Leopold Hofmann

Last updated

Leopold Hofmann (also Ludwig Hoffman, Leopold Hoffman, Leopold Hoffmann; 14 August 1738 – 17 March 1793) was an Austrian composer of classical music.

Contents

Biography

Hofmann was the son of a highly educated civil servant, and at the age of seven became a chorister in the chapel of the Empress Elisabeth Christine, where his choral director and teacher was very likely František Tůma.

He was also a student later on of Georg Christoph Wagenseil and Giuseppe Trani (violin). His studies included at various points violin, harpsichord and composition.

In 1758 Hofmann secured what may have been his first appointment, as "musicus" at St. Michael's. He is known to have become choral director at St. Peter's Church in 1764 and, in 1766, kapellmeister. In 1769 he became a teacher to the royal family.

The position of Kapellmeister at the Cathedral of St. Stephan, a post he acquired in 1772, was among his next responsibilities. At this time he declined the directorship of the Imperial Chapel, but did apply there two years later in 1774, failing in his application. (Giuseppe Bonno became director of the Imperial Chapel instead, which had become open upon the death of Florian Leopold Gassmann.)

On 9 May 1791, at his own request, Mozart was appointed assistant-Kapellmeister to Hofmann, an unpaid position. At the time Hofmann was ill and Mozart anticipated becoming Kapellmeister upon Hofmann's death. However, Hofmann survived Mozart and kept his post as Cathedral Kapellmeister until he died. [1]

Selected worklist

Symphonies

The following list was drawn up by George Cook Kimball in his Ph.D. thesis. [2]

Kimball A 1 \ Symphony in A major
Kimball A 2 \ Symphony in A major
Kimball A 3 \ Symphony in A major
Kimball A 4 \ Symphony in A major
Kimball A 5 \ Symphony in A major
Kimball A 6 \ Symphony in A major
Kimball A 7 \ Symphony in A major (lost)
Kimball A 8 \ Symphony in A major
Kimball A 9 \ Symphony in A major (lost)
Kimball B 1 \ Symphony in B flat major
Kimball B 2 \ Symphony in B flat major
Kimball B 3 \ Symphony in B flat major
Kimball B 4 \ Sinfonia pastorella in B flat major
Kimball B 5 \ Symphony in B flat major
Kimball B 6 \ Symphony in B flat major
Kimball B 7 \ Symphony in B flat major (lost)
Kimball B 8 \ Symphony in B flat major (lost)
Kimball C 1 \ Symphony in C major
Kimball C 2 \ Symphony in C major
Kimball C 3 \ Symphony in C major (lost)
Kimball C 4 \ Symphony in C major
Kimball C 5 \ Symphony in C major
Kimball C 6 \ Symphony in C major
Kimball C 7 \ Symphony in C major
Kimball C 8 \ Symphony in C major (lost)
Kimball C 9 \ Symphony in C major (lost)
Kimball C10 \ Symphony in C major
Kimball C11 \ Symphony in C major
Kimball C12 \ Sinfonia pastorella in C major
Kimball C13 \ Symphony in C major
Kimball C14 \ Symphony in C major
Kimball C15 \ Symphony in C major
Kimball C16 \ Symphony in C major (lost)
Kimball C17 \ Symphony in C major (lost)

 

Kimball D 1 \ Sinfonia pastorella in D major
Kimball d 1 \ Symphony in D minor (lost)
Kimball D 2 \ Symphony in D major
Kimball D 3 \ Symphony in D major
Kimball D 4 \ Symphony in D major
Kimball D 5 \ Symphony in D major
Kimball D 6 \ Symphony in D major
Kimball D 7 \ Symphony in D major
Kimball D 8 \ Symphony in D major
Kimball D 9 \ Symphony in D major
Kimball D10 \ Symphony in D major
Kimball Es 1 \ Symphony in E flat major
Kimball Es 2 \ Symphony in E flat major
Kimball Es 3 \ Symphony in E flat major
Kimball Es 4 \ Symphony in E flat major
Kimball Es 5 \ Symphony in E flat major
Kimball Es 6 \ Symphony in E flat major
Kimball Es 7 \ Symphony in E flat major (lost)
Kimball Es 8 \ Symphony in E flat major
Kimball F 1 \ Symphony in F major (lost)
Kimball F 2 \ Symphony in F major (lost)
Kimball F 3 \ Symphony in F major
Kimball F 4 \ Symphony in F major
Kimball F 5 \ Symphony in F major
Kimball F 5 \ Symphony in F major
Kimball F 7 \ Symphony in F major
Kimball F 8 \ Symphony in F major
Kimball G 1 \ Symphony in G major (lost)
Kimball G 2 \ Symphony in G major
Kimball G 3 \ Symphony in G major
Kimball G 4 \ Sinfonia pastorella in G major
Kimball G 5 \ Symphony in G major

Concertos

The following list was drawn up by Allan Badley in his Ph.D. thesis. [3]

