Lillehammer

Last updated
Lillehammer kommune
Lillehammer City.jpg
Lillehammer
Norway Counties Innlandet Position.svg
Innlandet within
Norway
NO 3405 Lillehammer.svg
Lillehammer within Innlandet
Coordinates: 61°7′N10°28′E / 61.117°N 10.467°E / 61.117; 10.467 Coordinates: 61°7′N10°28′E / 61.117°N 10.467°E / 61.117; 10.467
Country Norway
County Innlandet
District Gudbrandsdal
Administrative centreLillehammer
Government
  Mayor (2019)Ingunn Trosholmen (politician)
Area
  Total477 km2 (184 sq mi)
  Land450 km2 (170 sq mi)
Area rank211 in Norway
Population
 (2018)
  Total28,034
  Rank33 in Norway
  Density56/km2 (150/sq mi)
  Change (10 years)
5.0%
Demonym(s) Lillehamring [1]
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 code NO-3405
Official language form Bokmål [2]
Website lillehammer.kommune.no

Lillehammer (Urban East Norwegian:  [ˈlɪ̂lːəhɑmər] ) is a town and municipality in Innlandet county, Norway. It is part of the traditional region of Gudbrandsdal. The administrative centre of the municipality is the town of Lillehammer. As of 2018, the population of the town of Lillehammer was 28,034. The city centre is a late nineteenth-century concentration of wooden houses, which enjoys a picturesque location overlooking the northern part of lake Mjøsa and the river Lågen, surrounded by mountains. Lillehammer hosted the 1994 Winter Olympics and 2016 Winter Youth Olympics. [3] Before Oslo's withdrawal from consideration, it was included as part of a bid to host events in the 2022 Winter Olympics if Oslo were to win the rights to hold the Games.

Contents

Populated places

Lillehammer Municipality is further subdivided into the following populated places (i.e.: neighborhoods, quarters, villages, localities, settlements, communities, hamlets, etc.):

Name

The municipality (originally the parish) was named after the old Hamar (Norse Hamarr) farm, since the first church was built there. The name is identical with the word hamarr (rocky hill). To distinguish it from the nearby town and bishopric, both called Hamar, it began to be called "little Hamar": Lilþlæ Hamar and Litlihamarr, and finally Lillehammer. It is also mentioned in the Old Norse sagas as Litlikaupangr ("Little Trading Place"). [4] [5]

Coat-of-arms

The coat-of-arms was granted in 1898 and shows a birkebeiner, carrying a spear and a shield, who is skiing down a mountainside. It symbolizes the historical importance of when the Birkebeiners carried the to-be-King Haakon from Lillehammer to Rena on skis. [6]

History

A church in Lillehammer Lillehammer kirke.JPG
A church in Lillehammer

The area has been settled since the Norwegian Iron Age. It is also mentioned as a site for Thing assembly in 1390.

Lillehammer had a lively market by the 1800s and obtained rights as a market town on 7 August 1827. There were 50 registered residents within its boundaries then.

The town of Lillehammer was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838.

The rural municipality of Fåberg was merged into the municipality of Lillehammer on 1 January 1964.

In 1973, Mossad killed a Moroccan waiter, having mistaken him for Palestinian terrorist Ali Hassan Salameh, which became known as the Lillehammer affair .

Lillehammer is known as a typical venue for winter sporting events; it was host city of the 1994 Winter Olympics, and the 2016 Winter Youth Olympics, and was part of a joint bid with applicant host city Oslo to host events part of the 2022 Winter Olympics until Oslo withdrew its bid on 1 October 2014.

Lillehammer is home to the largest literature festival in the Nordic countries, and in 2017 was designated as a UNESCO City of Literature.

Education

A number of schools are located in Lillehammer including the Hammartun Primary and Lower Secondary School, Søre Ål Primary School and Kringsjå Primary and Lower Secondary School. Lillehammer Public High School consists of two branches, North and South, both situated near the city center. The private High school Norwegian College of Elite Sports, NTG, also has a branch in Lillehammer. The Lillehammer campus of Inland Norway University of Applied Sciences is situated just north of the town itself.

Lillehammer is also the home of the Nansen Academy - the Norwegian Humanistic Academy. The Nansen Academy is an educational institution for adult students with varied political, religious, and cultural backgrounds. The Academy was founded on the core principles of humanism and aims at strengthening the knowledge of these principles.

The 14th World Scout Jamboree was held from 29 July to 7 August 1975 and was hosted by Norway at Lillehammer.

