Liberec Region

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Liberec Region

Liberecký kraj
Kotelni jamy, od Zlateho navrsi (03).jpg
Flag of Liberec Region.svg
Flag
Liberec Region CoA CZ.svg
Coat of arms
Liberecky kraj in Czech Republic.svg
Coordinates: 50°42′36″N15°0′0″E / 50.71000°N 15.00000°E / 50.71000; 15.00000 Coordinates: 50°42′36″N15°0′0″E / 50.71000°N 15.00000°E / 50.71000; 15.00000
Country Czech Republic
Capital Liberec
Districts Liberec, Jablonec nad Nisou, Česká Lípa, Semily
Government
  GovernorMartin Půta (STAN)
Area
  Total3,162.93 km2 (1,221.21 sq mi)
Highest elevation
1,435 m (4,708 ft)
Population
 (2019-01-01 [1] )
  Total442,356
  Density140/km2 (360/sq mi)
ISO 3166 code CZ-LI
Vehicle registration L
Website www.kraj-lbc.cz

Liberec Region (Czech : Liberecký kraj, German : Reichenberger Region, Polish : Kraj liberecki) is an administrative unit (Czech: kraj ) of the Czech Republic, located in the northernmost part of its historical region of Bohemia. It is named after its capital Liberec. The region shares international borders with Germany and Poland. Domestically the region borders the Ústí nad Labem Region to the west, the Central Bohemian Region to the south and the Hradec Králové Region to the east.

Contents

Administrative divisions

The Liberec Region is divided into 4 districts: [1]

Liberec districts.png
Districts of Liberec Region
   Česká Lípa
   Jablonec Nad Nisou
   Liberec
   Semily

At a lower level, the region has 215 municipalities, comprising 65 in the Semily District, 59 in the Jablonec nad Nisou District, 57 in the Česká Lípa District and 34 in the Liberec District. [2]

Cities and towns

The table below gives an overview of towns and cities in the region that have at least 7,000 inhabitants (as of 1 January 2019). [3]

NamePopulationArea (km²) District
Flag of Liberec.svg Liberec 104,445106 Liberec District
Jablonec-vlajka.svg Jablonec nad Nisou 45,80231 Jablonec nad Nisou District
Flag of Ceska Lipa.svg Česká Lípa 37,44466 Česká Lípa District
Flag of Turnov CZ.svg Turnov 14,33423 Semily District
Flag of Novy Bor CZ.svg Nový Bor 11,67820 Česká Lípa District
Flag of Semily.svg Semily 8,36716 Semily District
Flag of Hradek nad Nisou.svg Hrádek nad Nisou 7,72249 Liberec District
Frydlant CoA CZ.svg Frýdlant 7,53132 Liberec District

Physical geography

The region's landscape includes the Jizera Mountains, part of the Krkonoše Mountains and part of the Lusatian Mountains. [4]

The region was affected by flash floods in August 2010, with swelling of the river Smědá being one of the factors to prompt evacuation efforts in the region. [5]

Demography

As of 1 January 2019, the population of the Liberec Region was 442,356 with 217,791 men and 224,565 women, accounting for 49.2% and 50.8% of the population respectively. [1]

Economy

The Liberec Region hosts manufacturing, glassmaking, mechanical engineering and jewellery production industries among others. [4] The region is part of the so-called Black Triangle, an area of heavy industrialization and environmental damage on the three-way border of Poland, Germany, and the Czech Republic. [6]

Culture

Jested Tower Jested.jpg
Ještěd Tower

The Liberec Region is home to 11 national cultural monuments including Bezděz Castle, Dlaskův statek in Dolánky u Turnova and the Ještěd Tower which transmits television signals as well as being a hotel. [7] 2013 saw the proposal of an additional two sites to the list, those being a glass grinding plant in Harrachov dating from 1895 and the Janatův Mlýn watermill in Buřany, Jablonec nad Jizerou part of which remains from 1767. [7]

