Liberal-Conservative Party

Last updated
Liberal-Conservative Party
Founded1867
Dissolved1873
Preceded by Parti bleu
Merged into Conservative Party of Canada (historical)
Ideology Conservatism
Political position Centre-right to right-wing

The Liberal-Conservative Party (French : le Parti libéral-conservateur) was the formal name of the Conservative Party of Canada until 1873, and again from 1922 to 1938, although some Conservative candidates continued to run under the label as late as the 1911 election and others ran as simple Conservatives before 1873. In many of Canada's early elections, there were both "Liberal-Conservative" and "Conservative" candidates; however, these were simply different labels used by candidates of the same party. Both were part of Sir John A. Macdonald's government and official Conservative and Liberal-Conservative candidates would not, generally,[ clarification needed ] run against each other. It was also common for a candidate to run on one label in one election and the other in a subsequent election. [1]

Contents

History

The roots of the name are in the coalition of 1853 in which moderate Reformers and Conservatives from Canada West joined with bleus from Canada East under the dual premiership of Sir Allan MacNab and A.-N. Morin. The new ministry committed to secularizing Clergy reserves in Canada West and abolishing seigneurial tenure in Canada East. [2] Over time, the Liberal-Conservatives evolved into the Conservative party and their opponents, the Clear Grits and the Parti rouge evolved into the Liberal Party of Canada. [3] On October 12, 1916, the last Liberal-Conservative cabinet minister, Sam Hughes, was dismissed, making the executive all officially Conservative Party members.

Prominent Liberal-Conservative Members of Parliament and Senators in Canadian history include:

The party resumed formally referring to itself as Liberal-Conservative from 1922 [4] until 1938 when it officially became the National Conservative Party, [5] however, it was commonly referred to as the Conservative Party throughout this period.

Liberal Conservative coalition

In the 1957 election, George Rolland, a watchmaker, sought election as a Liberal Conservative Coalition candidate in the Toronto riding of Eglinton. He placed last, winning only 252 votes, or 0.7% of the total. Both the Liberal and Conservative parties nominated candidates in the riding, so Rolland did not have the endorsement of either party.

Source: Parliament of Canada History of the Federal Electoral Ridings since 1867

See also

Related Research Articles

John A. Macdonald 1st prime minister of Canada (1867–1873; 1878–1891)

Sir John Alexander Macdonald was the first prime minister of Canada, serving from 1867 to 1873 and from 1878 to 1891. The dominant figure of Canadian Confederation, he had a political career that spanned almost half a century.

Province of Canada 1841–1867 UK possession in North America

The Province of Canada was a British colony in North America from 1841 to 1867. Its formation reflected recommendations made by John Lambton, 1st Earl of Durham, in the Report on the Affairs of British North America following the Rebellions of 1837–1838.

Adams George Archibald Canadian politician (1814–1892)

Sir Adams George Archibald was a Canadian lawyer and politician, and a Father of Confederation. He was based in Nova Scotia for most of his career, though he also served as first Lieutenant Governor of Manitoba from 1870 to 1872.

Timeline of Quebec history (1867–1899)

This section of the Timeline of Quebec history concerns the events relating to the province of Quebec, Canada between the enactment of the British North America Act of 1867 and the end of the 19th century.

Conservative Party of Canada (1867–1942) Political party in Canada

The Conservative Party of Canada has gone by a variety of names over the years since Canadian Confederation. Initially known as the "Liberal-Conservative Party", it dropped "Liberal" from its name in 1873, although many of its candidates continued to use this name.

1867 Canadian federal election 1st Canadian federal election

The 1867 Canadian federal election was held from August 7 to September 20, 1867, and was the first election for the new nation of Canada. It was held to elect members representing electoral districts in the provinces of Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Ontario and Quebec to the House of Commons of the 1st Canadian Parliament. The provinces of Manitoba (1870) and British Columbia (1871) were created during the term of the 1st Parliament of Canada and were not part of this election.

