Lewis Weston Dillwyn

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Lewis Weston Dillwyn, 1837 portrait by George Hayter Lewis Weston Dillwyn Hayter.jpg
Lewis Weston Dillwyn, 1837 portrait by George Hayter

Lewis Weston Dillwyn, FRS [1] (21 August 1778 – 31 August 1855) was a British porcelain manufacturer, naturalist and Whig Member of Parliament (MP).

Contents

Biography

He was born in Walthamstow, Essex, the eldest son of William Dillwyn (1743–1824) and Sarah Dillwyn (née Weston). His father, a Pennsylvanian Quaker had returned to Britain in 1777 during Philadelphia's worst period in the American War of Independence and settled at Higham Lodge, Walthamstow, Essex, UK. William Dillwyn was a vociferous anti-slavery campaigner and toured England and South Wales in his work for the Anti-Slavery Committee. William Dillwyn was related to George Haynes through the Emlen and Physick families in Philadelphia and it is likely that the opportunity to buy the Cambrian Pottery in Swansea, Wales, from Haynes came about through these family connections in America.

William's letters to his daughter Suzanna are held by the Library Company of Philadelphia and stored at the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. These letters show that the factory was bought by William to keep Lewis active while the latter was suffering from gout. The highlight of this period of production of Swansea Pottery was the opening by Lewis Weston Dillwyn and George Haynes of the Cambrian Company, the Swansea Potteries London Warehouse on Fleet Street which operated between 1806 and 1807. [2] In 1814 the pottery took over the workforce of the Nantgarw Pottery and began to make porcelain.

Lewis Weston Dillwyn however was also renowned for his published works on botany and conchology, including his 1809 work The British Confervae , an illustrated study of British freshwater algae. Dillwyn is credited with discovering several species of the Conferva genus. Among the botanical illustrators of The British Confervae are the artists William Jackson Hooker, Ellen Hutchins and William Weston Young. He was elected in 1804 as a Fellow of the Royal Society.

In 1817 he temporarily retired from the pottery. In 1818 he became High Sheriff of Glamorgan and was elected to the First Reformed Parliament in 1834 as MP for Glamorganshire. He bought Sketty Hall near Swansea and was elected Mayor of Swansea in 1839. [3] Dillwyn was also one of the founders of the Royal Institution of South Wales and its first President, and in 1840 he published a short history of Swansea.

1833 lithograph portrait by Eden Upton Eddis Lewis Weston Dillwyn. Lithograph by E. U. Eddis (cropped).jpg
1833 lithograph portrait by Eden Upton Eddis

He married Mary Adams, the daughter of Colonel John Llewelyn of Penllergaer, Llangyfelach in 1807. They had six children, including the noted photographer John Dillwyn Llewelyn (1810–1882), MP for Swansea Lewis Llewelyn Dillwyn (1814-1892) and pioneering female photographer Mary Dillwyn (1816-1906). His granddaughters by his son Lewis were the novelist and industrialist Amy Dillwyn, and lepidopterist Mary De la Beche Nicholl. His granddaughter by John was the Welsh astronomer and pioneer in scientific photography Thereza Dillwyn Llewelyn. [4]

He died in Sketty Hall, Swansea, in 1855.

The standard author abbreviation Dillwyn is used to indicate this person as the author when citing a botanical name. [5]

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Taxa

Taxa named by Dillwyn include:

See also

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References

  1. "DServe Archive Catalog Show". collections.royalsociety.org. Retrieved 23 April 2019.
  2. See The Cambrian Company, Swansea Pottery In London 1806-1808, Jonathan Gray 2012
  3. http://thepeerage.com/p37112.htm
  4. Bohata, Kirsti. "Dictionary of Welsh Biography".
  5. IPNI.  Dillwyn.

Further reading

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Sir Christopher Cole
Member of Parliament for Glamorganshire
1832–1837
Succeeded by
Edwin Wyndham-Quin