A Neolithic site dating to around 4,500 BC was uncovered in 2007 near the village of Příšovice. [8]

Lake Mácha near the town of Doksy is an important regional centre for leisure, attracting around 30,000 visitors annually. [9] The vicinity of the lake has a caravan park and hosts an annual music festival called Mácháč, which was attended by approximately 8,000 people in 2013. [9] [10]

Since the region was for a long time part of the Holy Roman Empire, and later of Germany (Sudetenland), the local buildings and the culture in general have been influenced by the Germans, also considering the fact that parts of the region were populated by a majority of Germans, prior to World War II.

Transport

The region is linked to Prague by the R10 expressway, which terminates in the town of Turnov. The length of operated railway lines in the region is 551 km (342 mi). [11] Three airports are in the region; Hradčany Airport, a disused military airport near the town of Ralsko, is the most significant. Other minor airports exist in Česká Lípa and Hodkovice nad Mohelkou.

Education

The region is home to the public Technical University of Liberec, which was founded in 1953. The university, which originally specialised in Mechanical and Textile Engineering, added a further four faculties in the 1990s, namely those specialising in Education, Economy, Architecture and Mechatronics. [12]

Related Research Articles

Harrachov Town in Liberec, Czech Republic

Harrachov is a town in Jablonec nad Nisou District in the Liberec Region of the Czech Republic, close to the border with Poland. It has about 1,300 inhabitants. It is known for its ski resort.

Liberec City and administrative centre of the Liberec Region, Czech Republic

Liberec is a city in the Czech Republic. It is on the Lusatian Neisse and surrounded by the Jizera Mountains and Ještěd-Kozákov Ridge. It is the fifth-largest city in the Czech Republic.

Central Bohemian Region Region of the Czech Republic

The Central Bohemian Region is an administrative unit of the Czech Republic, located in the central part of its historical region of Bohemia. Its administrative centre is in the Czech capital Prague, which lies in the centre of the region. However, the city is not part of it but is a region of its own.

Hradec Králové Region Region of the Czech Republic

Hradec Králové Region is an administrative unit of the Czech Republic located in the north-eastern part of the historical region of Bohemia. It is named after its capital Hradec Králové. The region neighbours the Pardubice Region in the south, the Central Bohemian Region in the south-west, and the Liberec Region in the west. It also shares a 208 km long international border with Polish Lower Silesian Voivodship in the north and the east.

Vysočina Region Region of the Czech Republic

The Vysočina Region is an administrative unit of the Czech Republic, located partly in the south-eastern part of the historical region of Bohemia and partly in the south-west of the historical region of Moravia. Its capital is Jihlava.

Karlovy Vary Region Region of the Czech Republic

The Karlovy Vary Region or Carlsbad Region is an administrative unit of the Czech Republic, located in the westernmost part of its historical region of Bohemia. It is named after its capital Karlovy Vary. The region is world-famous for its spas, including Karlovy Vary and Mariánské Lázně.

Pardubice Region Region of the Czech Republic

Pardubice Region is an administrative unit of the Czech Republic, located mainly in the eastern part of its historical region of Bohemia, with a small part in northwestern Moravia. It is named after its capital Pardubice. As an administrative unit, Pardubice Region has existed three times in the course of history. It was established for the first time in 1850, and extended from Český Brod to the Bohemian-Moravian border. In its second existence, it was one of 19 regions as they were set between 1949 and 1960. After 1960, Pardubice became the capital of Pardubice district, which was part of the Eastern Bohemian Region. The Pardubice Region, as it is now, was reestablished in 2000.

Ústí nad Labem Region Region of the Czech Republic

Ústí nad Labem Region or Ústecký Region, is an administrative unit of the Czech Republic, located in the north-western part of the historical land of Bohemia, and named after the capital, Ústí nad Labem. It covers the majority of the former North Bohemia province and is part of the broader area of North Bohemia.