Badley I:A 1 \ Harpsichord Concerto in A major
Badley I:B 1 \ Harpsichord Concerto in B flat major
Badley I:C 1 \ Harpsichord Concerto in C major
Badley I:C 2 \ Harpsichord Concerto in C major
Badley I:C 3 \ Harpsichord Concerto in C major
Badley I:C 4 \ Harpsichord Concerto in C major
Badley I:C 5 \ Harpsichord Concerto in C major
Badley I:C 6 \ Harpsichord Concerto in C major
Badley I:C 7 \ Harpsichord Concerto in C major
Badley I:C 8 \ Harpsichord Concerto in C major
Badley I:C 9 \ Harpsichord Concerto in C major
Badley I:C10 \ Harpsichord Concerto in C major
Badley I:C11 \ Harpsichord Concerto in C major
Badley I:C12 \ Harpsichord Concerto in C major
Badley I:C13 \ Harpsichord Concerto in C major
Badley I:C14 \ Harpsichord Concerto in C major
Badley I:C15 \ Harpsichord Concerto in C major (lost)
Badley I:C16 \ Harpsichord Concerto in C major (lost)
Badley I:D 1 \ Harpsichord Concerto in D major
Badley I:D 2 \ Harpsichord Concerto in D major
Badley I:F 1 \ Harpsichord Concerto in F major
Badley I:F 2 \ Harpsichord Concerto in F major
Badley I:F 3 \ Harpsichord Concerto in F major
Badley I:F 4 \ Harpsichord Concerto in F major
Badley I:F 5 \ Harpsichord Concerto in F major
Badley I:F 6 \ Harpsichord Concerto in F major

Badley II:A1 \ Flute Concerto in A major
Badley II:A2 \ Flute Concerto in A major
Badley II:D1 \ Flute Concerto in D major (attributed to Joseph Haydn Hob. VIIf:1) [4]
Badley II:D2 \ Flute Concerto in D major
Badley II:D3 \ Flute Concerto in D major
Badley II:D4 \ Flute Concerto in D major
Badley II:D5 \ Flute Concerto in D major
Badley II:D6 \ Flute Concerto in D major
Badley II:e1 \ Flute Concerto in E minor
Badley II:G1 \ Flute Concerto in G major
Badley II:G2 \ Flute Concerto in G major
Badley II:G3 \ Flute Concerto in G major
Badley II:G4 \ Flute Concerto in G major

Badley III:C1 \ Oboe Concerto in C major
Badley III:C2 \ Oboe Concerto in C major
Badley III:C3 \ Oboe Concerto in C major
Badley III:d1 \ Oboe Concerto in D minor
Badley III:F1 \ Oboe Concerto in F major
Badley III:G1 \ Oboe Concerto in G major

 

Badley IV:C1 \ Bassoon Concerto in C major

Badley V:C1 \ Cello Concerto in C major
Badley V:C2 \ Cello Concerto in C major
Badley V:C3 \ Cello Concerto in C major
Badley V:C4 \ Cello Concerto in C major (lost)
Badley V:D1 \ Cello Concerto in D major
Badley V:D2 \ Cello Concerto in D major
Badley V:D3 \ Cello Concerto in D major
Badley V:D4 \ Cello Concerto in D major (lost)

Badley VI:A1 \ Violin Concerto in A major
Badley VI:A2 \ Violin Concerto in A major
Badley VI:B1 \ Violin Concerto in B flat major
Badley VI:B2 \ Violin Concerto in B flat major
Badley VI:B3 \ Violin Concerto in B flat major (lost)
Badley VI:C1 \ Violin Concerto in C major
Badley VI:C2 \ Violin Concerto in C major (lost)
Badley VI:D1 \ Violin Concerto in D major
Badley VI:G1 \ Violin Concerto in G major (lost)
Badley VII:C1 \ Concerto for oboe & harpsichord in C major
Badley VII:C2 \ Concerto for 2 harpsichords in C major
Badley VII:F1 \ Concerto for oboe & harpsichord in F major
Badley VII:G1 \ Concerto for violin & cello in G major
Badley VII:G2 \ Concerto for flute & harpsichord in G major

Badley VIII:A1 \ Concertino for violin, viola & cello in A major
Badley VIII:A2 \ Concertino for harpsichord, flute, violin & cello in A major
Badley VIII:B1 \ Concertino for 2 violins, viola & cello in B flat major
Badley VIII:C1 \ Concertino for cello & 2 oboes in C major
Badley VIII:C2 \ Concertino for violin, viola & cello in C major
Badley VIII:C3 \ Concertino for harpsichord in C major
Badley VIII:C4 \ Concertino for 2 oboes in C major
Badley VIII:C5 \ Concertino for viola & cello in C major (lost)
Badley VIII:C6 \ Divertimento for harpsichord in C major
Badley VIII:D1 \ Concertino for 2 violins, viola & cello in D major
Badley VIII:D2 \ Cassatio in D major
Badley VIII:D3 \ Concertino for 2 flutes in D major
Badley VIII:D4 \ Concertino for viola & cello in D major (lost)
Badley VIII:D5 \ Concertino for violin & cello in D major (lost)
Badley VIII:E1 \ Concertino for violin & cello in E major
Badley VIII:Es1 \ Concertino for violin, viola & cello in E flat major
Badley VIII:Es2 \ Concertino for 2 violas & cello in E flat major
Badley VIII:F1 \ Concertino for 2 violins, viola & cello in F major
Badley VIII:F2 \ Concertino for harpsichord in F major
Badley VIII:F3 \ Concertino for violin, viola & cello in F major
Badley VIII:G1 \ Concertino for harpsichord in G major
Badley VIII:G2 \ Concertino for 2 violins, viola & cello in G major

Other works

(Recent recordings of his music include recordings of many of the concertos, some of the symphonies including five on Naxos Records, etc., including a CD from 2000 of Artaria discoveries and others of cello flute, violin and oboe concertos.)

