Leopold Hofmann

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Leopold Hofmann (also Ludwig Hoffman, Leopold Hoffman, Leopold Hoffmann; 14 August 1738 – 17 March 1793) was an Austrian composer of classical music.

Austria Federal republic in Central Europe

Austria, officially the Republic of Austria, is a country in Central Europe comprising nine federated states. Its capital, largest city and one of nine states is Vienna. Austria has an area of 83,879 km2 (32,386 sq mi), a population of nearly nine million people and a nominal GDP of $477 billion. It is bordered by the Czech Republic and Germany to the north, Hungary and Slovakia to the east, Slovenia and Italy to the south, and Switzerland and Liechtenstein to the west. The terrain is landlocked and highly mountainous, lying within the Alps; only 32% of the country is below 500 m (1,640 ft), and its highest point is 3,798 m (12,461 ft). The majority of the population speaks local Bavarian dialects as their native language, and German in its standard form is the country's official language. Other regional languages are Hungarian, Burgenland Croatian, and Slovene.

Contents

Biography

Hofmann was the son of a highly educated civil servant, and at the age of seven became a chorister in the chapel of the Empress Elisabeth Christine, where his choral director and teacher was very likely František Tůma.

Choir Ensemble of singers

A choir is a musical ensemble of singers. Choral music, in turn, is the music written specifically for such an ensemble to perform. Choirs may perform music from the classical music repertoire, which spans from the medieval era to the present, or popular music repertoire. Most choirs are led by a conductor, who leads the performances with arm and face gestures.

Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel Holy Roman Empress consort

Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel was Princess of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, Holy Roman Empress, German Queen, Queen of Bohemia and Hungary; and Archduchess of Austria by her marriage to Emperor Charles VI. She was renowned for her delicate beauty and also for being the mother of Empress Maria Theresa. She was the longest serving Holy Roman Empress.

František Tůma Czech composer

František Ignác Antonín Tůma was an important Czech composer of the Baroque era. Born in Kostelec nad Orlici, Bohemia, he lived the greater part of his life in Vienna, first as director of music for Count Franz Ferdinand Kinsky, later filling a similar office for the widow of Emperor Karl VI. He was an important late-baroque composer, organist, gambist and theorbist.

He was also a student later on of Georg Christoph Wagenseil and Giuseppe Trani (violin). His studies included at various points violin, harpsichord and composition.

Georg Christoph Wagenseil was an Austrian composer.

In 1758 Hofmann secured what may have been his first appointment, as "musicus" at St. Michael's. He is known to have become choral director at St. Peter's Church in 1764 and, in 1766, kapellmeister. In 1769 he became a teacher to the royal family.

Kapellmeister is a German word designating a person in charge of music-making. The word is a compound, consisting of the roots Kapelle and Meister ("master"). The word was originally used to refer to somebody in charge of music in a chapel. However, the term has evolved considerably in its meaning in response to changes in the musical profession.

The position of Kapellmeister at the Cathedral of St. Stephan, a post he acquired in 1772, was among his next responsibilities. At this time he declined the directorship of the Imperial Chapel, but did apply there two years later in 1774, failing in his application. (Giuseppe Bonno became director of the Imperial Chapel instead, which had become open upon the death of Florian Leopold Gassmann.)

Giuseppe Bonno Austrian composer

Giuseppe Bonno was an Austrian composer of Italian origin.

Florian Leopold Gassmann austrian composer

Florian Leopold Gassmann was a German-speaking Bohemian opera composer of the transitional period between the baroque and classical eras. He was one of the principal composers of dramma giocoso immediately before Mozart.

On 9 May 1791, at his own request, Mozart was appointed assistant-Kapellmeister to Hofmann, an unpaid position. At the time Hofmann was ill and Mozart anticipated becoming Kapellmeister upon Hofmann's death. However, Hofmann survived Mozart and kept his post as Cathedral Kapellmeister until he died. [1]

Selected worklist

Symphonies

The following list was drawn up by George Cook Kimball in his Ph.D. thesis. [2]