Geography

Lillehammer is situated in the lower part of Gudbrandsdal, at the northern head of lake Mjøsa, and is located to the south of the municipality of Øyer, to the southeast of Gausdal, northeast of Nordre Land, and to the north of Gjøvik, all in Oppland county. To the southeast, it is bordered by Ringsaker municipality in Hedmark county. To the northwest is the mountain Spåtind.

Lillehammer is situated in an inland valley with reliable snow cover in winter Lillehammer Panorama (2237447375).jpg
Lillehammer is situated in an inland valley with reliable snow cover in winter

Climate

Lillehammer has a humid continental climate (Dfb), with the Scandinavian mountain chain to the west and north limiting oceanic influences; however, for the latitude, the climate is still relatively mild. The record high of 34 °C was recorded in June 1970. The record low of -31 °C was recorded in December 1978 and January 1979, and the same low was recorded in January 1987. There has been no overnight air frost in August since 1978 (the record low for that month being -0.6° C (30.9° F), a sufficient temperature for air frost), and the coldest recorded temperature after 2000 is -26.2 °C in January 2010. The current weather station Lillehammer-Sætherengen became operational in 1982; extremes are also from two earlier weather stations in Lillehammer.

Climate data for Lillehammer (240 m; average temperatures 2004 - 2015; extremes 1957 - 2018)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)10.4
(50.7)
12.5
(54.5)
16.0
(60.8)
23.4
(74.1)
28.5
(83.3)
34.0
(93.2)
32.4
(90.3)
33.0
(91.4)
26.4
(79.5)
19.5
(67.1)
16.2
(61.2)
11.3
(52.3)
34.0
(93.2)
Average high °C (°F)−3.5
(25.7)
−2.6
(27.3)
3.3
(37.9)
9.7
(49.5)
14.8
(58.6)
19.5
(67.1)
21.6
(70.9)
19.6
(67.3)
15.1
(59.2)
7.3
(45.1)
1.0
(33.8)
−2.3
(27.9)
8.6
(47.5)
Daily mean °C (°F)−5.5
(22.1)
−5.6
(21.9)
−0.9
(30.4)
4.8
(40.6)
9.6
(49.3)
14.0
(57.2)
16.7
(62.1)
15.3
(59.5)
10.7
(51.3)
4.6
(40.3)
−1.0
(30.2)
−4.5
(23.9)
4.9
(40.7)
Average low °C (°F)−7.6
(18.3)
−8.5
(16.7)
−5.1
(22.8)
0.1
(32.2)
4.4
(39.9)
8.6
(47.5)
11.7
(53.1)
10.9
(51.6)
6.3
(43.3)
1.9
(35.4)
−3.0
(26.6)
−6.7
(19.9)
1.1
(33.9)
Record low °C (°F)−31.0
(−23.8)
−29.5
(−21.1)
−24.1
(−11.4)
−14.0
(6.8)
−5.4
(22.3)
−2.2
(28.0)
0.5
(32.9)
−0.6
(30.9)
−5.8
(21.6)
−14.5
(5.9)
−22.5
(−8.5)
−31.0
(−23.8)
−31.0
(−23.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches)39
(1.5)
31
(1.2)
36
(1.4)
32
(1.3)
50
(2.0)
66
(2.6)
76
(3.0)
77
(3.0)
74
(2.9)
75
(3.0)
59
(2.3)
45
(1.8)
660
(26)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 28681261682122422371951368344181,557
Source #1: [7]
Source #2: [8]

Economy

The basis for the city's commerce is its position as the northernmost point of the lake Mjøsa and as the gateway for the Gudbrandsdal region, through which the historical highway to Trondheim passes. The Mesna river has provided the basis for several small industries through the years, but Lillehammer is now all but industry-less.

Transport

One of the major Norwegian rail lines, the Dovre Line, runs from Hamar to the north through Lillehammer on its way up the Gudbrandsdal, to terminate in Trondheim.

European route E6 passes through Lillehammer.

Attractions

Storgata shopping area Lillehammer Storgata.jpg
Storgata shopping area

In addition to the Olympic site, Lillehammer offers a number of other tourist attractions:

The official tourist information for the Lillehammer-region provides more information about activities and attractions in the region

Sport

Olympic ski jump Lillehammer Ski Jump.jpg
Olympic ski jump

Sports clubs

Notable residents

International relations

Twin towns – Sister cities

The following cities are twinned with Lillehammer: [11]

Lillehammer has also friendly connections with

See also

Related Research Articles

Hamar City in Innlandet, Norway

Hamar[ˈhɑ̂ːmɑr](listen) is a town in Hamar Municipality in Innlandet county, Norway. It is part of the traditional region of Hedmarken. The administrative centre of the municipality is the town of Hamar. The municipality of Hamar was separated from Vang as a town and municipality of its own in 1849. Vang was merged back into Hamar on 1 January 1992.

