Lev Isaakovich Milchin
August 18, 1920
|Died||June 28, 1987 66) (aged|
Lev Isaakovich Milchin (Russian : Лев Исаакович Мильчин, 1920—1987) was a Soviet animation director, art director, artist and book illustrator. He was also a pedagogue at VGIK. He was named an Honoured Artist of the RSFSR in 1978.
Russian is an East Slavic language, which is official in the Russian Federation, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, as well as being widely used throughout Eastern Europe, the Baltic states, the Caucasus and Central Asia. It was the de facto language of the Soviet Union until its dissolution on 25 December 1991. Although nearly three decades have passed since the breakup of the Soviet Union, Russian is used in official capacity or in public life in all the post-Soviet nation-states, as well as in Israel and Mongolia.
An animation director is the director in charge of all aspects of the animation process during the production of an animated film or an animated segment for a live action film or television.
The Gerasimov Institute of Cinematography, a.k.a. VGIK, is a film school in Moscow, Russia.
Lev Milchin was born into the family of the Soviet artist of Jewish origin Isaak Iosifovich Milchin.He graduated from the Minsk art school, then finished a newly opened art faculty at VGIK led by Ivan Ivanov-Vano.
Ivan Petrovich Ivanov-Vano, born Ivanov, was a Soviet animation director, animator, screenwriter, educator, professor at VGIK. One of the pioneers of the Soviet animation school, he is sometimes called the "Patriarch of Soviet animation". He was a People's Artist of the USSR (1985).
During the Great Patriotic War he joined Narodnoe Opolcheniye, then worked at CIFS (Almaty) in evacuation as an artist on several movies. After the war he joined Soyuzmultfilm where he contributed to stop-motion and traditionally animated movies both as an art director and a director. Among his collaborators were Ivan Ivanov-Vano, Alexandra Snezhko-Blotskaya, Mikhail Tsekhanovsky, the Brumberg sisters and others.
The People's Militia was the name given to irregular troops formed from the population in Russia and later the Soviet Union. They fought behind front lines and alongside the regular army during several wars throughout its history.
Kazakhfilm is a Kazakh film studio, located in Almaty, Kazakhstan.
Almaty, formerly known as Alma-Ata and Verniy, is the largest city in Kazakhstan, with a population of 2,039,376 people, about 11% of the country's total population and more than 2,7 million in its built-up area that encompasses Talgar, Boraldai, Otegen Batyr and many other suburbs. It served as capital of the Kazakh state in its various forms from 1929 to 1997, under the influence of the then Soviet Union and its appointees. In 1997, the government relocated the capital to Astana in the north of the country and about 12 hours away by train.
Milchin also worked at Mosfilm as an art director. His filmography includes Sampo (1959) by Aleksandr Ptushko, Michman Panin (1960) by Mikhail Shveitser, My Younger Brother (1962) by Aleksandr Zarkhi, Maria, Mirabela (1981) by Ion Popescu-Gopo and other titles.He also taught art at VGIK, illustrated books and served as a member of ASIFA.
Mosfilm is a film studio which is among the largest and oldest in the Russian Federation and in Europe. Its output includes most of the more widely acclaimed Soviet-era films, ranging from works by Andrei Tarkovsky and Sergei Eisenstein, to Red Westerns to the Akira Kurosawa co-production Dersu Uzala and the epic War and Peace.
Sampo is a 1959 Soviet–Finnish film based loosely on the events depicted in the Finnish national epic Kalevala. The film was released in the US in an edited version as The Day the Earth Froze by American International Pictures as a double feature with Conquered City. This version was later featured on Mystery Science Theater 3000.
Aleksandr Lukich Ptushko was a Soviet animation and fantasy film director, and Meritorious Artist of the RSFSR. Ptushko is frequently referred to as "the Soviet Walt Disney," due to his prominent early role in animation in the Soviet Union, though a more accurate comparison would be to Willis O'Brien or Ray Harryhausen. Some critics, such as Tim Lucas and Alan Upchurch, have also compared Ptushko to Italian filmmaker Mario Bava, who made fantasy and horror films with similarities to Ptushko's work and made similarly innovative use of color cinematography and special effects. He began his film career as a director and animator of stop-motion short films, and became a director of feature-length films combining live-action, stop-motion, creative special effects, and Russian mythology. Along the way he would be responsible for a number of firsts in Russian film history, and would make several extremely popular and internationally praised films full of visual flair and spectacle.
Milchin died on June 28, 1987, a few months after his friend and teacher Ivan Ivanov-Vano. He was buried in Moscow at the Mitinskoe Cemetery (site 126).He was survived by his wife Tamara Vladimirovna Poletika (1922—2011), an animator.
Mitinskoe Cemetery is a cemetery located in Moscow's North-Western administrative district. It was established on September 15, 1978. A Russian Orthodox church, which was built in 1998, is located on its grounds and has been visited several times by Patriarch Alexius II. The cemetery has a total area of 1,080,000 m2 (11,600,000 sq ft) and is the final resting place of 28 firefighters who died while putting out the flames of the Chernobyl disaster, as well as eminent Soviet and Russian cultural, scientific, and military figures. Each year at 10 a.m. on September 3, crowds gather at the cemetery and light thousands of candles in memory of the victims of the Beslan school hostage crisis.