Kimball A 1 \ Symphony in A major
Kimball A 2 \ Symphony in A major
Kimball A 3 \ Symphony in A major
Kimball A 4 \ Symphony in A major
Kimball A 5 \ Symphony in A major
Kimball A 6 \ Symphony in A major
Kimball A 7 \ Symphony in A major (lost)
Kimball A 8 \ Symphony in A major
Kimball A 9 \ Symphony in A major (lost)
Kimball B 1 \ Symphony in B flat major
Kimball B 2 \ Symphony in B flat major
Kimball B 3 \ Symphony in B flat major
Kimball B 4 \ Sinfonia pastorella in B flat major
Kimball B 5 \ Symphony in B flat major
Kimball B 6 \ Symphony in B flat major
Kimball B 7 \ Symphony in B flat major (lost)
Kimball B 8 \ Symphony in B flat major (lost)
Kimball C 1 \ Symphony in C major
Kimball C 2 \ Symphony in C major
Kimball C 3 \ Symphony in C major (lost)
Kimball C 4 \ Symphony in C major
Kimball C 5 \ Symphony in C major
Kimball C 6 \ Symphony in C major
Kimball C 7 \ Symphony in C major
Kimball C 8 \ Symphony in C major (lost)
Kimball C 9 \ Symphony in C major (lost)
Kimball C10 \ Symphony in C major
Kimball C11 \ Symphony in C major
Kimball C12 \ Sinfonia pastorella in C major
Kimball C13 \ Symphony in C major
Kimball C14 \ Symphony in C major
Kimball C15 \ Symphony in C major
Kimball C16 \ Symphony in C major (lost)
Kimball C17 \ Symphony in C major (lost)

 

Kimball D 1 \ Sinfonia pastorella in D major
Kimball d 1 \ Symphony in D minor (lost)
Kimball D 2 \ Symphony in D major
Kimball D 3 \ Symphony in D major
Kimball D 4 \ Symphony in D major
Kimball D 5 \ Symphony in D major
Kimball D 6 \ Symphony in D major
Kimball D 7 \ Symphony in D major
Kimball D 8 \ Symphony in D major
Kimball D 9 \ Symphony in D major
Kimball D10 \ Symphony in D major
Kimball Es 1 \ Symphony in E flat major
Kimball Es 2 \ Symphony in E flat major
Kimball Es 3 \ Symphony in E flat major
Kimball Es 4 \ Symphony in E flat major
Kimball Es 5 \ Symphony in E flat major
Kimball Es 6 \ Symphony in E flat major
Kimball Es 7 \ Symphony in E flat major (lost)
Kimball Es 8 \ Symphony in E flat major
Kimball F 1 \ Symphony in F major (lost)
Kimball F 2 \ Symphony in F major (lost)
Kimball F 3 \ Symphony in F major
Kimball F 4 \ Symphony in F major
Kimball F 5 \ Symphony in F major
Kimball F 5 \ Symphony in F major
Kimball F 7 \ Symphony in F major
Kimball F 8 \ Symphony in F major
Kimball G 1 \ Symphony in G major (lost)
Kimball G 2 \ Symphony in G major
Kimball G 3 \ Symphony in G major
Kimball G 4 \ Sinfonia pastorella in G major
Kimball G 5 \ Symphony in G major

Concertos

The following list was drawn up by Allan Badley in his Ph.D. thesis. [3]

Badley I:A 1 \ Harpsichord Concerto in A major
Badley I:B 1 \ Harpsichord Concerto in B flat major
Badley I:C 1 \ Harpsichord Concerto in C major
Badley I:C 2 \ Harpsichord Concerto in C major
Badley I:C 3 \ Harpsichord Concerto in C major
Badley I:C 4 \ Harpsichord Concerto in C major
Badley I:C 5 \ Harpsichord Concerto in C major
Badley I:C 6 \ Harpsichord Concerto in C major
Badley I:C 7 \ Harpsichord Concerto in C major
Badley I:C 8 \ Harpsichord Concerto in C major
Badley I:C 9 \ Harpsichord Concerto in C major
Badley I:C10 \ Harpsichord Concerto in C major
Badley I:C11 \ Harpsichord Concerto in C major
Badley I:C12 \ Harpsichord Concerto in C major
Badley I:C13 \ Harpsichord Concerto in C major
Badley I:C14 \ Harpsichord Concerto in C major
Badley I:C15 \ Harpsichord Concerto in C major (lost)
Badley I:C16 \ Harpsichord Concerto in C major (lost)
Badley I:D 1 \ Harpsichord Concerto in D major
Badley I:D 2 \ Harpsichord Concerto in D major
Badley I:F 1 \ Harpsichord Concerto in F major
Badley I:F 2 \ Harpsichord Concerto in F major
Badley I:F 3 \ Harpsichord Concerto in F major
Badley I:F 4 \ Harpsichord Concerto in F major
Badley I:F 5 \ Harpsichord Concerto in F major
Badley I:F 6 \ Harpsichord Concerto in F major