Jablonec nad Nisou Statutory city in Liberec, Czech Republic

Jablonec nad Nisou is a city in the Liberec Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 45,000 inhabitants. It is the second-largest city in the region. It is a mountain resort in the Jizera Mountains, and also a local centre for education, and is known for its glass and jewelry production.

Tanvald Town in Liberec, Czech Republic

Tanvald is a town in Jablonec nad Nisou District in the Liberec Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 6,200 inhabitants.

Česká Lípa Town in Liberec, Czech Republic

Česká Lípa is a town in the Czech Republic. It is the district seat and the largest town of the Česká Lípa District in the Liberec Region, with a population of about 37,500. It is the most populated town of the Czech Republic without city status.

Vysoké nad Jizerou Town in Liberec, Czech Republic

Vysoké nad Jizerou is a town in the Semily District in the Liberec Region, of the Czech Republic. It has about 1,300 inhabitants. It is located 16 kilometers southeast of Jablonec nad Nisou.

Stráž pod Ralskem Town in Liberec, Czech Republic

Stráž pod Ralskem, until 1946 Vartenberk is a town in Česká Lípa District in the Liberec Region of the Czech Republic. It has a population of about 4,000.

Cvikov Town in Liberec, Czech Republic

Cvikov is a town in Česká Lípa District in the Liberec Region of the Czech Republic. It has a population of about 4,500.

Mimoň Town in Liberec, Czech Republic

Mimoň is a town in Česká Lípa District in the Liberec Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 6,400 inhabitants.

Žandov Town in Liberec, Czech Republic

Žandov is a town in Česká Lípa District in the Liberec Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 1,900 inhabitants.

Holany Market town in Liberec, Czech Republic

Holany is a market town in Česká Lípa District in the Liberec Region of the Czech Republic. It has a population of about 500.

Zásada Market town in Liberec, Czech Republic

Zásada is a market town in Jablonec nad Nisou District in the Liberec Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 900 inhabitants.

Velké Hamry Town in Liberec, Czech Republic

Velké Hamry is a town in Jablonec nad Nisou District in the Liberec Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 2,700 inhabitants.

North Bohemia

North Bohemia, is a region in the north of the Czech Republic.

References

  1. 1 2 3 "Population of territorial units of the Czech republic". Czech Statistical Office. Retrieved 30 April 2019.
  2. "Liberecký kraj Základní charakteristika v roce 2011" (PDF) (in Czech). Czech Statistical Office . Retrieved 22 April 2014.
  3. "Population of municipalities of the Czech republic". Czech Statistical Office. Retrieved 30 April 2019.
  4. 1 2 "The Liberec Region". czech.cz. 13 March 2011. Retrieved 22 April 2014.
  5. "Flood-hit area in another close call". Prague Post . 6 October 2010. Archived from the original on 24 April 2014. Retrieved 22 April 2014.
  6. "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 April 2014. Retrieved 16 April 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) page 9
  7. 1 2 "Liberecký kraj zřejmě získá dvě nové národní kulturní památky". Czech Radio (in Czech). 28 December 2013. Retrieved 22 April 2014.
  8. "Neolithic settlement found". Prague Post . 18 April 2007. Archived from the original on 24 April 2014. Retrieved 22 April 2014.
  9. 1 2 "Odemčeno. U Máchova jezera začíná letní sezóna. Voda bude asi čistší". Deník . 20 May 2013. Retrieved 22 April 2014.
  10. "Na festivalu Mácháč řádili lupiči. U vstupu přepadli a okradli mladíky". Mladá fronta DNES . 24 August 2013. Retrieved 22 April 2014.
  11. "Doprava" [Transport](XLS). Czech Statistical Office . Retrieved 22 April 2014.
  12. "Technická univerzita v Liberci otevřela speciální vývojové centrum" (in Czech). Česká televize. 10 October 2012. Retrieved 22 April 2014.