1867 Quebec general election

The 1867 Quebec general election was held in August and September 1867 to elect members of the First Legislature for the Province of Quebec, Canada. The Quebec Conservative Party, led by Premier Pierre-Joseph-Olivier Chauveau, defeated the Quebec Liberal Party led by Henri-Gustave Joly de Lotbinière.

Nova Scotia Liberal Party Political party in Nova Scotia, Canada

The Nova Scotia Liberal Party is a centrist provincial political party in Nova Scotia, Canada and the provincial section of the Liberal Party of Canada. The party currently forms the Official Opposition in Nova Scotia, under the leadership of Iain Rankin. The party was in power most recently from the 2013 election until the 2021 election.

James Colledge Pope Canadian politician

James Colledge Pope, was a land proprietor and politician on Prince Edward Island (PEI), Canada. He served as premier of the colony from 1865 to 1867, and from 1870 to 1873. He was premier of PEI in 1873 when the island joined Canadian confederation.

The Conservative Party of Quebec was a political party in Quebec, Canada, from 1867 until 1936, when it merged with members of the Action libérale nationale to form the Union Nationale.

James Albert Manning Aikins Canadian politician

Sir James Albert Manning Aikins was a politician in Manitoba, Canada. He was the leader of the Manitoba Conservative Party in the provincial election of 1915, and later served as the province's ninth Lieutenant Governor.

Joseph-Goderic Blanchet Canadian politician

Joseph-Goderic (Joseph-Godric) Blanchet, was a Canadian physician and politician. He was the only person to serve as both Speaker of the House of Commons of Canada and Speaker of a provincial legislature. He represented Lévis in the House of Commons of Canada as a Liberal-Conservative member from 1867 to 1873 and from 1879 to 1883; he represented Bellechasse from 1875 to 1878. He also represented Lévis in the Legislative Assembly of Quebec from 1867 to 1875.

Joseph-Édouard Cauchon Canadian politician

Joseph-Édouard Cauchon, was a prominent Quebec politician in the middle years of the nineteenth-century. Although he held a variety of portfolios at the federal, provincial and municipal levels, he never achieved his goal of becoming the Premier of Quebec.

James Cox Aikins Canadian politician

James Cox Aikins, was a prominent Canadian politician in the 19th century. He twice served as a cabinet minister in the government of John A. Macdonald, and was the fourth Lieutenant Governor of Manitoba from 1882 to 1888.

4th Quebec Legislature

The Fourth Legislature of Quebec was the provincial legislature of Quebec, Canada that existed from 1878 to 1881, following the general election of 1878.

Electoral history of John A. Macdonald Electoral history of Prime Minister Macdonald

This article is the Electoral history of Sir John A. Macdonald, the first Prime Minister of Canada.

Electoral history of Alexander Mackenzie

This article is the Electoral history of Alexander Mackenzie, the second Prime Minister of Canada. A Liberal, he served one term as Prime Minister. He became Prime Minister after defeating the government of Sir John A. Macdonald on a non-confidence motion in 1873 and then winning the general election of 1874. He later lost the general election of 1878 and Macdonald returned to power.

Electoral history of John Abbott

This article is the Electoral history of Sir John Abbott, the third Prime Minister of Canada. A Conservative, he became prime minister upon the death in office of Sir John A. Macdonald. He served a short term as prime minister of just over one year and did not lead his party in a general election. He retired in 1892 for health reasons and was succeeded by John Sparrow David Thompson.

References

  1. Donald Creighton, John A. Macdonald (2 vol 1955).
  2. J. M. S. Careless, The Union of the Canadas 1841–1857, Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 1967, pp. 192–197.
  3. Joseph Wearing, "Finding our parties' roots" in Canadian Parties in Transition, 2nd ed., Toronto: Nelson Canada, 1996, pp. 19–20
  4. "MEIGHEN, ARTHUR". Dictionary of Canadian Biography. University of Toronto/Université Laval.
  5. "1938 CONSERVATIVE LEADERSHIP CONVENTION". CPAC. Cable Public Access Channel.

Further reading

Primary sources