the Panhellenic Socialist Movement (PASOK). New Democracy and PASOK were created in the wake of the toppling of the military junta in 1974, and ruled Greece alternately for the next four decades. Following the electoral decline of PASOK, New Democracy remained one of the two major parties in Greece, the other being the Coalition of the Radical Left (SYRIZA).
Nikos Konstantopoulos is a Greek politician, member of the Hellenic Parliament and former president of the left-wing Synaspismos. His daughter, Zoi, was until September 2015 the Speaker of the Hellenic Parliament.
Alexandros 'Alekos' Alavanos is a Greek politician, former member of the Hellenic Parliament and the European Parliament. From 2004 until 2008 he was president of the Coalition of the Left of Movements and Ecology, commonly known as Synaspismos. He was parliamentary leader of the wider Coalition of the Radical Left (SYRIZA).
Manolis Glezos was a Greek left-wing politician and folk hero, best known for his participation in the World War II resistance.
Antonis Samaras is a Greek politician who served as Prime Minister of Greece from 2012 to 2015. A member of the New Democracy party, he was its president from 2009 until 2015. Samaras started his national political career as Minister of Finance in 1989; he served as Minister of Foreign Affairs from 1989 to 1992 and Minister of Culture and Sports in 2009.
Spyridon Markezinis or Markesinis was a Greek politician, longtime member of the Hellenic Parliament, and briefly the Prime Minister of Greece during the aborted attempt at democratization of the Greek military regime in 1973.
Charilaos Florakis was a leader of the Communist Party of Greece (KKE). He is best known for establishing the dominance of the KKE over other left-wing elements, and for his flexibility and forming alliances with the conservatives.
The Coalition of the Radical Left – Progressive Alliance, mostly known by the syllabic abbreviation SYRIZA, is a political party in Greece originally founded in 2004 as a coalition of left-wing and radical left parties.
Fotis-Fanourios Kouvelis is a Greek lawyer and leftist politician.
Alexis Tsipras is a Greek politician serving as Leader of the Official Opposition since 2019. The leader of left-wing party Syriza since 2009, he served as Prime Minister of Greece from 2015 to 2019.
Periklis Korovesis, also published as Pericles Korovessis, was a Greek author and journalist and a member of the Hellenic Parliament.
The May 2012 Greek legislative election was held in Greece on Sunday, 6 May, to elect all 300 members to the Hellenic Parliament. It was regular scheduled to be held in late 2013, four years after the previous election; however, an early election was stipulated in the coalition agreement of November 2011 which formed the Papademos Cabinet. The coalition comprised both of Greece's traditional major political parties, PASOK on the left and New Democracy (ND) on the right, as well as the right-wing Popular Orthodox Rally (LAOS). The aim of the coalition was to relieve the Greek government-debt crisis by ratifying and implementing decisions taken with other Eurozone countries and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) a month earlier.
Leonidas Vasilikopoulos was a Greek Navy officer, who served as Chief of the Hellenic Navy General Staff in 1986–89 and then as head of the Greek National Intelligence Service in 1993–96. A distinguished officer, he is also notable for his participation in resistance groups against the Greek military junta of 1967–74, being repeatedly imprisoned and exiled as a consequence.
Miltos Kyrkos is a Greek chemical engineer and politician of To Potami. In 2014, he was elected Member of the European Parliament (MEP).
Spyros Lykoudis, a Greek politician, has been a political activist of the Renewing Left for five decades. He was elected a Member of the Hellenic National Parliament with the Democratic Left (DIMAR), assuming office on May 27, 2012, in the 2012 elections. He declared his independence from the Democratic Left in September 2014 and in October 2014 he constituted the Reformers for Democracy and Development.
Grigoris Psarianos, born 1954 in Athens, is a Greek politician, a former member of the Hellenic Parliament for The River, who was representing Athens B.