Les 4 Guitaristes de l'Apocalypso-Bar

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Les 4 Guitaristes de l'Apocalypso-Bar
Les 4 Guitaristes de l'Apocalypso-Bar.jpg
Left to right: Jean-Pierre Bouchard, Roger Boudreault, André Duchesne, René Lussier
Background information
Origin Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Genres Experimental music
Years active1986–1989
Labels Ambiances Magnétiques
Past members André Duchesne
René Lussier
Jean-Pierre Bouchard
Roger Boudreault
Chris Cutler
Ferdinand Richard
Claude Fradette
Rémi Leclerc

Les 4 Guitaristes de l'Apocalypso-Bar, also known as Les Quatre Guitaristes de l'Apocalypso-Bar (English: The 4 Guitarists of the Apocalypso-Bar) was an electric guitar quartet founded by André Duchesne in Montreal, Quebec, Canada in 1986. It was one of the first electric guitar quartets and was billed as a band from post-apocalypse Canada "inspired by the ghost of Jimi Hendrix". [1]

André Duchesne is a Canadian experimental music guitarist and composer. He was a co-founder of Ambiances Magnétiques, a Canadian musical collective and record label, and formed several experimental music bands, including Conventum, Les 4 Guitaristes de l'Apocalypso-Bar and Locomotive. Duchesne has also released five solo albums.

Montreal City in Quebec, Canada

Montreal is the most populous municipality in the Canadian province of Quebec and the second-most populous municipality in Canada. Originally called Ville-Marie, or "City of Mary", it is named after Mount Royal, the triple-peaked hill in the heart of the city. The city is centred on the Island of Montreal, which took its name from the same source as the city, and a few much smaller peripheral islands, the largest of which is Île Bizard. It has a distinct four-season continental climate with warm to hot summers and cold, snowy winters.

Apocalyptic and post-apocalyptic fiction sub-genre of science fiction taking place after the end of human civilization

Apocalyptic and post-apocalyptic fiction is a subgenre of science fiction, science fantasy, dystopian or horror in which the Earth's technological civilization is collapsing or has collapsed. The apocalypse event may be climatic, such as runaway climate change; natural, such as an impact event; man-made, such as nuclear holocaust or resource depletion; medical, such as a pandemic, whether natural or man-made; eschatological, such as the Last Judgment, Second Coming or Ragnarök; or imaginative, such as a zombie apocalypse, cybernetic revolt, technological singularity, dysgenics or alien invasion.

Contents

Les 4 Guitaristes de l'Apocalypso-Bar performed for four years in Canada, the United States and Europe. They released two albums, in 1987 and 1989.

Biography

In the mid-1980s, experimental rock guitarist and composer André Duchesne from Montreal, Quebec, Canada began writing contrapuntal compositions for a guitar quartet. To perform them he recruited René Lussier and Jean-Pierre Bouchard from Conventum, Duchesne's late-1970s avant-garde folk-rock group, and Roger Boudreault, a jazz guitarist. [1] The quartet premiered at the 4th Festival International de Musique Actuelle de Victoriaville at Victoriaville, Quebec in October 1986 [2] with ex-Henry Cow drummer Chris Cutler. Duchesne wanted drums to complete the group's sound and asked Cutler, who was already playing at the festival with Cassiber, to perform with the quartet. [1] Also present at the festival was ex-Henry Cow guitarist and composer Fred Frith, who was playing in a duo with Lussier. Frith was impressed with Duchesne's guitar quartet and later wrote an extended composition, "The As Usual Dance Towards the Other Flight to What Is Not" for them to play. [3] In 1989 Frith formed his own guitar quartet, the Fred Frith Guitar Quartet. [1]

Experimental rock is a subgenre of rock music which pushes the boundaries of common composition and performance technique or which experiments with the basic elements of the genre. Artists aim to liberate and innovate, with some of the genre's distinguishing characteristics being improvisational performances, avant-garde influences, odd instrumentation, opaque lyrics, unorthodox structures and rhythms, and an underlying rejection of commercial aspirations.

Counterpoint relationship between voices that are harmonically interdependent (exhibiting polyphony) yet independent in rhythm and contour

In music, counterpoint is the relationship between voices that are harmonically interdependent (polyphony) yet independent in rhythm and contour. It has been most commonly identified in the European classical tradition, strongly developing during the Renaissance and in much of the common practice period, especially in the Baroque. The term originates from the Latin punctus contra punctum meaning "point against point".

René Lussier is a jazz guitarist based in Quebec, Canada. He is a composer, guitarist, bass guitarist, percussionist, bass clarinetist, and singer. Lussier has collaborated with Fred Frith, Chris Cutler, Jean Derome, and Robert M. Lepage. He combines elements from several genres and is often referred to within the discourse of contemporary classical music or Musiques Actuelles in French.