His compositions have been catalogued by Allan Badley.

Related Research Articles

Leopold Mozart German composer, conductor, teacher, and violinist

Johann Georg Leopold Mozart was a German composer, conductor, music teacher, and violinist. Mozart is best known today as the father and teacher of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, and for his violin textbook Versuch einer gründlichen Violinschule.

Joseph Martin Kraus German composer

Joseph Martin Kraus, was a composer in the classical era who was born in Miltenberg am Main, Germany. He moved to Sweden at age 21, and died at the age of 36 in Stockholm. He has been referred to as "the Swedish Mozart", and had a life span very similar to Mozart's.

Carl Ditters von Dittersdorf Austrian composer, violinist and silvologist

Carl Ditters von Dittersdorf was an Austrian composer, violinist and silvologist.

Georg Christoph Wagenseil was an Austrian composer.

Alan Rawsthorne was a British composer. He was born in Haslingden, Lancashire, and is buried in Thaxted churchyard in Essex.

Pietro Nardini Italian composer and violinist

Pietro Nardini was an Italian composer and violinist, a transitional musician who worked in both the Baroque and Classical era traditions.

Franz Anton Hoffmeister German composer

Franz Anton Hoffmeister was a German composer and music publisher.

Christian Cannabich German violinist, composer, and Kapellmeister

Johann Christian Innocenz Bonaventura Cannabich, was a German violinist, composer, and Kapellmeister of the Classical era. A composer of some 200 works, he continued the legacy of Johann Stamitz and helped turn the Mannheim orchestra into what Charles Burney described as "the most complete and best disciplined in Europe.". The orchestra was particularly noted for the carefully graduated crescendos and diminuendos characteristic of the Mannheim school. Together with Stamitz and the other composers of the Mannheim court, he helped develop the orchestral texture that paved the way for the orchestral treatment of the First Viennese School.

The Violin Concerto No. 3 in G major, K. 216, was composed by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart in Salzburg in 1775 when he was 19 years old. Mozart called it in a letter to his father the Straßburger-Concert', and researchers believe this epithet comes from the opening orchestral motive in the third movement, a local, minuet-like dance that had already appeared as a tune in a symphony by Carl Ditters von Dittersdorf.

Ignaz Jakob Holzbauer was a composer of symphonies, concertos, operas, and chamber music, and a member of the Mannheim school. His aesthetic style is in line with that of the Sturm und Drang "movement" of German art and literature.

Andreas Romberg violinist and composer

Andreas Jakob Romberg was a German violinist and composer.

Osvaldas Jonas Balakauskas is a Lithuanian composer of classical music and diplomat.

Franz Xaver Richter Austro-Moravian singer, violinist, composer, conductor and music theoretician

FranzXaver Richter, known as François Xavier Richter in France was an Austro-Moravian singer, violinist, composer, conductor and music theoretician who spent most of his life first in Austria and later in Mannheim and in Strasbourg, where he was music director of the cathedral. From 1783 on Haydn’s favourite pupil Ignaz Pleyel was his deputy at the cathedral.

Hans Graf is an Austrian conductor.

Leopold Koželuch Czech music educator, composer and pianist

Leopold Koželuch was a Czech composer and music teacher.

Franz Ignaz Beck German composer

Franz Ignaz Beck was a German violinist, composer, conductor and music teacher who spent the greater part of his life in France, where he became director of the Grand Théâtre de Bordeaux. Possibly the most talented pupil of Johann Stamitz, Beck is an important representative of the second generation of the so-called Mannheim school. His fame rests on his 24 symphonies that are among the most original and striking of the pre-Classical period. He was one of the first composers to introduce the regular use of wind instruments in slow movements and put an increasing emphasis on thematic development. His taut, dramatic style is also remarkable for its employment of bold harmonic progressions, flexible rhythms and highly independent part writing.

References

  1. H.C. Robbins Landon. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Volledig overzicht van zijn leven en werk Tirion Uitgevers BV Baarn, 2005.
  2. Kimball, George Cook. The Symphonies of Leopold Hofmann (1738–1793) Thesis (Ph.D.) Columbia University, 1985.
  3. Badley, Allan. The concertos of Leopold Hofmann (1738–1793) Thesis. (University of Auckland.)
  4. "About the Concerto Badley II:D1". Artaria Editions. Retrieved 19 September 2017.

Further reading