1994 Winter Olympics 17th edition of Winter Olympics, held in Lillehammer (Norway) in 1994

The 1994 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XVII Olympic Winter Games, was a winter multi-sport event celebrated from 12 to 27 February 1994 in and around Lillehammer, Norway.

Øyer Municipality in Innlandet, Norway

Øyer is a municipality in Innlandet county, Norway. It is part of the traditional region of Gudbrandsdal. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Tingberg.

Gudbrandsdalen District in Innlandet, Norway

Gudbrandsdalen is a valley and traditional district in the Norwegian county of Innlandet. The valley is oriented in a north-westerly direction from Lillehammer and the lake of Mjøsa, extending 230 kilometers (140 mi) toward Romsdalen. The river of Gudbrandsdalslågen (Lågen) flows through the valley, starting from Lesjaskogsvatnet and ending at Mjøsa. The Otta river flowing through Otta valley is a major tributary to Lågen. The valleys of the tributary rivers such as Otta and Gausa (Gausdal) are usually regarded as part of Gudbrandsdalen. The total area of the valley is calculated from the areas of the related municipalities. Gudbrandsdalen is the main valley in a web of smaller valleys. On the western side there are long adjacent valleys: Ottadalen stretches 100 km from Otta village, Gausdal some 50 km from Lillehammer and Heidal some 40 km from Sjoa. Gudbrandsdalen runs between the major mountain ranges of Norway including Jotunheimen and Dovrefjell-Rondane.

Mjøsa lake in Stange, Akershus, Norway

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Alpine skiing at the 1994 Winter Olympics 1994 edition of the alpine skiing competitions during the Olympic Winter Games

Alpine Skiing at the 1994 Winter Olympics consisted of ten alpine skiing events, held north of the host city of Lillehammer, Norway. The speed events were held at Kvitfjell and the technical events at Hafjell from 13–21 February.

Eidsiva Arena arena

Eidsiva Arena is an arena located at Stampesletta in Lillehammer, Norway. It consist of an ice rink, a combined handball and floorball court, and a curling rink. The venue, owned and operated by the Lillehammer Municipality, opened in 1988 and cost 65 million Norwegian krone (NOK) to build. One of the motivations for its construction was to help Lillehammer's bid to be selected as the host of the 1994 Winter Olympics. The ice rink has a capacity for 3,194 spectators and is the home rink of GET-ligaen hockey club Lillehammer IK. Eidsiva Arena is located next to the larger Håkons Hall, which opened in 1993. During the 1994 Winter Olympics, Kristins Hall was a training rink, and subsequently hosted the ice sledge hockey tournament at the 1994 Winter Paralympics. The venue also co-hosted Group B of the 1989 World Ice Hockey Championships.

Kvitfjell ski resort

Kvitfjell is a ski resort in Norway, located in the municipality of Ringebu.

Hamar Airport, Stafsberg airport in Hamar, Norway

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Hafjell ski resort in Norway

Hafjell is a village and a ski resort in Norway, in the Øyer municipality in the county of Oppland.

Stampesletta

Stampesletta is a multi-use stadium complex in Lillehammer, Norway. Owned and operated by Lillehammer Municipality, it consists of a track and field venue, an artificial turf football field, three natural grass football fields, a gravel field and natural grass training pitches. In addition, it features a club house, locker facilities and a grandstand between the athletics and artificial turf fields. The venue is located about 1 kilometer (0.6 mi) from the town center, and serves as the home ground for the Second Division side Lillehammer FK, Lillehammer KFK, Roterud IL in football, and Lillehammer IF in athletics.

Lillehammer Olympic Bobsleigh and Luge Track

Lillehammer Olympic Bobsleigh and Luge Track is a bobsleigh, luge and skeleton track located at Hunderfossen in Lillehammer, Norway, 15 kilometers (9 mi) north of the town center of Lillehammer. It was completed in 1992 for the 1994 Winter Olympics, where it hosted the bobsleigh events and luge events. It has since also hosted the FIBT World Championships 1995 in skeleton and the FIL World Luge Championships 1995, and hosted 2016 Winter Youth Olympics.

2016 Winter Youth Olympics 2016 edition of the Winter Youth Olympics

The 2016 Winter Youth Olympics, officially known as the II Winter Youth Olympic Games, took place in and around Lillehammer, Norway, between 12 February and 21 February 2016. They were the fourth Youth Olympic Games and the second winter edition. Lillehammer was awarded the games on 7 December 2011 as the only candidate. The games reused venues from the 1994 Winter Olympics; this made Lillehammer the first city to host both regular and Youth Olympics. In addition to Lillehammer, sports were contested in Hamar, Gjøvik and Øyer.