Badley II:A1 \ Flute Concerto in A major
Badley II:A2 \ Flute Concerto in A major
Badley II:D1 \ Flute Concerto in D major (attributed to Joseph Haydn Hob. VIIf:1) [4]
Badley II:D2 \ Flute Concerto in D major
Badley II:D3 \ Flute Concerto in D major
Badley II:D4 \ Flute Concerto in D major
Badley II:D5 \ Flute Concerto in D major
Badley II:D6 \ Flute Concerto in D major
Badley II:e1 \ Flute Concerto in E minor
Badley II:G1 \ Flute Concerto in G major
Badley II:G2 \ Flute Concerto in G major
Badley II:G3 \ Flute Concerto in G major
Badley II:G4 \ Flute Concerto in G major

Badley III:C1 \ Oboe Concerto in C major
Badley III:C2 \ Oboe Concerto in C major
Badley III:C3 \ Oboe Concerto in C major
Badley III:d1 \ Oboe Concerto in D minor
Badley III:F1 \ Oboe Concerto in F major
Badley III:G1 \ Oboe Concerto in G major

 

Badley IV:C1 \ Bassoon Concerto in C major

Badley V:C1 \ Cello Concerto in C major
Badley V:C2 \ Cello Concerto in C major
Badley V:C3 \ Cello Concerto in C major
Badley V:C4 \ Cello Concerto in C major (lost)
Badley V:D1 \ Cello Concerto in D major
Badley V:D2 \ Cello Concerto in D major
Badley V:D3 \ Cello Concerto in D major
Badley V:D4 \ Cello Concerto in D major (lost)

Badley VI:A1 \ Violin Concerto in A major
Badley VI:A2 \ Violin Concerto in A major
Badley VI:B1 \ Violin Concerto in B flat major
Badley VI:B2 \ Violin Concerto in B flat major
Badley VI:B3 \ Violin Concerto in B flat major (lost)
Badley VI:C1 \ Violin Concerto in C major
Badley VI:C2 \ Violin Concerto in C major (lost)
Badley VI:D1 \ Violin Concerto in D major
Badley VI:G1 \ Violin Concerto in G major (lost)
Badley VII:C1 \ Concerto for oboe & harpsichord in C major
Badley VII:C2 \ Concerto for 2 harpsichords in C major
Badley VII:F1 \ Concerto for oboe & harpsichord in F major
Badley VII:G1 \ Concerto for violin & cello in G major
Badley VII:G2 \ Concerto for flute & harpsichord in G major

Badley VIII:A1 \ Concertino for violin, viola & cello in A major
Badley VIII:A2 \ Concertino for harpsichord, flute, violin & cello in A major
Badley VIII:B1 \ Concertino for 2 violins, viola & cello in B flat major
Badley VIII:C1 \ Concertino for cello & 2 oboes in C major
Badley VIII:C2 \ Concertino for violin, viola & cello in C major
Badley VIII:C3 \ Concertino for harpsichord in C major
Badley VIII:C4 \ Concertino for 2 oboes in C major
Badley VIII:C5 \ Concertino for viola & cello in C major (lost)
Badley VIII:C6 \ Divertimento for harpsichord in C major
Badley VIII:D1 \ Concertino for 2 violins, viola & cello in D major
Badley VIII:D2 \ Cassatio in D major
Badley VIII:D3 \ Concertino for 2 flutes in D major
Badley VIII:D4 \ Concertino for viola & cello in D major (lost)
Badley VIII:D5 \ Concertino for violin & cello in D major (lost)
Badley VIII:E1 \ Concertino for violin & cello in E major
Badley VIII:Es1 \ Concertino for violin, viola & cello in E flat major
Badley VIII:Es2 \ Concertino for 2 violas & cello in E flat major
Badley VIII:F1 \ Concertino for 2 violins, viola & cello in F major
Badley VIII:F2 \ Concertino for harpsichord in F major
Badley VIII:F3 \ Concertino for violin, viola & cello in F major
Badley VIII:G1 \ Concertino for harpsichord in G major
Badley VIII:G2 \ Concertino for 2 violins, viola & cello in G major

Other works

(Recent recordings of his music include recordings of many of the concertos, some of the symphonies including five on Naxos Records, etc., including a CD from 2000 of Artaria discoveries and others of cello flute, violin and oboe concertos.)

His compositions have been catalogued by Allan Badley.

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References

  1. H.C. Robbins Landon. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Volledig overzicht van zijn leven en werk Tirion Uitgevers BV Baarn, 2005.
  2. Kimball, George Cook. The Symphonies of Leopold Hofmann (1738–1793) Thesis (Ph.D.) Columbia University, 1985.
  3. Badley, Allan. The concertos of Leopold Hofmann (1738–1793) Thesis. (University of Auckland.)
  4. "About the Concerto Badley II:D1". Artaria Editions. Retrieved 19 September 2017.

Further reading