The Enchanted Boy is a 1955 Soviet/Russian/United States traditionally animated feature film directed by Vladimir Polkovnikov and Aleksandra Snezhko-Blotskaya. The film is an adaptation of The Wonderful Adventures of Nils by Selma Lagerlöf. It was produced at the Soyuzmultfilm studio in Moscow.
The Steadfast Tin Soldier is a 1976 Soviet animated film, adaptation of the fairy tale by Hans Christian Andersen. Created by Soyuzmultfilm Studio.
Maria, Mirabela is a live-action/animated film jointly produced by Romanian and Soviet movie studios. The Romanian premiere took place on December 21, 1981 in Bucharest, The Soviet premiere took place on March 3, 1982 in Moscow.
The Tale of Tsar Saltan, of His Son the Renowned and Mighty Bogatyr Prince Gvidon Saltanovich, and of the Beautiful Princess-Swan is an 1831 fairy tale in verse by Alexander Pushkin. As a folk tale it is classified as Aarne–Thompson type 707 for its dancing water, singing apple and speaking bird.
PAR Yuri Norstein, is a Soviet and Russian animator best known for his animated shorts, Hedgehog in the Fog and Tale of Tales. Since 1981 he has been working on a feature film called The Overcoat, based on the short story by Nikolai Gogol of the same name. According to the Washington Post, "He is considered by many to be not just the best animator of his era, but the best of all time".
The history of Russian animation is the film art produced by Russian animation makers. As most of Russia's production of animation for cinema and television were created during Soviet times, it may also be referred to some extent as the history of Soviet animation. It remains a nearly unexplored field in film theory and history outside Russia.
Ivan Yakovlevich Bilibin was a Russian illustrator and stage designer who took part in the Mir iskusstva, contributed to the Ballets Russes, co-founded the Union of Russian Painters and from 1937 was a member of the Artists' Union of the USSR. Throughout his career, he was inspired by Slavic folklore.
Yevgeny Tikhonovich Migunov was a Russian artist, cartoonist, book illustrator, animation and art director, screenwriter, inventor, educator and memoirist. He is regarded as one of the leading innovators during the Khrushchev Thaw who contributed significally to both traditional and stop motion animation.
Pyotr Pavlovich Yershov was a Russian poet and author of the famous fairy-tale poem The Little Humpbacked Horse (Konyok-Gorbunok).
The Humpbacked Horse, is a 1947 Soviet/Russian traditionally animated feature film directed by Ivan Ivanov-Vano and produced by the Soyuzmultfilm studio in Moscow. The film is based on the poem by Pyotr Pavlovich Yershov, and because of this everyone in the film speaks in rhymes. A remake was made in 1975 by the same director and studio, and its dubbed version released in the U.S. in 1977 as The Magic Pony.
Left-Hander is a 1964 feature-length cutout-animated film from the Soviet Union. The film is based on the story of the same name by the 19th century Russian novelist Nikolai Leskov. It was directed by the "Patriarch of Soviet animation", Ivan Ivanov-Vano, at the Soyuzmultfilm studio.
The Tale of Tsar Saltan is a 1984 Soviet traditionally animated feature film directed by Lev Milchin and Ivan Ivanov-Vano and produced at the Soyuzmultfilm studio. It is an adaptation of the poem of the same name by Aleksandr Pushkin. There are few words in the film besides those of the poem itself, which is read from beginning to end by the narrator and the voice actors. Some portions of the poem are skipped.
Alexander Arturovich Rou was a Soviet film director, and People's Artist of the RSFSR (1968). He directed a number of children's fantasy films, based mostly on Russian folklore, that were highly popular and often imitated in the Soviet Union.
Lev Atamanov, born Levon Konstantinovich Atamanyan, was a classic Soviet animated films director of Armenian descent.
Roman Abelevich Kachanov was a Soviet animator who worked primarily in the stop-motion animation technique. He directed the popular series of films about Cheburashka: Gena the Crocodile, Cheburashka, Shapoklyak and Cheburashka Goes to School.
1984 in animation events.
Events in 1987 in animation.
Yuriy Victorovich Meshcheryakov was a Soviet, Russian and Ukrainian animator, one of a number of outstanding Soviet animators, who worked at the end of the "golden era" of Soviet animation.
Alexandra Gavrilovna Snezhko-Blotskaya was a Soviet animated film director. She was a longtime collaborator with Ivan Ivanov-Vano.
Yuri Alexandrovich Merkulov was a Soviet artist, animation and film director, conservator-restorer, inventor, film theorist and actor. He is known as one of the founders of the Soviet school of traditional and stop motion animation.
Valentina Semyonovna Brumberg and Zinaida Semyonovna Brumberg, commonly known as the Brumberg sisters, were among the pioneers of the Soviet animation industry. In half a century they created around 50 films as animation directors, animators and screenwriters, always working together. They were named Meritorious Artists of the RSFSR in 1968.
Boris Petrovich Dyozhkin was among the oldest, most prolific and influential Soviet animators, animation and art directors, as well as a caricaturist, book illustrator and educator at Soyuzmultfilm. A member of ASIFA. He was named Honoured Artist of the RSFSR in 1969.