Kanthaugen Freestyle Arena building in Lillehammer, Oppland, Norway

Kanthaugen Freestyle Arena is a freestyle skiing stadium located in the hillside area of Kanthaugen in Lillehammer, Norway. Opened in 1992, it was built for the 1994 Winter Olympics. The venue consists of three hills—one each for aerials, moguls and ski ballet. The moguls hill has a capacity for 12,000 spectators while the other two have a 15,000-person capacity. The arena is designated as Norway's national venue for freestyle skiing. It hosted the FIS Freestyle Skiing World Cup in 1993 and 1995, and is scheduled to host freestyle skiing and snowboarding at the 2016 Winter Youth Olympics. The arena is owned by Lillehammer Olympiapark and is located adjacent to the ski jumping hill Lysgårdsbakken.

Venues of the 1994 Winter Olympics Wikimedia list article

The 1994 Winter Olympics were held in and around Lillehammer, Norway, from 12 to 27 February 1994. Ten competition and fourteen non-competition venues were used, most of which were subsequently used for the 1994 Winter Paralympics. The Games were spread out over ten venues in five municipalities in two counties, Oppland and Hedmark. Lillehammer, with approximately 25,000 inhabitants, and Hamar and Gjøvik, both with approximately 27,000 inhabitants, are all situated on the lake Mjøsa. Gjøvik and Hamar are 45 and 54 kilometers south of Lillehammer, respectively. Hunderfossen is 15 kilometers (9.3 mi) north of Lillehammer, but located within the municipality. Øyer and Ringebu, each with just under 5,000 inhabitants, are 18 and 50 kilometers north of Lillehammer, respectively, in the valley Gudbrandsdalen. Lillehammer had four competition venues, Hamar had two competition venues, while Hunderfossen, Gjøvik, Øyer and Ringebu had one competition venue each.

Oslo–Lillehammer 2018 was a proposal for Oslo and Lillehammer, Norway, to bid to host the 2018 Winter Olympics. Along with the Trondheim and Tromsø bids, it was one of three options for the Norwegian Olympic and Paralympic Committee and Confederation of Sports (NIF), who ultimately chose to not bid for the games. Oslo announced the bid in September 2006, and the official proposal report was published in February 2007.

Venues of the 2016 Winter Youth Olympics Wikimedia list article

The 2016 Winter Youth Olympics in and around Lillehammer, Norway, between 12 February and 21 February 2016. Nine competition and twelve non-competition venues are to be used; all except the Youth Olympic Village in Lillehammer and a training ice rink being are existing venues. All the competition venues and some of the non-competition venues were built ahead of the 1994 Winter Olympics. The games be held in four municipalities: Lillehammer, Hamar, Gjøvik and Øyer.

Norefjell Ski Resort ski resort in Norway

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Helsinki bid for the 2006 Winter Olympics

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Fåberg Church Church in Fåberg, Norway

Fåberg Church is a cruciform church in the village of Fåberg in the municipality of Lillehammer in Oppland County, Norway.

References

  1. "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet.
  2. "Forskrift om målvedtak i kommunar og fylkeskommunar" (in Norwegian). Lovdata.no.
  3. Lillehammer awarded 2016 Winter Youth Olympic Games
  4. Rygh, Oluf (1900). Norske gaardnavne: Kristians amt (in Norwegian) (4 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 219.
  5. "Lillehammers historie" (in Norwegian). Lillehammer kommune. Archived from the original on 11 October 2007. Retrieved 4 January 2009.
  6. "Historiske Linjer" (in Norwegian). National Archives of Norway. Archived from the original on 11 April 2016. Retrieved 4 January 2009.
  7. "Eklima / met.no, sun hours from Kise 40 km south of Lillehammer". Norwegian Meteorological Institute. Archived from the original on 30 November 2016. Retrieved 11 September 2016.
  8. "Infoclimat.fr". Infoclimat.fr.observations-meteo. Retrieved 11 September 2016.
  9. http://www.filmweb.no/profil/article859691.ece
  10. http://eng.bjerkebek.no/Sigrid-Undset/The-Family
  11. "Lillehammers vennskapsbyer" (Microsoft Word) (in Norwegian). Lillehammer kommune. Retrieved 31 May 2014.
  12. "Radviliskis". Radviliskis. Archived from the original on 8 April 2014. Retrieved 3 May 2014.