Les 4 Guitaristes de l'Apocalypso-Bar was a concept band with an history constructed by Duchesne. From the future, and "inspired by the ghost of Jimi Hendrix", [1] they were the resident band at the Apocalypso-Bar in a wrecked jetliner in post-apocalypse Canada. [1] [4] Being a bar band they wore white suits and tiger ties, and played sitting down, with the soloists standing. The "band from the future" concept extended to the titles of their albums. In 1987, they released a studio album they called Tournée Mondiale/Été '89 (World Tour/Summer '89), [5] followed in 1989 by Fin de Siècle (End of Century). [6] In 1995 a compilation album entitled World Tour 1998 was released by Cutler's Recommended Records featuring most of the tracks from their first two albums. [7]

Jimi Hendrix American guitarist, singer and songwriter

James Marshall "Jimi" Hendrix was an American rock guitarist, singer, and songwriter. His mainstream career lasted only four years, but he is widely regarded as one of the most influential guitarists in history and one of the most celebrated musicians of the 20th century. The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame describes him as "the greatest instrumentalist in the history of rock music".

Jet airliner passenger aeroplane that is powered by jet engines

A jet airliner is an airliner powered by jet engines. Airliners usually have two or four jet engines; three-engined designs were popular in the 1970s but are less common today. Airliners are commonly classified as either the generally long-haul wide-body aircraft or narrow-body aircraft.

Recommended Records British independent record label

Recommended Records (RēR) is a British independent record label and distribution network founded by Chris Cutler in March 1978. RēR features largely "Rock in Opposition" and related music, but it also distributes selected music released on other independent labels.

François Couture at AllMusic described their music as "a cross between [guitarists] Robert Fripp's circular motifs and Fred Frith's angular playing." [1] They toured Canada, the United States and Europe, maintaining their "bar band" image throughout. In early 1989, jazz guitarist Claude Fradette replaced Boudreault, bassist Ferdinand Richard from Etron Fou Leloublan joined, and Rémi Leclerc from Miriodor played drums when Cutler was engaged elsewhere. By the end of 1989, having exhausted the band's concept, they decided to split up.

AllMusic Online music database

AllMusic is an online music database. It catalogs more than 3 million album entries and 30 million tracks, as well as information on musical artists and bands. It launched in 1991, predating the World Wide Web.

Robert Fripp English guitarist, composer and record producer

Robert Fripp is an English guitarist, composer and record producer.Best known as guitarist for the progressive rock band King Crimson, Fripp has been the only member to play with the band since its inception in the late 1960s. He has also worked extensively as a studio musician and collaborator, notably with David Bowie, Brian Eno, and David Sylvian. He has also contributed sounds to the Windows Vista operating system. His complete discography lists more than seven hundred releases over five decades.

Hervé Richard, better known as Ferdinand Richard, is a French avant-rock bass guitarist and composer.

Members

Chris Cutler English percussionist, composer, lyricist and music theorist

Chris Cutler is an English percussionist, composer, lyricist and music theorist. Best known for his work with English avant-rock group Henry Cow, Cutler was also a member and drummer of other bands, including Art Bears, News from Babel, Pere Ubu and (briefly) Gong/Mothergong. He has collaborated with many musicians and groups, including Fred Frith, Lindsay Cooper, Zeena Parkins, Peter Blegvad, Telectu and The Residents, and has appeared on over 100 recordings. Cutler's career spans over four decades and he still performs actively throughout the world.

Discography

Source: AllMusic [8]

Ambiances Magnétiques is a Canadian record company and label started by Jean Derome, René Lussier, and others.

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Art Bears were an English avant-rock group formed during the disassembly of Henry Cow in 1978 by three of its members, Chris Cutler, Fred Frith and Dagmar Krause. The group released three studio albums between 1978 and 1981, and toured Europe in 1979.

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The Festival International de Musique Actuelle de Victoriaville is an annual international music festival held in Victoriaville, Quebec that showcases contemporary music.

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Couture, François. "Les 4 Guitaristes de l'Apocalypso-Bar". AllMusic . Retrieved 2011-01-19.
  2. "4th Festival international de musique actuelle de Victoriaville". International Festival Musique Actuelle Victoriaville. Retrieved 2012-03-09.
  3. Rockwell, John (1989-02-12). "Review/Rock; Avant-Garde Guitarist And Friends". The New York Times . Retrieved 2011-01-18.
  4. Cutler, Chris. "Les 4 Guitaristes de l'Apocalypso-Bar". Chris Cutler homepage. Retrieved 2011-01-19.
  5. Couture, François. "Tournée Mondiale/Été '89". AllMusic . Retrieved 2011-01-19.
  6. Couture, François. "Fin de Siècle". AllMusic . Retrieved 2011-01-19.
  7. Anderson, Rick. "World Tour 1998". AllMusic . Retrieved 2011-01-19.
  8. "Les 4 Guitaristes de l'Apocalypso-Bar discography". AllMusic . Retrieved 2011-01-18.